Journal of
Physical Education and Sport Management

  • Abbreviation: J. Phys. Educ. Sport Manag.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6486
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPESM
  • Start Year: 2010

JPESM Articles

June 2018

The level of physical activity and the body mass index as factors that influence absenteeism and health behaviours

Obesity and health problems have been observed to reduce productivity and increase absenteeism. Although the relationship between health and productivity is strong, few studies have examined whether the level of obesity and physical activity affect the absence from work and how the health-related habits are affected. The aim of this study was to examine the relations between Body Mass Index (BMI), physical activity,...

Author(s): Konstantinos Spanos and Athanasios Strigas

May 2018

Buying in: Analyzing the first fan adopters of a new National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Program

Establishing a strong fan base within the inaugural year of a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Program presents many challenges. Tracking consumers and their behavior becomes imperative as sport marketers seek to better understand the first fan adopters of a new program. With new NCAA football programs being established every year, sport marketers of a new program are challenged to not...

Author(s): Amanda Greene, Kason O’Neil, Kylie Russell and Brian Johnston

January 2018

A content analysis of pictorial content in entertainment and sports programming networks (ESPN): The magazine’s body issue

The purpose of this study was to examine the pictorial content of entertainment and sports programming networks (ESPN) The Magazine’s Body Issue to determine the type of coverage sportswomen received in the annual special edition. The Body Issue was intended to celebrate the physical characteristics of athletes through visual representation that honored diverse human elements such as body shape, height, and...

Author(s): Tywan G. Martin, Erin McNary, Young Ik Suh and Elizabeth A. Gregg

July 2017

From virtual reality to reality: Examining the relationship between sport video gaming and sport consumption behaviors

Insufficient attention has been given to the relationship between sport video games and sport consumer behaviors even though sports and sport video games are popular, multi-billion dollar industries. The purpose of this study is two-fold. First, examine the effects of sport video gamer identification on sport consumption behaviors. Second, investigate the extent which sport fan identification moderates the relationship...

Author(s): Sung, I.L. Hong and Marshall Magnusen

June 2017

Effectiveness of motor intervention on children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD): A systematic review

The aim of this study is to determine the quality of evidence obtainable from published clinical trials on motor interventions, and assess whether the quality, in terms of methods and results, is sufficient to enable the development of evidence-based recommendations for clinical practice on children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). Here, a systematic review was conducted, with the addition of randomized...

Author(s): Ilana Santos de Oliveira, Dayana da Silva Oliveira, Julianna de Azevedo Guendler, Beatriz Melo Rocha and Silvia Wanick Sarinho

May 2017

Olympic and world champion judo athletes: Motivational aspects

The objectives of this study is to identify the motivational factors which make judo athletes train for years until they finally become world and/or Olympic champion in judo. The work employed closed-ended rating values questionnaires Three Brazilian Olympic judo team members, (men and women) 41 in total were evaluated. Three professional experts of renowned and proven experience in judo competitions validated the...

Author(s): Sérgio Luiz Carlos dos Santos, Luiz Francisco Camilo Junior, Miguel Angel Torralba, Jose Luis Losada Lopez

January 2017

Children with autism spectrum disorder and physical activity: A descriptive synthesis

The purpose of this literature review was to describe research on strategies used in engaging children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in physical activity. Keyword searches were used to identify articles from selected electronic databases over a 25-year period from 1990 through 2015. Thirty-five articles met all inclusion criteria. These studies were retrieved, reviewed, coded, analyzed thematically, and...

Author(s): Seo H. Lee and Samuel R. Hodge

September 2016

Study on fear of negative evaluation, and social appearance anxiety of university students engaged in futsal

This study is conducted by using a screening model with an eye to examine the fear of negative evaluation, and social appearance anxiety of sportsmen engaged in futsal. The research was carried out on teams which participated in the Futsal Competitions organized through Turkey University Sports Federation at Physical Education and Sports College of Ahi Evran University between April 01 and 05, 2014. The samples of the...

Author(s): Murat Atasoy, Ebru Olcay Karabulut and Ahmet Yalçinkaya

August 2016

Evaluation of fitness programme management in private commercial fitness centres in Gaborone-Botswana

The aim of this study was to evaluate fitness programme management in five private commercial fitness centres in Gaborone (Botswana). The evaluation was based on fitness patrons’ perception of importance of American College of Sports Medicine’s (ACSMs) fitness facility standards and guidelines, and their perceived satisfaction on the implementation of such standards. A seventeen item likert type...

Author(s): Israel Sayed and Michael Seikano

July 2016

A path analysis re-examining the intercollegiate naming right sponsorship effectiveness model

Intercollegiate naming right sponsorship has a great potential in its market value, but it is usually accompanied with a potential risk of generating negative outcomes. With such a dilemma, a structural model that can help in assessing the effectiveness of the sponsorship become extremely important. The current study was designed to reexamine the theoretical framework of a model that was developed for evaluating the...

Author(s): Kenneth K. Chen

April 2016

Effects of sodium bicarbonate ingestion on lactate steady state responses in female futsal players

This purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sodium bicarbonate ingestion on lactate steady state responses (blood lactate and heart rate) in female futsal players. 30 female futsal players volunteered to participate in this investigation. Participants were randomly assigned to either experimental group or placebo group. While the experimental group was ingested sodium bicarbonate supplementation...

Author(s): Mihri Barış Karavelioğlu, Halit Harmancı, Metin Kaya and Arslan Kalkavan

March 2016

The case of male volleyball players’ team cohesion in Turkey

The purpose of this study was to investigate the case of team cohesion of male volleyball players in line with the variables of age, status of a national player, the year of playing volleyball and success status in their branches in Turkey. The sample of the study includes 105 male volleyball players who attend Star Men Volleyball Turkey Championship, organized in Ankara in 23 to 28 July, 2014. The data which concerns...

Author(s): Bijen Filiz and Elif Aydin

February 2016

Root of knowledge in exercise physiology

This article aims to give a personal view on the training that teachers must acquire in order to teach an organism to respond and adapt to exercise and training, respectively. It is believed that to achieve a high degree of competence in exercise physiology; texts and manuals of human physiology need to be studied in great depth. In my personal view, once teachers have acquired and consolidated knowledge in human...

Author(s): Francisco Javier Calderón Montero

January 2016

Making the best food choices before competing: Developing and evaluating a nutritional intervention with the intervention-mapping framework

This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a nutritional intervention held during the Canada Summer Games – Sherbrooke, 2013. This multicomponent intervention combined environmental and educational strategies, focusing on helping athletes in making adequate food choices before their competition. Intervention mapping was used to guide the intervention process focused on food...

Author(s): Morin Pascale, Frechette Martin, Grand&#;Maison Sara, Lavoie Jose and Jean-Francois Belanger

December 2015

Collaborative innovation in sport: Conceptualizing the adoption of new stadium construction from professional sport team and government perspectives

The topic of innovation adoption and diffusion has yielded a voluminous body of research whose general purpose is to account for: (1) why one business firm/governing body is more likely than another firm/governing body to adopt an innovation, (2) what factors impact business firms’/governing bodies’ decisions to adopt an innovation, and (3) what influences the adoption of an innovation to spread to other...

Author(s): Sung IL Hong, Marshall Magnusen and Michael Mondello

December 2015

Influence of Islam on gender participation in sports among Muslim students in Kenyan universities

There is a strong theological background supporting sports participation in Islam. Despite this background, there is still a gap between the theoretical teachings and actual participation in sports among Muslim students in the universities and the general Muslim community. The religious rationale for encouraging Muslims to participate in sports is based on the broad range of benefits accrued from such participation. The...

Author(s): Issah K. Wabuyabo, Edwin K. Wamukoya and Hannington M. Bulinda

December 2015

Competencies and training needs for school sport managers in the North- west Province of South Africa

It is important to understand which competencies are needed for managerial and administrative effectiveness of school sport managers with regard to the design, delivery and direction of school sport programmes. The purpose of this study was to determine the competencies and training needs for secondary school sport managers in the North- west Province of South Africa. Data were gathered from 79 school sport managers in...

Author(s): Elriena Eksteen, Y. Willemse, D.D.J. Malan and S. Ellis

November 2015

Validity and reliability studies for scale of evaluating physical education teachers based on student ratings (SEPETBSR)

The purpose of the present study is to develop a scale based on student ratings for evaluating physical education teachers to be used in secondary schools. The work-group of the research consists of 892 students who participated voluntarily and were selected randomly among 9th, 10th, 11th, and 12th grade students who study at secondary schools in Karabuk province centre and its Safranbolu district in 2013-2014 academic...

Author(s): Numan Bahadir Kayisoglu

October 2015

Adherence to appropriate instructional practice guidelines in U.S. colleges’ and universities’ physical activity programs

Higher education physical activity programs (HEPAP) have existed in U.S. colleges and universities for over 100 years. Initially used to teach physical education and promote physical activity to prepare students for potential wartime conflicts, they have evolved in response to changes in societal and educational purposes and needs.  In 2008, SHAPE America published its updated Guidelines for Appropriate...

Author(s): Drue Stapleton and Sean M. Bulger

September 2015

Antecedents and consequences of Formula One spectators’ fanship: The case of inaugural Grand Prix

The Formula One market, with its once-a-year international events, has a quality rather different from that of most traditional sports. This study examined how F1 spectators’ fanship transits their event pre-visit characteristics to their on-site outcomes. The study surveyed a sample of 337 spectators who were visiting the event for the first time. Using self-administered questionnaires, the participants provided...

Author(s): Kyu-soo Chung and Geumchan Hwang

August 2015

The impact of administration and sports programme implementation on the achievement of sports council at the 17th national sports Festival competition: a case study of rivers state sports council

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the importance of sports programme implementation by sports administrators as to achieve success. This study examined the impact of administration and sports programme implementation on the achievement of Rivers State Sports Councils at the 17th National Sports Festival competition. The descriptive survey research design was employed for this study. Incidental sampling technique...

Author(s): Orunaboka, T. Tammy and Ogulu, C. Biobele

July 2015

Self-Regulated learning processes utilized by Omani Physical Education candidates in mastering sport skills

The purpose of this study is to investigate self-regulated learning strategies and self-motivational factors used by Omani physical education candidates to master sport skills. In addition, the study highlights the relationship between self-regulated learning strategies and self-motivational factors and gender differences of self-regulated learning processes. The research was conducted using questionnaire as a method of...

Author(s): Nasser Al-rawahi

June 2015

Leisure attitude, perceived freedom in leisure within married couples

Studies show that most people see marriage and children as an important part of their future, and view marriage as playing a crucial role in meeting their needs for companionship and emotional security.  One of the factors found to play an important role in marriage is leisure which may influence and strengthen married couples interaction. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between Perceived...

Author(s): Merve Beyza AKGUL and Ezgi ERTUZUN

March 2015

Perceived constraints of campus recreational sports programs: Development and validation of an instrument

The aim of the present study was to develop and validate an instrument to measure students’ perceived constraints in participating in recreational sports programs in Greek universities. There were 3041 male and female Greek university students who voluntarily participated in the study. Cross-validation procedures using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis resulted in 25 retained items from the initial item...

Author(s): Theophilos Masmanidis, Nikolaos Tsigilis and George Kosta

January 2015

Analyzing the edge of professional Taiwanese baseball league starting pitchers using the Entropy and TOPSIS method

A new approach to the complex problem of objectively evaluating the edge of a professional baseball starting pitcher is proposed to avoid judgments resulting from subjective opinions. The method not only ameliorates the subjectivity of the topic but also provides the means to rank starting pitchers in Taiwan. Entropy and the Technique for Order Performance by Similarity to the Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) are used to...

Author(s): Chung-Chu Chuang, Tien-Tze Chen, Chih-Cheng Chen,and Chung-Ming Tsai

December 2014

The mediating effect of competitive balance on the relation between foreign players and performance of the Greek National Basketball Team

The purpose of the present study is to initially investigate the association between the presence and number of foreign players and the competitive balance indices in the Greek National Basketball League; it subsequently determines whether the competitive balance mediates a positive effect on the performance of the Greek National Basketball Team, as evidenced by its rankings in the EuroBasket Championships. The study...

Author(s): Meletakos Panagiotis, Noutsos Konstadinos, Manasis Vasileios, Bayios Ioannis

November 2014

The relationships between motivation type and sport participation among students in a South African context

Reasons for participation in sport differ and intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and even amotivation can influence the decision. In the South African context, little research has been done on the differences of motivation among male and female students to participate in sport. This study sought to understand the relationship between certain motivation drivers and sport participation. It also explored the gender...

Author(s): van Heerden CH

October 2014

The 9 credit rule: A look at its impact on academic advising for intercollegiate football athletes

The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the impact the NCAA’s 2011 9 Credit Rule would have on football academic advising strategies. The legislation requires players to earn nine credit hours in every fall term or be suspended for the first four games the following season. For this study, a survey was distributed to Football Academic Advisors at NCAA Division I institutions. Subjects were asked if...

Author(s): Joshua Castle, Robin Ammon and Les Myers

September 2014

Quantitative assessment of facilitators and barriers to using external coaches in school-based extracurricular sports activities

School-based extracurricular sports activities contribute to positive youths’ development. However, they are difficult to manage without the use of external coaches. The number of external coaches available and in use is currently insufficient, indicating that further recruitment is essential. The present study examined facilitators and barriers to the use of external coaches in school-based extracurricular sports...

Author(s): Kenryu Aoyagi, Kaori Ishii, Ai Shibata, Hirokazu Arai and Koichiro Oka

September 2014

Occupational stress coping strategies among lecturers in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria

This study investigated occupational stress coping strategies among lecturers in Ilorin metropolis. The descriptive research design was employed and a total of one hundred and fifty (150) lecturers were selected from three (3) institutions, using a simple random sampling technique. Questionnaire was validated before using test re-test method of reliability with co-efficient ‘r’ 0.78. Five research hypotheses...

Author(s): OLAITAN, Olukunmi Lanre, TALABI, Adebayo Ebun, OLUMORIN, Charles Olabode, BRAIMOH, Kolawole Thomas

August 2014

Utilization of physical exercise by students of Cross River State tertiary institutions to achieve good health in the new millennium

  The numerous advantages of participation in physical activities (physical exercise) are: increased efficiency of heart and lungs; increased muscle strength and endurance; maintenance of proper body weight; and reduction of risk of coronary heart diseases.  The study was conducted to ascertain students’ knowledge of the effects of physical activities on their health as well as their level of...

Author(s): L. O. Ogunjimi, Patience Samson Akpan and M. M. Ikorok

August 2014

“I am (not) a basketball person”: Self-sport brand-me relationships among basketball spectators

  The current study introduces a psychographic variable, the self-sport brand-me relationship, as a mediator for better understanding of spectator sport consumption on television and the internet. The self-sport brand-me relationship refers to an individuals’ perceived self-identification or rejection of a relationship with a sport participation as an affective involvement as a primary expression of...

Author(s): Li-Shiue Gau, and Arch G. Woodside

May 2014

Using dance to tap into the kinesthetic learning capacities of young English Language learners in the United States

This study reports on the kind of school leadership style that best suits for promoting teachers’ job satisfaction in primary schools in Tanzania. The study employed cross sectional research design with samples of 200 teachers from 20 selected primary schools in Songea and Morogoro districts. Interviews, documentary analysis and questionnaires were used to collect data. The data were analyzed both qualitatively...

Author(s): Liane Brouillette

May 2014

Reliability and validity of test of gross motor development-2 (Ulrich, 2000) among 3-10 aged children of Tehran City

The purpose of this study is to determine construct validity and three reliability aspects of Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD-2; Ulrich, 2000) in Tehranian children aged 3:0¬¬¬-10:11. TGMD-2 which includes two subtests (locomotor and object control) is designed to assess movement pattern development of 12 fundamental movement skills. The TGMD-2 was administered to 1438 children. Internal consistency...

Author(s): Farrokhi A., Zareh Zadeh M., Karimi Alvar L., Kazemnejad A., and Ilbeigi S.

May 2014

Formative evaluation in Physical Education initial teacher training courses

The main objective of this study was to analyze the study plans of every institution offering teaching majors in Physical Education and Sports in Portugal, in order to determine the existence of formative evaluation issues in initial formation of future teachers. The sample was constituted by the curricula and study plans of every Physical Education and Sport teaching majors offered in every Portuguese university, as...

Author(s): Francisco Gonçalves

April 2014

Psychological profiles of talented male youth athletes in team sports games

To represent the relationship between psychological skills and performance level in ball team sports within a youth talent group, 216 youth Tunisian male athletes representing four sports ball games (16 to 18 years) packed in the third version of the Ottawa Mental Skills Assessment Tool-3 with scales for Goal Setting, Self Confidence, Commitment, Stress Reactions, Fear Control, Activation, Relaxation, Imagery, Mental...

Author(s): Guelmami N., Hamrouni S. and Agrébi B.

April 2014

Goal orientation of Brazilian skateboarders

The aim of this research is to evaluate the goal orientation (task and ego) of skateboarders based on a descriptive research. We evaluate thirty one male skateboarders aged between 12 to 30 years (age average: 19.54 ±4,98), who live in São Paulo City, Brazil. They answered the TEOSQ (Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire), and the results showed that the average for task orientation was 4.47...

Author(s): Vinicius Barroso Hirota

October 2013

Factors leading to career frustration and exit: A case of a veteran physical educator

The purpose of this study is to investigate the personal and organizational factors leading to career frustration and exit of a veteran physical educator. The Teacher Career Cycle Model provided the theoretical framework and guided the data analysis.  Data sources included observations, field notes, and multiple interviews with the teacher, the school principal, a physical education colleague, and a fifth grade...

Author(s): Karen Lux Gaudreault and Amelia Mays Woods

August 2013

Determining anthropometry related with Fencing using social data mining

  This paper presents a study to determine the size and direction of changes in anthropometric characteristics between two female teams of players Fencing belonging to the Juarez City University and Université Quebecoise Au Montreal, considering assess differences in anthropometric parameters, body fat, body mass index (BMI) and body density induced by sport−specific morphological optimization...

Author(s):   Alberto Ochoa, Guadalupe Gutiérrez, Lourdes Margain and Alejandro de Luna        

August 2013

The impact of physical module (adventure-based activity) of Malaysia’s National Service Training Programme on team cohesion

  The National Service Training Programme better known as Program Latihan Khidmat Negara (PLKN) was launched by the Malaysian government on the 16th of February 2004 to foster national unity and integration. However, since its inception, no specific empirical study has been conducted on the physical activity module (adventure-based activity) to measure the effectiveness of the programme in improving the process...

Author(s):   Jaffry Zakaria, Manohar Mariapan and Nor Azlina Hasbullah      

July 2013

Pairing, game order and number of games in the playoffs of a basketball top competition: Do free throws have an influence on the score efficiency?

  The researches reveal the importance of free throw efficiency to qualify for the victory in a basketball game. Hereafter, this investigation presents an analysis of free throws made in 74 Spanish ACB Basketball League games. The results show that pairings, order of games and number of games in the playoffs are not related to the accuracy percentage achieved in free throws. The...

Author(s): López-Gutiérrez, Carlos J. and Jiménez-Torres, Manuel G.

July 2013

Factors causing teachers’ disinterest in sport activities in Mazandaran Province

Technology and machine innovation brings about a decrease in sports activities. Sports activities should be encouraged because it leads to a healthier life of people. The purpose of this study is to examine and prioritize the factors causing disinterest amongst teachers in sports activities in Mazandaran Province in Iran. The focus is on personal and situational factors. A survey was conducted and the population...

Author(s): Vafaei Moqadam, A., Farzan, F., Afshari, M. and Jabari, N.

January 2013

The league management based on competitive balance: A case study in Asian countries from 2009-2010 seasons

  The purpose of this research was to compare and rank competitive balance of Football Super Leagues in Asian countries in 2009-2010 seasons. Super leagues of 19 Asian countries (11 Western leagues and 8 Eastern leagues) were examined. The data were secondary and collected from final football league table of selected countries. C5ICB was used to analyze the data and with the following results found: five...

Author(s):   Nahid Jabari, Fateme Abdollahi, Abdolazim Azizkhani, Zahra Taghipour and Sahar Amini

January 2013

Stress level and coping strategies of college students

  The aim of this study was to investigate the stress levels and coping strategies of professional students belonging to Physical Education and Engineering professions. A sample of 60 subjects was randomly selected from the Physical Education and Engineering Institute, India. Each profession group had 30 subjects (15 boys and 15 girls) with age range of 21±3 years. Stress scores due to: 1)...

Author(s): Sanjeev Kumar,  and J. P. Bhukar,

June 2012

Applying LEGO Mindstorms NXT in physical education and sport management

  The learning of strategies and skills by students, that is, students need to improve their problem-solving abilities by participating in games, a concept based on which TGfU (Teaching Games for Understanding) was developed. Nevertheless, it was found in this study that in the implementation of TGfU, students’ learning results and their motives were not satisfactory. The reason may be that, the school is...

Author(s): Jye-Shyan Wang, Chung-Hsing Huang, Shane-Chang Lee and Chen-Yuan Chen,

June 2012

Intersections between sport management and youth development

  The purpose of this article is to explore potential intersections between sport management and youth development in underserved communities. Most sport management programs focus on preparing students for employment in intercollegiate athletics and professional sport. While the management of agencies in underserved communities is receiving increased attention in the field, many programs do not familiarize...

Author(s): Maria J. Veri and David S. Walsh

May 2012

Effects of 6-week plyometric training on biochemical and physical fitness parameters of Indian jumpers

  The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 6 week plyometric training on biochemical and physical fitness parameters of inter collegiate jumpers. A group of 30 jumpers (mean ± SD: age 22.02 ± 1.64 years, height 1.78 ± 0.04 m, body mass 75.5 ± 5.2 kg), who participated in inter-college athletic competition volunteered to participate in this study. The study was...

Author(s): Baljinder Singh Bal, Sukhbir Singh and Sucha Singh Dhesi

May 2012

Emotional maturity differentials among university students

  The purpose of the study was to examine the ‘emotional maturity’ among university students. The investigators had selected two hundred (N = 200) male and female subjects, out of which one hundred [N = 100] sportspersons (N = 50 male and N = 50 female) and one hundred [N = 100] non-sportspersons (N = 50 male and N = 50 female) who were studying in various affiliated colleges and campus of Panjab...

Author(s): Dalwinder Singh, Simerjeet Kaur and Gaurav Dureja

February 2012

Orientation and mobility of the visually impaired in a blind baseball training method

  This study investigated the impact of a 10-week baseball training camp on visually impaired players. Sixteen blind and visually impaired subjects were evenly divided into an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group participated in baseball training three times a week for 1 h 14 min, while the control group did not participate in training. Test data were analyzed through...

Author(s): Chao-Chien Chen

  • Article Number: AC518A11579

February 2012

The factors that influence the burn-out condition of city football referees

  Being a referee in a sports competition requires not only certain physical abilities, and knowledge of the rules of the game, but also a psychological efficiency, an ability to put on a successful performance during the game. This study was conducted with 272 football city referees working under the rubric of the Turkish Football Federation, who were selected by means of random sampling in order to evaluate...

Author(s): Tamer Karademir

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