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April 2012

Biofixation of carbon dioxide by Chlorococcum sp. in a photobioreactor with polytetrafluoroethene membrane sparger

  The greenhouse effect, caused by excessive carbon dioxide emissions, constitutes a major aspect of global warming. Biological fixation of carbon dioxide using microalgae is an effective carbon dioxide reduction technology, but its widespread implementation is limited by the poor mass transfer efficiency. In this study, Chlorococcum sp. was cultured in a photobioreactor with a polytetrafluoroethene...

Author(s):   Xiaoli Chai, Xin Zhao, and Wang Baoying  

January 2012

In vitro analysis of Cupressus sempervirens L. plant extracts antibaterial activity

The antibacterial activity of methanolic, ethanolic and ethyl acetate extracts of leaf ofCupressus sempervirens L. was determined on six bacteria, namely Staphylococcus aureus,Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae andSalmonella typhimurium using agar well diffusion method. Among the plant extracts, a significant antimicrobial activity was...

Author(s): Hassan Javed Chaudhary, Warda Shahid, Asghari Bano, Farman Ullah, Farooq Munis, Shah Fahad and Izhar Ahmad

August 2011

Comparative analysis of detecting ochratoxin A in cocoa powder samples using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)

  Different cocoa powder (CP) samples were analyzed for mycoflora contaminants as a means of ensuring food safety.  A total of 360 samples of 24 brands of CP were purchased between April and November, 2007. Ten-fold serial dilutions of the cocoa samples in sabouraud dextrose broth (SDB) were plated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) for yeast and mould counts.  Colonies of yeasts and moulds, isolated from...

Author(s):   C. O. Jayeola,   A. Oluwadun, L. E. Yahaya, L. N. Dongo A. A. Ajao and F. C. Mokwunye

  • Article Number: F620FF79727

May 2014

Characterization of palm kernel shell for materials reinforcement and water treatment

As developing nations strive for economic sustainability, effort is geared towards exploiting biomass materials that could have alternative uses to their conventional low valued uses in order to achieve this goal. It is because of this that palm kernel shell, a byproduct of oil palm processing, is characterized for its application in construction and water treatment industries. The materials physical and chemical...

Author(s): Edmund C. Okoroigwe, Christopher M. Saffron and Pascal D. Kamdem

October 2010

Adoption of e-banking in Bangladesh: An exploratory study

  Nowadays e-commerce, e-business and financial services industry have increasingly become a necessary component of business strategy and a strong catalyst for economic development. As a third-world developing country, Bangladesh is far behind to reach the expected level in global banking system. So it is our urgent need to upgrade its banking system. This study has been done mainly based on primary and...

Author(s): A. H. M. Saidul Hasan, Md. Azizul Baten, Anton Abdulbasah Kamil and Sanjida Parveen

  • Article Number: 16DFCC123960

February 2013

Self report of adverse gingival conditions among pregnant South-Western Nigerian women

Reports have associated the occurrence of periodontal diseases, of which gingivitis is the earliest and commonest form in pregnancy with an increased risk for poor pregnancy outcome. There is dearth of information on the oral status of pregnant women in Nigeria. This study assessed self reported adverse gingival changes and its relationship with observed gingival health status among pregnant women in a South-Western...

Author(s): Joy Ucheonye Ifesanya and Gbemisola Aderemi Oke

April 2017

The living-dead (ancestors) among the Igbo-African people: An interpretation of Catholic sainthood

Studies have shown that most of the precepts, ordinances and rituals in Christian religion are more of resemblances than novelties of what were the cases in the original religion of the African people. The belief in the communion of the Saints, and its surrounding practices stressed especially among the Catholic group is coterminous with the veneration of the Ancestors in this latter religion. The affinity that exists...

Author(s): Nwafor Matthew Ikechukwu

April 2006

Characterization and recovery rates of food-indicator microorganisms from home-made oral rehydration solutions in Nigeria

From home-made oral rehydration solutions (ORS), the identified bacterial strains from a total of 1880 bacterial isolates (1010 from granulated sugar and 870 from table salt) using the conventional taxonomic tools were Bacillus cereus var.mycoides (0.57%), Bacillus subtilis (2.28%), Citrobacter sp. (1.07%),Clostridium perfringes (14.75%), Enterobacter...

Author(s): Adenike A. O. Ogunshe, Nonye I. Iheanacho and Olukayode M. Oduyoye

July 2010

Assessment of traditional medicinal plants in Endrta District, South-eastern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

  Ethnobotanical data were collected between September and December, 2009 on six field trips to investigate medicinal knowledge and application of medicinal plants in Endrta Wereda (the lowest administrative unit in Ethiopia), South-eastern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Semi-structured interviews, observation and guided field walks with informants were employed to obtain ethnobotanical data. A total of 35...

Author(s): Gidey Yirga

  • Article Number: 42EFCD911873

January 2013

Effect of dietary lysine on performance and immunity parameters of male and female Japanese quails

  The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary lysine (Lys) and sex on growing quail performance and immunity parameters. The six dietary Lys: 10, 11.5, 13.0, 14.5, 16.0 and 17.5 g/kg were provided. This experiment was carried out in a completely randomized design arrangement from 3 to 24 days. Each treatment was consisted of 5 floor pens (50 quail chicks). Body weight (BW) and body...

Author(s):   Hajkhodadadi, M. Shivazad, H. Moravvej and A. Zare-shahneh    

January 2012

Optimisation of immobilised cellulase onto carbon nanotubes using response surface methodology

Although, the cellulase enzyme can work with high catalysis under mild condition, however, it does not fulfil the industry requirement. In this study, cellulase obtained from the fermentation of sewage treatment plant (STP) sludge by Trichoderma reesei RUT C-30 was covalently immobilised on functionalised multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Statistical optimisation using the Plackett-Burman design (PBD)...

Author(s): Rasha Mohammed Abd and Abdurahman Hamid Nour      

July 2010

Explaining the long-term real equilibrium exchange rates through purchasing power parity (PPP): An empirical investigation on Egypt, Jordan and Turkey

  This study aims at testing the validity of PPP as a long-term equilibrium condition for bilateral exchange rates in three emerging economies of the Middle East, namely Egypt, Jordan and Turkey through the Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF), Phillips-Perron (PP), and the Kwiatkowski, Phillips, Schmidt, and Shin (KPSS) unit root tests. Results of the ADF and PP unit root tests indicate that the null...

Author(s):   Naser .I. Abumustafa and Mete Feridun    

  • Article Number: 1A2531725766

January 2013

Stability profile of flavour-active ester compounds in ale and lager beer during storage

  Currently, one of the main quality problems of beer is the change of its chemical composition during storage, which alters its sensory properties. In this study, ale and lager beers were produced and aged for three months at two storage temperatures. Concentration of volatile ester compounds (VECs) in the beers was regularly monitored by gas chromatographic analysis of the headspace samples to establish...

Author(s):   Lettisha Hiralal, Balakrishna Pillay and Ademola O. Olaniran        

April 2007

Chronic toxicity of essential oils of 3 local aromatic plants towards Sitophilus zeamais Motsch. (Coleoptera : Curculionidae)

  The maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais is a major stored grain pest currently controlled by chemical pesticides. This commonly used control method to prevent post-harvest losses leads to pollution of the environment and intoxication of consumers. Essential oils of aromatic plants are more considered as good control alternative tools. The amount of active volatile of essential oils present in granaries...

Author(s):   Ngamo Tinkeu L. S., Goudoum A., Ngassoum M. B.,  Mapongmetsem, Lognay G., Malaisse F. and Hance T.    

  • Article Number: 1EFC78330532

November 2010

Antioxidant effects of anthocyanins-rich extract from black sticky rice on human erythrocytes and mononuclear leukocytes

  The present study was aimed at determining the optimum dose of anthocyanins-rich extract (ARE) from Thai pigmented rice for its antioxidant effects. Three different methods of antioxidant analysis [Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) assay, Folin Cioculteau Phenol (FCP) assay and Vanillin assay] were used and the results obtained were excellently correlated (r > 0.98). Among red rice, black...

Author(s):   Warin Sangkitikomol, Tewin Tencomnao and Atittaya Rocejanasaroj  

June 2011

Synthesis, structural determination and protective effects on cultured anoxia/reoxygen injury myocardiocytes of ocotillol-type derivatives

The octillol-type derivatives 3 and its epimer 4 had been designed and synthesized from 20(S)-panaxadiol. The structures of 3 and 4 were confirmed by ESI-MS, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and X-ray diffraction. The crystal data showed the configuration of C-24 of two epimers as R-form (3) and S-form (4, epimer) respectively. Compound 3 was evaluated in vitro for its protective effect on cultured...

Author(s): Yi Bi, Jingwei Tian, Liang Wang, Fenglan Zhao, Jiangfeng Zhang, Nan Wang, Haijun Sunand Qingguo Meng

  • Article Number: C680E5A22753

July 2012

Codon optimization, constitutive expression and antimicrobial characterization of hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) in Pichia pastoris

Fusarium oxysporum (F. oxysporum) and Verticillium dahlia (V. dahlia) causes severe cotton disease in China and other cotton-producing countries. Hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL) has antimicrobial properties. In this study, a codon-optimized HEWL gene was synthesized and cloned into the yeast expression vector, pPIC9K, under the control of the Pichia pastoris (P. pastoris)...

Author(s): Jun Li, Kevin Yueju Wang, Nan Wang, Gangqiang Li, Ning Sun and Dehu Liu

May 2013

Enteric bacteria and fungi of the Eudrilid earthworm Libyodrilus violaceus

The identity and multiplication of bacteria and fungi (yeasts and mould) as they pass along the alimentary tract of the earthworm Libyodrilus violaceus have been studied. The bacteria isolated included Acinetobacter sp., Alcaligans faecalis, Bacillus brevis, Bacillus ceveus, Bacillus lalerosporus, Bacillus lichenoform, Bacillus maceraus, Bacillus sp., Corynebacterium sp., Enterobacter...

Author(s): Owa, S. O., Olowoparija, S. B., Aladesida, A. and Dedeke, G. A.

December 2011

Effect of the plant growth regulator (4-Chlorophenoxy acetıc acıd) ınto the oxıdatıve stress parameters in rat liver

4-Chlorophenoxy acetic acid (4-CPA) is one of the plant growth regulators that are widely used in greenhouses to increase yield and the quality of products. Plant growth regulators do not produce significant effects on organisms; however, their remnants on plants due to either high dose or inappropriate use may lead to certain adverse effects on humans. High doses of 4-CPA have been reported to cause hepatocellular...

Author(s): Duygu Tozcu Altın, Çiğdem Özer , Ediz Yeşilkaya, Aydan Babül, Aysun Bideciand Peyami Cinaz

August 2011

Primary application of the personality diagnostic questionnaire-4 (PDQ-4) in persons with special needs: A case study of the personality of a deaf person

  The disruption of deafness, as a disturbance of consciousness (sensory impairment), affects human development and may produce psychological and emotional problems. There are some common features of the personality of people with hearing disabilities, which are considered to be intrinsic to the nature of their possible psychiatric problems. From the very minority monitored, the deaf psychiatric patients...

Author(s): Siousioura D., Tasoulas S. and Alexandropoulos K.

  • Article Number: CA852C3177

December 2011

Utilization of biodiesel waste as a feedstock for the production of polyhydroxybutyrate by Cupriavidus necator

This study aimed to investigate the potential of using wastewater and crude glycerol from biodiesel refinery to produce polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) through fermentation of Cupriavidus necator TISTR 1095. The result indicates that crude glycerol yielded high cell growth (35 to 37 g/L) and poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB; 17.85 to 19.98 g/L). However, no cell growth obtained from...

Author(s): Kanokphorn Sangkharak and Poonsuk Prasertsan

August 2012

Cloning and analysis of plant fatty acid desaturase 7 gene promoter from Brassica napus

  n order to investigate the regulation mode of Brassica napus FAD7 gene in response of thermal stress, we measured the protein levels of BnFAD7 in plant at low and high temperature, and then analyzed promoter activity of 5’-flanking regions of BnFAD7 by transient gene expression in B. napus protoplasts at different temperatures. Our studies indicated...

Author(s):   Junbei Xiang, Mianxue Liu, Zhibin Liu, Yi Yang and Xufeng Li    

January 2012

Rehabilitation of artisanal gold mining land in West Lombok, Indonesia: Characterization of overburden and the surrounding soils

  This study was carried out to characterize the overburden materials and soil properties of artisanal mining at Sekotong, West Lombok, Indonesia to suggest an appropriate rehabilitation technology.  The results of the study showed that the properties of overburden materials from Sekotong artisanal mining has a relative neutral acidity (pH about 6.4), however, with time together with the formation of...

Author(s): B. Siswanto, B. D. Krisnayani, W. H. Utomo, C. W. N. Anderson

October 2011

Characteristics of abused women and factors that enhanced abuse

  The aim of this study was to assess the characteristics of abused women who visited Masonwabisane Women Support Centre (MWSC) in Butterworth, Eastern Cape, South Africa. Data was collected at MWSC, an NGO operating under Mnquma local municipality. A descriptive quantitative approach was used where records of abused women (245) were reviewed retrospectively with effect from the 1st of July to 31st December...

Author(s):   S. Monakali, M. Mokgatle-Nthabu and O. O. Oguntibeju      

June 2011

Assessment of the impact of kerosene and diesel on soil nitrogen mineralisation

Effects of different concentrations (1, 2 and 5% v/w) of diesel and kerosene on N mineralization were studied in a sandy loam soil. Relative to the untreated soil, higher ammonium-N levels were obtained in samples treated with all the concentrations of kerosene and diesel from the second and third weeks of incubation respectively while extents of nitrate-N production differed. Net N-mineralization was 17.211 mg...

Author(s): Orji, J. C., Uzoho, B., Enwerem, J. O. and Ezurike, W. 

December 2011

Import risk assessment of hatching eggs and day old chicks via Khartoum International Airport, Sudan

  This study was aimed to assess the quality level of the Sudanese standards and risks associated with the importation of hatching eggs and day old chicks as well as the sanitary measures in place based on the international (OIE) standards. Data were collected from the Federal Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries (FMARF), the Sudanese Standards and Metrology...

Author(s): Ahmed Abdelgadir Berier and Atif Elamin Abdelgadir

  • Article Number: A13B3BE13683

March 2011

Nucleofection an efficient non-viral transfection technique forIFN-t-EGFP gene expression study in Sahiwal cattle fibroblast cells

Viral based techniques were considered to be the most efficient systems to deliver DNA into fibroblast cells as they show high transgene expression in many cellular models. Viral approaches are complicated by immune response, intracellular trafficking potential mutations and genetic alterations due to integration. The nucleofector TM technology is electroporation based gene transfer technique which has been proved to be...

Author(s): Anand Laxmi N., Gunjan G. and Prateesh M.

  • Article Number: 8CE855010393

February 2013

Many exact solutions for nonlinear dynamics of DNA model using the generalized Riccati equation mapping method

  The objective of this paper is to apply the generalized Riccati equation mapping method for constructing the exact traveling wave solutions of a nonlinear partial differential equation describing the dynamics of DNA modeling. This model consists of two long elastic homogeneous strands connected with each other by an elastic membrane. Hyperbolic and trigonometric function solutions of this model are obtained....

Author(s):   Elsayed M. E. Zayed and Ahmed. H. Arnous      

July 2016

Yield and quality of dual-purpose barley and triticale in a semi-arid environment in Tunisia

The semi-arid region of Tunisia is characterized by a low and erratic rainfall. This makes year-round maintenance of pasture and forage production under non-irrigated conditions both costly and difficult. In order to fill the winter feed gap in the livestock cycle; some cereals can be used as dual-purpose. This study aimed at evaluating agronomic performances and grain quality of two dual-purposes cereal crops, Barley...

Author(s): Sadreddine BEJI

August 2007

Effects of different levels of decomposed poultry manure on yield of muskmelon at Anse Boileau, Seychelles

A field experiment was conducted from May to July, 2005 and 2006 at the Vegetable Evaluation and Research Station, Anse Boileau, Mahe, Seychelles to assess the effects of different levels of decomposed poultry manure to determine the optimal rate that would maximize muskmelon yield under Seychelles conditions. The experiment consisted of five treatments; an untreated control and four levels of decomposed poultry manure...

Author(s): Ijoyah, M.O.

March 2015

Incidence and severity of potentially toxigenic Aspergillus flavus in maize (Zea mays L.) from different major maize growing regions of Uganda

Maize is grown in most regions of Uganda. Aflatoxin contamination of maize occurs in Uganda but there is lack of information on the distribution of Aspergillus flavus in major maize production regions of the country. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and severity of Aspergillus flavus in major maize growing regions of Uganda. Hierarchical sampling procedure was used to randomly collect maize...

Author(s): Julius P. Sserumaga, Dan Makumbi, Lee Simyung, Kiarie Njoroge, James W. Muthomi, George N. Chemining’wa, Godfrey Asea, Moses Waswa and Daniel K. Bomet

October 2011

Public policy: Myths and realities in the Nigerian nationhood since independence

  Nigeria is confronted today with the challenges of political and constitutional crises in a manner as never before. After 50 years of independence, the country still faces frequent sectarian turmoil that raises some very fundamental questions about the nature of Nigerian identity and its implications for integrity. A cursory look at the events that have occurred in the polity since 1960, one finds out that...

Author(s): Samuel C. Ugoh and Wilfred I. Ukpere

December 2014

Use of pectin in the postharvest conservation of tangerine

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the postharvest behavior of tangerine coated with different pectin concentrations during storage under controlled temperature (22°C ± 0.1). Fruits with green color (± 90% of the surface) were divided into four groups: fruits without any coating (T1) and fruits coated with pectin solution at 4 g / 100 g (T2), 6 ml / 100 ml (T3) and 8 g / 100 ml (T4)....

Author(s): Plácido, G. R., Silva, R. M., Silva, M.A.P., Furtado, D. C., Santos, M. G.; Caliari, M. and Oliveira, D. E. C.

December 2012

Quality of sachet water produced and marketed in Minna metropolis, North Central Nigeria

  Microbiological and micronutrient quality of sachet water samples sold in Minna metropolis Niger State, Nigeria was analyzed using micro filter membrane and atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The metropolis was divided into four clusters and sachet water was collected from the factories within each cluster. Total bacteria count (TBC), total coliform count (TCC) and presence of fecal coliforms were...

Author(s): Anuonye J. C., Maxwell O. M. and Caleb M. Y.

February 2012

Empirical studies on effects of product placement advertisements: A case study of the film “A sigh”

This paper uses natural experiment to explore effects of product placement advertisements. Results shows (Experimental Film: A Sigh): Buick and Bank of China are different in terms of main effect of brand awareness. It is the same as in terms of consumer’s value. In terms of interaction between two brands, results are different. This paper provides reasonable procedures to test effects and tells us what kind of...

Author(s): Lin Sheng-liang

September 2011

Cryomazine concentration and host type effects on the biology of the southern cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus F.

In this study we investigated the effects of different cryomazine concentrations and host type on the biology of the southern cowpea weevil Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Our results showed that increasing cryomazine concentration led to the increase in the average incubation period of eggs and low hatching rate, reaching the highest average of egg incubation period 13.25 days for insects...

Author(s): Fahd Abdu Al-Mekhlafi, Ashraf Mohamed Ali Mashaly, ,Mohamed Ahmed Wadaan and Nazar M. Al-Mallah

March 2012

Physicochemical characterization and fatty acid content of ‘venadillo’ (Swietenia humilis Zucc.) seed oil

  Physicochemical properties of Swietenia humilis Zucc seed oils were determined along with its fatty acid composition, by using gas-liquid chromatography. The oil content found in the germ portion of the seeds was 45.38%. From physicochemical oil evaluations, an oil density of 0.9099 mg∙ml-1 at 28°C; a refraction index of 1.4740 at 20°C; a saponification index of 159.55 mg KOH∙g-1; a...

Author(s):   Veronica Perez-Rubio, Jose Basilio Heredia, Cristobal Chaidez-Quiroz, Jose Benigno Valdez-Torres,  Edith Salazar-Villa, Raul Allende-Molar and  Miguel Angel Angulo-Escalante        

May 2011

Factors defining the distribution limit of tsetse infestation and the implication for livestock sector in Tanzania

  Tsetse survey to re-define its distribution limit in Tanzania was conducted from 2005 to 2009. Based on the old tsetse infestation map, tsetse sampling using odour baited biconical traps were deployed and emptied after 24 h during the onset of dry season. The survey covered the southern, western, northern and north eastern regions of the country. Obtained results indicated...

Author(s): Imna Malele, Hamisi Nyingilili and Atway Msangi

October 2011

Status of snow leopard Uncia uncia and its conservation in the tumor peak natural reserve in Xinjiang, China

  Field surveys were carried out by the International Snow Leopard project team to estimate snow leopard abundance and density in the Tumor Peak Natural Reserve in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang), China. A total of 48 linear transects with a total length of 48.92 km were surveyed at 5 potential distribution sites during October to November 2004, and we observed 101 snow leopard signs to try to...

Author(s): Mardan Turghan, Ming Ma, Feng Xu and Yan Wang

  • Article Number: DEBF01C20932

February 2013

Exploration of the survival and competitiveness of the textile, leather and clothing industries in the Eastern Cape, RSA

  In the Southern Africa Region, the textile, leather and clothing industry has undergone many structural pressures in the face of increased low cost competition from South-East Asian countries but many firms have closed. Despite wholesale firm closures, significant numbers of firms have survived. This article seeks to explore in what sense the survival areas (firms who have survived or new entrants) in the...

Author(s): A. Mwamayi, G. Wood, R. Haines, M. Brookes and V. Mmbengwa

September 2010

Relationship of fat-tail and body measurements with some economic important traits in fat-tail Makoei breed of Iranian sheep

This research seeks to predict in vivo carcass composition of lambs. A total of 576 Makoei fat-tailed lambs were used. Lambs were 6-7 months fold and weighed about 15.1 - 41.4 kg. Measurements included body weight, upper, middle and lower tail-depth and width, upper, middle, lower tail and neck circumference, right, middle and left tail-length, body length, whither height, abdominal and heart girth. Having...

Author(s): A. H. Khaltabadi Farahani, H. Moradi Shahrbabak, M. Moradi Shahrbabakand H. Mehrabani Yeganeh

February 2012

Market share as an indicator for corporate social responsibility (CSR) spending: The study of Coca Cola’s market

Although, prior research has addressed the influence of corporate social responsibility (CSR) on perceived customer responses, market value, and bottom line, among other drivers for CSR, it is not clear whether the market share of a firm is an indicator for CSR spending in different markets. The study examined the relation between Cola-Cola’s market share in traditional soft-drinks markets and new markets to see...

Author(s): Fredrick Onyango Ogola and Thomas Dreer

February 2010

Allelopathic potential of macrofungi on germinating maize (Zea mays L.) grain

  The effect of methanol extracts of 10 macrofungi was evaluated on grain germination of maize (Zea mays L.). Germination percentage, radicle and plumule length and the level of carbohydrates and fatty acids were measured. Fungal metabolites inhibited germination up to 90.96%, plumule (97.77%) and radicle (92.83%) development. Plumule and radicle lengths were stimulated 35.26 and 10.60% in some assays,...

Author(s): Yusuf Uzun, Musa Türker, Abdullah Kaya, Kenan Demirel, Sinan Işler and Ali Keleş

August 2010

Effects of salt stress on pigment and total soluble protein contents of three different tomato cultivars

In this study, the effects of salt stress on pigment and total soluble protein contents were investigated in different varieties of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). The seedlings of L. esculentum viz. Hazera, Dalli Tokat and Argy were treated with NaCl at 25, 50, 100, 125, 150 and 200 mM concentrations for 96 with 24 h interval. Pigment and total soluble protein contents of all tomato...

Author(s): Zeynep Banu Doganlar, Koksal Demir, Hakan Basak and Ismail Gul

February 2013

Production and characterization of thermostable xylanase from Bacillus subtilis XP10 isolated from marine water

  This study aims is to characterize an efficient bacterium, capable of producing thermostable xylanases. Different bacterial isolates were obtained on medium containing xylan as the sole carbon source from samples collected from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Out of 15 xylanase producing isolates, the best xylanase producer was XP10 which was selected for the enzyme production. It was identified based on morphological...

Author(s): Sanaa Tork, Magda M. Aly, Saleha Y. Alakilli and Madeha N. Al-Seeni

May 2010

Deformation of Eastern Turkey from seismic and geodetic strain rates

  Crustal deformation is the study of active geophysical processes that occur within the earth’s lithosphere. Geodesy provides facilities to investigate the earth’s crust movements and shares these data with the other disciplines. The various sources of geodetic data can be used to observe crustal deformation. Especially, GPS has gained wider acceptance worldwide for monitoring crustal dynamics for...

Author(s):   Asli Dogru      

  • Article Number: BA20F1218731

June 2006

The importance of school library in girl-child education with special reference to Northern Nigeria

This paper highlights some problems affecting the education of the girl child in northern Nigeria. It emphasizes the role of the library and government in developing the girl child. It also highlights areas where the library can support the girl – child education and how it can enhance reading habit among children by providing relevant information. It ends with recommendations that will help make school libraries...

Author(s): MARTHA JAMOK ELISHA

  • Article Number: 5F48D6D56611

October 2015

Antibacterial activity of secondary metabolites isolated from Alternaria alternata

The aims of this study were the analysis of the secondary metabolites and evaluation of the antibacterial and antifungal activity of Alternaria alternata. Twenty six bioactive compounds were identified in methanolic extract of Alternaria alternata. The identification of bioactive chemical compounds is based on the peak area, retention time molecular weight and molecular formula. GC-MS analysis of A. alternata revealed...

Author(s): Sabreen A. Kamal, Lena Fadhil Hamza and Imad Hadi Hameed

January 2017

Bureaucratic structures and organizational performance: A comparative study of Kampala capital city authority and national planning authority

Uganda has experienced reasonably good economic and institutional performance for over a decade which has been partly explained by the implementation of public sector reforms including the restructuring of public institutions, creating new agencies, and decentralization with the view to rationalize delivery of services (Republic of Uganda, 2010). This paper examines the relationship existing between bureaucratic...

Author(s): Rogers Matte

February 2011

Democratic governance and the management of oil conflict in Nigeria’s Niger Delta: Policy options and challenges

Nigeria oil producing region has for long remains a site of contention between the state and local groups fighting for conscious environmental practice, resource control and development. During the long years of military rule, repression and military occupation were the core of state response to agitations and protests of the people in the region. The nation’s returns to democratic rule spur hope that things will...

Author(s): Saka Luqman

  • Article Number: 69FA7A640511

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