Accelerating Discovery

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January 2013

The influence of carbon and nitrogen supplementation on alpha amylase productivity of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens IIB-14 using fuzzy-logic and two-factorial designs

This study is concerned with the production and optimization of alpha amylase by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens IIB-14 in the presence of additional carbon and nitrogen sources using solid state fermentation. Alpha amylase is of special importance in the starch fermentation industry, as it has significant commercial applications in starch processing, beverages, foods, bread and baking, medicines, textile, paper,...

Author(s): Mian Sahib Zar, Sikander Ali and Ahmad Ali Shahid

December 2011

Evaluation of some antagonistic bacteria in biological control of Gaeumannomyces graminis var tritici causal agent of wheat take-all disease in Iran

  Take-all is a disease of wheat root caused by the soil borne fungus, Gaeumannomyces graminis (Sacc) Von Arx and Oliver var tritici Walker (Ggt) all over the word. There has been considered biological control using the microorganisms departed from suppressive soils or wheat roots, widely. In this study, strains of Bacillus (B. subtilis and B....

Author(s): Elahe Babaeipoor, Soheila Mirzaei, Younes Rezaee Danesh, Amir Arjmandianand Mehrdad Chaichi

December 2010

The effect of alternate furrow irrigation under different nutritional element supplies on some agronomic traits and seed qualitative parameters in corn (Zea mays L.)

A new irrigation method under different nutritional element supplies for maize production was designed and tested for some agronomic traits and seed qualitative parameters with a split-plot field experiment. Irrigation was applied through furrows in three ways as the main plots: alternate furrow irrigation (AFI), fixed furrow irrigation (FFI), and conventional furrow irrigation (CFI). AFI means that one of the two...

Author(s): Mohammad Nasri, Mansoureh Khalatbari and Hossein Aliabadi Farahani

  • Article Number: A8B9C4D250

July 2011

Molecular detection of a virus infecting carrot and its effect on some cytological and physiological parameters

An experiment was conducted to determine the physiological and cytological changes in carrot (Daucus carota L.) due to infection of cucumber mosaic virus. The virus isolate causing mottling was detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) by showing amplification of the expected size of 650 base pair (bp)deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) band. Regarding the physiological changes,...

Author(s): Bushra Afreen, Mohd Gulfishan, Geetesh Baghel, Mehar Fatma, A. Akil Khan and Q. A. Naqvi  

  • Article Number: E2B4AF39867

May 2015

Information management for essential medicines supplies in public primary care facilities in Nairobi County, Kenya

Available pharmaceutical information is often characterized by inadequacy, and inaccuracy, which compromise its quality and usefulness. This study was carried out to examine staff characteristics, organizational and technical aspects that affect the quality of pharmaceutical information. A cross-sectional, descriptive study targeting pharmacy staff in public primary care facilities was carried out in Nairobi County....

Author(s): Sarah Akoth Chuchu, Maureen Adoyo and Ben Onyango Osuga

October 2014

Status of modern contraceptive use among married women in Debre Birhan District, Ethiopia

  Unless evidence based decisions are made based on local contexts, the low prevalence level of contraceptive use and the corresponding higher total fertility rate will make Ethiopia to remain the most populous country in Africa. The purpose of this study was to assess the status of modern contraceptive use among married women in Debre Birhan district, Ethiopia. A community based cross-sectional study was...

Author(s):   Muluken Dessalegn, Sileshi Behailu, Maereg Wagnew and  Muluneh Yigzaw

January 2012

Possible antiviral activity of montelukast against Herpes Simplex Virus type-1 and Human Adeno Virus in vitro

Montelukast (MLS) is used for the treatment of various allergic reactions. Viral infections are important, especially in exacerbation of allergic diseases. In this study, the apoptotic/necrotic responses of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-1 and Human Adenovirus (HAdV) isolate in HEp-2 and Vero cell cultures were compared with the presence or absence of non-toxic doses of pure MLS. The non-toxic dose of pure MLS for both cell...

Author(s): Mahir Igde and Zafer Yazici

December 2003

Anthemideae: advances in tissue culture, genetics and transgenic biotechnology

  Members of the Anthemideae include important floricultural (cut-flower) and ornamental (pot and garden) crops, as well as plants of medicinal and ethno-pharmacological interest. Despite the use of many of these plants (over 1400 species) in the extraction of important secondary metabolites and essential oils, the greatest emphasis has been on their in vitro tissue culture and micropropagation. Few...

Author(s): Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva

October 2011

Bacterial contamination of computer keyboards and mice, elevator buttons and shopping carts

  This study aims at investigating the status of bacterial contamination of four daily used objects, computer keyboards, computer mice, elevator buttons and shopping carts handles. A total of 400 samples were collected from 4 different objects; 100 from each. Samples were collected from different places (offices, internet cafes, homes, buildings and supermarkets) in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. 95.5% of...

Author(s): A. K. Al-Ghamdi, S. M. A. Abdelmalek A. M. Ashshi, H. Faidah, H. Shukri   and A. A. Jiman-Fatani

August 2016

In vitro antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (lemon grass) on Streptococcus mutans biofilm

The present study aimed to investigate the effect of essential oil of lemon grass (LGO) on Streptococcus mutans biofilm developed in hydroxyapatite discs surface. Initially, the susceptibility of S. mutans to the LGO through the inhibition zone test in planktonic suspension and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was investigated. To evaluate the effect of the essential oil in biofilms, hydroxyapatite discs were used...

Author(s): Camilla Bringel Rêgo, Andreia Menezes Silva, Letícia Machado Gonçalves and Marco Aurélio Benini Paschoal

March 2012

Effect of disinfectants on biofilm development by five species of Candida

Candida biofilms have become an increasingly significant clinical problem for hospital-acquired and device-associated infections due to their increased levels of resistance to the antifungals and disinfectants. This study examines the biofilm formation of fiveCandida isolates (Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida parapsilosis, Candida krusei and Candida tropicalis), using the...

Author(s): Dag Ilknur, Oz Yasemin and Kiraz Nuri

August 2010

Designing an organization assessment model based on European foundation for quality management using multiple criteria decision making

  European foundation for quality management (EFQM) excellence model has been suggested by 14 European companies in 1988. It has been several years that this model has also been used by Iranian industry officials namely, ministry of the industry of the Islamic Republic of Iran to recognize and solve the problems of Iranian organization. In this model, evaluating is done by qualitative variables but there are...

Author(s):   Hassan Mehrmanesh and Allaverdi Taghavi

  • Article Number: 4E228DF28121

August 2009

Broodstock feeding effects on spawning performances’ (fertility, eggs and larvae quality) of the Mediterranean red porgy (Pagrus pagrus, Linnaeus 1758) during two years

  Spawning in captivity of two broodstock groups of red porgy (Pagrus pagrus) of the same age was studied during two consecutive spawning seasons. These two broodstock groups, designed as A and B, were fed with different regimes during the spawning period. Group A was fed on moist pellet while group B was fed on fresh fish.  Total number of collected eggs was 22 and 36 million respectively for groups A and...

Author(s): Azeddine Abrehouch, Mohamed Idaomar, Ali AIT ALI, Hassan Nhhalaand El Mostafa Talbaoui

  • Article Number: 8E0693D20401

November 2009

Morphological abnormality among regenerated shoots of banana and plantain (Musa spp.) after in vitro multiplication with TDZ and BAP from excised shoot-tips

  Five cultivars of Musa spp (banana and plantain); ‘Berangan Intan’, ‘Berangan’ (AAA), ‘Rastali’, ‘Nangka’ (AAB) and ‘Baka Baling’ (ABB) were chosen to compare the effect of benzylaminopurine (BAP) and thidiazuron (TDZ) on multiplication efficiency in relation with frequency of abnormal shoot regeneration. Shoot tips ofMusa spp....

Author(s): Siamak Shirani, Fatemeh Mahdavi and Mahmood Maziah,

November 2012

New record of stored product pest Lepinotus reticulatus (Psocoptera: Trogiidae) from China: Identification through scanning electron microscopy and DNA barcode

  The parthenogenetic psocid Lepinotus reticulatus Enderlein (Psocoptera: Trogiidae) is regarded as the common stored product pest in the world. This species has been identified as a new record in People's Republic (P.R) of China in this study. It was found in a sample of rice sweepings at grain storage in Lijiang, Yunnan, 2010. Decisive morphological characteristics of this new record species were...

Author(s): Zhihong Li, Zuzana Kučerová, Qianqian Yang and Václav Stejskal

December 2012

The impact of transformational change in the Department of Correctional Services of South Africa

  Very few empirical studies have been conducted within the South African and global context on transformational change in an offender correctional environment, particularly on the human dimension of transformational change.  The inadequate attention paid to the elements and dynamics of transformational change, which constitute the human dimension of transformational change has contributed tremendously to...

Author(s): Andile M. Mdletye, Jos Coetzee and Wilfred I. Ukpere

August 2010

Identification of the QTLs for grain yield using RIL population under different nitrogen regimes in maize

Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping can provide useful information for breeding programs, since it allows the estimation of genomic locations and genetic effects of chromosomal regions related to the expression of quantitative traits. To realize the genetic basis of grain yield of maize (Zea mays L.), a recombinant inbred line (RIL) population and two nitrogen (N) regimes were used to detect the QTLs for grain...

Author(s): Xiao-Hong Liu, Su-Lan He, Zu-Ping Zheng, Yu-Bi Huang, Zhen-Bo Tan, Zhong Li, Chuan He, Xun Wu and Quan-Bo Pu

June 2011

From city branding to e-brands in developing countries: An approach to Qatar and Abu Dhabi

  The United Arab Emirates and Qatar both lack natural attractions, their system of governance is almost identical and their efforts at diversification are very similar. For this reasons, in order to compete with the rest of the world, the gulf countries are developing an assertive branding strategy focused on tourism targets, aviation, real estate and high class events and exhibitions in order to put their...

Author(s):   Hanan Hazime      

  • Article Number: E4383E518072

December 2010

Application of classroom management strategies in public and private sector at school level in Pakistan

  This article focuses on the analysis of classroom management approaches in public and private sector at school level in Pakistan. Classroom management is a significant part of an effective teaching-learning process. Due to an effective classroom management, students flourish in a positive class climate and a compassionate environment. From a student’s perspective, effective classroom management provides...

Author(s): Mumtaz Ahmad,

  • Article Number: 3E4544A1356

September 2011

Causes of bimodal melting curve:Asymmetric guanine-cytosine (GC) distribution causing two peaks in melting curve and affecting their shapes

  The aim of this study was to present a new situation in which a relatively single short PCR-product might show two separate peaks with sequence specific shapes at the dissociation curve. SYBR-Green I real-time RT-PCR was performed on Lhcgr-gene transcripts in rats. Different programs were used for melting curve simulation and estimating Tm. Statistical tests were performed to determine whether two peaks at...

Author(s): Hosein Abtahi, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi, Mohammad Shabani, Haleh Edalatkhah, Reza Hadavi, Mohammad Mehdi Akhondi and Saeed Talebi,

June 2012

Fatigue-alleviating effect of polysaccharides from Cyclocarya paliurus (Batal) Iljinskaja in mice

  In this study, the fatigue-alleviating effect of polysaccharides from Cyclocarya paliurus(Batal) Iljinskaja (PCP) in mice were evaluated using a weight-loaded swimming test and some biochemical parameters related to fatigue, including serum urea nitrogen (SUN), blood lactic acid (BLA), hemoglobin (Hb) and hepatic glycogen were measured. Male Kunming mice were administered PCP at...

Author(s): Wang Jinchao and Wang Kangkang

June 2013

Screening, expression and characterization of scarabcidal crystal protein from a strain (MHB11.3) of Bacillus thuringiensis serovar galleriae in Vietnam

Bacillus thuringiensis strains were isolated from sugarcane farming soil in three provinces of northern Vietnam. Of these, 24 strains were identified as serotype H5a, 5b, B. thuringiensis serovar galleriae. A strain, namely MHB11.3 (deposited in GenBank: FN796428) belonging to the serovar galleriae, was highly toxic to larvae of the scarab beetles, Anomala...

Author(s): Binh Ngo Dinh, Thanh Le Thi Minh, Hoa Nguyen Thi, Chinh Tang Thi, Shin-Ichiro Asano and Hisanori Bando

February 2015

Analysis of light transmission ratio and yield advantages of pigeonpea in relation to intercrop and different plant population

A field experiment was conducted at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, during kharif 2011 to optimize the spacing for medium maturation pigeonpea at different planting geometry and row proportions under intercropped and irrigated situation. The experiment was laid out in Randomized block Design with 3 replications. Adjacent to the treatment plots, sole pigeonpea and greengram were also raised in dummy plots...

Author(s): Udhaya Nandhini Dhandayuthapani and Kuzhanthaivel Rajaian Latha 

February 2003

Estimates of outcrossing rates in Moringa oleifera using Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP)

The mating system in plant populations is influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Proper estimates of the outcrosing rates are often required for planning breeding programmes, conservation and management of tropical trees. However, althoughMoringa oleifera is adapted to a mixed mating system, the proportion of selfing has not been previously estimated. The current work therefore, shows the use of AFLP...

Author(s): Muluvi GM, Sprent JI, Odee D  and Powell W

March 2012

Micro and nano thermal flow characteristics of a flat plate heat pipe heat spreader

  The present study investigates the characteristics and heat transfer performance of a flat heat pipe (FHP) heat spreader with various wick structures. A flat heat pipe heat spreader exemplifies successful heat transfer applications for highly efficient devices in space, energy technology, electronics cooling etc. The present experimental and simulation results reveal the heat transfer characteristics of a...

Author(s): In Seon Yu, Seok Ho Rhi and Kyoung Il Cha

June 2003

Detection of DNA alteration in abnormal phenotype of broiler chicken male by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)

  RAPD technique was used in this study to detect DNA band variations between both normal and abnormal male of broiler chicken based on RAPD marker. DNA polymorphisms between normal and mutant birds were detected using fifteen oligonucleiotide primers. Using these primers, DNA band loss ranged from 25 to 75%. Data demonstrated that RAPD marker could detect DNA alterations.   Keywords: DNA...

Author(s): Bahy Ahmed Ali

April 2009

Objectives and actual HIV and AIDS education programme delivery and behavioral changes among Kenyan secondary school students

  Although there seems to be a high level of awareness of the HIV and AIDS menace among the youth, their behavior does not reflect this level of awareness. There seems to be a mismatch between HIV and AIDS Programme objectives and behavior change among the youth. However, this level of mismatch has not been established for effective intervention strategies to be put in place. The purpose of this study was to...

Author(s): Ongunya R. O., Indoshi F. C. and Agak J. O.

  • Article Number: 7B44B213877

March 2017

Micropropagation of Peach, Prunus persica (L.) BATSCH. cv. Garnem

The present study aimed to develop micropropagation procedure for Prunus persica cv. Garnem. Shoot induction and multiplication was found from nodal explants cultured on MS medium fortified with different concentrations of two cytokinins (6-benzyladeninepourine and Kinetin) alone and in combination with 0.5 mg/l gibberellic acid and 0.01 mg/l indole-3-butyric acid. Microplantlets were cultured to root on ½...

Author(s): Wegayehu Felek, Firew Mekibib and Belayneh Admassu

August 2016

Evaluation of fitness programme management in private commercial fitness centres in Gaborone-Botswana

The aim of this study was to evaluate fitness programme management in five private commercial fitness centres in Gaborone (Botswana). The evaluation was based on fitness patrons’ perception of importance of American College of Sports Medicine’s (ACSMs) fitness facility standards and guidelines, and their perceived satisfaction on the implementation of such standards. A seventeen item likert type...

Author(s): Israel Sayed and Michael Seikano

June 2013

Biology student teachers’ cognitive structure about “Living thing"

  The current study aims to determine biology student teachers’ cognitive structure on the concept of "living thing" through revealing their conceptual framework. Qualitative research method was applied in this study. The data were collected from 44 biology student teachers. A free word association test was used as a data collection instrument. The data collected were subject to content...

Author(s): Hakan KURT

November 2016

Some fish species in offshore Fukushima, Japan have the ability to accumulate a specific nuclide (radioisotope)

The Tokyo Electric Power Company's, Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant in Fukushima-Ken (Fukushima Prefecture), Japan, was destroyed in March 2011 by a massive magnitude 9 earthquake (centred offshore to the northeast of Honshu Island) and by the subsequent historic Tsunami of March 11, 2011. Because of the nuclear meltdown, hydrogen-explosion damage to the buildings that housed the reactors, and the...

Author(s): Katsura Hidemitsu

December 2011

A three years study of the diversity and density of waterfowl and waders in Sorkhrud International Wetland (October 2007 – March 2010)

A three year study of the seasonal changes in the biodiversity and the density of the waterfowl and wader were carried out in Sorkhrud International Wetland which is a part of Feridonkenar's intentional wetlands (registered in Ramsar Convention). Birds were counted through the total count method. The study included 119592, 140901 and 139160 waterfowl and waders were counted in the winter of 2007, 2008 and 2009...

Author(s): Mohsen Ahmadpour , Mohammad Hosein Sinka Karimi, Seyed Mahmoud Ghasempouri, Mousa Ahmadpour and Younes Yaghobzadeh

September 2012

Development and comparative studies of double cross tomato hybrids

In this present study, six F1 hybrids (Maya, Roma, Rio Grande, Emotion F1 Hybrid, Tomato 55 and Western Hybrid) were grown and their 15 crosses were evaluated. Out of 15 combination of crosses, 10 were recorded as successful viable hybrids, that is, Maya x Roma, Maya x Rio Grande, Maya x Western Hybrid, Roma x Rio Grande, Roma x Western Hybrid, Rio Grande x Tomato 55, Rio Grande x Western Hybrid, Emotion F1 Hybrid...

Author(s): Abdul Munim Farooq, Idrees Ahmad Nasir, Bushra Tabassum, Muhammad Tariq, Zahida Qamar, Mohsin Ahmad khan, Nadeem Ahmad, M. Saleem Haider, Waheed Anwar, Muhammad Arshad Javed and Tayyab Husnain         

July 2013

The relationship between trait emotional intelligence and entrepreneurship attitudes and intentions

  This research intends to evaluate the relationship between trait emotional intelligence and entrepreneurship intentions– with proactivity, creativity and attitudes toward entrepreneurship functioning as mediator variables. The population of the study included 5927– 3784 M.A. students from Guilan University and 2143 from IAU of Rasht. The sample size was defined using Cochran limited sample. 376...

Author(s): Farzin Farahbod, Mohammadreza Azadehdel, Morad khoshdel Mofidi, Shahram Shahabi, Habibeh khoshamooz, Laila Doust Pazhouh, Nayereh Ghorbaninejad and Farzaneh Shadkam

May 2011

Highly heterogeneous Ty3/Gypsy-like retrotransposon sequences in the genome of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz)

The use of PCR has enabled the survey of transposable elements in many plants; thereby making the study of their diversity and applications possible in species where the full genome sequence data are not yet available. In the present study, we used PCR primers anchored on the conserved domain of reverse transcriptase and endonuclease to amplify the Ty3/Gypsy-like polyprotein fragment from the genome of cassava...

Author(s): Michael A. Gbadegesin and John R. Beeching

October 2016

Effect of salt stress on growth and contents of organic and inorganic compounds in noni (Morinda citrifolia L.)

Salinity is one of the abiotic stresses that most affect agricultural production, especially in arid and semi-arid regions; however, among species there are large differences in salt tolerance. In this study, the effects of salinity on the growth and accumulation of organic and inorganic solutes were evaluated in ‘noni’ seedlings at 1, 10, 20, 30 and 40 days of salt stress in a 5 x 2 completely randomized...

Author(s): Alide Mitsue Watanabe Cova, André Dias de Azevedo Neto, Rogério Ferreira Ribas, Hans Raj Gheyi and Renata Velasques Menezes

May 2010

The relationship among survivor qualities –attitude, commitment and motivation – after downsizing

  The psychological well-being of employees who survive organizational downsizing and restructuring remains a contemporary theme in the work environment. This situation has a substantial influence on organizational success. This study examined the relationship among survivor attributes (attitude, commitment and motivation) after downsizing in selected manufacturing organizations. To have a better understanding...

Author(s):   Crispen Chipunza and David. M. Berry    

  • Article Number: 25B8ADB22863

March 2011

Catfish culture in Nigeria: Progress, prospects and problems

  A review of the culture of catfish of the family Claridae in Nigeria was carried out using secondary data. The story of aquaculture in Nigeria is essentially the story of catfish culture. The favoured catfish species include: Clarias gariepinus, Heterobranchus bidorsalis,Clarias × Heterobranchus hybrid (‘Heteroclarias’) and Clarias nigrodigitatus. C....

Author(s):   Adewumi A.  A. and Olaleye V. F.         

November 2014

The social animal: A scrutiny of Philip Larkin’s “Wants”

A humanistic and analytical approach has been applied to comprehend one important longing that is solitude, hidden at the bottom of the human heart. At heart every person is lonely and likes to be alone. A case has been made for this quaint social creature called the human. He is studied intrinsically to uncover the essential vacuum of his heart. On the other hand, three gloomy and poignant truths such as futility,...

Author(s): Puja Chakraberty

July 2006

Ploidy and genome composition of Musa germplasm at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)

Musa spp (bananas and plantains) constitute a hybrid-polyploid complex and are classified according to different genome compositions such as AA, BB, AB, AAA, AAB, ABB, AAAA, ABBB, AAAB and AABB.  Knowledge of ploidy and exact genome compositions of the parental material is essential for Musa breeding.  This study determined the ploidy levels and genome composition of the Musa germplasm collection, constituting...

Author(s): M. Pillay, E. Ogundiwiny, A. Tenkouanod, and   J. Dolezel

August 2012

Residual chlorine modeling in water distribution system: A case study of defence housing scheme (DHS), Lahore

  This Aricle is retracted

Author(s): Mumtaz Shah, Hashim Nisar Hashmi, Mumtaz A. Kamal and Abdul Razaq Ghumman

March 2012

A relational view of knowledge transfer effectiveness in small new technology-based firms: An empirical analysis of a South African case

The open innovation model often neglects the frictions that external knowledge flows could encounter when crossing organisational boundaries. This study recognises such barriers and investigates the impact of these barriers on knowledge transfer effectiveness by using data on small new technology-based firms (NTBFs) located in the emerging South African economy. The empirical results show that the characteristics of...

Author(s): Kai-Ying A. Chan, Marthinus W. Pretorius and Leon A. G. Oerlemans,

November 2017

Correlation between seed characteristics and biomass production of Moringa oleifera provenances grown in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

The correlation between seed size and biomass production of Moringa oleifera, was conducted in a field experiment at Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) in 2014. The experiment included eleven M. oleifera provenances from West Africa according to four agro-ecological characteristics (Sahelian, Sub Equatorial, South Sudanian and North Sudanian). Differences among provenances seed traits, leaf morphology, and dry mass (DM) were...

Author(s): Madjelia Cangré Ebou Dao and Denis Walsh

September 2011

Estimating the biodiversity of understory plant species in afforestation and land sliding areas of Alder stands

  After natural disturbance and human activities, the processes of regeneration and succession play an important role in increasing forest dynamics. In this study 51 sample plots were established to evaluate the status of plant species biodiversity in afforestation and landslide areas and to assess the effects of soil parameters on tree species community in Alder stands. Our measure of understory plant species...

Author(s):   Seyed Mahdi Varedi Koolaei, Hamid Jalilvand, Seyed Mohammad Hodjati and Aidin Parsakhoo

  • Article Number: 9C72F9740384

February 2010

Effect of skin contact treatments on the aroma profile and chemical components of mulberry (Morus alba Linn.) wines

  A study was conducted to determine the effect of extended skin contact time on the sensory properties of mulberry wine. Aroma components were analyzed by headspace–solid phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (HS–SPME/GC–MS). The contents in aroma compounds were related to the skin contact time. Compared with immediate pressing and 6 h skin...

Author(s): Supachai Samappito and Luchai Butkhup

  • Article Number: 0B169F021644

September 2014

Corruption and development administration in Africa: Institutional approach

  At the post 1990s, African countries undertook some democratic reforms following the end of one party authoritarian regimes and return to multiparty elections, which resulted in a more competitive political system. However, the central clog to economic transformation namely, public corruption remains germane. The paper explores some of the theoretical issues raised by the dynamics of socio-political change in...

Author(s): Luke Amadi and Eme Ekekwe

October 2011

Evaluation of agronomic performance of two landraces of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) in woodland savannahs of Cote d’Ivoire

  Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. Verdc.) is one of the most promising legume foods in Africa, due to its agronomic and nutritional potentials. To take advantage of these attributes, several research programs gathering agronomic and genetic data throughout Africa are being implemented. In this framework, we tested yield and yield components response to sowing density during 3 years (2005, 2006...

Author(s): N. J. Kouassi and I. A. Zorobi

February 2012

Exploration of signal transduction mechanism of therapeutic action of Solanum nigrum

In modern world, the recognition, understanding and treatment with phytomedicines have been increased during the last few decades. However, in spite of the progress in the field of research, the mechanism of therapeutic action of most of the phytomedicine remains unknown. Because of special interest with reference to our previous work, further in depth study was carried out onSolanum nigrum leaves and fruit (red...

Author(s): Mansoor Ahmad, MehJabeen and Noor Jahan

December 2012

Biochemical modulation in male specimens of Channa punctatus (Bloch) under different habitats and seasons

  Studies were undertaken to identify the changes in biochemical parameters including water content, lipid and protein in tissues of liver, testis and muscle of Channapunctatus under natural and captive conditions along with physico-chemical parameters for the period January to December, 2008. Result shows that values of lipid in captive condition in muscle, liver and testis ranged from 1 to 4,...

Author(s): C. P. Singh, R. N. Ram, Mohd. Danish and Anup Kumar

July 2012

Cultivation of Pleurotus mushrooms in substrates obtained by short composting and steam pasteurization

This paper presents results of two experiments for cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus,Pleurotus pulmonarius and Pleurotus eryngii grown with different formulations of grass and straw mixtures derived from agro-industrial residues. Cultivation was prepared through a number of approaches, such as short composting/pasteurization and axenic culture. In the first experiment, P. pulmonarius was...

Author(s): Félix G. de Siqueira, William P. Maciel, Emerson T. Martos, Gilvan C. Duarte, Robert N. G. Miller, Romildo da Silva and Eustáquio S. Dias      

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