Articles

 

Articles

Page 3 of 1131, showing 50 records out of 56511 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150

July 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Incidence of seed borne fungi in farm saved rice seeds, quality declared seed and certified seed in Morogoro Region in Tanzania

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the second most important food crop after maize in Tanzania. It faces many challenges like diseases, pests and physical damages, which reduce the seed quality. This article identified microorganisms and the district where they occurred. 13 fungal species comprising of 11 pathogenic and 2 saprophytic fungi were detected and the incidence level varied among sample. Mvomero District showed the...

Author(s): A. D. Kwaloe, , D. G. Msuya, S. Nchimbi-Msolla, D. P. Tokpah and Z. Luther  

July 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
Phenotypic and serological evaluation of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.Walp) genotypes for resistance to viral infection under field conditions

Viral infections are a major challenge to sustainable cowpea production in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Nine cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) genotypes were evaluated for resistance against viral infection in a field trial involving randomized complete block design with 4 replications. Viral disease severity was assessed at 2, 4 and 6 weeks after planting (WAP) based on disease symptoms. Double antibody sandwich-enzyme...

Author(s): Elvis Asare-Bediako, Vera Essandoh A. and Aaron Asare T.

July 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Influence of land use practices on water physicochemical parameters and nutrients loading along the Mara River of East Africa

Mara River originates from the Mau Forest and traverses through landscapes with varying activities. Over the years, Mara River Basin has witnessed population increase, accompanied with conversion of forestlands into agricultural farms, human settlements, industrial and tourist activities and development of urban centres. Land uses along riverine areas have influence on water quality and may affect health of surrounding...

Author(s): Martin S. M. Wafula, Philip. O. Owuor, Fredrick O. Kengara, Ayub V. O. Ofula# and Said-Ally Matano

July 2018

International Journal of Livestock Production
Comparative analysis of climate change impact on livestock in relation to biomass base feed availability using standardized precipitation index in south-western Ethiopia

The standardized precipitation index and normalized difference vegetation index on event incidences (at different time scale) and biomass feed dry matter production, were used to assess climate change influences on feed availability. A significant decline (p<0.05) in feed dry matter availability indices across years was observed. The deviation from normality shows that the biomass feed production could vary...

Author(s): Asrat Guja Amejo, Yoseph Mekasha Gebere, Habtemariam Kassa and Tamado Tana  

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Prospects and challenges of management of smallholders' Wovwe Rice Irrigation Scheme in Malawi through participatory approach

The concept of participatory approach in irrigation management was adopted in Malawi in the mid 1990s, but fully implemented in early 2000. This research was designed to analyze the challenges and benefits which Water User Associations (WUAs) encountered during implementation of irrigation projects using Wovwe Water User Association (WWUA) as a case study. The study thus examined the legal framework of WUAs in Malawi,...

Author(s): Douglas J. B. Gondwe and Aloyce W. Mayo

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Technology tracking: Understanding decisions to adopt, not to adopt, and dis-adopt household greywater filtration systems

Jordan is one of the world’s water-poorest countries. The demand for potable and productive water is ever increasing due to population growth, climate change, increasing numbers of refugees hosted by the country, as well as heightened demand from a growing economy and its different sectors. Household greywater filtration systems (HGWFS) are ideal for repurposing greywater, from wastewater into productive use for...

Author(s): Dessalegn Bezaiet, Shinan Kassam, Nargiza Ludgate and Ahmad Al Ulayyan

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Adaptability evaluation of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes at Western Ethiopia

Fifteen common bean genotypes were tested at four locations with two management regimes of lime treated and lime untreated acidic soils. The experiment was laid out in split plot design with three replications during 2016/17 cropping season. The combined analysis of variance over environments showed significant differences among environments, genotypes, genotype x environment interaction (GEI), management, genotype by...

Author(s): Habtamu Alemu Keba  

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Micro-propagation of Colocasia esculenta (cv. Bolosso I) from corm and sprout tip explants

Taro (Colocasia esculenta L.) is a perennial, aquatic and semi-aquatic species, member of the family Araceae grown for its edible tuberous root. The application of conventional propagation techniques for taro could not produce the high demand and quality planting materials due to its low productive capacity and diseases transmission. Therefore, this study was carried out to develop micro-propagation protocol for...

Author(s): Adelegn Bogale  

July 2018

Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development
Combining ability and gene action of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes in Southern Ethiopia

This work identifies the combining ability of 10 hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) parents and 45F1 hybrids obtained from 10 x 10 half diallel. The work aims to identify the parents with the best general combining ability (gca) and crosses with high specific combining ability (sca) for yield, quality and nature of gene action involved. The study was conducted during 2015-2016 at six environments in Southern Ethiopia using...

Author(s): Abrham Shumbulo, Mandefiro Nigussie and Sentayehu Alamerew  

July 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Prevalence of the major ectoparasites of poultry in extensive and intensive farms in Jimma, southwestern Ethiopia

Ectoparasites pose a serious health threat and constitute major impediments in poultry production in many countries of the world including Ethiopia. However, they are paid less attention as endoparasites and infectious diseases; the huge economic burden of the parasites need a comprehensive study encompassing both intensive and free range poultry in order to generate accurate information about the disease. The current...

Author(s): Wario Mata, Wako Galgalo and Kula Jilo  

July 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Influence of anthropogenic activities and seasons on heavy metals in spring water along Amala and Nyangores tributaries of the Mara River Basin

Anthropogenic activities, including replacing natural forests with human settlements and increased agricultural activities have environmental impacts. The activities can contaminate aquatic ecosystems including spring waters that are sources of major rivers like the Amala and Nyangores, tributaries of Mara River in Mau Complex. In the complex, forestlands have been converted to human settlements and agricultural lands....

Author(s): James J. Owuor, Philip O. Owuor, Fredrick O. Kengara, Ayub V. O. Ofula and Ally-Said Matano

July 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Genotypic variation, demographic characteristics and risk factors of hepatitis C virus in Scotland

Knowledge on the epidemiology of hepatitis C virus (HCV) has implicit significance for the diagnosis, duration and treatment response of infected patients, as some genotypes are more responsive to therapy than others. In this paper, an examination of the possible association of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes with demographic and risk factors for transmission was described. The study utilized routinely collected data...

Author(s): Iveren Winifred Nyinoh

July 2018

Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology
Prevalence and associated factors of undernutrition among school adolescents in Gobu Seyo District, East Wollega Zone, Oromia regional state of West Ethiopia, 2016

Adolescence is the transitional period between childhood and adulthood. During this, nutrient needs are greatest. There is so little data on adolescents' nutrition and research needs are immense. The objective of the study was to assess prevalence and associated factors of undernutrition in school adolescents aged 10 to 19 years. A cross-sectional study was conducted at GobuSeyo district in December, 2016. Using...

Author(s): Kassahun Tegegne Bidu, TsedekeWolde Hailemariam, Elias Legesse Negeri and Zalalem Kaba Babure  

July 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Determinants of late booking for antenatal care among pregnant women in selected hospitals in South East Nigeria

Late booking for antenatal care is a frequent occurrence among pregnant women in Nigeria unlike in most developed countries. The objective of the study was to determine the maternal, socio-cultural, religious, and institutional/systemic factors that determine late booking for antenatal care among pregnant women in Enugu, Nigeria. Descriptive, cross-sectional questionnaire based method was employed in the study. A...

Author(s): Ada Carol Nwaneri, Ifeoma Ndubuisi, Ijeoma Lewechi Okoronkwo, Okwudili Ezike and Umebuani Nkiruka  

July 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices among pregnant women who attend antenatal care at public hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

During pregnancy, maternal nutrition requires considerable attention; however, pregnant women’s nutritional knowledge, attitudes, and practices are less understood. The objective of this study was to assess nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practices among pregnant women who attend antenatal care at public hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted to collect...

Author(s): Zelalem Tenaw, Mikyas Arega and Erdaw Tachbele

July 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth parasites and identification of major nematodes of cattle in and around Bishoftu, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Although, many studies have been conducted to estimate the prevalence of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) helminths of cattle in Ethiopia, most of them were conducted using simple fecal egg examination rather than larval identification to identify the nematodes. A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 with the aim of estimating the prevalence of GIT helminths and identifying nematode genera in...

Author(s): Yonas Gizaw Habtemichael, Meron Dejene and Solomon Mosu Eniyew  

July 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Dog breeds acquisition and owners’ awareness of associated surgical conditions in Nigeria

The study evaluated dog owners’ awareness of breed-associated surgical conditions in Nigeria as indices for breed choice with structured pre-tested questionnaires administered to dog owners in 17 states of Nigeria.  Alsatians (36.8%) and Rottweiler (13%) breeds were mostly possessed by owners. The majority of the respondents were females (60.4%) owners. Lagos (53.4%) and Oyo (52.1%) states had the highest...

Author(s): Oghenemega David Eyarefe and Aderonke Gloria Adetunji  

July 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Anaesthetic and cardiopulmonary parameters of dogs administered propofol-acepromazine-butorphanol or propofol-acepromazine-buprenorphine anaesthesia

The efficacy and safety of premedication with acepromazine-butorphanol or acepromazine-buprenorphine combination were compared in dogs anaesthetized with propofol using total intravenous anaesthesia. Six mature Nigerian indigenous dogs were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 premedication groups: Group 1 (acepromazine, 0.03 mg/kg, IM; butorphanol, 0.4 mg/kg, IM), or 2 (acepromazine, 0.03 mg/kg, IM; buprenorphine, 0.02 mg/kg,...

Author(s): Foluso B. Bolaji-Alabi and Adeniran Adetunji  

July 2018

Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science
On farm demonstration of improved lettuce variety (Lactuca Sativa) in Southeastern zone of Tigray, Ethiopia

Improved slow bolting lettuce variety is one of the important traits of lettuce for farmers in the study area to increase their production and income. Therefore a field experiment was conducted in Enderta district of South eastern zone of Tigray with the objective to evaluate and demonstrate the slow bolting lettuce variety, enhance the income of farmers by increasing production and productivity, and participate farmers...

Author(s): Luchia Tekle, Niguse Abebe and Mehari Asfaw

July 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Agro-pastorals’ adoption of soil and water conservation (SWC) technologies: The case of Aba’ala district in Afar Region, Ethiopia

This study assessed agro-pastoralists’ adoption of soil and water conservation measures in Aba’alla. A convergent parallel mixed design was used, combining quantitative and qualitative methods. Samples were taken from five selected kebelles of spate irrigation areas in the Woreda. Questionnaires, group discussions, interviews and field observations were used. About 150 households were taken from 2450...

Author(s): Mohammed Motuma Assen and Takel Ashebo

July 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
Impact of human activities on biosphere reserve: A case study from Yayu Biosphere Reserve, Southwest Ethiopia

Little is known on wild animal threats and their relative severity in most biospheres reserves of Ethiopia. This study was conducted during the period of May 2015 to June 2015 and was aimed at documenting relative severity of current threats of Yayu Biosphere Reserve, Southwestern Ethiopia. One hundred farmers in and around Yayu biosphere reserve were interviewed. The most relatively severe threat factors were...

Author(s): Tesfu Fekensa, Weldemariam Tesfahunegny and Asersie Mekonnen

July 2018

International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation
New sighting record of white-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus in Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, India

The white-tailed Lapwing, Vanellus leucurus, is a species of bird which is listed by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as Least Concern, winter visitor to India and breed in Central Asia and Southern Russia. It is occasionally sighted in the western region of Maharashtra State, Gujarat, Rajasthan, India, but hardly ever documented. There is no record of its presence in the study area. In this note,...

Author(s): Adesh Kumar, Sayed Kazim Kabir, Asif Ahmad Siddiqui and Amita Kanaujia,

July 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Perception and mitigation preferences on climate change among residents of Nairobi City County

As result of compounding factors related to environmental, social, economic and political pressures, it is feared that the impacts of climate change and variability may overwhelm resilience of urban systems in developing countries if adaptation and mitigation strategies are not strengthened. Understanding how the urban residents perceive and respond to climate change is necessary for the purpose of formulating informed...

Author(s): Anthony Musyoka Makau, John Bosco Mukundi, Aggrey Ochieng’ Adimo, Margret Wachu Gichuhi and John Wesonga

July 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
An overview of epidemiology and etiology of bacteria associated with diabetic injuries and their dominant infection at Central Region, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most chronic and dangerous diseases worldwide and in the Saudi society in particular. Swabs (168) from DM injuries were collected from inpatient and outpatient departments. Analysis of variance revealed the high incidence of diabetic foot infections compared to other injuries by an average of 51 and 33, respectively. Adults’ category was significantly the highest age category...

Author(s): Hissah A. Alodaini and Alia A. Shoeib,  

July 2018

African Journal of Bacteriology Research
Bacterial identification and drug susceptibility pattern of urinary tract infection in pregnant Women at Karamara Hospital Jigjiga, Eastern Ethiopia

Urinary tract infections are the most common bacterial infections during pregnancy and if left untreated in pregnancy it may result in acute pyelonephritis, abortion, premature delivery, low birth baby and even still birth. Thus the aim of this study was to determine the bacterial profile and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of urinary tract infection in pregnant women at Karamara Hospital Jigjiga, Eastern Ethiopia. A...

Author(s): Adugna Negussie, Getenet Worku and Ermiyas Beyene  

July 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Prospects of alternative copping systems for salt-affected soils in Ethiopia

Soil salinization is one of the major constraints in achieving food security and environmental degradation in Ethiopia. Restoration of salt-affected lands into productive lands and protection of newly developed areas from the spread of salinity is therefore of paramount importance. In high salinity areas where technical solutions to soil rehabilitation are expensive and time consuming and growth of normal field crops is...

Author(s): Asad Sarwar Qureshi, Tesfaye Ertebo and Melese Mehansiwala  

July 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Effects of organic fertilizer (NPK 5-9-19) and mineral (NPK 12-11-18) on soil chemical properties in tomato crop in the South and Mid-west of the Ivory Coast

A study on mineral and organic liquid fertilizer was carried out in the South and Central West of Ivory Coast during a period of two years in order to improve soil fertility in tomato crop. More specifically, it evaluated the effects of 4 doses of organic fertilizer (NPK 5-9-19), associated or not with mineral fertilizer (NPK 12-11-18) on the content of soil organic matter, C/N ratio, the sum of exchangeable bases,...

Author(s): Angui T. K. P.,  Kotaix  A. J. A., Kassin K. E., N’goran K. E., Pierrec Z. K. and Bonfoh B.  

July 2018

International Journal of Library and Information Science
Involvement of library users in collection development of hybrid academic libraries in Tanzania

Collection development in any academic library is an on-going process. It is undertaken by librarians and library services staff with inputs from different stakeholders, including the academic and non-academic staff, administrators, and students. The main objective of this paper is to assess the involvement of library users in collection development of hybrid academic libraries in Tanzania. A triangulation approach for...

Author(s): Kardo Joseph Mwilongo

July 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Pulcandi a healing natural ash coal against gastric acidity: Scientific comprehension

As a coal, Pulcandi possesses the property of removing excess gastric and intestinal gas. Pulcandi powder has anti-diarrhea activity by decreasing intestinal fluid content and adsorbing microbes and toxins. The aim of this study was to demonstrate and to establish consequences of Pulcandi powder use on gastric acidity. For evaluating these consequences, it was investigated in vitro kinetic tests on acidity. These tests...

Author(s): Akpalo Edéfia, Aba Eklu Gudrun, Awaga  Kwami Lumo and Aba Eklu Abatévi

July 2018

Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy
Comparative evaluation of the protective effect of leaf extracts of Vernonia amygdalina (bitter leaf) and Ocimum canum (curry) on acetaminophen induced acute liver toxicity

The quest for alternate medicine in preventing and combating hepatotoxicity led to the screening of aqueous and ethanol extracts of dried leaves of Vernonia amygdalina Delile (bitter leaf) and Ocimum canum Linn (curry leaf) for phytochemicals and in vitro antioxidant properties. Some rats were pretreated with the extracts and later administered with 2g/kg of body weight single dose of acetaminophen and the...

Author(s): Michael Okey Enemali and Stanley Chidi Udedi  

July 2018

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Social media as a means to overcome stress and depression among women

Depression constitutes a serious challenge in personal and public health. Tens of millions of people each year suffer from depression and only a fraction receives treatment (de Choudhury, 2013). Stress and depression drains one of the feel-good factors essential to sustain the energy that gives the impetuous to hope and move forward. Depression in women is made more complex because of factors such as reproductive...

Author(s): V. R. Revathy, I. A. Aram and V. S. Sharmila  

July 2018

Journal of Media and Communication Studies
Twitter and sports journalism in Germany: Application and networks during the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics

Professions in the communication realm are affected by Twitter’s rapidity, agenda setting, and myriad utilization possibilities. This study addresses potentials of Twitter for journalists in the sport context and assessed journalists’ Twitter activity, as well as journalists’ Twitter networks and their change in the course of the 2014 Winter Olympics. The sample was composed of the accounts of 30...

Author(s): Christoph G. Grimmer and Thomas Horky  

July 2018

International Journal of Library and Information Science
Marketing of information products and services in public libraries in South West, Nigeria

The study examines the marketing of information products and services in public libraries in South West, Nigeria. A descriptive survey research design was adopted. The population comprises professionals and library officers. Questionnaire was used as means of data collection. The sections consist of A and B. Section A dwells on the socio-economic variables of the respondent, Section B consist on availability of...

Author(s): Kutu Jacob O. and Olabode Olajide

July 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of collective marketing and marketable surplus for smallholder sorghum producers in Oyam district, Uganda

In 2000, Uganda instituted a tax rebate of 10 to 15% to industries willing to use locally sourced raw materials. This attracted Nile Breweries Ltd (NBL) to start using locally produced sorghum for beer production in 2002 and intervened in the sorghum value chain through mobilization of farmers into producer groups, established bulking centers and appointed buying agents. Despite these interventions, some farmers still...

Author(s): Nangobi R. and Mugonola B.

July 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Technical efficiency and profitability of potato production by smallholder farmers: The case of Dinsho District, Bale Zone of Ethiopia

The study aimed to analyze the technical efficiency and profitability of potato production by smallholder farmers in Dinsho District of Bale Zone of Ethiopia. Cross sectional data collected in 2015/16 production year from 147 surveyed households was utilized in achieving these objectives. Non-parametric net crop revenue analysis and Cobb-Douglas stochastic frontier approach were used to analyze enterprise profitability...

Author(s): Ahmed Kasim Dube, Burhan Ozkan, Amanuel Ayele, Diriba Idahe and   Ahmed Aliye

July 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
The Role of Pastoralists’ Indigenous Knowledge and Practices in Reducing Household Food Insecurity in West Pokot, Kenya: A Binary Probit Analysis

In recent decades, researchers and development practitioners have explored strategies to manage shocks and reduce food insecurity in the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) especially through introduction of modern scientific approaches and interventions; for instance promotion of exotic livestock breeds, but these interventions have not yielded desired results. This has been attributed to the fact that most of these...

Author(s): Deborah Namayi Muricho, David Jakinda Otieno and Willis Oluoch-Kosura

July 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of microfinance loan utilization by smallholder farmers: The case of Omo Microfinance in Lemo District of Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia

This study investigated factors determining microfinance loan utilization by smallholder farmers from Omo Microfinance institution in Lemo District of Hadiya Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Both primary and secondary data were used and a total of 118 sampled farmers were considered for the interview. Both descriptive statistics and independent double-hurdle model were used to analyze the microfinance loan utilization and loan...

Author(s): Amanuel Ayele and Degye Goshu

July 2018

Journal of Geology and Mining Research
Sedimentary facies and depositional environments of the neoproterozoic sediments of the Gambaga-Nakpanduri massifs, Voltaian Basin

The classification of the sediments into facies and the various environments in which the sediments of the northeastern Voltaian basin were deposited has not been clearly described.  Using detailed field mapping together with petrographic studies, six sedimentary facies has been identified; F1 is defined by asymmetric wave formed ripple marks, F2 indicates flute casts on micaceous sandy shales, F3 has bifurcated...

Author(s): Mahamuda Abu  

July 2018

Journal of Economics and International Finance
Sovereign treasury solvency and financial performance management in Nigeria

The paper assessed sovereign treasury solvency and financial performance management in Nigeria from 1999 through 2016. The aim of this study is to determine the degree of solvency in Nigeria’s sovereign treasury. Ex-post ‘facto’ empirical analysis is the research method employed. Financial analysis was employed with financial performance indicators; descriptive statistics, econometric evaluation...

Author(s): Christopher Enyioma Alozie  

July 2018

International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
Towards equity in water pricing in small water systems: An Alberta case study

Small water systems have water technology that has a higher cost structure than those of large cities. Consequently they cannot enjoy “comparable” consumption patterns. It is shown that full cost pricing is not compatible with achieving equity for small system residents and marginal cost pricing would not cover the capital costs. Therefore, provinces could seek legal recourse for higher federal transfers,...

Author(s): Gopal Achari , Mohammed H. I. Dore and Aaron Janzen    

July 2018

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency (A-376/202) in homozygous sickle cell patients in Senegal and its clinical impact

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common worldwide enzymopathy with approximately 400 million individuals affected. This inherited disease is sex-linked recessive inheritance. The high prevalence of certain variants of G6PD in different populations and ethnic groups increases the likelihood of finding associations with other pathologies. Sickle cell disease and thalassemia are the most...

Author(s): Dominique Doupa, Ousseynou Boye, Maguette Ndiaye, Mamadou Djité, Pape Matar Kandji, Sidy Mohamed Seck, Demba Makalou, Aminata Lam, Marie Pierre Diouf, Arame Ndiaye, Blaise Felix Faye, Souleymane Thiam, Abdourahmane Samba, Fatou Diallo, Papa Madieye Gueye, Alassane Diatta, Babacar Faye, Ibrahima Diagne and Saliou Diop  

July 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Polycystic ovary syndrome: Impact of obesity and aging on the profile of gonadotrophin and adrenal hormones

Many studies have been conducted to understand thoroughly the mechanism of polycystic ovaries syndrome (PCOS), but very few of them came from Africa. The aim of this study, was firstly to make a diagnostic of this syndrome, according to Rotterdam criteria, and secondly to assess the correlation of obesity and age on this pathology. The study was conducted at Bouaké, within the medical School and Hospital, during...

Author(s): Dere K. A. L., Koffi K. G., Niamke A. G., Bita D. V., Manhan K. E. and Tiahou G. G.  

July 2018

International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
Factors associated with atherogenic dyslipidemia among hypertensive patients at southern Ethiopia

Atherogenic dyslipidemia worsens cardiovascular functions and supporting data concerning dyslipidemia among hypertensive patients in Ethiopian situation is very limited. The objective of this study was to assess factors associated with atherogenic dyslipidemia among hypertensive patients at Southern Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 238 hypertensive participants at Hawassa University comprehensive...

Author(s): Agete Tadewos Hirigo and Eshetu Nigussie Geleta  

July 2018

Journal of Petroleum and Gas Engineering
Experimental analysis on rheological and fluid loss control of water-based mud using new additives

There have been many improvements on the drilling fluids due to the increased amount of environmental and safety concerns. Decreasing the amount of toxic additives found in the drilling fluid can help to reduce the environmental impact. It is very important to have an in depth knowledge of all the properties of drilling fluids in order to design an effective mud. This is because drilling fluids can have great variations...

Author(s): Biltayib Misbah Biltayib, Masoud Rashidi, Saad Balhasan, Reem Alothman, Mufazzal S. Kabuli  

July 2018

Journal of Hospitality Management and Tourism
Enhancing employee performance using selected leadership styles of middle-line managers in the hospitality industry in Mid-Western Uganda

This study explains the success of employee performance using selected leadership styles of middle-line Hotel managers in Mid-western Uganda. The simple random sample included 196 employees from ten Hotels. The respondents completed the measures of styles of leadership (democratic, autocratic and laissez faire) and employee performance. Bivarriate correlations and regression matrices were used to test for the...

Author(s): David Mwesigwa

July 2018

Journal of African Studies and Development
Groundwater conflicts or disputes? Experience from Mbarali District in Tanzania

This article examines conflicts and or disputes attributed to ineffectiveness of groundwater governance. The study adopted sequential exploratory research design. A random sample of 90 water users was involved in the survey. The key informants and focus group discussions were used to collect qualitative data. Content analysis was used to analyze qualitative data. Frequency and percentage distribution of the responses...

Author(s): Samwel J. Kabote and Johnson L. Gudaga  

July 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Anatomy of pay in decentralisation by devolution in Tanzania

Decentralization has become an eminent discourse for boosting people’s participation in decision making. Arguably, one of the pillars to boost good governance. Nevertheless, various levels of governance, which have resulted from decentralisation by devolution have varied perspectives on rewards for the work they perform especially the lowest namely village and ward levels. The contestation is on who deserves to...

Author(s): King Norman A. S.  

July 2018

International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies
Comparative investigation of alternative assessment methods used in Turkey and United States elementary 4th grade mathematics curriculum

This study investigated the applicability of alternative assessment methods used in 4th grade mathematics curriculum in Turkey and the United States with the intent of implementing these methods more effectively in elementary schools. The sampling included six elementary schools with twelve teachers in Adıyaman in Turkey; four elementary schools with twelve teachers in Pittsburgh, PA in the U.S. Qualitative data were...

Author(s): Mehmet Demir, Cynthia, A. Tananis and Uğur Başboğaoğlu

July 2018

Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology
A comparative study of sustainable end-of-life management in automobile and construction industry: A case of Kano City, Nigeria

It was argued that either the construction industry to continue to be conservative and inefficient on the premise that it was distinctive or it should have opened-up to learn lessons from the best practices models in other sectors like manufacturing. This paper is a comparative study of the sustainable end-of-life management practices in the automobile and the Nigerian building sector with the aim of examining the...

Author(s): Aminu Lawan Abdullahi and Angela Lee  

July 2018

African Journal of Plant Science
Attenuation effect of plant canopy sizes on microclimate in urban greenspaces within Nairobi City, Kenya

Diversity of plant species could have a different influence on urban microclimate and thermal comfort. However, the magnitude of different plant species to ameliorate urban microclimate by cooling the urban microclimate and improving thermal comfort based on their allometric properties at any particular time of the day is unknown for urban environments. This paper presents the result of a study conducted in Kenya to...

Author(s): Matsaba Emmanuel Ochola, Adimo Aggrey Ochieng, Njoroge John Bosco, Wesonga John Mwibanda and Sodoudi Sahar  

Page 3 of 1131, showing 50 records out of 56511 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150