Journal of
Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health

  • Abbreviation: J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2529
  • DOI: 10.5897/JVMAH
  • Start Year: 2009

JVMAH Articles

August 2018

Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and associated risk factor in Jimma Horro District, Kellem Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia

Trypanosomosis is a serious disease that causes a significant production loss in cattle. A cross sectional study was conducted in Jimma Horro District of Kellem Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia to determine prevalence and associated risk factors of bovine trypanosomosis from October 2016 to October 2017. Blood samples from randomly selected 384 cattle of both sex and different age group were collected and examined with...

Author(s): Dereje Tulu, Surra Gebeyehu, Negash Aseffa and Chaluma Negera  

August 2018

An observational and questionnaire based study on principles of herd health management on Jimma University dairy farms

The study was in Jimma University dairy farm with objective to assess the dairy management aspects of Jimma University dairy farm and to identify the herd health problems of the dairy farm. Ethiopia has a large number of livestock populations and holds the 1st rank in Africa. Despite the huge number of cattle and their economic importance, the productivity is low due to constraints of disease, nutrition, poor...

Author(s): Semayat Oyda and Teferi Mandado  

July 2018

Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth parasites and identification of major nematodes of cattle in and around Bishoftu, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Although, many studies have been conducted to estimate the prevalence of gastrointestinal tract (GIT) helminths of cattle in Ethiopia, most of them were conducted using simple fecal egg examination rather than larval identification to identify the nematodes. A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 with the aim of estimating the prevalence of GIT helminths and identifying nematode genera in...

Author(s): Yonas Gizaw Habtemichael, Meron Dejene and Solomon Mosu Eniyew  

July 2018

Dog breeds acquisition and owners’ awareness of associated surgical conditions in Nigeria

The study evaluated dog owners’ awareness of breed-associated surgical conditions in Nigeria as indices for breed choice with structured pre-tested questionnaires administered to dog owners in 17 states of Nigeria.  Alsatians (36.8%) and Rottweiler (13%) breeds were mostly possessed by owners. The majority of the respondents were females (60.4%) owners. Lagos (53.4%) and Oyo (52.1%) states had the highest...

Author(s): Oghenemega David Eyarefe and Aderonke Gloria Adetunji  

July 2018

Anaesthetic and cardiopulmonary parameters of dogs administered propofol-acepromazine-butorphanol or propofol-acepromazine-buprenorphine anaesthesia

The efficacy and safety of premedication with acepromazine-butorphanol or acepromazine-buprenorphine combination were compared in dogs anaesthetized with propofol using total intravenous anaesthesia. Six mature Nigerian indigenous dogs were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 premedication groups: Group 1 (acepromazine, 0.03 mg/kg, IM; butorphanol, 0.4 mg/kg, IM), or 2 (acepromazine, 0.03 mg/kg, IM; buprenorphine, 0.02 mg/kg,...

Author(s): Foluso B. Bolaji-Alabi and Adeniran Adetunji  

June 2018

Mechanism of retained placenta and its treatment by plant medicine in ruminant animals in Oromia, Ethiopia

Retained placenta is the abnormal condition in animal reproduction in which fetal membrane failed to detach from maternal uterine wall after postpartum. The retention of placenta can create some disorders within reproductive organ of animals by allowing microorganisms to grow inside the uterus causing inflammation of uterus, fever, weight loss, decreasing milk yield, longer calving intervals and if the case is severe...

Author(s): Tagesu Abdisa

June 2018

A study on gross and histopathological pulmonary lesions of cattle slaughtered at Abergelle Abattoir, Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia

Animals in sub-Saharan African countries are used as source of milk, meat, hides and skin where animal diseases are one of the primary constraints in increasing the productivity of food animals. Studies were conducted to examine various respiratory problems of cattle with purpose of identifying the gross and histopathological lesions in lungs of slaughtered cattle at Abergelle Export Abattoir from April 2015 to June...

Author(s): Kidane Workelul Yalew, Nesibu Awol, Yishak Tsegay, Haftay Abraha and Hailesilassie W/mariam

June 2018

Study on calf coccidiosis in dairy farms in and around Holeta Town, Finfine Zuria Liyu Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

Bovine coccidiosis is a protozoan infection caused by different species of Eimeria which has a worldwide distribution. The disease which mainly affects calves belongs to large herd size where hygiene is not well managed and is associated with poor body condition. A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 to determine the prevalence of bovine coccidiosis and identify the associated risk...

Author(s): Zerihun Adugna Regasa, Belay Mulatea and Temesgen Kassa Getahun

June 2018

Determination of pH and water holding capacity of beef from selected butcher shops of Mekelle, Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the water holding capacity (WHC) of beef sold in selected butcher shops of Mekelle, Ethiopia and to establish the effects of pre-slaughter rests and age of the animals with pH and WHC of the meats. A total of 80 samples from 80 randomly selected butcher shops were sampled in 6 months study period of time, from May to October. Each sample was accompanied by...

Author(s): Haileslassie W/mariam Gebrehiwot, Endale Balcha, Yohanes Hagos and Kidane W/rkelul

May 2018

Genetic diversity of Mycobacterium bovis in Jalisco, Mexico: Tracing back sources of infection

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a disease of cattle that presents risk to public health, causing severe economic losses to the livestock industry and difficulty in eradication because of its complex epidemiology. The aim of this study was to identify relationships between Mycobacterium bovis strains from cattle in the State of Jalisco, and those of other States of México. Molecular fingerprints of 337 M. bovis...

Author(s): Sara González-Ruiz, Susana L. Sosa-Gallegos, Elba Rodríguez-Hernández, Susana Flores-Villalva, Sergio I. Román-Ponce, Isabel Bárcenas-Reyes, Germinal J. Cantó-Alarcón and Feliciano Milián-Suazo  

May 2018

Prevalence of bovine of schistosomosis in and around Nekemte, East Wollega zone, Western Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2016 to May 2016 at Guto Gida District, Nekemte, Ethiopia to determine the prevalence of bovine schistosomosis. Simple random sampling method was used to select the study animals and sedimentation technique was applied for finding Schistosoma eggs from fresh fecal samples. Out of 384 fecal samples examined, 22 were found positive indicating an overall prevalence of 5.7%...

Author(s): Abriham Kebede Jiregna Dugassa, Geremew Haile and Berhanu Wakjira

May 2018

Status of mange infestation in indigenous sheep and goats and their control practices in Wag-Himra zone, Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted from December 2016 to April 2017 to estimate the status of mange infestation in indigenous sheep and goats and identify the major species of mites and potential risk factors in selected districts with different agro-ecological zones of Wag-Himra zone. In addition, a questionnaire survey was conducted to assess the awareness and control practices of livestock owners on mange...

Author(s): Adane Agegnehu, Basaznew Bogale, Shimelis Tesfaye and Shimelis Dagnachew

April 2018

A cross sectional study on prevalence of cattle fasciolosis and associated economical losses in cattle slaughtered at Gondar Elfora Abattoir, northwest Ethiopia

Fasciolosis is a parasitic disease caused by either Fasciola hepatica or Faciola gigantica. These parasitic infections are of global significance causing diseases in different mammalian species including humans. In this study, the prevalence and economic significance of Fasciolosis in cattle slaughtered at Gondar Elfora abattoirs was assessed. A total of 400 cattle were examined and 85 cattle (21.2%) were affected by...

Author(s): Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel, Abebaw Getachew and Daniel Adamu

April 2018

Antimicrobial resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from raw cow milk and fresh fruit juice in Mekelle, Tigray, Ethiopia

This study was conducted to evaluate drug resistance profile of Staphylococcus aureus in raw milk, fresh fruit juice and dairy farms settings of Mekelle, Tigray. A cross-sectional study was conducted on the total 258 samples of raw cow milk and fresh fruit juice. Antimicrobial resistance status was also checked for identified S. aureus using various commonly used antimicrobial discs. The overall viable staphylococcal...

Author(s): Haftay Abraha, Geberemedhin Hadish, Belay Aligaz, Goytom Eyas and Kidane Workelule

March 2018

Semen characteristics, morphology and testicular parameters of Uda (ovis aries) in Ibadan, Nigeria

The spermiogram and biometrical observations on the testes and epididymis of 20 adult Uda rams were investigated. The study was aimed at providing information on the reproductive potentials of Uda rams in Ibadan, and thus improved evaluation of breeding soundness in rams. The average age of the rams was 26.40±7.39 months, and their mean body weight was 39.80±3.00kg. The lengths of the right testes...

Author(s): Matthew Olugbenga Oyeyemi and Moyinoluwa Julianah Olusoji

March 2018

Effect of topical application of mixture of cod liver oil and honey on old (chronic) wounds and granulation tissue in donkeys

A comparative study was conducted from November 2015 to May 2016 with the objective of investigating the beneficial effects of the mixture of cod liver oil and honey (group 1) comparing with routine treatment (group 2), combination of chlorhexidine (0.3%) and cetrimide (3%) in healing of contaminated old wounds in donkeys at Bahir Dar, North western Ethiopia. Out of 18 donkeys, 12 (6 male and 6 female) were treated with...

Author(s): Addisu Mohammed Seid

March 2018

Cross-sectional study on the prevalence and risk factors for major skin diseases of cattle in Hawassa city, Southern Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted on the major skin diseases of cattle in Hawassa city with the objectives of estimating the prevalence and assessing the effect of different risk factors in the occurrence of these skin diseases in the study area. The study was conducted with thorough physical examination of cattle and laboratory examination of samples collected from all encountered cases. Out of 662 cattle examined...

Author(s): Zekarias Fantaye and Berhanu Mekibib Melake

March 2018

Study of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) frequencies and coinfection in mexican farrow to finish pig farms

The porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is commonly present along with the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). These are the most important pathogens for pig industry worldwide. In this study, we determined frequencies for both viruses, as well as coinfection, in farrow to finish farms from México. For this, pigs from 28 farms in different states were sampled for tonsils, lungs and lymphatic...

Author(s): Fernando Diosdado Vargas, Guadalupe A Socci Escatell, Atalo C Martínez Lara, Ma Elvira Carrera Salas and Julio R Santiago Cruz

February 2018

Assessment of dairy farmers’ hygienic milking practices and awareness on cattle milk-borne zoonoses in Bishoftu, Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Bishoftu town, Ethiopia, from November, 2016 to April, 2017, to assess smallholder urban dairy farmers’ milk hygiene practices and awareness on cattle milk-borne zoonoses. Data were collected from a total of 100 randomly selected dairy farmers using structured questionnaire. The results of the study showed that all respondents practiced hand milking, with twice (90%), once...

Author(s): Lencho Getechew Kebede and Seblewongel Ayichew Megerrsa

February 2018

Study on veterinary antibiotic drugs handling and utilization in and around Holeta

A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the antibiotics drug handling and utilization practices of the animal owners from November 2016 to April 2017. A total of 384 randomly selected animal owners in and around Holeta were interviewed using semi-structured questionnaires. Most of the respondents (animal owners) were educated (59.4%), whereas less than half of them (40.6%) were uneducated. The prevalence on the...

Author(s): Seblewongel Ayichew Megerrsa and Taddesa Bezu Ashine

February 2018

Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of combined Newcastle disease, fowl pox and fowl typhoid vaccine under laboratory condition

An experimental study was conducted on day-old chicks to evaluate the safety and efficacy of combined Newcastle diseases (ND), fowl pox (FP) and fowl typhoid (FT) vaccine. The vaccine was prepared using the Lasota strain of Newcastle disease virus (NDV), the FP strain of fowl pox virus (FPV) and the 9R strain of FT. The vaccine was found safe, as no clinical signs or mortalities were observed. Post vaccination...

Author(s): Hana Tadesse, Senait Belete and Benti Deressa

February 2018

Telediagnosis: Parasitological experiences in wild ruminants of South African preserves

A survey on wild ruminants’ health status of any South African preserves was attempted, assessing body condition score (BCS) through tele-diagnosis. The wildlife BCS was linked to the presence of gastrointestinal parasites that should be recognized, counted and statistically evaluated. For this purpose, we examined 103 faecal samples of wild ruminants from 6 South African preserves. For practical reasons, the...

Author(s): Gianluca Pio Zaffarano, Benedetto Morandi, Alessia Menegotto, Fabio Ostanello and Giovanni Poglayen

January 2018

Review of common causes of abortion in dairy cattle in Ethiopia

Abortion in dairy cattle may be caused by infectious and non-infectious agents. Infectious causes of abortion in dairy cattle include brucellosis, leptospirosis, listeriosis, Q fever, bovine viral diarrhea, mycotic abortion and neosporosis. Non-infectious causes of abortion in dairy cattle are genetic and non-genetic disorder. Risk factors associated with abortion in dairy cattle are genetic, environmental, management,...

Author(s): Dereje Tulu, Benti Deresa, Feyisa Begna and Abiy Gojam

January 2018

Prevalence, financial impact and public health significance of Cysticercus bovis at Bahir Dar Municipal Abattoir, Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 to determine the prevalence of cysticercosis, asses the associated risk factors and public health importance of human taniasis at Bahir Dar municipal abattoir, Bahir Dar town. Active abattoir survey from local zebu cattle presented to Bahir Dar abattoir and questionnaire surveys data collected were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Out of 480 inspected...

Author(s): Birhanu Tamirat, Habtamu Tamirat and Mu-uz Gebru

January 2018

A study on sero prevalence of foot and mouth diseases in West and South West Shoa zones of Oromia regional state, central Ethiopia

Cross-sectional study was conducted from December, 2008 to April, 2009 to determine the sero prevalence of foot and mouth disease (FMD) virus in West and South West Shoa zones of Oromia regional state, central Ethiopia. The samples were processed with the 3 ABC ELISA kits that can able to identify natural infected animal from vaccinated animals. From the total sera of 421 tested, the overall sero prevalence of FMD in...

Author(s): Kebede Shanko Hordofa, Tesfaye Rufael Chibsa and Enquibaher Kasaye

January 2018

Prevalence of tick-borne haemoparasitic diseases (TBHDS) and haematological changes in sheep and goats in Maiduguri abattoir

A preliminary survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of some tick-borne haemoparasitic diseases (TBHDs) and their effects on the haematological parameters of sheep and goats in Maiduguri abattoir. A total of 200 blood samples were collected from sheep (n = 100) and goats (n = 100) from November 2015 to May 2016. Giemsa stained blood smears were prepared and examined under light microscope, to screen for...

Author(s): Egbe-Nwiyi T. N., Sherrif G. A. and Paul B. T.

January 2018

Clinico-pathological study of broiler chickens experimentally infected with Proteus mirabilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from red-headed rock agamas (Agama agama) co-habiting with poultry in Oyo State, Nigeria

Pathogenicity studies were conducted using two bacteria (Proteus mirabilis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) that were previously recovered from oral and cloacal swabs of red-headed rock agamas (Agama agama) living in poultry farms at Oyo State, Nigeria. Both bacteria were inoculated in two experiments having 60 broilers each. In each experiment, three groups of 15 broilers were given separately graded doses of P. mirabilis...

Author(s): J. O. Ajayi, Anise Nkenjop Happi and A. O. Ogunleye

December 2017

Nigerian Veterinarians’attitude and response to small animal pain management

Nigerian veterinarians’ attitude and responses to pain management predominantly in small animals were evaluated using a structured questionnaire. The questionnaires were administered to representatives of seventy small/large animal clinics and hospitals distributed across ten states of the country. The respondents possess the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) (58.6%), Master of Veterinary Science MVSc (32.9%)...

Author(s): Cecilia Omowumi Oguntoye and Oghenemega David Eyarefe

December 2017

Clinical survey on major ruminant diseases in Kola Tembein and Tanqua Abergelle Districts, Central Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Diseases are the major detriment in ruminant production and productivity in the study districts. A cross sectional study was conducted to assess the major animal health constraints of ruminants. 461 species of sick ruminants were examined and diagnosed tentatively. Similarly, samples were collected and identified in the laboratory for confirmation of the cases. Of the clinically identified ruminant diseases, sheep and...

Author(s): Guash Abay, Mulalem Zenebe, Daniel Desta, Hailai Hagos, Minister Berhanie and Tsegay Teame

December 2017

Tick resistance of two breeds of cattle in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia

The objective of this study was to evaluate total tick burden and resistance differences of local indigenous breeds and Holstein-crosses (50%). Longitudinal study method was employed to assess the mean monthly half-body regions of total tick burdens. The mean monthly half body regions of total tick count on local indigenous cattle and Holstein-crosses (50%) were 75.2 and 201.7, respectively. The monthly mean half-body...

Author(s): Desie Sheferaw

December 2017

Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in dry season on dairy cattle at Holeta Agricultural Research Center Dairy Farm, Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was carried out in Holeta Agricultural Research Center Dairy Farm, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia to determine the status of gastrointestinal (GI) parasites on dairy cattle, reveal the level of severity of GI parasites on the basis of mean egg per gram of faces (epg) count through McMaster technique and identify the different gastrointestinal parasites dominated by flotation and sedimentation...

Author(s): Temesgen Kassa Getahun, Tamirat Siyoum, Aster Yohannes and  Melese Eshete

December 2017

Effect of Securidaca longepedunculata root-bark methanol extract on testicular morphometry of New Zealand rabbits

The aim of this work was to determine the effect of the root-bark extract of Securidaca longepedunculata in the improvement of fertility in buck rabbits as envisioned by morphometric indices of the testes. Testicular morphometry of New Zealand rabbits was studied following treatment with different doses of the extract. The extract was administered per os in three doses of 0, 50 and 100 mg/kg body weight to three...

Author(s): Chibuogwu Ijeoma Chika, Mathew Luka and Ubah Simon Azubuike

November 2017

Effect of a low dose of BCG-Phipps vaccine on the development of reactivity to tuberculin skin test in neonatal calves and adult cows

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) has a direct impact in the productive and reproductive efficiency of dairy cattle. Nowadays, disease control programs based on tuberculin testing and removal of infected cattle are unaffordable for the developing countries, since there is no program of financial compensation, especially in high bTB-prevalence herds. Thus, control strategies based on vaccination are considered the best...

Author(s): Lizzet Corona-Gómez, Laura Jaramillo-Meza, Rafael Pérez-González, Fernando Diosdado-Vargas, Julio Santiago-Cruz, , Clara I Espitia-Pinzón, Ricardo Lascurain and Fernando Díaz-Otero

November 2017

Health and welfare status of donkeys in and around Hawassa Town, Southern Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 with the objective of assessing the welfare situation and identifying major health problem of donkeys in association with risk factors identification using physical examination and questionnaire survey in and around Hawassa town, Southern Ethiopia. Three hundred and eighty four donkeys were physically examined for health related and management...

Author(s): Agegnehu Ashinde, Abebaw Gashaw and Nejash Abdela

November 2017

Anthelmintic resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes of goats in southern Mozambique

Small ruminant production is significantly constrained by gastrointestinal parasites once they cause serious production and economic losses for both small-scale and large-scale farmers in the developing world. The control of helminth parasites is most exclusively based on the use of anthelmintics for the economic production of ruminants. However, the resistance of nematodes to the commonly used groups of anthelmintics...

Author(s): Alsácia Atanásio-Nhacumbe, Maria Consuêlo Carybé Ayres, Sabrina Mota Lambert and Bárbara Paraná Souza

November 2017

Sero-prevalence and associated risk factors for Brucella sero-positivity among small ruminants in Tselemti districts, Northern Ethiopia

A cross sectional study design was employed with the aim to determine sero-prevalence of brucellosis among sheep and goats and identify factors associated with sero-positivity to Brucella. A total of 558 sera were collected randomly and aseptically from small ruminants from November, 2015 till October, 2016 in Tselemti district, Northern Ethiopia, following proper restraining. All the sera were primarily screened for...

Author(s): Mulalem Zenebe Kelkay, Getachew Gugsa, Yohannes Hagos and Habtamu Taddelle

November 2017

Growth performance, feed conversion efficiency and blood characteristics of growing pigs fed on different levels of Moringa oleifera leaf meal

To determine the effects of inclusion, at different levels of Moringa oleifera leaf meal (MOLM) in growing pig diets on pig’s daily feed intakes (DFI), growth performance, feed conversion efficiency (FCE), haematology and plasma lipid indices, a total 24 pigs aged 2.5 months old were selected and assigned to 4 treatment diets (T) containing: 0% (T1), 3% (T2), 6% (T3) and 12% (T4) MOLM concentrations, each with 2...

Author(s): J. K. Serem, R. G. Wahome, D. W. Gakuya, S. G. Kiama, G. C. Gitao and D. W. Onyango

October 2017

Performance, immunology and biochemical parameters of Moringa oleifera and/or Cichorium intybus addition to broiler chicken ration

This study was aimed to evaluate the influence of Moringa Oleifera and/or Cichorium Intybus powder supplementation on performance, biochemical parameters, immunology and carcass quality of broiler chicks. Two hundred one-day-old chicks (Ross, 308 hybrid) were randomly allotted into four groups. Each group contained 50 chicks with five replicates. Feed was offered ad libitum to all groups. Group C were fed basal control...

Author(s): M. A. Mousa, A. S. Osman and H. A. M. Abdel Hady

October 2017

Newcastle disease virus antibody in serum and feather pulp of chickens vaccinated with thermostable vaccine coated on grains and brans in Zaria, Northern Nigeria

Thermostable Newcastle disease vaccine virus strain I2 (NDVI2) was investigated for its efficacy as foodborne vaccine using maize, sorghum and their brans as carriers. Immune response to vaccination and resistance to challenge were assessed by haemagglutination inhibition (HI) test. After primary and secondary vaccination at three and six weeks of age, sera and feather pulp samples were analyzed to determine the...

Author(s): Helen Owoya Abah, Paul Ayuba Abdu and Jibril Adamu

October 2017

Detection of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis excretion in bovine feces, using quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR)

Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map) causes paratuberculosis, an infectious enteritis that affects domestic ruminants. The main source of infection for herds comes from the elimination of the bacilli through feces. The objective of this study was to determine Map excretion in bovine feces. The study included forty, one-year-old bovine, Holstein breed females, from a herd that had >25%...

Author(s): Adriana Guadalupe Martínez-Covarrubias, Marco Antonio Santillán-Flores, Dionicio Córdova-López and Claudia Celic Guzmán-Ruíz

October 2017

Serological evidence of African horse sickness virus infection of donkeys in Karamoja sub-region, North-eastern Uganda

African horse sickness virus (AHSV) causes a non-contagious, infectious insect-borne disease of equids and it is endemic in many areas of sub-Saharan Africa but extends beyond its endemic zones to the Arabian Peninsula, Asia and Europe. The usual mode of transmission is by biting midge, a biological vector and Culicoides imicola appears to be the principal vector. Serum samples were screened from camels and donkeys for...

Author(s): Jesca Nakayima, Mary L. Nanfuka, Daniel Aleper and Duke Okidi

October 2017

Aerobic and anaerobic bacterial isolates from the respiratory tract of sheep slaughtered at Addis Ababa Abattoirs Enterprises, Central Ethiopia

The present study was an endeavor to isolate and identify the various bacteria localizing pneumonic lungs and the associated tracheas of sheep slaughtered at Addis Ababa Abattoirs Enterprise, Central Ethiopia, in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. A total of 60 pneumonic lungs and 60 tracheal swabs were examined bacteriologically. From all the samples collected, a total of 440 bacterial isolates (239 from the...

Author(s): Addisu Awukew Yegoraw, Addis Kassahun Gebremeskel, Tesfaye Sisay Tesema and Biruk Tesfaye Birhanu

September 2017

A study on the sero epidemiology of African horse sickness in three woredas of Sidama Zone, Hawassa, Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted in the three woredas of Sidama zone, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Region (SNNPRS) with the aim of determining the overall prevalence of African horse sickness (AHS) in equines and the effect of putative risk factors on the prevalence of AHS. A total of 230 equines (66 donkeys, 161 horses and 3 mules) were included. Serological examination was conducted using...

Author(s): Getaw Yeshitila and Dejene Bekele

September 2017

Acetylcholinesterase, glucose and total protein concentration in the brain regions of West African dwarf goats fed dietary aflatoxin

A study was carried out on the effect of varied levels of dietary aflatoxin on acetylcholinesterase, glucose and total protein concentration in the brain regions of West African Dwarf goats. 20 West African Dwarf goats of about 5-6 months old were used for the trial and they were randomly allotted to four dietary treatments containing 0 (control), 50, 100 and 150 µg aflatoxin/kg diet. The animals were housed...

Author(s): Ewuola, E. O. and Bolarinwa, O. A.

September 2017

Seroprevalence of chlamydial abortion and Q fever in ewes aborted in the North-West of Algeria

Very little information is available in Algeria on Q fever and chlamydial abortion sheep, two zoonosis caused by Coxiella burnetii and Chlamydophila abortus and their main reservoirs are domestic ruminants.  This study aimed at investigating the seroprevalence of these two diseases in sheep flocks from six Daïra (Telagh, Tanira, Moulay Slissen, Marhoum, Ras Elma and Merine). A serological survey was conducted...

Author(s): Karim Abdelkadir, Ait Oudia Khatima and Khelef Djamel

September 2017

Prevalence of bovine trypanosomiosis in Gamogoffa Zone, Ouba Debrestahay District, Southern Ethiopia

This cross-sectional study was conducted in Ouba Debre-Tsehay District, Gamogoffa Zone, Southern Ethiopia from October 2013 to July 2014 with the objectives of estimating the prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis and to assess the possible risk factors. Blood samples were collected from 384 randomly selected cattle from purposefully selected peasant associations with consideration of different age groups and both sexes....

Author(s): Migbaru Keffale Bezabih and Mabure Shille Bisho

August 2017

Prevalence, gross pathological lesions and financial losses of bovine Fasciolosis in Arba Minch Municipal Abattoir, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia

A cross sectional study on bovine fasciolosis was carried out from October 2009 to April 2010 at Arba Minch Municipal abattoir with the aim of determining the prevalence and estimating financial loss. Out of the total 600 cattle examined during the study period, 203 were positive for Fasciola spp. infection with the prevalence rate of 33.83%. Fasciola gigantica was found to be the predominant Fasciola species affecting...

Author(s): Mandefrot Meaza, Abayneh Keda, Biresaw Serda and Mishamo Sulayman

August 2017

Socio-economic characteristics of dairy production in the selected areas of Ethiopian central highlands

A study was carried out to assess dairy production practices in eight selected areas of the Ethiopian central highlands. Overall, 320 smallholder farmers (40 from each of 8 study sites) were randomly selected for individual interviews using a semi-structured questionnaire. Dairying (43%) was reported to be a major source of income for farm household. The major feed sources for dairy cattle includes grazing on natural...

Author(s): Abebe Bereda, Zelalem Yilma, Mitiku Eshetu, Mohammed Yousuf and Getenet Assefa

August 2017

Composition, prevalence and abundance of Ixodid cattle ticks at Ethio-Kenyan Border, Dillo district of Borana Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Ixodid ticks are common and a major obstacle to development and utilization of animal resource in tropical countries like Ethiopia. Ethiopia shares long international frontiers with adjacent countries, tick dynamics and influx of ticks across the border are major obstacles of tick control and management. Thus, border-oriented epidemiological surveys are of paramount importance to identify a potential port of cross...

Author(s): Golo Dabasa, Wubishet Zewdei, Tadelle Shanko, Kula Jilo, Gete Gurmesa and Garu Lolo

August 2017

Microbial safety and its public health concern of E. coli O157:H7 and Salmonella spp. in beef at Dire Dawa administrative city and Haramaya University, Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Dire Dawa administrative city and Haramaya University (HU) slaughterhouses and retail shops, with the aim to identify E.coli O157:H7and Salmonella, to assess the microbial safety of beef and identify potential contamination risk factors. A total of 320 samples consisting of beef samples and environmental pooled samples examined for the presence of E. coli, E. coli O157:H7and...

Author(s): Abayneh Edget, Daniel Shiferaw and shimelis Mengistu

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