Abbreviation: J. Neurosci. Behav. Health
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 3, showing 20 records out of 59 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH2016.0137[Article Number: 1C5F02560094]
Smoking is currently considered one of the greatest problems in public health worldwide, and it is one of the most avoidable causes of death. Cigarette consumption killed more than 6 million people, nearly 80% in low and middle income countries in 2011. The objective of the current study was to assess the prevalence of cigarette smoking and its determinant factors among psychiatric outpatients in Jimma University... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH2015.0132[Article Number: D7656F957624]
A 78-year-old man was referred to our department with severe low back pain and gait disturbance. Lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a large, well-circumscribed mass isointense with cerebrospinal fluid on T1- and T2-weighted imaging at the conus level. Arachnoid cyst without performing contrast-enhanced MRI was initially diagnosed. Intraoperative observation and postoperative histopathological examination... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH2015.0134[Article Number: CE2111256698]
Substance abuse is a multi-etiological, multi-dimensional and a worldwide problem with an alarming increase in its incidences. This study aimed to evaluate the patterns of use of psychoactive substances and to assess the predominant personality traits among the participants. This cross-sectional study used a purposive sampling technique to examined in-patients with substance abuse problem in a psychiatric facility in... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH2015.0133[Article Number: 6B2744255670]
Stroke is a major cause of serious neurological disability, and the second leading cause of death worldwide with more than 6 million deaths each year. Although pharmaceutical treatment of stroke has advanced over the last decades, clinical treatment or prevention of motor impairment (which is the most frequent complication) is still inadequate. Therefore, it is imperative to develop new techniques and strategies aimed... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH2015.0128[Article Number: A0E4AC253453]
Pharmacotherapy is the cornerstone in the symptomatic treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, but non-adherence to the medications constitutes major obstacles to optimal outcome in their management. This study assessed the prevalence of and exclusively x-rayed medication-related factors of non-adherence among patients with these disorders in a resource-poor setting. Three hundred and fifty eight (358) patients... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH2015.0127[Article Number: D04BFD052554]
As far as operative indications for spinal epidural hematoma are concerned, symptoms and duration from onset are thought to be quite important. However, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) intensity of the hematoma could be a key factor in determining the need for operative intervention. Here, we discuss two cases of spinal epidural hematoma. One was the operative case of a 71-year-old man who presented with left leg... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH2014. 0124[Article Number: AB7EFA051170]
The advance of social neurosciences is by and large dependent on the circumscription and measure of specific social-cognitive competencies. The importance of accurate neuropsychological tests emerges in this context as a decisive step to the evolution of the field as a whole. This paper has three interconnected goals: to shed light into a previously unreported social cognitive dimension and to introduce a... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH2014.0115[Article Number: CE02B1350271]
The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of visual search and skill-level on the spatial occlusion anticipation in handball players. Thirty skilled and thirty unskilled handball players aged 20 to 35 years anticipated the situation of seven handball attack video movies. Visual search behavior was measured by using validated researcher made questionnaire. The results of anticipation illustrated that, skilled... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH2014.0123[Article Number: 236228649946]
Open waste dump sites are a common spectacle in Nigeria. These sites may cause neurotoxicity to people dwelling in their vicinity. Hence, the present study investigated the effects of long-term habitation at the vicinity of refuse dump sites on motor, mood and cognitive behaviours in rats, as well as on cerebellar histology. Young adult male Wistar rats, approximately 70 days old, were used for this study. Rats were... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH2014.0117[Article Number: CB576BF47553]
A 56-year-old woman presented with right leg paresthesia for the previous year. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an intradural extramedullary tumor in the left anterolateral cervical spine. An operation was performed through the posterior approach. Intraoperative findings showed that the tumor was generated from the anterior nerve root. Total resection was performed. The histopathological diagnosis was schwannoma... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH2014.0118[Article Number: 24B1BE546708]
Findings for concluding remarks in the area of personal pronouns are very limited, especially related to children with specific language impairment (SLI). The goal of the present research was to explain and justify pattern change in personal pronoun usage among children with specific language impairments. For this, one child with specific language impairment from Child Language Data Exchange System/CHILDES was taken.... Read more.
DOI: DOI 10.5897/JNBH2014.0116[Article Number: F97F5CE43737]
A 36-year-old man presented with lower back and right lower extremity pain for 10 years and right inguinal pain for 1 year. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a right sciatic nerve mass at the right ventral piriformis, causing sciatica and piriformis syndrome. The tumor was totally resected by a posterior approach. The postoperative histopathological diagnosis was schwannoma (World Health Organization grade 1).... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH12.012[Article Number: 40400C68654]
Combined Isoniazid (INH) and Rifampicin administration still remain as two of the main drugs of choice in the treatment regimes of tuberculosis (TB) world wide, particularly in Africa, where tuberculosis incidence rates are among the highest in the world. This study evaluated the effects of chronic administration of combined Isoniazid/Rifampicin on the cerebral cortex of the adult rats by immunohistochemistry.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH12.014[Article Number: 1E985FC9991]
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH11.022[Article Number: 17CF8718549]
Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are rare neoplasms, usually arising from somatic soft tissues or peripheral nerves. The incidence of MPNSTs is approximately 0.001% in the general population. MPNSTs are mainly located in the buttocks, thighs, brachial plexus, and paraspinal region. Scalp is an unusual and surgically challenging site of occurrence. We report a case of giant recurrent MPNST in the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH12.006[Article Number: CB7ABF88572]
Both clinical and pre-clinical studies have suggested that physical exercise is beneficial for lowering anxiety. However, some animal studies fail to demonstrate the anxiolytic effect of physical exercise. The inconsistencies among studies may be due to differences in animal models and behavioral tests. Previously, injection of corticosterone (CORT) for 14 days induced depression-like behavior to varying based on... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH12.013[Article Number: 4AFA0BB8613]
Epilepsy and seizure disorders affect more than 1% adult population. Associated psychiatric problems are reported to increase and worsen the morbidity. In Nepalese context of scant data, this study was conducted to sort-out psychiatric symptomatology and disorders among psychiatry out-patient seizure patients. This hospital-based descriptive study analyzed 100 consecutive seizure patients visiting a psychiatric... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH11.009[Article Number: 14890C98299]
The principal objective of this work is to investigate the relationship between lateral functions of the brain and morphology of the hands, eyes and feet. The study was carried out with 233 volunteers within the age range of 18 to 27 years. Out of the total number of participants, 208 (94%) of them were right-handed and the remaining 13 (6%) were left-handed. The participants were divided into two groups and assessed by... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH11.040[Article Number: EA4DA288343]
Prulifloxacin, the prodrug of ulifloxacin, is a broad spectrum oral fluoroquinolones antibacterial agent. Fluoroquinolones have been used for the treatment of bacterial infection for many years. Although they were considered as relatively safe drugs, various adverse effects have recently been reported along with increase in the usage of new generation fluoroquinolones. In the present study, prulifloxacin 200 and 400... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JNBH11.042[Article Number: 1175BE38166]
In the genesis and later development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), endothelial dysfunction (ED) has a crucial role. AMD-risk factors, which play a decisive role in AMD, are in a close connection, correlate with, and often are identical wih the risk factors (RFs) of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), so that it can reasonably be presumed that the two conditions have a similar pathogenesis. These risk factors,... Read more.
Page 1 of 3, showing 20 records out of 59 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20