Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 23, showing 20 records out of 450 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2016.0902[Article Number: 1F4452E56026]
Vitamin D (VD) deficiency and insufficiency have been linked to poor quality of life (QoL); general weakness, fatigue, and nonspecific pain. Despite abundance of sun light, there is a wide spread VD deficiency in the Arabian Gulf countries. However, the impact of VD deficiency on the quality of life has not been well documented in the Arabian Gulf countries, including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). This study aims... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0980[Article Number: 670F85B56028]
Physical inactivity is one of the most important public health problems in the 21st century. It plays an active role in the prevention of both non-communicable diseases and premature death. A community-based survey was conducted to assess the level of physical activity among household population and to identify associated demographic factors of physical inactivity. A sample of 5000 households was selected by a... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0995[Article Number: CC4B67456030]
Hepatitis B viral infection is a silent deadly disease. According to the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria (SOGHIN), over 20 million persons are infected with hepatitis and death from it is on a large scale. This study was carried out in order to estimate the prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) among students and non-teaching staff of Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja. The study was... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0913[Article Number: 091930855555]
The world is making significant progress in reducing the number of women and children dying from preventable causes. Bangladesh is also on track. The objective of this study was to strengthen maternal and child health service delivery in Kapasia and Sreepur Upazila of Gazipur district using SARA tool. The present assessment was a cross-sectional quantitative assessment. This evaluation was performed between January 2015... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0972[Article Number: FDC089F55552]
This study, carried out in a rural community in Ogun state Nigeria, aims to determine the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths, bacteria causing Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM), and their coinfection among school-aged participants. Formol-ether sedimentation technique was used to check for helminth eggs in stool samples. Ear swabs collected were cultured on chocolate, blood and MacConkey agar plates. CD4+T... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0979[Article Number: 49BC2F355762]
The level of client satisfaction with the services provided by the hospitals is one critical area that must be assessed continuously. There is the paucity of information on the comparison of the level of client satisfaction from regular and private wing services of public hospitals in Ethiopia. Thus, the current study aims to compare the level of clients’ satisfaction in the adult outpatient department among... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2016.0960[Article Number: 74BC59D66924]
Malaria is still a public health problem in the world. It accounted for an estimated 214 million cases and 438,000 deaths in the year 2015. During the dry season, most people are likely to be asymptomatic and therefore fail to be diagnosed with malaria. This study established the proportion of people who came to health facility, escorting sick relatives and had detectable malaria parasites. This was a cross sectional... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2016.0962[Article Number: 17E8A5966927]
Globally, risky sexual behavior accounts for large number of opportunities for sexually transmitted infection including human immunodeficiency virus and unintended pregnancy. The study is intended to describe substance use and factors associated with risky sexual practice among school youth. School based cross sectional study was conducted through self-administered questionnaire. Simple random sampling technique was... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2016.0942[Article Number: E31A54F66930]
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate gland caused by progressive hyperplasia of glandular cells or stoma cells from prostate tissues. BPH is a common problem that increases in people from 40 years old. The symptom is lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) that consist of the followings: Strenuous urination, frequent urination, urinary hesitancy and retention. This study aims to know the characteristic... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2016.0971[Article Number: 885FE1466933]
Malaria is a disease which is prevalent in tropical regions; however, it is preventable and curable with the use of certain micronutrients thereby reducing the life threatening disease. The effect of micronutrients (vitamin C, calcium, iron and magnesium) on mice infected with Plasmodium berghei NK-65 species was evaluated using standard methods. The percentage suppression and the parasitemia levels were counted daily... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0978[Article Number: A710FC066709]
The study aimed to assess the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats influencing the achievement of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus. It also sought to suggest recommendations to improve the current prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus health system in Nigeria. A critical appraisal of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0943[Article Number: 9E5CBF966716]
Throughout the world, occupational exposure in cement factories continue to cause serious public health problems and are leading cause of disability and disease among workers. Since there has not been any study on the prevalence and associated factors of occupational injury in cement factory, this study investigates the prevalence and associated factors of occupational injuries among cement factory workers in Mugher. An... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0959[Article Number: 0C6E4EC66490]
The Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa in 2014 resulted in cases spreading to other parts of the world, such as the United States of America (USA). A survey was carried out among Meharry Medical College residents to ascertain their knowledge of Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines on prevention and management of EVD. A structured questionnaire was administered to a cross-section of... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0954[Article Number: E72072E66492]
Tobacco use remains a major cause of preventable morbidity and mortality worldwide. The World Health Organization states that 19.1% of the Pakistani population consumes smoked or smokeless tobacco (SLT). Although many population focused studies have focused on the use of SLT in Pakistan, but they have failed to address the use of SLT among laborers, especially the niche population of public and heavy load drivers (that... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0964[Article Number: 4FDEE1C66494]
Cognitive impairment is the major health problem particularly in elderly with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of cognitive impairment and associated factors among type 2 diabetics in Jimma University Specialized Hospital, 2016. Comparative cross sectional study was employed among 105 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and 105 matched healthy individuals at Jimma University... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0949[Article Number: 80AA56A66371]
There is insufficient evidence documenting and comparing the prevalence and covariates of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk behaviours among circumcised and uncircumcised men in Botswana. The main aim of this paper was to assess prevalence and covariates of HIV risk behaviours among circumcised and uncircumcised men in Botswana. Data used for this study was derived from the 2013 Botswana AIDS Impact Survey which... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0968[Article Number: F6FD2A266385]
Unwanted pregnancy can occur due to unprotected sexual intercourse and condom breakage. To prevent such problem, emergency contraceptives is the only method that can be used after unprotected sex. This study aimed to assess emergency contraceptive utilization and associated factors among regular undergraduate female students of Wollo University. A cross sectional study was conducted from April 1 to 15, 2017.... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0969[Article Number: F182B7C66417]
In Ethiopia, abortion is illegal except in cases where the mother’s and fetal life is in danger. As such, little is known about safe abortion. This study aimed to assess proportion of safe abortion and associated factors among women who seek abortion care services in Family Health Guidance and Marie Stopes International Clinics, Dessie town, North East Ethiopia. Cross-sectional study was conducted among 422... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2017.0934[Article Number: 0E0834265947]
The true statistics of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in Nigeria is not well known. Therefore, a lack of empirical data on the economic conditions of OVC in Nigeria has hampered the development of effective intervention strategies to mitigate their economic needs. This study assessed the economic activities and capabilities of caregivers in enrolled vulnerable households in Akwa Ibom and Rivers States into a... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JPHE2016.0907[Article Number: EA2913E65949]
This study is a direct hands-on epidemiological sampling of a hospital data of registered patients for tuberculosis (TB) in the Kasungu District Hospital of Malawi. The data for the year 2013 and 2014 were chosen as the latest but random sample to analyze whether the data fit in and follow the broad pattern of the country at the national level and also at the global level. The data represent convoluted results of... Read more.
Page 1 of 23, showing 20 records out of 450 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20