Abbreviation: J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 6, showing 20 records out of 119 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0237[Article Number: 32BE6F060875]
Human schistosomiasis is a major water-borne parasitic disease in Nigeria with limited control programme. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and intensity of urinary schistosomiasis, and knowledge of local health personnel in rural communities of the south-western states of Osun and Kwara, Nigeria, by using a filtration technique and a pre-tested structured questionnaire. Of the 620 individuals... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0245[Article Number: 470531960881]
A cross sectional study on gastrointestinal parasite of small ruminants was conducted from November, 2011 to April, 2012 in Dire Dawa with the objective to determine the prevalence of infestation, and to identify the gastrointestinal helminth parasite in sheep and goats. A total of 768 coprological examinations were performed on 384 fecal sample each from sheep and goats. Taking the overall parasitic infestation into... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0236[Article Number: CCB418560073]
The parasites are classified as one of the greatest evils of collective physical being problems, which can cause a state of high fragility, influencing the number of world inhabitants, as a no standard framework for a healthy quality of life. The objective of this study was to identify and quantify the major intestinal parasites found in result of parasitological tests, from the Municipality of Santa Luzia,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0243[Article Number: 2965AE060076]
The genus, Cuterebra is an obligate dermal parasite of New World mammals that can cause problems with rodent reproduction. 2812 rodents of nine species from nine Gulf of California Islands were sampled for the presence of Cuterebra sp. Only two species of rodents were parasitized by Cuterebra sp. on two islands (Montserrat and Danzante): the canyon mouse, Peromyscus caniceps (n = 261) with a prevalence of 17.97% and the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0242[Article Number: 5EEAB0D59700]
This study aimed to define the heterogeneity in the parasitological and entomologic indices of malaria transmission from sites of contrasting altitudes in the Mt. Cameroon region. Blood samples were collected by pricking the finger. Thick and thin blood films were prepared and Giemsa-stained. Slides were examined under x100 objective for the identification of asexual and sexual stages of malaria parasites.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0241[Article Number: 0E6FA9659306]
Knowledge of mosquito ecology is a prerequisite for efficient implementation of vector control strategies. This one-year study was carried out during the 2013 rainy season and the 2014 dry season throughout the flooded areas of the suburbs of Dakar with the aim to characterize and map anopheline larval habitats. In both seasons, all water bodies that were encountered within the study departments were geo-located and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0235[Article Number: 99BCDA559156]
The American trypanosomiasis or Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosomacruzi, affects the Paraíba hinterland region that is an endemic region by having multiple individuals being affected by it often, the main vector of transmission, is the triatomine, aka barber, they are considered to have very high dispersion. Teixeira-PB is a city that is located in that region, and a lot of people have found the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0228[Article Number: 4420FBD58644]
The exact role of animal reservoirs in the epidemiology of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense, a parasite ravaging affected rural parts of sub-Saharan Africa, still remains unclear. However, the existence of the parasite in animals is well documented in other parts of Africa. A randomised cross sectional study was conducted in an old sleeping sickness focus in Nigeria by screening 600 cattle and 600 pigs using the card... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0233[Article Number: 515A9B058365]
Analyses were performed to assess how the dose and frequency of administration of the natural infective stage (L3) affects events in the peripheral blood of an infected host. A blood sample was collected from different mandrills (Mandrillus sphinx) infected once with 1000 L3 Loa loa, 250 L3 four times, 100 L3 once and 25 L3 four times. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure levels of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0208[Article Number: D35B4DB57882]
Merozoite surface protein-1 (MSP-1) is one of the several proteins on the surface of the asexual merozoite of malaria parasites. It undergoes a two stage proteolytic cleavage to form a C-terminal 19-kDa fragment or PfMSP119 that is used for red blood cell invasion. A homologue of PfMSP-119 of Plasmodium falciparum called PvMSP-119 has been identified in Plasmodium vivax. Recently, attention has been focused on this... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0231[Article Number: 4C9CDD857796]
Plasmodium falciparum Pfmdr1-86 gene polymorphisms were investigated in blood samples of patients > 6 months of age treated with Amodiaquine-Artesunate (ASAQ) and Artemether-Lumefantrine (AL) in Nanoro, Burkina Faso. Treatments outcome was determined with a 28-day follow-up. The prevalence of Pfmdr-1 N86Y alleles was determined before and after treatment. The PCR-adjusted Adequate Clinical and Parasitological... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0229[Article Number: 37B83E857798]
Forty-nine field rats collected from six municipalities of Northern Samar through the use of rat traps were necropsied, examined for schistosome infection, assessed for macroscopic lesion characteristics, and evaluated for parasite burden. Evaluation showed that out of the 49 field rats clinically examined, a prevalence rate of 42.86% was obtained. From this infection rate, 24.49% were males and 18.57% were females... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0222[Article Number: DD148F857031]
Microscopy, the gold standard for routine malaria diagnosis and rapid diagnosis tests (RDTs) are required before artemisinin-based combination therapies for malaria case management in Sub-Saharan Africa. Several RDTs have been recommended by World Health Organization (WHO) for use in endemic areas. The aim of this study was to assess the performance of SD Bioline malaria Ag P.f. test and SD Bioline Ag P.f./Pan test, two... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0207[Article Number: 2B2900955743]
Deoxyribonucleic (DNA) methylation is one of the widespread epigenetic modifications of genomic DNA, and has been postulated to be a predisposing influence on disease onset and infections. The ability to quantify differences in DNA methylation between the genomes of normal vs.stressed Biomphalaria glabrata would help to profile changes potentially linked to resistance to Schistosoma... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0218[Article Number: 3ADCAF455605]
Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are the current complement to microscopy for ensuring prompt malaria treatment. However, non-estimation of the parasite density is one of the limits of these RDTs. This study aimed to estimate the parasite density based on the time of positivity of two RDTs, SD Bioline Malaria Ag-Pf/Pan and Paracheck™-Pf. A highly parasitized blood sample underwent successive dilutions. On each... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0214[Article Number: 92AF04D55606]
Malaria is a life-threatening parasitic disease that is entirely preventable and curable. Pregnant women are among the most vulnerable groups to this deadly disease. Increased efforts towards prevention and control of the disease have led in drastic reduction in mortality rates by 54% in the world health organisation (WHO) African Region. However, the widespread implementation of WHO policies remains highly challenging... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0220[Article Number: B1E7B4555335]
A cross sectional study was conducted with the aim of identifying and estimating the prevalence of cattle tick infestation with respect to host related factors in Bedele district, Western Ethiopia. A total of 384 cattle were considered in the study, and both physical examination and microscopical investigation were employed. The study revealed that there was high tick infestation in the study with an overall prevalence... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0200[Article Number: 1B7718555336]
Renal and hepatic dysfunctions are part of the pathological effect of malaria infection common in children and pregnant women. Renal dysfunction is characterized by increase in creatinine, urea, and some of the electrolytes in the serum, while hepatic dysfunction is characterized by increase in liver enzyme activities.Two hundred and seventy children (age ranged 0 to 5 years) were recruited into this study. Malaria... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0203[Article Number: B1175A754203]
Entamoeba histolytica is an utmost important cause of dysentery. Entamoeba spp. has been frequently reported in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive individuals. Routine microscopic examination of stool sample is a most widely used technique but microscopy alone has low sensitivity and it is insufficient for differentiation among Entamoeba spp. Molecular techniques are newer methods which are currently used for... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0202[Article Number: 0A815DE54200]
Man-made development projects have usually been pointed to significantly influence the epidemiological features of communicable parasitic diseases in sub-Saharan countries as a result of anthropogenic environmental changes. This study aimed to assess the current health status of dwellers of the Hevecam agroindustrial complex established after rainforest deforestation in Southern Cameroon, and to monitor its evolution... Read more.
Page 1 of 6, showing 20 records out of 119 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20