Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
Start Year: 2007
Page 1 of 173, showing 20 records out of 3449 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6318[Article Number: 639A8F162816]
Artemisia annua L. is a well-known source of artemisinin, an antimalarial drug. This compound has been used in traditional medicine to treat malaria for many years. The anthelmintic property of A. annua has also been attributed to artemisinin, hence the belief that artemisinin could be useful as an alternative anthelmintic to control Haemonchus contortus in livestock. The present study focused on evaluating the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2017.6335[Article Number: 94A673D62820]
Mango is one of the tropical fruits of greater production and consumption in the world, and a rich source of bioactive compounds, with various functional properties such as antioxidant activity. In Colombia, mango’s market is very broad and diverse. However, there are very few studies that determined the content of bioactive secondary metabolites. The objective of this study was to evaluated the content of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6305[Article Number: 4D8BECE62719]
Hypericum perforatum (HP) is well-known by the population of the world as herb with antidepressant effect. Its various components, such as hypericin and hyperforin, provide many other effects for this plant, for example, antinociceptive and anticonvulsant. The aim of this work was to determine whether HP administration during pregnancy can cause changes in neurodevelopment related to pain control and seizures in rats... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2013.5216[Article Number: F30D6DD62721]
Many medicinal plant species, including Rheum australe L. (rhubarb), are being exploited from the wild source at an alarming rate. This has resulted in the loss of biodiversity of the species. Roots of R. australe have been used in traditional medicine for years for treating various kinds of diseases. The species has been ruthlessly harvested from the wild source and has become endangered. Consequently, preventing the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2015.5910[Article Number: E59D12D62723]
Eucalyptus oil (EO), an essential oil isolated from Eucalyptus leaves, was examined for its effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced COPD in rats. The COPD model was induced by instilling intratracheally with LPS and K. pneumoniae. The test compound, EO (30, 100 and 300 mg/kg), prednisone acetate (10 mg/kg) or vehicle was instilled intragastrically after three weeks exposure to LPS and K.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6080[Article Number: C75C85362701]
Neoboutonia velutina. Prain is a plant used in Cameroonian ethnomedicine for the treatment of digestive disorders such as constipation. This study was conducted to evaluate the laxative properties of aqueous and methanolic extracts of N. velutina in rats. The laxative properties as mentioned by the consulted traditional healer were firstly determined, through an evaluation of fecal emission outset, number of wet... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6285[Article Number: F784CF862707]
A food grade compatible enzyme assisted extraction (EAE) technique for extracting bioactive compounds from freeze-dried Kakadu plum puree was evaluated. To optimise the extraction, a central composite rotatable design (CCRD) was conducted and effects of solvent concentration, enzyme concentration and time of reaction on extracted levels of free ellagic acid (fEA), ascorbic acid (AA) and total phenolic content (TPC) were... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6165[Article Number: 55B3C6762529]
Larvicidal effects of plant extracts against larvae of Anopheles gambiae were studied in the malaria entomology laboratory at Mendefera. The aim of the study was to evaluate ethanol and hot water extracts from leaves of seven different plants, viz., Azadirachta indica, Eucalyptus globulus, Tagetes minuta, Datura stramonium, Lantana camara, Ricinus communis and Jatropha curcas, as natural larvicides against third instar... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2015.xxxx[Article Number: 22FCD8E62531]
Urtica urens is classified into the sub family of Rosales, belonging to the Urticaceae family. Their well-established beneficial properties to human health were mainly related to their phenolic content. Nettle extracts showed that an antioxidant and antimicrobial potentials. Among the different nettle extracts methanol extract (EMO) has the highest phenolic content (86.5±1.36 mg EGA/g DM) and lowest value was... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6313[Article Number: 4F30B6962396]
In recent years, the number of infectious diseases linked to the occurrence of bacterial and fungal resistance has increased, leading to extensive search for new drugs to treat these infections. Species of the Asteraceae family and the genus Eupatorium, have high biological potential and are used in folk medicine to treat various diseases. This review article presents the main phytochemical and biological... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6300[Article Number: 03CF87362400]
Treatments of diabetes with available agents come with one or more side effects, hence, the need for continual search of alternative treatment agents from medicinal plants. This study was designed to analyse qualitatively and quantitatively some phytochemicals in methanolic extract in Phyllanthus fraternus and evaluate their hypoglycaemic activity in both diabetic and normal rats. Sixty-six rats were used of which... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2015.6294[Article Number: AA00B8F62306]
Croton cordiifolius is widely used in Brazilian Caatinga folk medicine to treat general inflammation, pain, and gastrointestinal disturbances. Currently, its medicinal properties are not well understood, owing to the absence of chemical and pharmacological studies. The aims of this work were to analyze the chemical composition of C. cordiifolius stem bark and evaluate its in vitro antioxidant and in vivo... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2015.6196[Article Number: EFFBBF062308]
The present study aimed to identify some metabolites products obtained from different jojoba callus tissue extracts using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis (GC-MS). It is known that Jojoba, a medicinal and oil-yielding, has multi-purpose uses. In addition, it produces toxins, fatty acids, phenolic compounds and other secondary metabolites from callus identified using GC-MS. Despite the direct effect of 2,4-D... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2015.6025[Article Number: 6DEC5E762290]
Ocimum gratissimum and Ocimum suave are species belonging to the Lamiaceae family; they have been domesticated and are widely grown in gardens in Western Uganda for its claimed beneficial effect in ethnomedical practice. This study was aimed at comparative evaluation of the physicochemical, phytochemical and acute toxicity potentials of their leaves. Dried leaves of O. gratissimum and O. suave were subjected to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2015.6298[Article Number: 0880B0262292]
Chemical profiling and standardization of the defatted methanol extract of the leaves of Vitex negundo L. were carried out using 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis followed by chemometric analysis of the chemical shift data. Chemical profile was obtained using a k-means cluster profile and chemical standardization which was achieved using a multivariate control chart. The V. negundo samples were made up of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6291[Article Number: C9CCEE862182]
Laurus nobilis L., popularly known as laurel, is a tree belonging to the Lauraceae family, native to Asia. It has long been used in traditional medicine to treat rheumatic disorders, and as a gastric stimulant. The aim of this study was to characterize the chemical composition of essential oils (EO) and fractions from laurel by column chromatography, and to evaluate their antifungal activity. The EO of L. nobilis leaves... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6273[Article Number: C1278AB62177]
There is a growing need for research of photoprotective molecules from natural sources. Flavonoids have shown significant absorption in ultraviolet A (UVA), ultraviolet B (UVB) region, due to their chemical structure with conjugated double bonds, and may be used as ingredients in cosmetics formulations for skin protection. This systematic review reports what has been researched over the past decade on flavonoid and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6288[Article Number: 821616B62113]
Cancer is one of the major causes of death worldwide, including developing and underdeveloped nations. Mortality and morbidity data suggest that incidences are higher than those of the cardiovascular diseases. High cost and occurrence of numerous side and adverse effects associated with conventional anticancer regimes has necessitated shifting the focus towards the practice of traditional alternative and complementary... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6269[Article Number: 4FADF9F62111]
Three indigenous medicinal plants, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L., Phlogacanthus thyrsiformis Mabb. and Lygodium japonicum (Thunb.) Sw., have been investigated for their phytochemical constituents, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. All the three plants tested were positive for polyphenols, terpenoids, glycosides, saponins, flavonoids and reducing sugar. The ethanol extract of these medicinal plants were subjected to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6078[Article Number: 854DB0F61988]
Due to the opportunistic nature of Herpes simplex viral infections, it is of great public concern in sub-Saharan Africa. To date, there is no vaccine or cure for this viral infection. In this study, anti-viral activity of the Kenyan Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium (Pyrethrum) against Herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) was evaluated in vivo (using Swiss mice). Phytochemical screening for presence of secondary metabolites of... Read more.
Page 1 of 173, showing 20 records out of 3449 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20