Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 21, showing 20 records out of 401 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0837[Article Number: 889447261771]
Chicken meat is one of the predominantly consumed foods of animal origin in Nigeria with constant increase in demand normally met by local retail market. Processed chicken at the retail chicken meat markets in Abuja were screened for the presence of verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) strains. A total of 273 faecal samples were collected using moistened sterile swabs and processed for E. coli isolation following... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0826[Article Number: 709D14661773]
Ebola virus Disease EVD is deleterious to the health system, food security and social activities. However, here we highlight the risk and fiscal impact an outbreak can exert - economic cost (direct cost of clinical treatment, contact tracing and surveillance system) and repugnant cost on the citizens and foreign business partners. This paper reviews the indicator parameters (risk factors) that can lead to an EVD index... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0846[Article Number: 080216261775]
Globally, Hepatitis B viral infection is a major epidemic and responsible for one of the commonest cancers in males reference needed because the HBsAg seroprevalence in males slightly higher than females, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. However, although its treatment is available and effective, it is out of the reach of the common person. Many have, because of cost of treatment, succumbed to the chronic effects of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0875[Article Number: 785DA9C61803]
The intestinal parasitic diseases caused by protozoa and helminths are infestations that may trigger changes in the physical, psychosomatic and social state of patients, directly interfering with their quality of life. The aim of this study is to determine the major intestinal parasites causing diseases that are distributed in the City of Pombal-PB, either in endemic or epidemic form, and to observe the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0871[Article Number: 05517E161849]
The study is aimed at examining changes in economic burden in comparison with figures cited in previous studies. Data from South Korea’s National Health Insurance claims database are used to measure the economic burden of chronic disease. Both direct and indirect costs are considered. Direct costs are those associated directly with treatment, medication, and transportation, and indirect costs are assessed in terms... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0838[Article Number: 420649261032]
Though tuberculosis (TB) prevalence has decreased dramatically in the United States, its continual presence remains a threat to those whose needs are often overlooked. Those already impacted by poverty are the most vulnerable to TB, and stand to bear the worst health impacts, should they contract this disease. Mathematical modeling and spatial analysis have become invaluable tools in TB surveillance monitoring and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0870[Article Number: C17E07961033]
This research aims to study incidence of acute leukaemia in adults living under potential environmental exposure to industrial emissions in selected cities in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It evaluates the incidence of hospitalizations for leukaemia among residents of 19 metropolitan areas of the State of Rio de Janeiro registered in the Brazilian Health Care System (SUS) between January 2006 and March 2014,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2015.0712[Article Number: B71BBC361035]
The main objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) among adolescents in a city of 200,000 inhabitants using a psychiatric diagnostic tool. We also looked into how possible internal/external factors may influence prevalence and examined the comorbidity between MDD and other psychiatric disorders. The study population included 1,238 adolescents in their final year of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0865[Article Number: 45E91AE61037]
This study investigated the risk factors associated with cholera epidemic during the 2010 cholera outbreak in some States in Nigeria. Semi-structured questionnaires were administered to consented patients and/or their parents/guardians in Bauchi and Gombe States in North East Nigeria. Few (33.7%) respondents had access to safe and clean drinking water through the pipe-borne system compared to well (47.8%) and river... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0824[Article Number: 1A09E4861214]
Globally, malnutrition among adolescents is a major public health concern. Despite the emergence of a number of advancements in areas of health and nutrition services in developing countries including Ethiopia, nutritional status of adolescents is not yet commonly included in health and nutrition surveys and an up-to-date overview of their nutritional status across the world is not available. Even the existing studies... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0873[Article Number: 48758DE61216]
Electronic cigarettes are an important public health concern. Smoking remains the leading cause of preventable death and morbidity worldwide and is a risk factor for six of the eight leading global causes of death. E-cigarettes have been proposed as an enticing prospect to reduce the harms of conventional tobacco use. However, they are increasingly used by middle-school and high-school students and threaten important... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0864[Article Number: C6CF7FB61218]
Although tuberculosis is a curable and preventable disease, defaulting from treatment can prolong infectiousness leading to increased transmission, an increased risk of drug resistance, relapse and death. Our objective was to identify patient related determinants (including knowledge and awareness, opinion about TB services and behavioral factors) of treatment defaulting among TB patients in Khartoum State, Sudan.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0833[Article Number: 69D803B60538]
The transition to university marks a point where young people may be open to changing health behaviours such as smoking, exercise, diet and alcohol intake. This study aimed to estimate the cost-effectiveness of an updated online health behaviour intervention for new university students in the UK – “U@Uni2”, compared with both a control (measurement only) scenario and with the original intervention... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0840[Article Number: 756D10A60542]
This is a case-control study design that aims to determine the prevalence of norovirus and astrovirus infections in diarrheic children in Northeast region of Nigeria. Six hundred diarrheic stools (which were neither mucoid nor blood tinged) of children of 5 years or below were collected between May 2013 – April 2014. They were screened according to the manufacturer’s instruction, using a 3rd generation... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0849[Article Number: 76DA90960546]
Cervical cancer is an important but preventable public health problem among women worldwide. Studies have shown low awareness about cervical cancer and its screening test. The aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness of an educational intervention programme on awareness of cervical cancer and uptake of Pap smear by women in selected markets in Niger State, Nigeria. This was a quasi-experimental study... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0850[Article Number: 772258860551]
Assessment of nutritional status in cirrhotic patients is very difficult, and there is no gold-standard method used for nutritional evaluation of these patients. The study aims to assess the role of creatinine height index in evaluation of nutritional status of patients with liver cirrhosis, and to compare its results with different ordinary methods used for nutritional assessment. The study was cross sectional... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0805[Article Number: E39AA1260554]
The current study has been undertaken by studying the data from the hospital registers at the Kasugu District Hospital, Malawi. The malaria cases of 2014 were chosen for the study. They typically represent disease distribution based on the ages and genders of the patients. The data suggest that the cure rates among patients under age 5 and above do not have any significant difference, contrary to the commonly... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0859[Article Number: 6D0B20760725]
This paper aims to examine road fatalities using a GIS approach in Trinidad in an effort to provide recommendations on how road collisions and the number of casualties can be mitigated. In order to achieve this, the paper has examined a number of maps of Trinidad. The study examined data generated from maps of Trinidad using the Arc GIS Maps 10 software. Different variables were used to manipulate the data and these... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0804[Article Number: A7D703760919]
Analysis of the distribution of patients and diseases in the Kasungu District Hospital of Malawi, a land locked country in south-eastern Africa, was presented. The statistics of reported diseases in the hospital data with variables such as disease types, patient types and times of the year were examined. It is shown in this study that many of the diseases endemic to Africa do generally occur in this selected district as... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JPHE2016.0842[Article Number: 072114960138]
The 2013 Hajj (Muslims’ annual pilgrimage to Mecca) was marked by an outbreak of the middle-east respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Saudi Arabia. In response to this threat, the Ivoirian health authorities carried out campaigns to inform and sensitize future pilgrims. Before departure to Saudi Arabia, a survey was conducted among the pilgrims to assess their level of knowledge about MERS-CoV as well as... Read more.
Page 1 of 21, showing 20 records out of 401 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20