Articles

 

Articles

Page 2 of 1125, showing 50 records out of 56212 total, starting on record 51, ending on 100

June 2018

African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
Bacterial community changes during composting of municipal crop waste using low technology methods as revealed by 16S rRNA

Bacterial communities are actively involved in composting process but the environment within the compost influences their diversity, abundance and succession. In this study, the authors investigated the bacterial communities in tropical crop waste compost using pyrosequencing. Municipal crop wastes from the tropics (Uganda) were composted under four different low-technology methods. Samples were collected from the early...

Author(s): John Baptist Tumuhairwe and John Stephen Tenywa

June 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Income contribution and adoption potential of apple based agroforestry on homestead farms in West and North Shoa zones of Ethiopia

To reduce the local people high reliance on the remnant forest, the then Forestry Research Center and GTZ introduced and provided Apple tree seedlings for selected residents in the West and North Shoa Zones of Ethiopia two decades ago. However, despite the provision of such variety of seedlings, a study that assessed the contribution of the fruit trees to the household economy improvement, and the various determinant...

Author(s): Lemlem Tajebe and Asfaw Gelan

June 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
A study on prisoner population and food demand in Malawi prisons

While Malawi’s per capita cereal production may be higher than her per capita cereal consumption, Malawi is a net cereal importer and thus food insecure. The food situation is much worse in Malawi’s prisons because inmates generally eat one meal per day. The general objective of this study was to project prisoner population and food demand for ten years, from 2015 to 2025. Using structured questionnaires in...

Author(s): Hastings B. Moloko, Davis H. Ng’ong’ola, Joseph Dzanja and Thabie Chilongo

June 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Assessment of the factors affecting the performance of micro and small scale enterprise: The case of Wolkite town, Guraghe zone, Southern Ethiopia

Currently, the Ethiopian government gives a great emphasis on the growth of micro and small-scale enterprises. Besides, some empirical studies were conducted to identify the factors affecting the performance of micro and small-scale enterprises in this town. For the sake of achieving this goal most important primary sources of data were collected through survey questionnaire from samples of 30 peoples by means of the...

Author(s): Deksiso Guye Gelgelu

June 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Gender and youth challenges and opportunities in rural community: The case of Goregora, West Dembia district of North West Ethiopia

The study was conducted in Goregora, North West Ethiopia. The main objective of the study was to analyze gender role, gender and youth challenges and opportunities in the study area. Two stage sampling technique was employed. Male (32) and female (28), in total 60 sample respondents were interviewed. The sample size for this study was a function of the variability of the population characteristics, time and resource...

Author(s): Wondim Awoke Kassa and Kefale Eniyew  

June 2018

Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development
Participatory evaluation of the adaptability of released maize varieties to moisture stress areas of Dugda Dawa, southern Oromia

Maize is an essential food crop in Ethiopia. The experiment was conducted to establish and select adaptable maize variety/ies with better agronomic performance and to familiarize farmers with improved agronomic practices for moisture stress within the study area. The experiment was conducted on agro-pastoralists’ land by the researcher together with some selected members of agro-pastoralists. Three maize varieties...

Author(s): Natol Bakala, Tolasa Taye, Dirriba Mangistu, Belda Idao and Ahmed Mohamed  

June 2018

Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health
Determination of pH and water holding capacity of beef from selected butcher shops of Mekelle, Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the water holding capacity (WHC) of beef sold in selected butcher shops of Mekelle, Ethiopia and to establish the effects of pre-slaughter rests and age of the animals with pH and WHC of the meats. A total of 80 samples from 80 randomly selected butcher shops were sampled in 6 months study period of time, from May to October. Each sample was accompanied by...

Author(s): Haileslassie W/mariam Gebrehiwot, Endale Balcha, Yohanes Hagos and Kidane W/rkelul

June 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Tungiasis: An Overview

Tungiasis exists worldwide with varying degrees of incidence and prevalence. The aim of this paper was to review the existing literature concerning Tungiasis. Tungiasis has been shown to be a public health concern for resource-poor rural communities in developing countries such as Nigeria, Kenya, Cameroon, Trinidad, Tobago, and Brazil, where its prevalence has been known to reach 50%. As a literatures reviewed, poor...

Author(s): Bashahun G. Michael, Chaltu Fikru and Taye Teka  

June 2018

Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology
Spatial distribution of fresh water snail intermediate host in Yenagoa Metropolis, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

Field investigation to establish the density of fresh water snail intermediate host in four water bodies of Yenagoa metropolis were carried out during January to March, 2016.  Snails were collected in each water body using scooping and handpicking methods. The identification of snails and the determination of physico-chemical parameter of the water body followed standard procedures. Three snail species were...

Author(s): Amawulu Ebenezer, , Eze Chinwe Nwadiuto and Obi Benefiezibe Blessing

June 2018

Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics
Determinants of food insecurity and coping strategies of rural households: The case of Shalla District, West Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Food security at the household level in the rural areas of Ethiopia has remained a challenging goal until today. The design and implementation of effective measures to reduce household food insecurity needs an in depth understanding of its covariates. As a result, this study was conducted with the specific objectives of estimating the situation, extent and severity of food insecurity, identifying factors influencing...

Author(s): Ahmed Kasim Dube, Jema Haji and Lemma Zemedu

June 2018

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery
Disparities in adverse pregnancy outcomes between advanced maternal age and younger age in Ethiopia: Institution based comparative cross-sectional study

Women older than 35 years are known to beat “advanced maternal age" and considered to be at risk of adverse pregnancy outcome. Data, on adverse birth outcomes and the risk factors are still scarce in developing countries including Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to examine the obstetrical outcomes among primiparous and multiparous women of advanced age (35 and above) when compared to the younger  age...

Author(s): Mekiya Ediris, Tefera Belachew, Fekadu Yadassa and Kidest Getu  

June 2018

Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research
Drying characteristics and antioxidant properties of Java plum seed and skin waste

Java plum seeds and skin wastes recovered after passing fruits through a pulper were separated manually and dried in tray/fluidised bed drier at 50, 70 and 90˚C or in freeze drier at -55°C at 4.4 torr. Drying behaviour of java plum seeds and skin followed falling rate period and described adequately by Page's model. Drying rate constant was higher for fluidized bed drier varying from 0.00163 to 0.255406 h-1 for...

Author(s): Amritpal Kaur, Dilpreet Singh, Harpreet Kaur and Dalbir Singh Sogi  

June 2018

Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Sciences
Biochemical analysis and toxicity studies of some heavy metals and their correlation with different diseases

The problem of heavy metal toxicity is a burning issue all over the world and more prominent in countries like Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. Often times, it is seen that the people of the affected areas are unaware of the toxic effects of these metals. Medical practitioners at the same time did not investigate the presence of heavy metals in the body. The present study aims to analyze the concentration of toxic heavy...

Author(s): Muhammad Jahangir, Hafiz Muhammad Faizan Haider, Zafar Niaz, Sajid Abaidullal and Dawood Ilyas Minhas

June 2018

Journal of Geography and Regional Planning
Malaria prone area analysis and mapping using geospatial tools: The case of Amibara and Gewane Woreda, afar region, Ethiopia

Malaria is one of the most killer diseases in our planet earth. It is the primary cause of patient talks, admissions and demise every year in Ethiopia. It is important to reduce the transmission and effects of the problem identifying and mapping the malaria risk area using geospatial technologies. The general objective of the study is to analyze and map malaria prone areas using geospatial tools in Amibara and Gewanie...

Author(s): Mohammed Motuma Assen  

June 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Identity conflicts as challenge to political stability in West Africa

This paper concerns itself with establishing the nexus between identity conflict and its impacts on socio-economic and political relations in the West African context. The effort is motivated by the observable incidences of incessant violent conflicts and wars, all fought on the basis of ethnic and religious fault lines that threaten the stability and cohesion of the sub region in its evolution towards becoming...

Author(s): Ayuba Caleb and Ismaila A. Danjuma

June 2018

African Journal of Political Science and International Relations
Strategic dynamic thinking to manage public order: A systemic approach

Security in post-conflict zones is a priority. However, strategists find it difficult to understand how to keep low Public Order Incidents. System Dynamics and a Strategic Point of View were used to develop a frame to learn about Public Order Incidents applied to the Colombian Case. A Working Dynamic Hypothesis and Simulation Model were developed to advance understanding of the problem. It was discovered that Public...

Author(s): J. A. Parra-Valencia, A. R. Lizcano and E. Pineda

June 2018

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity
Typhoid fever outbreak investigation in Ofla Woreda, Southern Zone of Tigray Region, Ethiopia, 2016: An unmatched 1:2 case-control

Typhoid fever (TF) is a systemic infection caused by the bacterium, Salmonella typhi. Globally, 22 million illnesses and 216,000 deaths occurred annually. The woreda WAS have alerted the outbreak on 27 July, 2016. The objective of this study was to investigate typhoid fever outbreak in Dera Kebele of Ofla woreda, Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Here, we defined a suspected TF case as any person with gradual onset of remittent...

Author(s): Zerihun Degebasa Mamo, Aselefech Addisu and Taklu Marama

June 2018

International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Effects of a pasture-based pork production system on the expression of genes involved in lipid metabolism and meat quality characteristics

Studies have shown that pasture-raised pork is fresher and of higher nutritional value than its conventional counterpart. This study was to determine the effect of grazing systems on meat quality, carcass traits, and on lipid metabolism gene expressions. Control pigs were fed 100% commercial diet. Fifty/fifty (50/50) group was placed on 50% of the diet consumed by control group plus free access to ryegrass-clover...

Author(s): N. Okoli, N. Ceron-Romero, Y. Meng and M. O. Ezekwe

June 2018

Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management
Influence of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers on growth and yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) at Assosa, Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, Western Ethiopia

Potato is one of the most important food security and cash crops in Ethiopia. It is constrained by poor soil fertility. A field experiment was conducted at Assosa Agricultural Research Centre to investigate the effect of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers on the growth performance and yield of potato. The experiment was laid out as a randomized complete block design (RCBD) in 4×6 factorial arrangement of...

Author(s): Habtam Setu, Nigussie Dechassa and Yibekal Alemayehu

June 2018

International Journal of Sociology and Anthropology
The role of women in livelihood security at household level among pastoral and agro-pastoral societies of Ethiopian Somali region: The case of two selected districts from Fafen zone of Ethiopian Somali Region

The study aims to explore the major roles women play in livelihood security among Ethiopian Somali Pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in selected two districts.  Even though the study is more of qualitative, quantitative method was also employed to some extent to gather information that couldn’t be captured via qualitative research method.  A total of 722 women were sampled and participated on...

Author(s): Belay Womber Gurmu  

June 2018

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Multiplication of a woody forest gallery species: Pterocarpus santalinoides L’Hér. ex DC.

With climatic change, and despite their protection by the Malian forest code, species characterizing the natural forest galleries of rivers in southern Mali are threatened with extinction because of the development of agricultural parcels. A study of seeds germination and the growth of branch cuttings of Pterocarpus santalinoides L’Hér. ex DC. were carried out for multiplication of this typical gallery...

Author(s): Lassina Traoré, Moussa Karembé and Doulaye Dembélé  

June 2018

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry
Effect of inorganic NP fertilizers and vermicompost on growth, seed yield and yield components of onion (Allium cepa L.) at Maitsebri, northern Ethiopia

The NP fertilizer or organic resources alone may not provide sufficient amounts or may be unsuitable for alleviating specific constraints to crop production. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted at Maitsebri Research Station of Shire-Maitsebri Agricultural Research Center (SMARC) to study the effect of inorganic NP fertilizers and vermicompost on growth, seed yield and yield components of red onion (Allium cepa...

Author(s): Kiros Asgele, Kebede Woldetsadik and Fikreyohannes Gedamu  

June 2018

Journal of Entomology and Nematology
Screen house management of Meloidogyne javanica (Treub) in UC82B Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) with leaf extract of Jatropha curcas

Screen house experiment to determine the effect of the aqueous leaf extract of Jatropha on the control of Meloidogyne javanica infections on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) was conducted at Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu in, 2016. UC82B tomato was used as the test crop. The test crop was planted in pots filled with 5 kg sterilized soil. Each pot was inoculated with 3000 M. javanica eggs collected from the...

Author(s): Solomon Ifeayoluchi  Ogwulumba and Ijeoma Constance Ogwulumba

June 2018

International Journal of Library and Information Science
Indices of working condition as determinant of job performance of librarians in academic libraries in South-East, Nigeria

Working condition being implemented in various academic libraries could disrupt or enhance effective provision of information services by the librarians. This research investigated two indices of working condition as determinant factors on job performance of librarians in academic libraries in south east geo political zone of Nigeria. A total of 261 librarians were used for this study. The t-test statistical technique...

Author(s): Francisca Mbagwu, Ifeyinwa Okoye, Peter Moneke and Rosemary Abanum

June 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Physical, chemical parameters and plankton in a tropical earthen pond catfish farm in Badagry, Nigeria

The physico-chemical parameters and plankton abundance of four artificial fish ponds in Omageyu Farms, Ijotun, Badagry, Nigeria was studied and analysed using standard methods monthly from June to December 2015. Water temperature, pH and dissolved oxygen ranged from 27.80 to 32.00°C, 6.90 to 7.40 and 6.80 to 10.00 mg/l, respectively in the four ponds. Water temperature, pH, and dissolved oxygen in Pond A were...

Author(s): Martins Agenuma Anetekhai, Edwin Oritseweyinmi Clarke, Oluwayemisi Adebisi Osodein and Morenikeji Tolulope Dairo

June 2018

International Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Substitution of the fish meal by the earthworm and maggot meal in the feed of Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus reared in freshwater

The present experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of dietary protein from maggot meal and earthworm meal to replace fish meal protein in Oreochromis niloticus juvenile feed. The fish used for this experiment come from the experience of the larval phase during which fish were fed with the formulated diets [fish diet (FD), maggot diet (MD) and earthworm diet (ED)] content 40% crude protein and the commercial...

Author(s): Medard GBAI, N’golo OUATTARA, Yacouba BAMBA, Mamadou OUATTARA, Allassane OUATTARA and Kouakou YAO  

June 2018

African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research
Applications of Cauchy-Schwarz inequalities in the mapping structure of linear operator

By applications of Cauchy-Schwarz inequalities, several sufficient conditions in terms of hypergeometric inequalities were found such that the linear operator   preserves and transforms certain well known subclasses of univalent functions to another classes. Relevant connections of our work with the earlier work is pointed out. Key words: Analytic function, subordination, starlike function, convex...

Author(s): T. Panigrahi and R. El-Ashwah

June 2018

Journal of Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Phytochemical screening and antibacterial susceptibility of Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolates on Acacia ataxacantha leaves

Acacia ataxacanta leaves were screened for possible constituents, and the antimicrobial properties of the leaves were tested against 18 isolates of Escherichia coli O157:H7. The leaves were aseptically collected and crude extracts were prepared by cold maceration in 98% methanol. Phytochemical analysis for bioactive constituents revealed that it contained carbohydrates, cardiac glycosides, steroids, saponins,...

Author(s): Madubuike S. A. , Mailafia S., Ode O. J. and Okpo N.  

June 2018

African Journal of Biochemistry Research
Bacteriostatic and Bactericidal effects of ethyl acetate root bark extract of Terminalia avicennioides on Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Root bark extract of Terminalia avicennioides was obtained by cool maceration with 750 ml n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol, independently for 48 h using soxhlet extractor. ATCC 33591 standard strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was used. Strain resistance to methicillin/oxacillin antibiotic was verified by a retest of its sensitivity to oxacillin antibiotic. The antimicrobial...

Author(s): Adim Ekene Ugochukwu, Dingwoke Emeka John, Adamude Fatima Amin, Edenta Chidi, Nwobodo Ndubuisi Nwobodo, Offiah Raymond Ogbonna, Onyeka Ifeanyi Peter and Ezeaku Ikenna Nnamdi

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Studies on styrene concentration in drinking water and hot beverages in some settings

Water bottles and cups composed of polystyrene also contain non-polymerized styrene. Styrene’s toxicological profile is associated with several health issues for humans. Mainly, the central and peripheral nervous systems are highly disturbed by styrene ingestion. Styrene is also considered to be a carcinogenic agent and has been linked to cancer. The HPLC method was validated through prepared QC samples. The HPLC...

Author(s): Naser L. Rezk, Saber M. Eweda, Salma A. Rezk and Sameh Ahmed

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Microsatellites markers associated with resistance to flower bud thrips in a cowpea F2 population derived from genotypes TVU-123 and WC36

Breeding for resistance to flower bud thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti) in cowpea has been hindered by the quantitative nature of resistance. To identify simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers associated with resistance to flower bud thrips that could be used for marker-assisted breeding, a F2 population was generated from a cross between genotypes TVU-123 (resistant) and WC36 (susceptible). The population was evaluated...

Author(s): Symphorien Agbahoungba, Jeninah Karungi, Kassim Sadik, Paul Gibson, Richard Edema, Achille E. Assogbadjo and Patrick R. Rubaihayo

June 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Gross alpha and beta activity concentrations in soil and some selected Nigerian food crops

Gross alpha and beta activity concentrations in soil, cassava and fluted pumpkin (leaf and stem) were investigated using a gas flow proportional counter. The gross alpha activity concentrations for the fluted pumpkin were between 3.55 and 13.95 Bq/Kg and 3.53 and 3.61 Bq/Kg for the leaves and stems, respectively. The gross alpha activity concentrations for cassava and soil samples ranged from 0.07 to 0.60 Bq/Kg and 0.35...

Author(s): Chijioke M. Amakom, Chikwendu E. Orji, Benedict C. Eke, Chinedu Iroegbu and Bridget A. Ojakominor

June 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Effect of annealing temperature on the optical properties of Sb-ZnO thin films prepared using co-sputtering technique

Transparent conducting oxide thin films of Sb-ZnO were prepared on optically flat quartz by radio-frequency (RF) sputtering method. The scan electron microscope was used to characterize the topological morphology of the surface of the as-prepared and annealed films at (300, 400, 470, and 525°C) for 4 h in air. The optical properties of the films were deliberated using their reflectance and transmittance spectra at...

Author(s): Hend Alkhammash

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Effect of European audit firms on cost of debt and earnings management in private clients’ audit market segment

This research studies the relation between audit firm choice and benefits that companies could gain in terms of lower cost of debt and ea rnings management. It focuses on private clients and the non-Big4 audit market segment, where the main driver of auditor choice has not to date been satisfactorily identified. This study identifies and tests a new criterion for auditor choice in private firms based on audit market...

Author(s): Stefano Azzali and Tatiana Mazza  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Influence of women entrepreneurs’ characteristics on personal well-being in Arumeru District in Tanzania

This article tests the hypothesis that women entrepreneurs’ socio-economic and demographic characteristics have no significant influence on women’s personal well-being, using quantitative approach with a random sample of 180 women. The article adopts the cross-sectional research design using a structured questionnaire administered to women entrepreneurs. Non-entrepreneurs were also involved for comparison...

Author(s): Samwel J. Kabote  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
The value relevance of consolidated and separate financial statements: Are non-controlling interests relevant?

This paper aims to analyze the value relevance of financial statements prepared according to International Accounting Standards (IAS)/International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The study focuses on two of the different sets of accounts presented by companies: the parent company financial statement and the consolidated version. We have developed a panel data from a sample of Italian listed companies by...

Author(s): Francesco Sotti  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Effect of e-tax filing on tax compliance: A case of clients in Harare, Zimbabwe

There is underutilisation of electronic tax filing systems in tax agencies despite presence of electronic tax administration systems. The objective of this study was to find how this has influenced tax compliance. Data collection was mainly through a questionnaire. Analysis of data was done through SPSS Version 20 and Excel. The study concluded that electronic filing system actually influences tax compliance. The study...

Author(s): Sifile Obert, Kotsai Rodgers, Mabvure Joseph Tendai and Chavunduka Desderio  

June 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Gender balance on boards and corporate sustainability for the 2030 Agenda

The top management characteristics can have an impact on corporate strategic goals and actions. The board diversity, with particular reference to gender issue, can influence Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and company’s strategies toward a business model more oriented to sustainability. According to this this theoretical framework, two issues about women on boards and CSR are presented in this study: the...

Author(s): Francesca Gennari  

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Is quantitative genetics still necessary in this age of genomics?

Quantitative genetics and genomics are two different disciplines that have separate evolutions. The quantitative genetics has enormous applications and has contributed a lot in four main distinct fields of plant breeding, animal breeding, evolutionary genetics and human genetics. This field is based on study of inheritance patterns and their underlying mechanisms using biometrical or statistical methods. The analysis of...

Author(s): Rukundo Placide, Karangwa Patrick and Uzayisenga Bellancille

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Efficiency of pre-inoculation of soybeans with Bradyrhizobium up to 60 days before sowing

The inoculation of nitrogen-fixing bacteria in soybean crops allows the achievement of high crop yield by reducing or eliminating the application of nitrogen fertilizers. Pre-inoculation of seeds can reduce costs and increase the efficacy of this agricultural practice. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of pre-inoculation of soybean seeds with a commercial inoculant of Bradyrhizobium (RIZOLIQ...

Author(s): Gabriela Silva Machineski, Andrea Silva Scaramal, Maria Aparecida de Matos, Oswaldo Machineski and Arnaldo Colozzi Filho

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effect of seed rate on upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) seedling emergence

The most important factor to achieving profitable cotton yields is obtaining a uniform stand of healthy and vigorously growing seedlings. Cotton seedling emergence highly depends on the number of seeds that are planted on the same planting station. The cotton seedling stalk is weak and may fail to push up and crack the soil in order to emerge. Therefore several seedlings put together may use the power of numbers to push...

Author(s): Gwiranenzara C., Chapepa B., Mubvekeri W. and Kutywayo D.

June 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Soil organic carbon stock under different land use types in Kersa Sub Watershed, Eastern Ethiopia

Understanding and assessing soil organic carbon stock (SOCS) within the framework of greenhouse gas emissions and land degradation is so crucial in combating climate change and enhancing ecological restoration. The goal of this study was to quantify the current SOCS in major land use types in Kersa sub watershed, eastern Ethiopia. Replicated soil samples from 0 to 20, 20 to 40, and 40 to 60 cm depth were collected from...

Author(s): Yared Mulat, Kibebew Kibret, Bobe Bedadi and Muktar Mohammed

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Morphological variability and molecular characterisation of thirty soybean genotypes using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers

The genetic and morphological diversity of soybean germplasms was studied using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers and morphological traits such as plant height, height of cotyledon leaves, basal leaf length, basal leaf width, basal leaf area, terminal leaflets number, terminal leaflet length, terminal leaflet width, terminal leaflet area and basal leaf petiole length. A total of 30 germplasms were...

Author(s): Titilayo Akande, Lucky O. Omoigui and Joseph Ikwebe  

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Surface plasmon resonance and antimicrobial properties of novel silver nanoparticles prepared from some indigenous plants in Uyo, Nigeria

Synthesis of nanoparticles was done by green method. Aqueous extracts of Vernonia amygdalina, Telferia occidentalis and Lasianthera africana were used as the model vegetables. Silver nitrate was used as the silver precursor, while the plant extracts served as the reducing agents and Xanthan gum (0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 1.00% w/v) was introduced as stabilizing agents. Twelve batches of silver nanoparticles were synthesized:...

Author(s): Tenderwealth Clement Jackson, Bernard Opatimidi Patani and Ntiido Ndifreke Udosen  

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Identification and genetic diversity of Jordanian potato soft rot isolates, Pectobacterium carotovorum subspecies carotovorum (DYE 1969)

Bacterial soft rot disease is one of the most important factors affecting potato production in Jordan. Based on biochemical and physiological analyses, Jordanian isolates of soft rot from potato were identified as Pectobacterium carotovorum subspecies carotovorum (DYE 1969). Phylogenetic analysis using pmrA gene sequence data showed that isolates from different regions were closely related to each other, whereas little...

Author(s): Ibtihal Abu-Obeid, Hamed Khlaif and Nida Salem  

June 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Studies on enhanced African black soap from Theobroma cacao (cocoa) and Elaeis guineensis (palm kernel oil)

The indigenous African organic soap is formed by saponification. Using the local and ancient method, with slight modifications, palm kernel oil (Elaeis guineensis) and the filtrate of burnt cocoa pod ash (Theobroma cacao) were used to prepare African black soap (C11H23COO-K+). The prepared black soap was thereafter divided into five parts. Part A was the control without additives, while parts B, C and D were enhanced...

Author(s): Adebomi A. Ikotun, Esther O. Faboro, Adejoke S. Kolade and Abimbola A. Owoseni

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Availability and accessibility of ICT- based instructional tools in medical colleges in Ogun State, Nigeria

This study assessed the availability and use of ICT-based Instructional tools in selected medical colleges in Ogun State, Nigeria. This study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The population to be studied is medical lecturers (328), clinical instructors (42) and laboratory technologist (92) from Ben Carson Snr. Medical School, Babcock University, Obafemi Awolowo College of Health Sciences, and Olabisi...

Author(s): Nwosu, Jonathan Chinaka, John, Henry Chukwudi and Akorede, O. J.  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
A research on the attıtude of eight grade students towards earthquake

The aim of this study is to determine the attitudes of eighth-grade students in  secondary schools towards earthquake. For this purpose, the attitude test towards earthquake was applied to 240 eighth grade students (107 females and 133 males) from five secondary schools in Istanbul. Quantitative method was used in the study. Also, to analyze the dataset collected from this study,  t-test and variance analysis...

Author(s): Hülya Kayalı  

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
The perceptions of King Abdullah II School for Excellence teachers about the importance of using flipped learning for the development of students’ reflective thinking in Jordan

The study aims to reveal the perceptions of  King Abdullah II School for Excellence teachers about the importance of using flipped learning in developing the reflective thinking of their students in Jordan. The population of the study consists of  227 male and female teachers. The sample of the study consists of  180 teachers: 87 males and 93 females  selected using  simple random method from...

Author(s): Mohammed Bader ALYousef, Ibrahim Ali Naanah and Awad Mufleh AL Khazam

June 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
The school image in children’s books

Literary works for children help the child to acquire reading habits and to be a helpful citizen in the society. Therefore, individuals obtain quality children's literature from the very beginning of childhood. In this context, the study aims to determine the reflection of the school concept in literary works prepared for children. No other individual study has been reported on the reflection of the school concept...

Author(s): Yasin Mahmut YAKAR  

Page 2 of 1125, showing 50 records out of 56212 total, starting on record 51, ending on 100