Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
Start Year: 2006
Page 1 of 133, showing 20 records out of 2656 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6291[Article Number: 331DF5356801]
Adoption behaviour may be reflected as the predisposition of the behaviour of an individual during the adoption process of any innovation. Here, in the present study, the respondents were women stakeholders selected through panchayat. The study analysed their adoption behaviour towards azolla cultivation because the scientific azolla cultivation has been taken up as the innovation in terms of which the adoption... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6346[Article Number: 6C7FAAF56804]
The study reports a case of 14-year-old female child who was not participating in any athletic activities, and presented with gradual onset of left side hip and groin pain since 8 months duration. Clinical and radiological evaluation showed medial-sided femur neck insufficiency fracture associated with vitamin D deficiency. Femur neck insufficiency fractures are rare entity in children; usually result from overuse... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6272[Article Number: F93365556721]
The shoot diameter and shoot length extension growth studied in 10 tree species occurring between 350 to 2500 m elevation in the Kumaun Himalaya. Effects of temperature on shoot growth were studied under natural conditions. Shoot length growth was significantly affected by the temperature during shoot elongation (p<0.01). The optimum temperature for elongation was ranged from 21 to 36°C across the altitudinal... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6310[Article Number: F3A1D8456711]
The experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of different chemical solutions (C1= sucrose (20%) + [Al2 (SO4)3 .-16H2O 300 ppm], C2= sucrose (20%) + [Al2 (SO4)3 .-16H2O] 300 ppm + GA3 50 ppm and C3= Control (Distilled water)) and five storage durations viz., (S0 = 0 days, S1 = 7 days, S2 = 14 days, S3 = 21 days and S4 = 28 days) on keeping quality of cut spikes of gladiolus ‘White... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6313[Article Number: FD7A03156713]
Investigating the response of rain-fed maize to fertility levels and weed management practices, a field trial was undertaken in 2012 and 2013 at Experimental Farm, D(K)ARS, SKUAST-Kashmir, (J&K). The experiment consisted of 3 fertility levels and 4 weed management practices. The results revealed that fertility levels F3 and F2 at par with one another recorded significant increase in cob length, number of cobs... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6216[Article Number: 5E4FA5C56694]
Thevetia peruviana (TP) and Hura crepitans (HC) seed oils with 73 and 65% unsaturation, respectively as analyzed by gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) chromatogram were used for the synthesis of copper metal salt. The sodium carboxylate (soluble soap) prepared from the oils by saponifying with sodium hydroxide were reacted with solution of copper salt to produce the metal soaps. The yield was... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6330[Article Number: 441475456678]
A chronic complication of diabetes mellitus (DM), diabetic neuropathy, causes neurodegeneration leading to the development of neuropathic pain and sensation loss, particularly in the hands and arms. The cervical enlargement of the spinal cord sends the nerve supply to the hands and arms. Moreover, astrocytes effectively provide structural and functional maintenance of neurons in the spinal cord. Nevertheless, there is... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6322[Article Number: A214BA956534]
Photoplethysmogram (PPG) and its second derivative of the photoplethysmogram (SDPTG) are simple and low cost optical techniques for detecting and tracking blood volume changes. The PPG waveform and its SDPTG have been used by many scholars to obtain valuable information about heart and cardiovascular system. Since PPG and SDPTG reflect blood volume changes, much work has been done on its application as a diagnostic tool... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6314[Article Number: 2C32A0A56363]
The present experimental work was conducted to elucidate the biochemical changes in broiler chicken after ziram intoxication. For the study, 150 apparently healthy broiler chicks were reared together up to 2 weeks of age and thereafter allocated randomly to four groups, that is, control (n=30), acute (n=10), subacute (n=20) and subchronic (n=90). Toxicity was induced following single oral dose of Ziram at 100 mg/kg body... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6224[Article Number: B86554E55673]
This paper examines a consequence of spinodal curve condition on the Joule – Thomson inversion curves, for van der Waals real gas. To this end, we consider the differential form of Joule – Thomson coefficient, and concentrate on the parametrical algebraic equation of the corresponding family of curves in a P – V Cartesian frame of reference. The aim of this work is not the prediction of Joule... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6331[Article Number: C4FBF5D55679]
In this paper, a numerical and experimental study of the nitrogen concentration profile in the precipitation layer of gaseous nitrided 16MnCr5 alloy steel was performed. The gaseous nitriding was performed in ammonia atmosphere at 510, 550 and 590°C, and for each temperature four different nitriding times were chosen. Nitrogen concentration profile of the nitrided specimens was experimentally investigated with... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6258[Article Number: 54B2BEA55372]
Cassava, cocoyam and sweetpotato constitute underexploited but yet important sources of starch for the Malawi industry. The functional properties of starches isolated from cassava, cocoyam and sweetpotato were studied and compared. Results revealed diverse functional properties among the starches from the different sources. With increasing temperature, water binding capacity, swelling power and solubility of the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6194[Article Number: 86EC06155375]
This study describes the synthesis, spectra characterization using UV-Visible and Infra-Red spectroscopic methods, flavonoid profile, antioxidant activity and antifungal property of Senecio biafrae-Cu complex and Senecio biafrae. UV-Visible spectra revealed bathochromic shifts for Senecio biafrae-Cu complex in comparison with Senecio biafrae which could be due to complexation. Differences between vibration spectra... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6266[Article Number: 04FE68B55379]
The vegetation fraction over the Ethiopian highlands exhibits large seasonal and multi-annual variability in the period 1982 to 2014. Northern areas are more sensitive to rainfall due to the brevity of the wet season. Differences in the regional climate during periods of high and low vegetation are analyzed using composite fields of rainfall, wind, humidity, sea temperatures, salinity and currents; and correlations at... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6248[Article Number: CD9CA3846875]
Chaotic theory has been employed in cryptography application for establishing a sequence of data closest to pseudorandom number. Image cryptography with Chaotic Map Lattices (CML) uses the chaos parameters, the number of iterations and the number of cycles for encryption as secret keys. Amount of secret keys has a great impact on security in cryptography. Adaptive Pixel-Selection Fractional Chaotic Map Lattices (APFCML)... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6260[Article Number: 8AF943D46886]
Seed oils in higher plants function as an energy source for germination, emergence and establishing as a new plant. Then, the seed oil must be a trait subjected to natural selection. In this work we revise the evolutionary function of seed oils in angiosperms, analyzing the patterns of seed oil accumulation and their fatty acids composition among species differing in habit, habitat and relatedness. We review some... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6264[Article Number: 5C00D7A46891]
Bearing is an important component of a rotating machine; however, under normal operating conditions, it is subjected to fatigue which results in a defect called spalling. This work presents a monitoring fatigue of a thrust ball bearing on a bearing fatigue test bench. Spalling is artificially initiated on a bearing raceway. Vibration analysis is the method used to characterize the defect. The experimental procedure used... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6265[Article Number: B6B3E1746894]
Summer rainfall over the cropping region of Ethiopia is related to the precursor winter circulation around the Maritime Continent and El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) development and influence. Investigation of this link reveals that sea surface temperature (SST) in the north Indian Ocean and China Sea are anomalously cold and there are low level north-westerly wind anomalies around the Maritime... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6317[Article Number: 412A39E46900]
Pervious concrete (PC) pavement is a sustainable type of concrete pavement that can protect and restore natural ecosystem. The permeability coefficient is the most important characteristic of PC. The purpose of this experimental study was to investigate the effect of mixture design parameters, particularly water-to-cement ratio (W/C) and size of aggregate on the permeability coefficient of PC. The thirty six mixtures... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/SRE2015.6217[Article Number: 5D80E2354960]
Over the past several decades, the amount of attention given to various countries’ environmental impact has greatly increased. Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC) have been drawing special attention due to the pollution emissions released into the atmosphere by their increasing number of industries and their exaggerated consumption of products. This article aims to elucidate and analyze the evolution of some of... Read more.
Page 1 of 133, showing 20 records out of 2656 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20