Journal of
Oceanography and Marine Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Oceanogr. Mar. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2294
  • DOI: 10.5897/JOMS
  • Start Year: 2010

JOMS Articles

February 2018

Evidence for enhanced chlorophyll-a levels in the Bay of Bengal during early north-east monsoon

To understand the chlorophyll-a distribution in the neritic waters of the northern Indian Ocean, which comprises the Arabian Sea on the west and the Bay of Bengal on the east, seawater samples were collected during early north-east monsoon season (November, 2008). The column integrated chlorophyll-a over the Arabian Sea and the North Bay of Bengal exhibit high concentrations. However, the southernmost station (0806)...

Author(s): R. Bhushan, S. Bikkina, J. Chatterjee, S. P. Singh, V. Goswami, L. C. Thomas and A. K. Sudheer  

January 2018

Spatial distribution and diversity of phytoplankton community in Eastern Obolo River Estuary, Niger Delta

This paper reported a two season study of diversity, spatial distribution, species composition of phytoplankton and physico-chemical characteristics of the Eastern Obolo River Estuary between June and November 2015 and December and May, 2016. Water conductivity (≥675) showed direct relationship with phytoplankton abundance, turbidity showed strong correlation with species density as well. Species were more evenly...

Author(s): Effiong, K. S., Inyang, A. I. and Robert, U.U.

May 2017

Growth and exploitation parameters of Ilisha africana, by-catch of the experimental fishing for the study on selectivity of gill nets for Ethmalosa fimbriata, in the Saloum estuary and Joal (Senegal)

Growth and exploitation parameters Ilisha africana were determined from the size frequency for the first time in Senegal. The size distribution showed average sizes equal to 19.26 ± 1.70 and 19.75 ± 2.03 cm, respectively in the estuary and at the sea. The values of allometric rates of the length-weight relationship were, respectively equal to 2.88 and 2.93 in the estuary and at the sea indicating a...

Author(s): Faye A., Diouf M., Sarr A., Ndiaye W., Mbodj A. and Sow D.

March 2017

Embryonic development of anemone fishes in captivity

Broodstock development, spawning, fertilization, embryonic development, fecundity, “hatching rate and deformation rates” of five species (Amphiprion ocellaris, A. percula, A. melanopus, A. clarkii and A. nigripes) of anemone fish were studied in captive condition. The egg diameter, parental care, fecundity rate, fertilization rate, hatching rate, deformation rates and size of eggs were quantified. In...

Author(s): Muthuramalingam Uthaya Siva and Mohideen Abdul Badhul Haq

December 2016

Recruitment pattern and catch per unit effort of the Black Tiger Shrimp (Penaeus monodon) in Andoni River System, Niger Delta Region of Nigeria

The investigation of recruitment pattern and catch per unit effort of the black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) was conducted from March 2012 to February 2013 in Andoni River System, Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Total weight and length of sampled P. monodon, number of fishers, fishing duration and temperature were sampled monthly. Total weight of P. monodon landed, number of fishers and fishing duration was used to...

Author(s): Komi, W. Gentle and Francis, Amiye

November 2016

Baseline physico-chemical and bathymetry assessment of Mahin Lake, Southwestern, Nigeria

Assessment of baseline physico-chemical parameters and bathymetry mapping of Mahin Lake has been carried out for effective and sustainable utilization, management, conservation, and exploitation of its resources. pH, temperature, dissolved oxygen, electrical conductivity, resistivity, total dissolved solid (TDS), salinity, and surface pressure were determined in situ; while concentrations of calcium, magnesium, sodium,...

Author(s): Akinrinade Opeyemi J., Adesina Rasheed B., Ogundare Margret O. and Ashiru Olusola R.

October 2016

Estimation of extremes in the southern Arabian Gulf

Extreme all-direction wave conditions and joint probabilities of high waves and high water levels are derived at selected locations in the southern Arabian Gulf. The wave conditions are obtained using the spectral wave model SWAN with wind and offshore wave information procured from ocean weather, supplemented with local water level records. Wave transformations from offshore to nearshore and waves generated by local...

Author(s): Thomaskutty Varghese, Shailesh Nayak and Gangadhara Bhat

September 2016

Effect of hydroclimatic conditions on phytoplankton community at Epe Lagoon tributary, Southwest Nigeria

The effect of hydroclimatic conditions on phytoplankton was investigated in Ejirin, part of Epe lagoon, south-western Nigeria from December, 2012 to May, 2013. The data obtained for hydroclimatic features responded to rainfall pattern during the study period. The water remained acidic throughout the sampling period as pH value was ≤ 6.6 and salinity value ≤ 0.01%. The micronutrients varied throughout the sampling...

Author(s): A. I. Inyang, K. E. Sunday and M. U. Dan

July 2016

On the Nutrient distribution and phytoplankton biomass in the Gulf of Guinea equatorial band as inferred from In-situ measurements

Oceanographic in situ data collected in the Gulf of Guinea during six cruises carried out between 2005 and 2007 were analysed to study the influence of equatorial upwelling on the productivity of the region. At 10°W, observations during boreal summer and autumn cruises captured seasonal upwelling influences. In response to the shoaling pycnocline in June 2005, higher concentrations of nitrate and chlorophyll...

Author(s): Nubi O. A., Bourlès B., Edokpayi C. A. and Hounkonnou M. N.

July 2015

Microalgae richness and assemblage of man-made solar saltpans of Thoothukudi, TamilNadu

Solar saltpans are ponds of brine sun evaporated to crystallize salt (Halite). Once provide ambient ecology for several halophilic microalgae. Enumeration of microorganisms in Thoothukudi solar saltpans revealed the presence of 30 genera of microalgae belonging to the divisions of Cyanophyta, Bacillariophyta and Chlorophyta. Chlorophyta species is the dominant group of solar salterns of Thoothukudi.   Key...

Author(s): T. Santhanakrishnan, C. Lakshmanan and V. Radhakrishnan

January 2015

Measurement of heavy metals accumulation in ctendia of Anadara ehrenbergi (Dunker, 1868) using energy-dispersive x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF)

Specimens were collected from three estuarine localities of the Arabian Gulf (Saudi Arabia) namely northern Khobar, southern Khobar and Ad-Dammam estuarine beaches during January and August 2013 and June 2014. Three collections in the form of twenty specimens were samples in each month from each locality. Immediately these samples were dissected and ctendia were isolated and frozen at -20°C. Using energy dispersive...

Author(s): Saad, G. A., Bedeer, A. H., and Radwan, E. H.

November 2014

On the influence of interseasonal sea surface temperature on surface water pCO2 at 49.0°N/16.5°W and 56.5°N/52.6°W in the North Atlantic Ocean

The sea surface temperature (SST) and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) derived from hourly in situ measurements at Northwest (56.5°N, 52.6°W) and Northeast (49.0°N, 16.5°W) subpolar sites of the Atlantic Ocean from 2003 – 2005 were employed to investigate the seasonal pCO2–SST relationship. The results indicate weak to moderately strong significant negative relationships (r = -0.04...

Author(s): Nsikak U. Benson, Oladele O. Osibanjo, Francis E. Asuquo and Winifred U. Anake

September 2014

Seasonal variation of enrichment and contamination of heavy metals in the surface water of Qua Iboe River Estuary and adjoining creeks, South-South Nigeria

Seasonal variation of the distribution pattern, enrichment and contamination of some heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Fe, Pb, Zn, Ni and Cu) in surface water of Qua Iboe river estuary and adjoining creeks were investigated using physicochemical parameters. The results of wet season mean concentrations (mg/l) were: Cd (0.09 ± 0.02), Cr (0.05 ± 0.02), Cu (0.05 ± 0.01), Fe (10.68 ± 1.91), Pb (0.06 ±...

Author(s): Dan, S. F., Umoh, U. U. and Osabor, V. N.

August 2014

Geochemical and textural characterization of minerals in Thondi coastal sediments along the southeast coast of India

The physicochemical characterization of seven marine sediment samples was investigated and collected from different zones along with Thondi coastal sediments along the southeast coast of India. The study found that variation in physical parameters and mud contents were due to differences in sediment source. Results of Station 3 revealed the calculated average values as follows: Bulk density (BD) (1.3 g/cm3), particle...

Author(s): Ganesan Sankaran, Saravanan Jothivel, Velsamy Govindasamy and Manoharan Nateesan

July 2014

Analysis of energy efficiency operational indicator of bulk carrier operational data using grey relation method

According to the International Maritime Organization's regulations, there are factors that affect the energy efficiency of ship, cargo capacity and voyage distance. This document analyzes the information gathered from the detailed trials of the Energy Efficiency Operational Indicator of Taiwan’s bulk carrier and uses it to investigate the influence of various characteristics of voyage on the indicator value....

Author(s): Fong-Yuan Ma

June 2014

Heavy metals in seawater, sediments and marine organisms in the Gulf of Chabahar, Oman Sea

Levels of the heavy metals Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd), Chromium (Cr), Nickel (Ni), Iron (Fe) and Manganese (Mn) were determined in coastal water, sediments and soft tissues of the Saccostrea cucullata, from the intertidal zone at five stations in the Gulf of Chabahar on the Iranian coasts along the Oman Sea. The concentrations of heavy metals in seawater ranged between 3.37 to 5.74, 18.01 to 22.62,...

Author(s): Bazzi, A. O.

May 2014

Laboratory assessment of the effects of Nigerian crude oil and industrial detergent on Tympanotonus fuscatus (Gastropoda: Potamididae) in the Cross River Estuary, South-South Nigeria

Periwinkle, Tympanotonus fuscatus, was collected from the Cross River Estuary, allowed to acclimate to laboratory conditions for 7 days and exposed to Nigerian crude oil and detergent (Klin) at different concentration intervals of 50, 100, 150, 200, 250 and 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 ml/L of water, respectively for a period of 96 h. A total of 176 mortalities were observed for detergent out of 250 individuals during the entire...

Author(s): Unyime Udoudo Umoh, Solomon Felix Dan, Vincent N. Osabor and Ini-ibehe Nabuk Etim

January 2014

Modelling the dynamics of the Tanzanian coastal waters

A numerical modeling study was carried out using the Regional Ocean Modeling System (ROMS) for the Tanzanian coast to investigate the seasonal dynamics of water circulation, temperature and salinity. The model results indicated the presence of an eddy on the surface that develops during the Northeast (NE) monsoon and which has not been documented previously. The study also revealed that, the core of the East African...

Author(s): Shigalla B. Mahongo and Yohanna W. Shaghude

January 2014

Impact of climatic change on steric sea level in the Mediterranean Sea

The steric sea level through four layers in the Mediterranean Sea is estimated during the period of 1970 to 2005 by using hydrographic data from national world data center. Meteorological parameters are the principle factors that control the warming in the upper layer in the Mediterranean Sea. The annual sea level trends shows rising with calculated values which varies according to the different regions in the...

Author(s): Nabil N. Saad, E. E. E. Mohamed and M. M. Farag

January 2013

Benthic biodiversity in the Pichavaram mangroves, Southeast Coast of India

An attempt was made to study the benthic biodiversity in Pichavaram mangrove ecosystem, Southeast coast of India. Monthly (duplicate) sampling was done in 3 stations, (Station I - fresh water zone, Station II - core mangrove zone and Station III - marine zone) for a period of one year from January 2008 to December 2008. As many as 22 species of benthic macro fauna were recorded in the study area (16 species of...

Author(s): M. Pravinkumar, P. Murugesan, R. Krishna Prakash, V. Elumalai, C. Viswanathan and S. M. Raffi

January 2013

Morphodynamics and features of littoral cell circulation observed from sequential aerial photographs and Davies drifter along a section of the strand coast East of the Niger Delta, Nigeria

Sequential aerial photographs taken along a section of the Strand coast (longitude 07°35’00” and latitude 8°30’ 20”E)  East of the Niger Delta Nigeria were anaylsed to understand tidal inundation and resulting morphodynamic features as well as the littoral cell circulation patterns. Records from a Davis drifter deployed in the Qua Iboe River that traveled parallel to the...

Author(s): Larry Awosika, Regina Folorunsho and Victor Imovbore

December 2012

Radiological and mineralogical investigation of accretion and erosion coastal sediments in Nile Delta Region, Egypt

The Nile Delta coast is a dynamic sedimentary environment experiencing erosion, transport and re-deposition of sand along the coast. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using an integrated approach of natural radioactivity of coastal sediments, heavy mineral distribution and grain size information to differentiate between the eroding and accreting areas of the Nile Delta coast. Also, it is to...

Author(s): Ayman A. El-Gamal and Ibrahim H. Saleh

December 2012

Impact of environment variables on pelagic fish landings: Special emphasis on Indian oil sardine off Tiruchendur coast, Gulf of Mannar

Results of the present study reported the correlation of various environmental variables such as dissolved oxygen (DO), chlorophyll ‘a’, primary productivity (PP), salinity, sea surface temperature (SST) and meteorological parameters such as air temperature (AT), air pressure (AP), relative humidity (RH), wind pattern, sunshine hours (SSH) and rainfall (RF) during January, 2008 to December, 2010 with that of...

Author(s): J. Selvin Pitchaikani, and A. P. Lipton

February 2012

The impact of flow regime on the sedimentation pattern of Calabar River, South-East Nigeria

The sedimentation pattern of the lower reaches of Calabar River, on the south east coast of Nigeria was investigated with a view to evolving criteria for recognition of their ancient counterparts. Using grain size statistical parameters, the sediment-sediment relationships and flow structure of the river were examined from twenty-five georeferenced bottom samples. Results show that the tidal channel is uniformly...

Author(s): Lynda-Uta Edet OKON and F. Emile ASUQUO

February 2012

Valuing environmental impacts of coastal development projects: A choice experiment application in Spain

This paper presents the results of an empirical application aimed at estimating the economic value of the potential environmental impacts to mount Jaizkibel (Spain) resulting from the construction of a new seaport over its hillside. A choice experiment technique is applied for anex-ante natural resource damage assessment in monetary terms. The results revealed that, depending on the extent of the environmental...

Author(s): David Hoyos, Pere Riera, Javier Fernández-Macho, Carmen Gallastegui and Dolores Garcia

January 2012

Seasonal and spatial variations of dissolved carbon and nitrogen in the Santos estuarine system, Southeastern Brazil

We investigated the concentrations of nutrients carbon and nitrogen in Santos Estuarine System (SES). The SES is located in the region of Baixada Santista (Santos, Brazil) and is ecologically and economically important due to biological diversity, high levels of metal pollution and sewage, and the presence of the port considered the largest and most productive in Latin America. For the preparation of the nutrient flow...

Author(s): Fabio Aprile and Gilmar W. Siqueira

November 2011

First record of Stylochelius striatus (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Anaspidea: Aplysiidae) from the Andaman Sea, India

The paper reports the first time record of Stylochelius striatus (Mollusca: Aplysiidae), identified at Carbyn’s Cove tide pool (South Andaman), Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. The habitat for this species is Padina algae covered tide pools.   Key words: Mollusca, Nudibranch, Stylochelius striatus, new record, Andaman Sea, India

Author(s): V. Sachithananadam, P. Dhivya, P. M. Mohan, P. Muneeswaran and R. Baskaran

November 2011

Insights on the environmental risk of metallic accumulation in sediments of Santos Harbor, Santos Estuarine System, Southeastern Brazil

The present study aims to evaluate the Santos harbor environmental health, the most important port of the South American, where anthropic activities are associated to metallic contamination (Al, Cr, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb). Enrichment factor, geo-accumulation index and geochemistry mobility were applied. The results showed increases in the levels of the metals with indicative of moderately to extremely pollution...

Author(s): Siqueira G. W. and Aprile F. M.

September 2011

Water circulation modeling study upon the construction of al-Dannat development at the Halfmoon Bay, Saudi Arabian Gulf

The present study aims to understand the flow field near the coast of Halfmoon Bay located in the Arabian Gulf arising due to creation of an artificial island by al-Dannat. The study was performed using the state-of-art hydrodynamic model, Princeton ocean model (POM), applied for a detailed analysis of flow conditions, temperature and salinity distributions after the creation of this artificial island. These...

Author(s): Kaushik Sasmal, Hari Warrior and Subhendu Maity

  • Article Number: 6E512215284

September 2011

Temporal and spatial variations of heavy metals (Cu, Pb and Ni) concentration in the sediment from intertidal zone along the Iranian coasts of the Oman Sea

In order to determine distribution and seasonal patterns of heavy metals concentration in the intertidal sediment of the north Oman sea, samples of sediment were collected from five different station in August 2007 and February 2008. The samples were oven dried and acid digested. Heavy metals content of acid digested samples were analyzed by atomic absorption spectrophotometery method. Results showed that mean Cu, Pb...

Author(s): Fatemeh Einollahi Peer and Alireza Safahieh

  • Article Number: 319C1FF5290

July 2011

The effect of vitamin E and highly unsaturated fatty acid on growth, survival and haematocrit of goldfish (Carassius auratus gibellio)

This study was conducted to examine the effects of different content of vitamin E and highly unsaturated fatty acid on growth and survival in goldfish. Goldfish with initial weight 0.69±0.12 g were fed with diets having different levels of vitamin E and highly unsaturated fatty acid (E100 + HUFA, E50 + HUFA, -E + HUFA, -E - HUFA) for 10 weeks. At the end of period, the final weight, specific growth rate, feed...

Author(s): Zeinab Hanaee Kashani, Mohamad Reza Imanpoor, Ali Shabani and Saeed Gorgin

  • Article Number: 263E9EA5263

July 2011

Scenario generation using geographical information system (GIS) based hydrological modelling for a multijurisdictional Indian River basin

Lack of information about the futuristic scenarios of possible water allocations acts as a deterrent in resolving the conflicts pertaining to transboundary watercourses. It is increasingly being felt that technology, in the form of simulation modelling, has a very significant role to play in this context. For water resources engineering problem solving, geographical information system (GIS) offers a cognitive spatial...

Author(s): Singh A. and Gosain A. K.

  • Article Number: 12F25735272

June 2011

Notes on three new records of scleractinian corals from Andaman Islands

Andaman group of islands being a part of India (megadiverse country) shows a great deal of ecological diversity both in terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Coral Reefs are the building blocks of marine ecological niche for the sustainable existence of marine biodiversity and advocates the other associated faunal communities for their betterment, as well as their way of life towards the future generation. Three...

Author(s): Tamal Mondal, C. Raghunathan and Ramakrishna

  • Article Number: 69726185245

June 2011

Numerical simulation of seasonal variations in circulations of the Bay of Bengal

The seasonal variations in circulation at different layers of the Bay of Bengal (BOB) basin have been studied using multilayered regional ocean modeling system (ROMS). The model is simulated with climatological comprehensive ocean-atmospheric data set (COADS) wind and thermal forcing until annual cycle is reached. The northward flowing western boundary current (WBC) during spring and southward flowing east India coastal...

Author(s): Sourav Sil and Arun Chakraborty

  • Article Number: F8B28145257

April 2011

Study on Mg2+ removal from ammonium dihydrogen phosphate solution by a novel emulsification extraction process

The emulsification extraction process (EEP) is a novel method for separating solutes from aqueous solution, and for its high extraction ratio, the EEP presents huge potential for extraction from dilute solution. In this paper, the EEP is successfully generated with mixing solutions containing aqueous and organic phases at high speed. The extraction of Mg2+ from ammonium dihydrogen phosphate (NH4H2PO4) solution is...

Author(s): JianHong Luo, Jun Li, Yang Jin and DongSheng Zheng

  • Article Number: 014A2F11701

April 2011

Isolation and identification of Streptomyces ST1 and ST2 strains from Tsunami affected soils: Morphological and biochemical studies

Tsunamis are one of the natural disasters that are a series of long oceanic waves. A large volume of water gets displaced from the ocean because of undersea earthquakes or land slides or volcanic eruptions or extra terrestrial collisions. Our current research focuses on screening and characterization of microbes in water, soil and other extraneous material from the Tsunami affected areas along...

Author(s): Suneetha V., Karthick Raj and Prathusha .K.  

  • Article Number: CBEE7FF1716

April 2011

Impacts of surface wave-induced Coriolis-Stokes forcing on the upper ocean circulation

Using the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM), six experiments configured for three different domains: Global Ocean, South China Sea (SCS) and Western North Atlantic Ocean (WNA), are designed to investigate the effects of wave-induced Coriolis-Stokes forcing (CSF) on ocean surface phenomena including circulation, temperature and mixing processes. CSF calculated using wave parameters simulated by the WaveWatch III...

Author(s): Zengan Deng, Guijun Han, Xuefeng Zhang, and Kejian Wu

  • Article Number: 1E01A181748

March 2011

Hydrogeophysical parameter estimation for aquifer characterisation in hard rock environments: A case study from Jangaon sub-watershed, India

  This study was carried out to determine a theoretical relationship between geo-electrical data and hydraulic parameters by modifying the theories previously developed in laboratories and up-scaling the processes of pore network structures into field scale parameters. A linear relationship between transmissivity and formation factor has been developed and consequently tested on data from a typically hard rock...

Author(s): K’Orowe, M. O., Nyadawa, M. O., Singh, V. S. and Ratnakar Dhakate

  • Article Number: 9E367E24522

March 2011

Seasonal variability of heat content and isothermal layer in the Bay of Bengal

  Heat content and isothermal layer variations in the Bay of Bengal have been investigated in this study using 52 years (1950 to 2001) global ocean monthly analysis datasets based on the simple ocean data assimilation (SODA) package. The annual cycle of heat content estimated from surface to fixed depths (67.5, 125 and 500 m) and isothermal layers (26, 20 and 10°C) show seasonal variations for the entire...

Author(s): Bishnu Kumar and Arun Chakraborty

  • Article Number: 81B68624535

March 2011

Hydrogeochemistry of groundwater in Port Harcourt City, Southern Nigeria

  Rapid deterioration of groundwater quality in Port Harcourt, Southern Nigeria; due to unregulated exploitation resulting from increasing growth in the oil and gas production activities has become a major concern. The predisposition of groundwater to pollution and the realization of its serious health and economic consequences demand knowledge of the ambient groundwater quality and of the processes leading to...

Author(s): H. O. Nwankwoala and G. J. Udom

  • Article Number: F7244A34549

February 2011

Spatial pattern of vertical zonation of rocky shore organisms and the influence of ocean exposure at the Islas Cíes (NW Spain)

  A sampling was conducted around the intertidal coast of the Islas Cíes, (NW Spain) with the goal of determining the variation of the shore landspace, based on vertical zonation profiles of sessile organisms in relationship with the Atlantic Ocean influence. The Western Coast is heavy wave beaten and the Eastern Coast is sheltered. Many species coexist in a limited intertidal space of the sheltered than...

Author(s): Jesús S. Troncoso and Jeffrey A. Sibaja-Cordero,

  • Article Number: C03D7244476

February 2011

Macrobenthos of shelf zone off Dhamara estuary, Bay of Bengal

  The present study is an attempt to know the status of the macrobenthos at the shelf region off Dhamara Estuary. A total of 1870 individulas per square meter of macrobenthic organisms were encountered during the study period. Population density and species diversity was found to be higher as depth increased. Polychaeta emerged as dominate macrobenthic group. Among dominant benthic...

Author(s): Debasish Mahapatro, R. C. Panigrahy, S. Naik, S. K. Pati and R. N. Samal

  • Article Number: 058701E4494

February 2011

Trace metals concentration in Fregata magnificens: A case study of Coroa Grande Mangrove in Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  Concentrations of trace metals, cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), and nickel (Ni) were determined in Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens) harvested in Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Mean concentration levels in liver and kidney (µg.g-1 dry weight) were 8.04 and 5.57 (Cd); 66.44 and 54.64 (Zn); 45.29 and 46.89 (Cu); 44.67 and...

Author(s): Aldo P. Ferreira

  • Article Number: 1AD665C4499

January 2011

Geochemistry and ionic interaction in the Bizerte Lagoon waters (Northern Tunisia)

  The Bizerte Lagoon is classified in the category of medium salinity environments. The lagoon geochemistry, with regard to the major ions, is essentially controlled by the continental contributions and interactions with the marine environment. The geochemical analyses of the major ions as well as their behaviour in the lagoon water permitted to describe the eventual ability of a solution chemical...

Author(s): Amor Ben Garali, Mohamed Ouakad and Moncef Gueddari

  • Article Number: 751F92C4449

January 2011

Mortality and survival of eggs and chicks of Western Reef Heron Egretta gularis on Nakhilo Island, Persian Gulf, 2008

  In a study on breeding processes of Western Reef Heron Egretta gularis carried out from March to September 2008 on Nakhiloo Island, we estimated the breeding population, mortality, natality and the breeding success of this species. The breeding success during the incubation, nestling, post-nestling and overall stages were 62.1, 46.4, 39.2 and 49.2%, respectively. Eating of the eggs by Black...

Author(s): Behrouz Behrouzi-Rad, Rahman Rasekhi and Sima Momeni

  • Article Number: 999B6F54456

January 2011

Removal of Fe(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions by duckweed

  Duckweed was used to study the adsorption of Fe(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions. The experimental conditions which includes; pH, contact time, initial concentration, and loading weight on the removal process were investigated. Bach adsorption was studied at 30°C. The efficiency of adsorption depends on pH value, it increases with the increase of pH value from (2-8 ) in range...

Author(s): Jameel M. Dhabab

  • Article Number: E6A8D8D4463

December 2010

Comparison of two methods for estimating energy storage efficiency in phytoplankton photosynthesis

  The energy storage efficiency of photosynthesis is a sensitive diagnostic tool for probing the physiological status of phytoplankton in the laboratory and in nature. Furthermore, it is also a key factor in determining the economics of photobioreactors and algal mass culture ponds for the production of biodiesel and related applications. Photoacoustics allows direct determination of the energy storage...

Author(s): Yulia Pinchasov Grinblat, David Iluz,, Alla Alster, Alexander Perelmanand Zvy Dubinsky

  • Article Number: BE90ED54395

December 2010

Polychlorinated biphenyls and chlorinated pesticides in the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis sampled along the Moroccan Atlantic Coast

  The mussel samples (Mytilus galloprovincialis) were collected from 13 sites along 2,000 km of the Moroccan Atlantic coast. Specimens were collected in the wet seasons (winter) of 2003, 2004 and 2007, and in the dry seasons (spring and summer) of 2003, 2005, 2006 and 2007. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), DDT and its derivatives, aldrin, heptachlor and hexachlorobenzene (HCB), were quantified in the...

Author(s): Maria Jayed, Abdelghani Chafik, Samir Benbrahim, Carlos Vale, Salem Bakkas, Patrícia Pereira and Ana Maria Ferreira

  • Article Number: A7F28ED4410

November 2010

Morphotectonics and formation of the Taiwan Bank Canyon, Southwest offshore Taiwan Island

  The South Taiwan Bank Canyon (STBC) is a large canyon on the southwest offshore Taiwan Island, bearing significant implications in fossil energy exploration. In this study, we analyze the morphology and sedimentary structure of the STBC, as well as those in nearby continental margin, using high-resolution swath bathymetry and seismic data. The the STBC is multiple-headed, steep in the upper part as a...

Author(s):   Weiwei Ding, Jiabiao Li, Xiqiu Han, Erwin Suess, Yongyang Huang, Xuelin Qiu and Mingbi Li,

  • Article Number: 041516B4350

November 2010

Litter decomposition dynamics associated with cashew nut plantation in coastal habitat of Orissa, India

  Being a key process in nutrient and carbon cycling in coastal ecosystems, decomposition of litter in coastal sand dunes of Orissa was studied in relation to abiotic and biotic factors. Microbial isolation was performed using standard procedures and decomposition of leaf litter was studied using litter bag technique. Higher microbial populations were encountered in soil with cashew plantations compared to...

Author(s): T. Panda, P. K. Pani and R. B. Mohanty

  • Article Number: 8B91E774355

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