Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
Start Year: 2007
Page 1 of 172, showing 20 records out of 3440 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6313[Article Number: 4F30B6962396]
In recent years, the number of infectious diseases linked to the occurrence of bacterial and fungal resistance has increased, leading to extensive search for new drugs to treat these infections. Species of the Asteraceae family and the genus Eupatorium, have high biological potential and are used in folk medicine to treat various diseases. This review article presents the main phytochemical and biological... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6300[Article Number: 03CF87362400]
Treatments of diabetes with available agents come with one or more side effects, hence, the need for continual search of alternative treatment agents from medicinal plants. This study was designed to analyse qualitatively and quantitatively some phytochemicals in methanolic extract in Phyllanthus fraternus and evaluate their hypoglycaemic activity in both diabetic and normal rats. Sixty-six rats were used of which... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2015.6294[Article Number: AA00B8F62306]
Croton cordiifolius is widely used in Brazilian Caatinga folk medicine to treat general inflammation, pain, and gastrointestinal disturbances. Currently, its medicinal properties are not well understood, owing to the absence of chemical and pharmacological studies. The aims of this work were to analyze the chemical composition of C. cordiifolius stem bark and evaluate its in vitro antioxidant and in vivo... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2015.6196[Article Number: EFFBBF062308]
The present study aimed to identify some metabolites products obtained from different jojoba callus tissue extracts using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis (GC-MS). It is known that Jojoba, a medicinal and oil-yielding, has multi-purpose uses. In addition, it produces toxins, fatty acids, phenolic compounds and other secondary metabolites from callus identified using GC-MS. Despite the direct effect of 2,4-D... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2015.6025[Article Number: 6DEC5E762290]
Ocimum gratissimum and Ocimum suave are species belonging to the Lamiaceae family; they have been domesticated and are widely grown in gardens in Western Uganda for its claimed beneficial effect in ethnomedical practice. This study was aimed at comparative evaluation of the physicochemical, phytochemical and acute toxicity potentials of their leaves. Dried leaves of O. gratissimum and O. suave were subjected to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2015.6298[Article Number: 0880B0262292]
Chemical profiling and standardization of the defatted methanol extract of the leaves of Vitex negundo L. were carried out using 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) analysis followed by chemometric analysis of the chemical shift data. Chemical profile was obtained using a k-means cluster profile and chemical standardization which was achieved using a multivariate control chart. The V. negundo samples were made up of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6291[Article Number: C9CCEE862182]
Laurus nobilis L., popularly known as laurel, is a tree belonging to the Lauraceae family, native to Asia. It has long been used in traditional medicine to treat rheumatic disorders, and as a gastric stimulant. The aim of this study was to characterize the chemical composition of essential oils (EO) and fractions from laurel by column chromatography, and to evaluate their antifungal activity. The EO of L. nobilis leaves... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6273[Article Number: C1278AB62177]
There is a growing need for research of photoprotective molecules from natural sources. Flavonoids have shown significant absorption in ultraviolet A (UVA), ultraviolet B (UVB) region, due to their chemical structure with conjugated double bonds, and may be used as ingredients in cosmetics formulations for skin protection. This systematic review reports what has been researched over the past decade on flavonoid and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6288[Article Number: 821616B62113]
Cancer is one of the major causes of death worldwide, including developing and underdeveloped nations. Mortality and morbidity data suggest that incidences are higher than those of the cardiovascular diseases. High cost and occurrence of numerous side and adverse effects associated with conventional anticancer regimes has necessitated shifting the focus towards the practice of traditional alternative and complementary... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6269[Article Number: 4FADF9F62111]
Three indigenous medicinal plants, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L., Phlogacanthus thyrsiformis Mabb. and Lygodium japonicum (Thunb.) Sw., have been investigated for their phytochemical constituents, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. All the three plants tested were positive for polyphenols, terpenoids, glycosides, saponins, flavonoids and reducing sugar. The ethanol extract of these medicinal plants were subjected to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6078[Article Number: 854DB0F61988]
Due to the opportunistic nature of Herpes simplex viral infections, it is of great public concern in sub-Saharan Africa. To date, there is no vaccine or cure for this viral infection. In this study, anti-viral activity of the Kenyan Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium (Pyrethrum) against Herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) was evaluated in vivo (using Swiss mice). Phytochemical screening for presence of secondary metabolites of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6235[Article Number: FDE650662001]
The Casearia species (Salicaceae) occur in the tropics and subtropics and their extracts are rich in clerodane-type diterpenes, known as casearins. According to the literature, extracts from Casearia sylvestris exhibit cytotoxic and genotoxic effects in different tumor cell lines, possibly related to the casearins. On the other hand, there are few studies related to the DNA damages of the essential oils from this... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6237[Article Number: 983657062011]
Schistosomiasis is a widespread parasitic infection whose intermediate host is aquatic snails and affects more than 250 million people worldwide. Although control of the snails with synthetic molluscicides is possible, it is not greatly preferred due to concerns of environmental toxicity and the relatively high cost of the chemicals. Conversely, organic plant-derived molluscicides are a better alternative that can be... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2015.5806[Article Number: 5CD4FBE61808]
The methanolic extract of Phyllanthus acidus pulp was screened in the present study to explore pharmacological activities on laboratory animals. The hypoglycemic activity was assessed by glucose tolerance test and the antidiarrheal activity was evaluated by castor oil induced diarrhea inhibition method. The analgesic and anesthetic activity was determined by Tail immersion method and Thiopental sodium induced sleeping... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6272[Article Number: 95FCFA561810]
This study aims at assessing the in vitro activity of Cymbopogon citratus, Eucalyptus citriodora, Lippia multiflora, Melaleuca quinquenervia essential oils and the biobactericide Neco® on extended-spectrum β-lactamases producing or non-producing bacterial strains (ESBL) isolated at the Armed forces hospital of Libreville. The aromatogram and antibiogram were respectively assessed by the agar well diffusion... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6259[Article Number: F3209FD61812]
Sphaeranthus bullatus aerial part is used by Chaga people in Northern Tanzania as herbal tea. It is usually drunk for the management of diarrhea. In this study acute toxicity of S. bullatus was evaluated in order to establish its safety to verify its use as herbal tea. Acute toxicity was performed per Organization for Economic co-operation and Development 423 (OECD) guideline. Six groups of female white... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6155[Article Number: 0E2746061461]
Medicinal plants are now recognized as most important alternative for chemical drugs resource, especially for anti-microbial targets. The current study aimed to determine the scolicidal effect of Allium paradoxium and Tanacetum parthenium as medicinal plants in vitro. Protoscoleces were exposed to different concentrations of chloroformic and hydroalcholic extracts (1, 10, 50 and 100 mg/mL) for 5, 10, 30, 60 and 120 min.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6253[Article Number: 4E7BF1C61598]
Control of leishmaniasis remains a challenge due the high toxicity of the chemotherapeutic drugs presently available. The ongoing search for better leishmanicidal compounds has brought herbal drugs into the limelight as safe and effective substitutes to conventional therapies which have various drawbacks. The current study was designed to evaluate the antileishmanial effect of Quassia amara against Leishmania... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6187[Article Number: 47FF22661603]
The in silico simulations and predictions approach in evaluation of pharmacokinetic properties of new chemical entities (NCEs) is fast becoming an acceptable trend in natural products research and drug discovery. This paper focuses on the properties of trolline with respect to its anti-inflammatory and MCF-7 breast cancer cell line growth inhibition effects and an attempt to predict physico-chemical drug-like properties... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6219[Article Number: F53F0D061455]
In Bénin, malaria is a major public health concern, especially for children under five years and pregnant women. Considering the inefficiency of the health centers in some regions, people use plants for their primary health care. This study aimed to identify and document the medicinal plants used in the treatment of malaria in four departments (Littoral, Ouémé, Plateau and Zou) of south... Read more.
Page 1 of 172, showing 20 records out of 3440 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20