Articles

 

Articles

Page 8 of 1126, showing 50 records out of 56251 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400

April 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Compatibility studies in Cola nitida genotypes

Cross and self-pollination compatibility studies were carried out using 10 Cola nitida genotypes from the Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan. The few genotypes that were self-pollinated tended to show low pod production; whereas, crosses between the genotypes showed higher pod production. These data would suggest that multiple genotypes should be included in plantations to achieve higher levels of...

Author(s): Odutayo, O. I., Adeyemi, F. A., Adebola, P. O. and Sotimehim, O. I.

April 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Genotypes × Environment interaction analysis for Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata L.) genotypes using AMMI model

The genotype x environment interaction (GEI) has an influence on the selection and recommendation of genotypes. To this end, G x E interaction and grain yield stability study was conducted for 17 advanced Ethiopian mustard across three districts (Sinana, Adaba and Agarfa) in the highlands of Bale zone during 2014 and 2015 main cropping season. Randomized complete block design with four replications was used. The...

Author(s): Tadele Tadesse, Gashaw Sefera and Amanuel Tekalign

April 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
A cross sectional study on prevalence of cattle fasciolosis and associated economical losses in cattle slaughtered at Gondar Elfora Abattoir, northwest Ethiopia

Fasciolosis is a parasitic disease caused by either Fasciola hepatica or Faciola gigantica. These parasitic infections are of global significance causing diseases in different mammalian species including humans. In this study, the prevalence and economic significance of Fasciolosis in cattle slaughtered at Gondar Elfora abattoirs was assessed. A total of 400 cattle were examined and 85 cattle (21.2%) were affected by...

Author(s): Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel, Abebaw Getachew and Daniel Adamu

April 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Antimicrobial resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from raw cow milk and fresh fruit juice in Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia

This study was conducted to evaluate drug resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus in raw milk, fresh fruit juice and dairy farms settings of Mekelle, Tigray. A cross-sectional study was conducted on the total 258 samples of raw cow milk and fresh fruit juice. Antimicrobial resistance status was also checked for identified S. aureus using various commonly used antimicrobial discs. The overall viable staphylococcal...

Author(s): Haftay Abraha, Geberemedhin Hadish, Belay Aligaz, Goytom Eyas and Kidane Workelule

April 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Potassium dynamics under enset (Ensete ventricosom cheesman) farming systems of Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia

Potassium dynamics of soils is constituted by constantly changing relationship between soil K forms, and this relation is affected by some soil physical and chemical properties. Most Sidama (south Ethiopia) farmers grow enset crops which have high K requirements. The soils were collected from Awassa-Zuriya and Dale districts; ’Woinadega’ (warm subtropical climate) and Hula district ‘Dega’ (wet,...

Author(s): Kibreselassie Daniel Auge, Tekalign Mamo Assefa, Wassie Haile Woldeyohannes and Bizuayehu Tesfaye Asfaw

April 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Effect of soil factors on net N-mineralization and decomposition rate of organic nutrient sources

Rate of mineralization for organic nutrient sources (ONS) depends on temperature, soil moisture, soil chemical, physical, biological properties as well as the chemical composition of the ONS. Erythrina abyssinica (EA), Erythrina brucei (EB) and Ensete ventricosum (EV) (ONS) were collected from Sidama and Wolaita, southern Ethiopia. Soil samples (0-20 cm) depths were collected from Cambisols and Luvisols areas....

Author(s): Abebe Abay  

April 2018

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
Survival time of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children under 15 years of age after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has emerged as one of the leading causes of childhood mortality and morbidity in sub Saharan Africa. But, the attention given to HIV-infected children in terms of providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) had so far been ranked second. The study had the objectives of identifying predictors that had significant impacts on the survival status of HIV infected children who received...

Author(s): Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie and Yemane Asmleash  

April 2018

Journal of AIDS and HIV Research
A prospective study on the changes of clinical values in HIV-Infected patients attending Kenyatta National Hospital Comprehensive Care Center

Changes in serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (G-GT), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), total bilirubin (T. Bil), direct bilirubin (D. Bil) are assayed to monitor liver function; while those of creatinine (CRT) and urea (UR) are for kidney functions. These two organs produce hepcidin and erythropoietins, respectively...

Author(s): Jackson Ireri Mrama, Ngeranwa, J. N., Mburu, D. N., Jaoko, W. and Sekadde-Kigondu C.B.

April 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Stochastic modelling of Lake Malawi Engraulicypris sardella (Gunther, 1868) catch fluctuation

Lake Malawi continues experiencing serious depletion of most valuable fish species. Presently, commercial and artisanal fishery are forced to target less valuable fish species. Evidently, economic importance of Engraulicypris sardella in Malawi cannot be negated as it currently contributes over 70% of the total annual landings. However, such highest contribution could be a sign of harvesting pressure. Therefore, as the...

Author(s): Rodgers Makwinja, Wales Singini , Emmanuel Kaunda, Fanuel Kapute and Mwamad M’balaka,  

April 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Mortality, recruitment pattern and exploitation rates of two Schilbe Oken, 1817 populations: Schilbe mandibularis and Schilbe intermedius from the Aghien Lagoon; estuarine system of West Africa

In Côte d’Ivoire, the Aghien Lagoon is under heavy fishing pressure. Mortality, recruitment pattern and exploitation rate of Schilbe mandibularis and Schilbe intermedius were investigated in this lagoon. Fish samples of both sexes (N = 575) were collected monthly between June 2014 and May 2015 from artisanal and experimental captures. Natural mortality was higher in S. intermedius (M = 0.89 years-1) than in...

Author(s): Sonan Romuald Assi, Koffi Félix Konan, N&#;guessan Gustave Aliko, Koffi Charles Boussou, Kotchi Yves Bony, Aka Jean-Paul Agnissan and Germain Gourène  

April 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Cross sectional study on prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and associated risk factors in Mao komo special woreda, benishahgul gumuz, Western Ethiopia

Trypanosomosis is a chronic haemo-protozoal disease, which is a barrier to livestock and agricultural production. A cross-sectional study with the aim of determining prevalence rate of bovine trypanosomosis and risk factors was carried out from April 2016 to November 2017 in the Mao Komo district in the Benishangul-gumuz, Ethiopia. Buffy coat followed by thin blood smear technique were employed to identify the species...

Author(s): Geremew Haile and Oda Gizaw

April 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Major trematodes of cattle slaughtered at Hirna municipal Abattoir: Prevalence, associated risk factors and test agreement of sedimentation technique in Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of fasciolosis and paramphistomosis in Hirna town, assess the associated risk factors and evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of fecal sedimentation technique for both flukes. On coproscopy, out of the total of 387 cattle examined, 24 (6.2%) and 21(5.43%) cattle were positive for Fasciola and Paramphistomum, respectively. Postmortem examination of...

Author(s): Nebi Hayider, Solomon Mekuria and Berhanu Mekibib

April 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
The implications of smallholdings of water and land for the sustainability of a community based water management system in Oman

This paper investigates the implications of smallholder farming, that is, characteristic of a community based water management system in Oman known as a falaj (pl aflaj). The aflaj are naturally sustainable, and for centuries have provided water in an arid region, supporting agriculture and livelihoods. With over three thousand active aflaj in Oman, the typical falaj is small; conveying enough water to irrigate a...

Author(s): Dennis Powers and Abdullah Al Ghafri

April 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Determinants of smallholder farmers’ participation in seed producing cooperatives in Southern Zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

This research attempted to examine smallholder farmers’ participation in seed producing cooperatives with the objectives of assessing factors affecting farmers’ participation and identify the determinants of participation in seed producing cooperatives in southern zone of Tigray, Ethiopia. Both probability and non-probability sampling techniques were employed to select 192 sample households. Interview...

Author(s): Hagos Kidane, Tesfaye Lemma and Girmay Tesfay

April 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
An examination of teacher candidates’ attitudes towards teaching profession

Teaching profession is one of the hardest jobs of today. Teachers who raise the safeguards of our future, that is, our students should be aware of the principles, methods and techniques needed for teaching; should have taken the pedagogical formation training, should have enhanced communication skills and should closely follow science and technology with a mind open to modernization. Teachers also must carry the feeling...

Author(s): Baş Muhammet and Okan Sarigöz

April 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Erosion of autonomy: The pitfall of educational management in Nigeria universities

This study examined the concept of autonomy and its effect on the management of universities in Nigeria. Four major dimensions of university autonomy were investigated. An instrument titled Erosion of University Autonomy Questionnaire (EUAQ) was used to collect data. The instrument was administered for four universities. The study employed a descriptive research of the survey type. The data collected ware subjected to...

Author(s): Edith O. Olorunsola

April 2018

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
An exploration of the limitations of transmedia storytelling: Focusing on the entertainment and education sectors

Transmedia storytelling is a concept emerging in the field of communication and media. The concept was first popularized by Jenkins. He defined it as a representation of a process in which integral elements of given fiction are disseminated systematically through multiple media platforms. Even though many researchers have studied the concept, not enough studies have been done with respect to its limitations, especially...

Author(s): Young-Sung Kwon and Daniel H. Byun  

April 2018

Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research
Relevance of modeling and simulation in the management of engineering projects

Project management is one of the most important and poorly understood areas of management. Delays and cost overruns are common in projects such as construction, power generation, defense, software, product development, etc. Project management is affected by problems relating to costing and scheduling. Changes in the design of customer creates costly ripple effects which in turn lead to delay and disruption throughout an...

Author(s): Rowland Jerry Ekeocha and Stephen Kalu Ogbonnaya

April 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Pregnancy outcome and early postnatal weights in diabetic and non-diabetic pregnant rats administered ethanolic extract of Ocimum gratissimum leaves during pregnancy

Extract of Ocimum gratissimum (OG), also known as scent leaf, is popularly used to treat diabetes mellitus and its hypoglycaemic activity has been confirmed by in vivo studies. The aim was to investigate the effect of this extract on placenta development and birth outcome in diabetic pregnancy. Forty two pregnant rats weighing 150-200 g were used. They were divided into control and extract treated diabetic and...

Author(s): Iyare C. O., Uzoigwe J., Okorie P. O., Ugwu P. I., Ezeh C. O. and Iyare E. E.

April 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Determinants of satisfactory facility-based care for women during childbirth in Kumasi, Ghana

The majority of deaths of women and infants during pregnancy and childbirth occur in Africa. Although many pregnant women seek antenatal care, in Ghana they do not all continue to seek facility-based care for childbirth. Complications that lead to mortality often occur around childbirth and these are not always possible to predict during antenatal care. This makes facility-based childbirth imperative for reduction in...

Author(s): Veronica Millicent Dzomeku, Brian van Wyk, Lucia Knight and Jody Rae Lori

April 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
China’s trade intensity with South Asian countries

The study seek to explore the extent and nature of trade and its growth over the period 2005 to 2013 between China and its five South Asian neighbours (Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Nepal). We measure the extent of trade by the trade intensity index and then check whether whole of this is explained by complementarity in the conventional sense. The study reveals that China’s trade intensity increased...

Author(s): Ishfaq Malik and Ajaz Rather  

April 2018

African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Potential of blended biomass feedstock from some species of raffia palm (Raffia farinifera, Raffia hookeri and Raffia vinifera) and Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) from Cameroon

The oil and raffia palm species are indigenous to West and Central Africa, and their exploitation both at industrial and artisanal scale generate important quantities of renewable fibrous biomass that can be converted to high and low value bio-based products. Fibre samples were prepared from three raffia palm species drawn from three locations and Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (OPEFB) from an industrial palm oil mill, all...

Author(s): Beckley Victorine Namondo, Josepha Foba-Tendo, Ekane Peter Etape and Rui Werner Maçedo Krause

April 2018

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Influence of climate on fruit production of the yellow plum, Ximenia americana, in Burkina Faso, West Africa

Fruits of Ximenia americana have socio-economic value for the local people in West Africa. Understanding the possible influence of climate conditions on fruit production is a basis for better exploitation planning and sustainable management of the species. This study aims to assess the fruit production of X. americana according to tree size across a climatic gradient. The mean total number of fruits, the mean weight of...

Author(s): Ounyambila Lompo, Anne Mette Lykke, Benjamin Lankoandé and Amadé Ouédraogo

April 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Pharmacognostic evaluation of the leaf of Microtrichia perotitii DC. (Asteraceae)

Microtrichia perotitii DC. belongs to the family Asteraceae (Compositeae) and it is a herb found in the West African countries. The aim of this research was to establish pharmacognostic standards for M. perotitii through macroscopic, microscopic, chemo-microscopic and physico-chemical investigations. The macroscopic studies revealed the shape of the leaf as small with acute apex, asymmetric base, pubescent surface with...

Author(s): Abdullahi, M. N., Ilyas, N., Hajara, I. and Kabir, Y. M.  

April 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Effect of Ethiopian high land green tea (Camellia sinensis) leaf extract on highly active anti-retroviral therapy induced dyslipidemia in Albino Wistar rats

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is considered toxic and has other life-threatening side effects including dyslipidemia. There is no research report on the health effects of Ethiopian highland green tea. Previous work data from elsewhere suggest that lipid abnormalities are associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective effect of green...

Author(s): Tesaka Wondimnew, Natesan Gnanasekaran and Solomon Genet  

April 2018

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology
Investigation of the properties of self-compacting concrete with palm kernel shell ash as mineral additive

This study investigates workability and the compressive strength properties of self-compacting concrete with palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) as mineral additive for partial cement replacement. The iterative method mix design was used, where water and super plasticizer contents were fixed while solid constituents were adjusted for optimum performance. The mixes were to achieve EFNARC’s 650 and 800 mm slump-flow...

Author(s): Sylvester O. O. and Lukuman B. I.  

April 2018

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Novel expression of the biomarker, Nε-hexanoyl lysine in gibberellic acid induced bone toxicity in adult albino rats

Plants hormones are widely used in agriculture to alter plant characteristics as growth regulators. Gibberellic acid (GA3) plays important role in promoting plant growth, and cell differentiation. This work was performed to investigate the relationship between lipooxidative damage marker (HEL) and bone damage induced by GA3 in adult albino rats. This study was carried out on 20 adult albino rats for 4 weeks treated 6...

Author(s): Dalia M. Amin, Aisha A. Abohashem, Ola A. Harb, Walaa M. Sarhan and Marwa A. Shabana

April 2018

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
The curious tale of how crocodiles farmed for designer leather handbags are helping to develop human anti-arboviral vaccines

Most residents of industrialised nations in temperate climatic zones know mosquitoes to be an irritant; those blood-sucking pests that can blight a summer barbeque or family picnic. However, for people living in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, mosquitoes carry the threat of transmission of pathogens responsible for debilitating and often life-threatening blood-borne infectious diseases (Randolph and...

Author(s): Andrew W. Taylor-Robinson  

April 2018

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Quantification of water balance using a lysimeter in Mexico

Under conditions of high pressure on water resources, it is essential to quantify the water balance. There are tools to perform the water balance, but unfortunately, they are expensive and  hardly accessible in developing countries. The objective of this study was to quantify the water balance using a low-cost lysimeter (LCL). Rainfall was measured using rain gauge. Soil water content (SWC) and infiltration were...

Author(s): Hipólito Muñoz-Nava, José Adrián René Grada-Yautentzi, Jorge Batlle-Sales, Elizabeth García-Gallegos and Rafael Valencia-Quintana.  

April 2018

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Impact evaluation on survival of tree seedling using selected in situ rainwater harvesting methods in Gerduba Watershed, Borana Zone, Ethiopia

Establishing forest plantation on degraded rangelands play a key role in forest rehabilitation processes through afforestation or/and reforestation. In-situ rainwater harvesting has positive impact on seedling survivals at degraded rangelands. A quadrant of 10 m × 10 m of five times replication at three slope classes under area enclosure was used. Both survived seedlings and soil physical parameters were collected...

Author(s): Demisachew Tadele, Awdenegest Moges, Mihret Dananto

April 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Feasibility analysis of hybrid electricity generation system by HOMER for Mauritanian northern coast

The reported work was motivated by the energy needs in the Mauritania region and the utility of the search features of a software system, named HOMER (Hybrid Optimization of Multiple Energy Resources), for feasibility analysis of a hybrid power generation system (HS) for the Mauritanian northern coast. This study analyzed a sample of the available wind resources to meet the energy needs of these localities, using the...

Author(s): M. Soukeyna, I. B. Ramdhane, D. Ndiaye, M. Elmamy, M. M. Menou, A. M. Yahya, A. K. Mahmoud and I. Youm

April 2018

Medical Practice and Reviews
Maternity waiting homes and skilled delivery in Ethiopia: Review of strategy and implementation to drive sustainable development goals

Improving maternal and child health is foundation for every nations, communities and families. Millennium Development Goals had applied various strategies to overcome the gaps resulted in maternal and child health morbidity and mortality from global to local levels. Among the strategies is maternity waiting home, an important tool-had been addressed those in need of access and hard/difficult to reach for skilled...

Author(s): Bayu Begashaw Bekele, and , Aline Umubyeyi,

April 2018

Scientific Research and Essays
Modelling climate change impact and mitigation actions: A case study of rice productivity in West Africa based on panel data analysis

This paper investigated how climate change can affect paddy rice productivity and proposed a mitigation measure that may be undertaken. The analysis first explored the potential impacts of climate variables on rice yields by using panel data covering the period 1980 to 2016 for seven countries members of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU). It then went on to calculate the investments needed in Research...

Author(s): Brice Hoyeton Ainan, Jingdong Luan and Mascimus Senan Soton  

April 2018

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
A comparative analysis of residential quality of public and private estates in an urban centre of Lagos, Nigeria: A case study of Iba Estate in Ojo and Unity Estate in Alimosho

In recent years, most of the urban centers in Nigeria are fast experiencing housing problems such as unaffordable housing and environmental challenges, all of which determine the nature of housing quality. This research centers on Iba Low Cost Housing Estate, Ojo and the Unity Low Cost Housing Estate Alimosho to carry out a comparative analysis of the residential quality. The research reveals the dilapidated state of...

Author(s): Akinde Jubril Olatunbosun  

April 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Results on generalized fuzzy soft topological spaces

In this manuscript, the concept of a generalized fuzzy soft point is introduced and some of its basic properties were studied. Also, the concepts of a generalized fuzzy soft base (subbase) and a generalized fuzzy soft subspace were introduced and some important theorems were established. Finally, the relationship between fuzzy soft set, intuitionistic fuzzy soft set, generalized fuzzy soft set and generalized...

Author(s): F. H. Khedr, S. A. Abd El-Baki and M. S. Malfi  

April 2018

African Journal of History and Culture
A discourse on the fundamental principles of character in an African moral philosophy

This research attempts to throw light on the indigenous African moral philosophy from the yorùbá socio-cultural paradigm, espousing the adequacy of its authentic ontological and ethical principles towards sustainable development in the contemporary period. Indigenous African morality revolves around the notion of character and character traits which aim at analyzing actions and motive of a moral agent....

Author(s): Oyebade Oyewole and Azenabor Godwin 

April 2018

Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health
Hormone replacement therapy and Alzheimer's disease in older women: A systematic review of literature

The relationships between estrogen and cognitive functions have been explored in many experimental and observational studies with rather inconsistent outcomes. This study explored the relationship between hormone replacement therapy (estrogen-based) and Alzheimer's disease in postmenopausal women based on existing literature. A comprehensive search was conducted for relevant articles written in English language from...

Author(s): Abdu Wakawa Ibrahim, Olufunke Adebola Sodipo, Ibrahim Adamu Mshelia and Babagana Kundi Machina  

April 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Antibiotics prescribing patterns and incidence of respiratory tract infection in children under five years: A study in two hospitals in Accra, Ghana

Respiratory tract infections are known to have the highest incidence and mortality rates especially among children in developing countries. Antibiotic use is common in respiratory tract infections (RTI); however, increased rates of antibiotic resistance development have prompted studies on prescribing patterns and recommendations for appropriate antibiotic use. This study aims at monitoring prescription patterns of...

Author(s): John Antwi Apenteng, Bright Selorm Addy, Emmanuel Ogbu Onwukwe and Marianne Gloria Brookman-Amissah  

April 2018

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
The link between employment stability and fertility intention: A cross sectional study

This paper analyzes the impact of employment stability on fertility intention and behavior. University teachers were interviewed to understand their fertility intentions and behavior by addressing their present employment status and transition to having a first and second child.  Information was randomly collected from 174 teachers from four universities that work in public and national university in Bangladesh by...

Author(s): Shah Imran Ahmed  

April 2018

Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment
Mycorrhizal status of some indigenous tree species in the Takamanda rainforest, South West Region, Cameroon

A survey was carried out to determine the type of mycorrhizal association formed by trees within the different habitat types of the disturbed and undisturbed sites of the Takamanda rainforest. Forty-eight tree species of commercial and cultural importance were selected from the two sites for this study. Root samples were collected from a total of 327 individual trees belonging to the 48 species; they were cleared,...

Author(s): Eneke Esoeyang Tambe Bechem, Njoh Roland Ndah, and Egbe Enow Andrew  

April 2018

International Journal of English and Literature
Sri Aurobindo’s discovery of the ‘Kingdom of Subtle Matter’ in Savitri and Albert Einstein’s discovery of the Four-Dimensional Plane of Existence

Sri Aurobindo is a yogi of a very high plane of consciousness. His works like Savitri, The Life Divine, Letters on Poetry, Literature and Art etc. reveal that he is the Soul who has descended from the unknown eternal heights. It is from these eternal heights that he has discovered the existence of the plane of the Subtle Matter. In his epic Savitri which he has written from the plane of, to use his terminology,...

Author(s): Nikhil Kumar

April 2018

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Moderate grazing impacts on insect-flower interactions in grasslands in a biodiversity hotspot

Transformation of natural landscapes is the leading cause of global biodiversity decline. This is often exacerbated through anthropogenic activities that result in the alteration of natural ecosystem. Displacement of local species is characteristics of this process and this is of negative consequence especially for species in mutualism. In this study, how grazing and mowing activities influence flower-insect...

Author(s): Opeyemi A. Adedoja, Eluyeba Mayowa, Oyeseyi Oyelade and Temitope Kehinde

April 2018

International Journal of Peace and Development Studies
Security, peace and development: Unpacking discursive constructions of wartime rape and sexual violence in Syria

The ‘rape-as-a-weapon’ of war narrative has been particularly influential in the securitization of sexual violence. Drawing upon ideas about the fetishization of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence (CRSV), this article unpacks the language used within this security paradigm. Using an original case study, discourse analysis is used to unpack how policymakers, activists and the news media construct a...

Author(s): Stacy Banwell

April 2018

International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology
Use of expressed sequence tags-derived simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for population studies of released and elite sweet potato

Development of improved varieties of sweet potato to meet specific end users in the sub-Saharan African region has the potential of transforming the crop’s market, consumption and health benefits. Molecular biology techniques such as fingerprinting are key to crop improvement, and critical for numerous genetic studies. This study, carried out in Ghana, seeks to determine genetic relatedness among two populations...

Author(s): Marian Dorcas Quain, Kwadwo Adofo, David Appiah-Kubi, Ruth Naa Prempeh, John Asafu-Agyei, Belinda Akomeah and Harrison Dapaah

April 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
In-vitro membrane stabilizing, thrombolytic, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Bangladeshi origin Coccinia indica (Cucurbitaceae)

This study was made to investigate in-vitro membrane stabilizing, thrombolytic, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of ethanolic leaf extract of Coccinia indica. Different extractives showed significant membrane stabilizing activity. The ethanol soluble fraction showed (45.36±0.45 % and 64.05±0.22 %) of Red blood cells haemolysis inhibition under heat and hypotonic solution induced conditions,...

Author(s): Razia Sultana, Kamrun Nahar and Sitesh Chandra Bachar  

April 2018

African Journal of Business Management
A study on the community online to offline (O2O) operation model in Nanjing

This study aims to study the online to offline (O2O) operation pattern of Chinese E-commerce and its features; analyze the current development and existing problems of Chinese O2O operation pattern; and explore the domestic O2O development layout of communities in Nanjing. Both qualitative and quantitative analyses are applied in this work. For the quantitative analysis, questionnaire was distributed to some consumers...

Author(s): Jing Wei

April 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Peer pressure and its influence on consumers in Taiwan

The social influence in the form of peer pressure is prevalent in many countries across the globe. Peer pressure is the influence of a group on behaviors of individual members of that group such that the individuals tend to follow what everybody does. In the field of business, understanding consumer’s interest is of paramount importance and therefore understanding peer pressure can be a useful tool to persuade...

Author(s): Shu Chun Chang and Trong An Nguyen

April 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Good hygiene practices and microbiological contamination in commercial restaurants

Food services and commercial restaurants have gained more space in people’s lives. Thus, people are more concerned about food security and sanitary hygiene. The present study evaluated practices of manipulation and contamination of environments and the preparation of surfaces in commercial restaurants in Vitória-ES, Brazil. Data on good practices were collected through a checklist proposal based on the RDC...

Author(s): Rosiane Cosme Nascimento, Elizandra Maier Silva and Jackline Freitas Brilhante de São José  

April 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
blaKPC-2 and blaOXA-48 producing Klebsiella pneumoniae found in a Turkish hospital in the Balkans

Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae carrying blaKPC-2, blaOxa48, and other metallo--lactamases (MBLs) are difficult to treat. This study was conducted to study the phenotypic and genotypic features of carbapenem resistance in isolates of K. pneumoniae isolated from a tertiary care hospital in the European region of Turkey. Isolates of K. pneumonia (n=100) resistant to at least one carbapenem (imipenem,...

Author(s): Sebnem Bukavaz, Metin Budak and Aygül Dogan Celik  

April 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Genotype by environment interaction (GxE) as a measure of yield stability of Dutch potato varieties in Uganda

Twenty one (21) Dutch potato varieties were introduced in Uganda during 2015-2016 seasons for national yield performance and adaptability studies so that most stable varieties could be identified for production.  The effect of genotype (G), environment (E) and their interaction (G x E) on tuber yield was assessed to establish variety adaptation in different agro ecologies. Five sites were used in the study that...

Author(s): Arinaitwe Abel Byarugaba, Mateeka Benon, Deo Tibanyedera and Alex Barekye

Page 8 of 1126, showing 50 records out of 56251 total, starting on record 351, ending on 400