Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 22, showing 20 records out of 432 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0934[Article Number: 0E0834265947]
The true statistics of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Nigeria is not well known. Therefore, a lack of empirical data on the economic conditions of OVC in Nigeria has hampered the development of effective intervention strategies to mitigate their economic needs. This study assessed the economic activities and capabilities of caregivers in enrolled vulnerable households in Akwa Ibom and Rivers States into a... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0907[Article Number: EA2913E65949]
This study is a direct hands-on epidemiological sampling of a hospital data of registered patients for tuberculosis (TB) in the Kasungu District Hospital of Malawi. The data for the year 2013 and 2014 were chosen as the latest but random sample to analyze whether the data fit in and follow the broad pattern of the country at the national level and also at the global level. The data represent convoluted results of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0938[Article Number: 418A21D65951]
Rabies is a serious fatal disease and a public health problem in Ethiopia. This study was conducted to investigate knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) related to rabies and its prevention and control amongst households in Nekemte town and its surroundings. A cross-sectional study design was used. A multistage sampling procedure with simple random sampling technique was employed to select households. The data were... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0944[Article Number: 398DAA465953]
Antenatal care is more beneficial in preventing adverse pregnancy outcomes when received early and continued till delivery. World Health Organization (WHO) recommends at least four antenatal care visits for women with no complication. Conversely, survey data from Ethiopia showed that only one third are initiated early. Thus, assessing magnitude and factors affecting antenatal care (ANC) completion is required for public... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0933[Article Number: BC3443C65331]
Dengue has become a major public health concern in Cote d’Ivoire since 2010. In malaria endemic countries, such as Cote d’Ivoire, healthcare workers often confuse dengue with other tropical fevers, such as malaria. However, to control dengue fever, healthcare workers must be knowledgeable about this disease. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 healthcare workers’ knowledge, attitude, and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0919[Article Number: C1E687865333]
Many health hazards plus other contagious diseases and skin infections are related to barbers’ occupation, to which their clients are exposed to. Barbers’ awareness and practice plays a vital part in the hindrance and management of these health related risks. The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge and practice of barbers regarding biological hazards related to their occupation in... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0927[Article Number: 615625264944]
The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of brick kilns on socioeconomic conditions working environment, hazards and risk associated with each of the tasks as well as the negative effect of hazardous work of brick field workers. A semi-structured survey has been served as the main data collection method from the different 9 brick fields of Gouripur and Ishwargonj sub district under the Mymensingh district... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0940[Article Number: 10F829964947]
The intestinal parasitosis constitutes one of the main problems of public health, presenting itself endemic in several areas of Brazil. They may be closely related to socio-demographic and environmental factors; and the child population is often hardest hit. In this context, the objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence of intestinal parasites in children aged 4 to 12 years belonging to the city of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0930[Article Number: FEF931464373]
Drug and substance abuse is a global public health problem affecting adolescents and young adults especially in developing countries. This study investigated the perceptions of school-going adolescents about substance abuse in Ramotswa, Botswana. A cross-sectional design study using mixed methods was used to collect data from primary, junior and senior secondary school children aged 13 to 19 years. Some 207 school... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0931[Article Number: 9647AA664375]
Rabies, one of the oldest and deadliest diseases known to human, is incurable and neglected viral zoonosis which has been threatening the human life for many years despite being entirely preventable. Community awareness play significant role in preventing this fatal disease. Therefore, this cross sectional study was conducted from November to December 2016 with the objective to assess the community knowledge, attitudes,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0893[Article Number: FEB2BDB64377]
Cancer encompasses more than 100 diseases that increase in frequency in older populations. Causal agents include hereditary factors, as well as the exposure to environmental elements. Socio-demographic profile, as a determinant of exposure to different environmental factors, also affects cancer incidence. In Brazil, between 2010 and 2011, 489.270 new cases of cancer were recorded. In face of these facts, the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0921[Article Number: 65593B764379]
A key intervention to achieve the goal of maternal mortality reduction in deliveries that occur at home is significant. In Ethiopia, the MMR has reduced from 676/100,000 live births in 2011 to 420/100,000 live births in 2013 with a skilled attendant of 23%, whereas 77% deliveries occurred at home without proper medical attention and care during childbirth. Little is known about cultural factors that contribute to home... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0928[Article Number: A2243A364381]
Respiratory symptoms are frequently manifested among solid waste collectors. They are suffering from respiratory diseases because of frequent exposure to waste materials containing pathogenic materials and chemicals hazards for human being. Cross-sectional study was carried out to assess prevalence of respiratory symptoms and associated factors among solid waste workers in Yeka sub city, Addis Ababa from March to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0882[Article Number: 990EF4E63787]
Neonatal tetanus (NNT) is still one of the major preventable causes of neonatal death in Nigeria. It is a disease of poverty, adverse social and environmental conditions. The aim of the study was to review neonatal tetanus cases, determine the prevalence, disease outcome and what possible interventions can be done in the study area to reduce its prevalence. This was a retrospective study of cases of NNT seen in Special... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0926[Article Number: 890857663789]
Self-medication is defined as obtaining and consuming drugs without the advice of a physician either for diagnosis, prescription or surveillance of treatment. Self-medication can lead to wasteful expenditure, increase in morbidities due to adverse events and resistance to antibiotics. So enhancing the knowledge and attitude of consumers is very important to reduce practice of self-medication. The objective of the study... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0906[Article Number: E8018E863791]
The descriptive epidemiology of orofacial clefts (OFC) is an essential prerequisite towards improved care, investigations into the etiology, and eventually prevention. In the present study the distribution of OFC in sub-Saharan Africa using post-surgical data from the Smile Train organization, was examined. Data from 46,502 individuals from Ethiopia (16,049), Nigeria (8,209), Uganda (5,138), Kenya (4,084), Tanzania... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0853[Article Number: F9CFDDB63793]
Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a highly infectious cattle disease, which is widespread in pastoral areas of Africa and it is a major problem for Ethiopian livestock. A cross-sectional study on sero-epidemiology and risk factors for contagious bovine pleuropneumonia infection of cattle in Dello Mena and Sawena districts of Bale Zone was conducted from February, 2016 to May, 2016. Competitive Enzyme Linked... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0898[Article Number: 05FFC4D63795]
Cesarean section is the most common major surgical procedure in obstetrics and gynecology in the world. Though advance in cesarean section technique, it still poses higher maternal morbidity and mortality than vaginal delivery. This study aimed to determine the magnitude of maternal complications (Including the presence of one of the intera-operative surgical complication or postoperative maternal complication;... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0867[Article Number: DE4D0AF63797]
There are different methods to measure health and nutritional status of samples at different sociodemographic settlements in different communities. Of them, one method can be preferable at a certain topographic condition for specific group of people. Typically, it can then become a common method due to widespread uses by other groups, and hence many researchers often are in doubt to choose the apt method for their... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2017.0908[Article Number: 4EFCAA263322]
There is rising incidence of hypertension especially among children and young adults in Nigeria. Hypertension in childhood could be harbinger for adult hypertension. This study looked at the prevalence of hypertension in children and adults in an urban community. A cross sectional survey was conducted among 5,733 respondents aged 3 to 78 years residents in Mokola Ibadan, South Western Nigeria selected using a multistage... Read more.
Page 1 of 22, showing 20 records out of 432 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20