Articles

 

Articles

Page 8 of 1131, showing 50 records out of 56511 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Investigation of music teacher candidates’ individual instrument burnout, perceived family support in instrument training and individual instrument training habits with regard to various variables

In the research, “Questionnaire on Individual Instrument Course Burnout” developed by Girgin, “Questionnaire on Individual Instrument Training habits” developed by Küçükosmanoğlu, Babacan, Babacan and Yüksel, and “Questionnaire on Perceived Family Support for Individual Instrument Course” developed by Girgin were used.  Statistical package for social science...

Author(s): Ceren Saygı Gerçeker  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Content analysis of Civic Education curriculum in senior secondary schools in Osun State, Nigeria

This study investigated the extent of implementation of the Civic Education curriculum content in senior secondary schools in Osun State. It also determined the adequacy of curriculum content as provided in selected Civic Education textbooks in the schools. It finally assessed the adequacy, availability and utilization of the instructional facilities used for the teaching of Civic Education in schools. The study...

Author(s): B. A. Adeyemi  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
The world Islamic sciences and education university students' attitudes towards the inclusion of handicapped students within campus main stream

This study aims to examine the World Islamic Sciences and Education University students' attitude toward the inclusion of handicapped students within the university environment. The sample of the study consists of 247 male and female undergraduate students of the World Islamic and Education University at the academic year 2017/2018. To achieve the objectives of the study, a valid and reliable scale of World Islamic...

Author(s): Esam Abdullah Al Jaddou

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Teachers’ opinions of human resources management functions in private schools

In this research, teachers’ opinions are determined based on human resources management functions in a private school. The research determined study groups with a purposive sampling method which is conducted with a qualitative research design, in the academic year, 2016 to 2017. Six teachers who work in a private school in Famagusta in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) participated in the study. The...

Author(s): Merve Uysal and Çağda Kıvanç Çağanağa  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Dimensions of personality and emotional intelligence as predictors of high school students’ career decision difficulties

This study aims to examine the predictability of emotional intelligence and five factor personality traits on career decision difficulties. The study group consisted of 432 students (246 women, 186 men) who participated in five different high schools in Adana and voluntarily participated in the study. Data collection tool were composed of Career Decision Difficulties Questionnaire, Emotional Intelligence Assessment...

Author(s): Oğuzhan Kırdök and Ozan Korkmaz

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
English language achievement among Ethiopian public secondary school students: Associated factors

This study investigated attribution related factors in English language performance among grade nine students (n=147) in Ethiopia. Three public secondary schools were selected from Adama town using census sampling techniques. Sixty attribution items (that is, had 30 items of perceived reasons for success, and 30 items for perceived reasons for failure) were developed by the research team. The degree of influence for...

Author(s): Geberew T., Tigist T., J-F, Pullen D. and Swabey K.    

June 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Utility of silver nanoparticles for the analysis of diosmin and rutin in Persicaria salicifolia extract, authentic and pharmaceutical dosage forms monitored with their haemostatic activity

The present work was conducted to evaluate a simple effective technique for spectrophotometric determination of two flavonoids namely diosmin (1) and rutin (2) in the isolated fractions obtained from Persicaria salicifolia, authentic and pharmaceutical dosage forms, the method is based on the reduction of Ag+ cations to silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) by the effect of these flavonoids in the presence of...

Author(s): Hesham Salem, Atef Ahmed Elhela and Nevein Mohamed Abdelhady

June 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Caffeic acid reduces lipid accumulation and reactive oxygen species production in adipocytes

Caffeic acid (CA) is a hydroxycinnamic acid, a group of natural organic phenolic compounds used in folk medicine and in foods for the prevention and treatment of obesity. CA is present in a variety of plants, as it is an intermediate in secondary metabolism. It is found in coffee, wine and olive oil. The aim of this work was to study the influence of caffeic acid (CA) on the reduction of intracellular lipid...

Author(s): Mariana Brito Dantas, Tiago Lima Sampaio, Ramon Róseo Paula Pessoa Bezerra de Menezes, Jamile Magalhães Ferreira, Tiago Sousa Melo, Richard Rarison Cavalcante Meneses , Hector Galdino Rodrigues, Dânya Bandeira Lima, Alice Maria Costa Martins and Maria Goretti Rodrigues de Queiroz

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Foods, fish and salmonellosis

Foodborne diseases are those caused by the consumption of water and food contaminated by different causal agents such as: viruses, bacteria, parasites, toxins, among others, being considered an important public health problem global due to its incidence and mortality and for several years for the isolation of microorganisms that cause these diseases resistant to antimicrobials. Salmonella species is considered a food...

Author(s): Alejandro De Jesús Cortés-Sánchez and Luis Daniel Espinosa-Chaurand  

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
The effects of drought on rice cultivation in sub-Saharan Africa and its mitigation: A review

Drought is the primary cause of yield loss in agriculture throughout the world, and is currently the most common reason for global food shortages. Three-quarter of the most severe droughts in the last ten years have been in Africa, the continent which already has the lowest level of crop production and drought adaptive capacity. The increased incidences of drought and erratic rainfall have thrown small holder farmers in...

Author(s): Ndjiondjop Marie Noelle, Wambugu Peterson Weru, Sangare Jean Rodrigue and Gnikoua Karlin

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Integrating crop and livestock in smallholder production systems for food security and poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa

The resource base that ensures food supply and the socio-economic component which depends on this resource base are the two major components that make up the food system in sub-Saharan Africa. The sequence of the food system is organized in a spatial flow framework of biomass base. The components of rural production system consist of food production biomass at homestead and farm level, and often at the communal base...

Author(s): Asrat Guja Amejo, Yoseph Mekasha Gebere and Habtemariam Kassa

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Evaluation of new papaya hybrids

To augment a narrow genetic base in papaya, this study aimed to evaluate the performance of new hybrids produced by Caliman Agrícola® S.A. The experiment was carried out in a randomized complete block design, with 12 treatments four replications and ten plants per plot. The treatments were the variety THB and the hybrids were CR1 × São Mateus, CR1 × 72/12, CR2 × São Mateus, CR3...

Author(s): Adriel Lima Nascimento, Alan de Lima Nascimento, Omar Schmildt, Karina Tiemi Hassuda dos Santos, Renan Garcia Malikouski, Rodrigo Sobreira Alexandre, Laercio Francisco Cattaneo, José Augusto Teixeira do Amaral, Márcio Paulo Czepak, Geraldo Antônio Ferreguetti and Edilson Romais Schmildt  

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Patterns of pre-weaning piglet mortality and economic losses in field condition

The study was purposively taken up with the objective to find out the patterns of pre-weaning piglet mortality and economic losses in field condition. The study was purposively taken up in Gorkhaland Territorial Administration area where pig farming is a common practice. The study shows that overall pre-weaning piglet mortality was 15.62% where it was slightly higher in exotic than indigenous breed. Highest pre-weaning...

Author(s): Roy R., Mondal T. and Moktan M. W.

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Performance of maize hybrids from a partial diallel in association with Azospirillum

One of the most prominent strategies to increase maize grain yield with a higher benefit/cost ratio and a lower environmental impact is the inoculation of plant growth-promoting bacteria. Among other factors, the success of the interaction plant-microorganism depends on genetic traits, therefore, selection of plant genotypes compatible with this association is extremely important to the viability of this technology....

Author(s): Alessandra Koltun, Alana Padia Cavalcante, Karla Bianca de Almeida Lopes, Matheus Dalsente Krause, Thiago Pablo Marino, André Luiz Martinez de Oliveira and Josué Maldonado Ferreira

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Microbial diversity as a soil quality indicator in agroecosystems in Brazilian Savannas

The importance of sustainable use of natural resources, especially of soil and water, has been a subject of increasing relevance. The increase of human activity in ecosystems has great impact on the dynamics of soil organisms. The comparison between cultivated systems and native areas without anthropic interference can be used as soil quality index. Microorganisms are ideal indicators because they are very sensitive to...

Author(s): Moura, Jadson Belem de, Ventura, Matheus Vinicius Abadia, Vieira Junior, Wagner Gonçalves, Souza, Rodrigo Fernandes, Lopes Filho, Luiz Cesar, Braga, Ana Paula Maciel, Matos, Diogo Jânio de Carvalho and Rocha, Elivan Cesar Vieira

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Response of microbial communities to oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico: A review

Crude oil has become a part of the marine ecosystem through natural seeps and oil spills. Microbial communities have adopted various response mechanisms to adjust to oil spills that contaminate the marine environment and help restore the ecosystem to its original state. These response mechanisms ranges from change in indigenous microbial community composition, change in microbial diversity to gene diversity and...

Author(s): Linda Adzigbli, Hernado P. Bacosa, and Yuewen Deng,

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Detection of alpha toxin and enterotoxins of Clostridium perfringens isolated from minced meat by real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

Clostridium perfringens is one of the most widespread pathogen producing toxins related to variable pathogenic conditions, particularly food poisoning in humans. Thus, this study described the prevalence, enumeration, toxigenic types and antibiotic susceptibility of C. perfringens strains isolated from minced meat in Egypt as well as the validation of a real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for...

Author(s): Gamal A. Younis, Mona M. Radwan, Rasha M. Elkenany and Marwa H. Elderieny

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Studies on styrene concentration in drinking water and hot beverages in some settings

Water bottles and cups composed of polystyrene also contain non-polymerized styrene. Styrene’s toxicological profile is associated with several health issues for humans. Mainly, the central and peripheral nervous systems are highly disturbed by styrene ingestion. Styrene is also considered to be a carcinogenic agent and has been linked to cancer. The HPLC method was validated through prepared QC samples. The HPLC...

Author(s): Naser L. Rezk, Saber M. Eweda, Salma A. Rezk and Sameh Ahmed

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Microsatellites markers associated with resistance to flower bud thrips in a cowpea F2 population derived from genotypes TVU-123 and WC36

Breeding for resistance to flower bud thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti) in cowpea has been hindered by the quantitative nature of resistance. To identify simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers associated with resistance to flower bud thrips that could be used for marker-assisted breeding, a F2 population was generated from a cross between genotypes TVU-123 (resistant) and WC36 (susceptible). The population was evaluated...

Author(s): Symphorien Agbahoungba, Jeninah Karungi, Kassim Sadik, Paul Gibson, Richard Edema, Achille E. Assogbadjo and Patrick R. Rubaihayo

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Cost effective medium for in vitro propagation of Tanzanian cassava landraces

Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a staple food for over 800 million people in the tropics. However, its production is constrained by an inadequate supply of clean planting materials. Tissue culture carried out in laboratories is one established method for the mass production of clean planting materials. However, the cost of conventional tissue culture is high and the cassava industry would benefit from an...

Author(s): Christina Edward Kidulile, Amos Emitat Alakonya, Joseph Canisius Ndunguru and Elijah Miinda Ateka

June 2018

Journal of Yeast and Fungal Research
Isolation and characterization of fungi from a hot-spring on the shores of Lake Bogoria, Kenya

Hot springs are aquatic environments with high temperatures. They harbor diverse groups of micro-organisms like fungi that have developed mechanisms to thrive at wide temperature ranges, according to their optimal growth requirements. Fungi are a large group of eukaryotic organisms with worldwide distribution, inhabiting a diverse range of extreme habitats from deserts to hyper saline environments. The fungal diversity...

Author(s): Odilia Atamba Salano, Huxley Mae Makonde, Remmy Wekesa Kasili, Hamadi Iddi Boga  

June 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Gross alpha and beta activity concentrations in soil and some selected Nigerian food crops

Gross alpha and beta activity concentrations in soil, cassava and fluted pumpkin (leaf and stem) were investigated using a gas flow proportional counter. The gross alpha activity concentrations for the fluted pumpkin were between 3.55 and 13.95 Bq/Kg and 3.53 and 3.61 Bq/Kg for the leaves and stems, respectively. The gross alpha activity concentrations for cassava and soil samples ranged from 0.07 to 0.60 Bq/Kg and 0.35...

Author(s): Chijioke M. Amakom, Chikwendu E. Orji, Benedict C. Eke, Chinedu Iroegbu and Bridget A. Ojakominor

June 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Effect of annealing temperature on the optical properties of Sb-ZnO thin films prepared using co-sputtering technique

Transparent conducting oxide thin films of Sb-ZnO were prepared on optically flat quartz by radio-frequency (RF) sputtering method. The scan electron microscope was used to characterize the topological morphology of the surface of the as-prepared and annealed films at (300, 400, 470, and 525°C) for 4 h in air. The optical properties of the films were deliberated using their reflectance and transmittance spectra at...

Author(s): Hend Alkhammash

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Effect of European audit firms on cost of debt and earnings management in private clients’ audit market segment

This research studies the relation between audit firm choice and benefits that companies could gain in terms of lower cost of debt and ea rnings management. It focuses on private clients and the non-Big4 audit market segment, where the main driver of auditor choice has not to date been satisfactorily identified. This study identifies and tests a new criterion for auditor choice in private firms based on audit market...

Author(s): Stefano Azzali and Tatiana Mazza  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Influence of women entrepreneurs’ characteristics on personal well-being in Arumeru District in Tanzania

This article tests the hypothesis that women entrepreneurs’ socio-economic and demographic characteristics have no significant influence on women’s personal well-being, using quantitative approach with a random sample of 180 women. The article adopts the cross-sectional research design using a structured questionnaire administered to women entrepreneurs. Non-entrepreneurs were also involved for comparison...

Author(s): Samwel J. Kabote  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
The value relevance of consolidated and separate financial statements: Are non-controlling interests relevant?

This paper aims to analyze the value relevance of financial statements prepared according to International Accounting Standards (IAS)/International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The study focuses on two of the different sets of accounts presented by companies: the parent company financial statement and the consolidated version. We have developed a panel data from a sample of Italian listed companies by...

Author(s): Francesco Sotti  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Effect of e-tax filing on tax compliance: A case of clients in Harare, Zimbabwe

There is underutilisation of electronic tax filing systems in tax agencies despite presence of electronic tax administration systems. The objective of this study was to find how this has influenced tax compliance. Data collection was mainly through a questionnaire. Analysis of data was done through SPSS Version 20 and Excel. The study concluded that electronic filing system actually influences tax compliance. The study...

Author(s): Sifile Obert, Kotsai Rodgers, Mabvure Joseph Tendai and Chavunduka Desderio  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Gender balance on boards and corporate sustainability for the 2030 Agenda

The top management characteristics can have an impact on corporate strategic goals and actions. The board diversity, with particular reference to gender issue, can influence Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and company’s strategies toward a business model more oriented to sustainability. According to this this theoretical framework, two issues about women on boards and CSR are presented in this study: the...

Author(s): Francesca Gennari  

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Is quantitative genetics still necessary in this age of genomics?

Quantitative genetics and genomics are two different disciplines that have separate evolutions. The quantitative genetics has enormous applications and has contributed a lot in four main distinct fields of plant breeding, animal breeding, evolutionary genetics and human genetics. This field is based on study of inheritance patterns and their underlying mechanisms using biometrical or statistical methods. The analysis of...

Author(s): Rukundo Placide, Karangwa Patrick and Uzayisenga Bellancille

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Efficiency of pre-inoculation of soybeans with Bradyrhizobium up to 60 days before sowing

The inoculation of nitrogen-fixing bacteria in soybean crops allows the achievement of high crop yield by reducing or eliminating the application of nitrogen fertilizers. Pre-inoculation of seeds can reduce costs and increase the efficacy of this agricultural practice. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of pre-inoculation of soybean seeds with a commercial inoculant of Bradyrhizobium (RIZOLIQ...

Author(s): Gabriela Silva Machineski, Andrea Silva Scaramal, Maria Aparecida de Matos, Oswaldo Machineski and Arnaldo Colozzi Filho

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of seed rate on upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) seedling emergence

The most important factor to achieving profitable cotton yields is obtaining a uniform stand of healthy and vigorously growing seedlings. Cotton seedling emergence highly depends on the number of seeds that are planted on the same planting station. The cotton seedling stalk is weak and may fail to push up and crack the soil in order to emerge. Therefore several seedlings put together may use the power of numbers to push...

Author(s): Gwiranenzara C., Chapepa B., Mubvekeri W. and Kutywayo D.

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Soil organic carbon stock under different land use types in Kersa Sub Watershed, Eastern Ethiopia

Understanding and assessing soil organic carbon stock (SOCS) within the framework of greenhouse gas emissions and land degradation is so crucial in combating climate change and enhancing ecological restoration. The goal of this study was to quantify the current SOCS in major land use types in Kersa sub watershed, eastern Ethiopia. Replicated soil samples from 0 to 20, 20 to 40, and 40 to 60 cm depth were collected from...

Author(s): Yared Mulat, Kibebew Kibret, Bobe Bedadi and Muktar Mohammed

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Prevalence, cytotoxicity and antibiotic susceptibility of Campylobacter species recovered from retail chicken meat in Mansoura, Egypt

This study was performed to determine the prevalence of Campylobacter species in retail chicken meat and chicken by-product, determine their in vitro cytotoxicity, as well as, examine their susceptibility to different antimicrobials. A total of 300 raw chicken meat samples were collected from different retail chicken meat outlets located at Mansoura city, Egypt classified into 120 thighs, 120 breasts, and 60 livers. All...

Author(s): A. A. Hafez, G. Younis, M. M. El-Shorbagy and A. Awad

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Assessment of microbiota in root canals with pulp necrosis by means of Gram test

The aim of this study was to evaluate the type of microbiota present in root canals with pulp necrosis, with and without periapical lesion. Nineteen patients were selected for the study and 30 root canals were analysed in unirradicular and/or multi-radicular permanent teeth, asymptomatic, with pulp necrosis, with or without periapical lesion, and no communication between root canal and oral cavity. Absorbent paper cones...

Author(s): Amaro de Mendonça Cavalcante, Natalia Maria Luccas Tenório Soares, Isabel Cristina Secandes Santos, Eulália Camelo Pessoa de Azevedo Ximenes, Marcos Aurélio Bomfim da  Silva and Karlos Antonio Lisboa Ribeiro Junior

June 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Thermotolerant bacteria of biotechnological potential from hot springs in Eritrea

Thermophiles are excellent sources of enzymes that can withstand and carry out reactions efficiently under high temperatures. This study isolated and characterised thermotolerant bacteria that produce enzymes of potential industrial value from five hot springs in Eritrea. A total of 65 bacterial isolates were obtained from the five hot springs. Out of the 65 isolates; 19 isolates produced a positive reaction for...

Author(s): Amanuel Menghs Ghilamicael, Nancy L. M. Budambula, Sylvester Elkana Anami, Tadesse Mehari and Hamadi Iddi Boga

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Morphological variability and molecular characterisation of thirty soybean genotypes using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers

The genetic and morphological diversity of soybean germplasms was studied using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers and morphological traits such as plant height, height of cotyledon leaves, basal leaf length, basal leaf width, basal leaf area, terminal leaflets number, terminal leaflet length, terminal leaflet width, terminal leaflet area and basal leaf petiole length. A total of 30 germplasms were...

Author(s): Titilayo Akande, Lucky O. Omoigui and Joseph Ikwebe  

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Surface plasmon resonance and antimicrobial properties of novel silver nanoparticles prepared from some indigenous plants in Uyo, Nigeria

Synthesis of nanoparticles was done by green method. Aqueous extracts of Vernonia amygdalina, Telferia occidentalis and Lasianthera africana were used as the model vegetables. Silver nitrate was used as the silver precursor, while the plant extracts served as the reducing agents and Xanthan gum (0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 1.00% w/v) was introduced as stabilizing agents. Twelve batches of silver nanoparticles were synthesized:...

Author(s): Tenderwealth Clement Jackson, Bernard Opatimidi Patani and Ntiido Ndifreke Udosen  

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Identification and genetic diversity of Jordanian potato soft rot isolates, Pectobacterium carotovorum subspecies carotovorum (DYE 1969)

Bacterial soft rot disease is one of the most important factors affecting potato production in Jordan. Based on biochemical and physiological analyses, Jordanian isolates of soft rot from potato were identified as Pectobacterium carotovorum subspecies carotovorum (DYE 1969). Phylogenetic analysis using pmrA gene sequence data showed that isolates from different regions were closely related to each other, whereas little...

Author(s): Ibtihal Abu-Obeid, Hamed Khlaif and Nida Salem  

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Studies on enhanced African black soap from Theobroma cacao (cocoa) and Elaeis guineensis (palm kernel oil)

The indigenous African organic soap is formed by saponification. Using the local and ancient method, with slight modifications, palm kernel oil (Elaeis guineensis) and the filtrate of burnt cocoa pod ash (Theobroma cacao) were used to prepare African black soap (C11H23COO-K+). The prepared black soap was thereafter divided into five parts. Part A was the control without additives, while parts B, C and D were enhanced...

Author(s): Adebomi A. Ikotun, Esther O. Faboro, Adejoke S. Kolade and Abimbola A. Owoseni

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Availability and accessibility of ICT- based instructional tools in medical colleges in Ogun State, Nigeria

This study assessed the availability and use of ICT-based Instructional tools in selected medical colleges in Ogun State, Nigeria. This study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population to be studied is medical lecturers (328), clinical instructors (42) and laboratory technologist (92) from Ben Carson Snr. Medical School, Babcock University, Obafemi Awolowo College of Health Sciences, and Olabisi...

Author(s): Nwosu, Jonathan Chinaka, John, Henry Chukwudi and Akorede, O. J.  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
A research on the attıtude of eight grade students towards earthquake

The aim of this study is to determine the attitudes of eighth-grade students in  secondary schools towards earthquake. For this purpose, the attitude test towards earthquake was applied to 240 eighth grade students (107 females and 133 males) from five secondary schools in Istanbul. Quantitative method was used in the study. Also, to analyze the dataset collected from this study,  t-test and variance analysis...

Author(s): Hülya Kayalı  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
The perceptions of King Abdullah II School for Excellence teachers about the importance of using flipped learning for the development of students’ reflective thinking in Jordan

The study aims to reveal the perceptions of  King Abdullah II School for Excellence teachers about the importance of using flipped learning in developing the reflective thinking of their students in Jordan. The population of the study consists of  227 male and female teachers. The sample of the study consists of  180 teachers: 87 males and 93 females  selected using  simple random method from...

Author(s): Mohammed Bader ALYousef, Ibrahim Ali Naanah and Awad Mufleh AL Khazam

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
The school image in children’s books

Literary works for children help the child to acquire reading habits and to be a helpful citizen in the society. Therefore, individuals obtain quality children's literature from the very beginning of childhood. In this context, the study aims to determine the reflection of the school concept in literary works prepared for children. No other individual study has been reported on the reflection of the school concept...

Author(s): Yasin Mahmut YAKAR  

June 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Evaluation of Procavia capensis hyraceum used in traditional medicine for modulation of mutagen-induced genotoxicity

Hyraceum (HM) is used in traditional medicine in Southern Africa. Three concentrations of HM (mg/ml in distilled water) (0.0156, 0.03125 and 0.0625) were assessed for cytotoxicity (CT), genotoxicity (GT) and modulation of cyclophosphamide (CP)- and ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS)-induced GT using the Allium cepa assay following 24 h treatment.  CP (1.00 mg/ml) and EMS (0.0375 mg/ml) were not cytotoxic but genotoxic....

Author(s): Asita Okorie Asita, Thabang Rants’o, Sibusisiwe Magama and Matsepo Taole  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
The perceptions of modern sports of students in the department of physical education and sports in Turkey

The aim of this study is to determine the perceptions of modern sports of the students studying at the departments of physical education and sports in Turkey, and to examine them based on different variables such as age, gender, department, grade, academic gross domestic product (GPA) and the habit of actively doing sports. In terms of the data analysis process, the descriptive statistics were presented with the values...

Author(s): Ahmet Atalay  

June 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Acute toxicity evaluation of ethanol extract of red algae, Osmundaria obtusiloba, in BALB/c mice

The genus Osmundaria (Rhodophyta, Ceramilaes, Rhodomelaceae) comprises tropical and temperate regions red marine seaweeds species. Osmundaria obtusiloba is distributed from the northeastern coast of Brazil to the state of Rio de Janeiro. Studies with ethanol extract of red seaweed O. obtusiloba showed the antiviral potential of this alga. Hence, this study examined in BALB/c mice the acute toxicity after oral...

Author(s): Caroline de Souza Barros, Max Willian Lisboa Gomes, Rafaela dos Santos Pereira Gomes, Vanessa Melchiades, Caio Cesar Richter Nogueira, Claudio César Cirne-Santos, Valeria Garrido, Carla Eponina Carvalho Pinto, Valeria Laneuville Teixeira and Izabel Christina Nunes de Palmer Paixão  

June 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Anti-hyperglycaemic and anti-hyperlipidemic effect of aqueous leaf extract of Vernonia amygdalina in Wistar rats

Diabetes mellitus is a complex metabolic disorder characterised by impaired glucose tolerance and hyperglycemia, which is caused by either lack of or resistance to insulin in tissues; this disease causes significant morbidity and mortality largely due to its end–organ complications. Traditional treatment of diabetes mellitus has involved the use of several plant extracts; in this study the efficacy of aqueous leaf...

Author(s): Ibegbu, Madu D., Nnaemeka, Emmanuel J., Ikele, Ikenna T. and Nwachukwu, Daniel C.  

June 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Neurohistological and immunohistochemical effects of prophylactic ethanolic leaf extract of Nauclea latifolia and Artemether/Lumefantrine on the hippocampus of Plasmodium berghei-infected mice

The prophylactic effect of ethanolic leaf extract of Nauclea latifolia, widely used in herbal malarial treatment, was compared against standard drug Coartem® (Artemether/Lumefantrine) in Plasmodium-infected mice was investigated, and thereafter analysed for organosomatic index, parasitemia, histomorphological and immunohistochemical changes in the hippocampus. Twenty male mice about 6 to 8 weeks weighing 20 to 24 g...

Author(s): Innocent A. Edagha, Inyang A. Atting and Moses U. Ekanemesang

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
What factors influence performance of farmer groups? A review of literature on parameters that measure group performance

Farmers form and participate in groups in order to benefit socially and economically through collective activities. However, membership in groups alone is not enough to facilitate improvement of livelihoods, owing to the fact that only successful groups would be able to fully exploit their potential and meet the interests of their members. Understanding group performance is therefore a pertinent issue among social...

Author(s): Sheilla Jeruto Tallam

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
An on-farm comparison of the agronomics and economics of irrigated maize production systems in the Somali Deyr season

Domestic production only supplies half of Somalia’s cereal requirements and more than half of the country’s population is considered food insecure.  In this study, the Somali Agriculture Technical Group (SATG) used an on-farm participatory research approach to compare the economic viability and plant yield parameters of an improved maize production system (SATG system) with those of the traditional...

Author(s): Ryan Gavin, Hussein Haji, Nicolas Jelinski and Paul Porter

Page 8 of 1131, showing 50 records out of 56511 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400