Abbreviation: J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 8, showing 20 records out of 141 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0226[Article Number: 5DC9E2F65553]
A cross sectional study was conducted in five selected peasant Associations of Dara Woreda of Southern Ethiopia from October, 2013 to June, 2014 to estimate the prevalence of bovine trypanosomiasis and to identify the prevalent trypanosome species, and the risk factors of the disease. Blood samples were collected from the ear vein of randomly selected 384 cattle. Thin blood smear and buffy coat techniques are employed... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0213[Article Number: 7BEBD6365569]
Tsetse flies are hematophagous insects of the genus Glossina that belong to the family Glossinidae. They are important because of their ability to spread disease among men and among domestic animals. Tsetse flies are strictly blood feeders, and in the act of piercing the skin and sucking blood, the flies transmit blood parasite trypanosomes to previously uninfected animals or man, causing the disease nagana, which is... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2017.0295[Article Number: 1A15A6765795]
In order to develop efficient malaria vector control strategies, this study was conducted to assess species composition, relative abundance and longevity of Anopheles mosquito malaria vectors in Lare district, south western Ethiopia. For this, Anopheles mosquitoes were collected using CDC light traps catch and pyrethrum spray collection for five months from May to September, 2016. Four kebeles (the smallest... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2017.0290[Article Number: E9580BD65397]
Toxoplasmosis is a major foodborne infectious disease with substantial adverse impact on population health and economy. Human infection is usually secondary to the consumption of contaminated raw or undercooked meat. Recent studies have reported a high prevalence of the infection in slaughterhouse animals in sub-Saharan Africa but few data exist for Burkina Faso. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2017.0287[Article Number: F349BA365399]
Accurate knowledge on the biting pattern of Anopheles gambiae sl is a prerequisites for mounting long lasting control intervention in malaria endemic areas. A descriptive study was undertaken to determine the hourly biting cycle of A. gambiae in some randomly selected communities in Bayelsa State, Nigeria during January, 2014 and December, 2015. The two methods used for mosquito collection were human baits (indoor and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2015.0215[Article Number: D88406A65485]
Cross sectional study was carried out from November, 2014 to March, 2015 to investigate the prevalence of canine babesiosis, associated risk factors and the species of Babesia affecting dogs in eight peasant associations found in and around Jimma town Western Ethiopia. Blood examination conducted on 384 randomly selected dogs showed an overall prevalence of 15.9% (61/384). The prevalence of canine babesiosis in and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2017.0293[Article Number: C54324E65056]
Malaria treatment and/or management remains an essential element as well as strategy controlling this pathology. Since 2005, Côte d'Ivoire has adopted Artemisinin-based Combination Therapies (ACTs) as first-line drugs to treat uncomplicated malaria. Malaria diagnostic mechanism involves blood sampling by using finger prick collection or venipuncture which requires very strict aseptic conditions. However, some... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2017.0286[Article Number: EC374D764365]
Parasitic infections pose a serious health threat and remain one of the major impediments to small ruminant production in many part of the world including Ethiopia. Given the huge economic burden of the disease, a comprehensive study covering a wider study area is of paramount importance to generate accurate information about the disease. The current study was therefore, designed with the objectives to determine the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2017.0284[Article Number: C8C9F3564369]
Cryptosporidiosis is recognized as one of the leading causes of childhood diarrhea in developing countries, but no data has been published, so far, on the prevalence among children with diarrhea in Benin. The aim of the present study was to assess, for the first time, the prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. infection in Cotonou, Benin. A prospective study involving children younger than 5 years of age (n = 104)... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0265[Article Number: 6C32B5963954]
A cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis, to identify predominant trypanosome species and some associated risk factors,in purposively selected areas of Mareka district of Dawuro zone, southern Ethiopia from November 2015 to April 2016. For this purpose, a total of 384 blood samples were collected from cattle using systematic random sampling methodconsidering different... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0262[Article Number: D24780E63958]
Taenia solium pork tapeworm is one of the parasites that causes serious public health and socioeconomic problems in developing countries. In Northern Uganda, extreme level of poverty, lack of sanitation infrastructure and communities’ practice of free range pig farming provide suitable condition for survival of T. solium in the area. Additionally, increased cases of epilepsy are of serious concern. The aim of the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0263[Article Number: AFE7CE363962]
Experimental studies were conducted between July and September, 2014 on the reproductive biology of Hyalomma truncatum in Maiduguri. Engorged adult female ticks were collected from the body of slaughtered cattle and morphologically identified to the species level. For further study, they were incubated in desiccators at 28°C and 85% relative humidity (RH) to determine their pre-oviposition and oviposition periods.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0276[Article Number: CBAD59664043]
This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial profile of Salmonella in 102 beef, 384 stool and 107 calf faecal samples. The beef samples were collected from 34 randomly selected supermarkets in Addis Ababa, stool samples were collected from Bishoftu General Hospital and calf faecal samples were from randomly selected dairy farms in Bishoftu. Of the total 102 minced beef, 384 stool and 107 faecal... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0277[Article Number: 0385B3F64045]
A cross-sectional study was conducted on cattle slaughtered in Ambo municipal abattoir with the aim of determining the prevalence, cyst viability, organ distribution and public health significance of bovine cysticercosis. Of the 600 carcasses inspected, 93 (15.5%) were infected with cysticerci. A total of 122 cysts were collected of which 95 (77.87%) were viable while others 27 (22.13%) were degenerated. The anatomical... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0270[Article Number: 7F862DD63561]
The current study on prevalence and identification of ixodid ticks in cattle was carried out in Gursum district, East Hararghe Zone of Oromia regional state, from November 2015 to April 2016. A total of 1447 ticks were collected from nine body parts of 384 cattle kept under extensive management system. Out of 384 cattle examined, 232 were found harbor one or more tick species. The identified tick species were Amblyomma... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0261[Article Number: BD65D4563563]
The prevalence and abundance of tick species of cattle were studied in and around Jimma town of South Western Ethiopia from November, 2015 to March, 2016. The overall prevalence of tick in cattle was about 88.8%. A total of 4579 adult ticks were collected from 384 cattle. Of the total tick collected, Amblyomma and Rhipicephalus constitute 76.7 and 23.3%, respectively. Three species belonged to the genus Amblyomma and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0280[Article Number: E05BCB663385]
Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a parasitic disease that is endemic throughout sub-Saharan Africa, infecting approximately 40 million people. The aim of this study was to determine effect of Ivermectine and Albendazole on microfilaraemia in 10 communes that have completed 5 rounds of MDA in Benin. The study was both retrospective and prospective. The retrospective part consisted of collecting the information in the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0269[Article Number: BF31A4B62812]
A cross-sectional study which sought to identify Glossina species and the prevalence of trypanosomosis in cattle of Meatu district where sleeping sickness cases have been reported in villages that border protected wildlife parks, was carried out. Four phenols and acetone baited tsetse traps (NGU, NZI, S3 and Biconical) were used in the study and showed that three Glossina species occurs in the area namely Glossina... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2016.0257[Article Number: 6766B2662284]
Asymptomatic malaria parasitemia has been reported in areas with high malaria transmission. Asymptomatic malaria carriers may play a significant role as an infection reservoir. Malaria elimination program have also faced challenges due to these parasite carriers and they should be considered in malaria-control programs in endemic areas for successful transmission interruption. The aim of the current study was to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPVB2014.0179[Article Number: 7B1CD1E62288]
A cross-sectional study was carried out from November, 2013 to April, 2014 at Adama municipal abattoir to determine the prevalence of bovine hydatidosis and assess its direct financial loss due to organs condemnation. Postmortem examination, hydatid cyst characterization and direct financial loss estimations were conducted on slaughtered animals by systematic random sampling technique. Out of 450 local zebu cattle... Read more.
Page 1 of 8, showing 20 records out of 141 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20