Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
Start Year: 2007
Page 1 of 177, showing 20 records out of 3525 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6528[Article Number: DE4F1DB55875]
Plant species which produce essential oils are important in the healthcare of rural Guatemalans. Steam distilled essential oils from 22 medicinal plant species were analyzed for activity against tongue, skin, and stomach cancer cell lines using a neutral red assay, Vero C1008 cells to assess cytotoxicity, and [3H]-thymidine incorporation assay to assess inhibition of cancer cell proliferation. IC50, CC50, and... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6540[Article Number: E4D42B055602]
Miombo woodlands cover about two thirds of Mozambique national territory. They provide a wide collection of goods and services to the formal and informal economies. A review on the traditional uses of 15 Miombo tree species in human and animal health, as well as the status of research towards the identification of bioactive compounds is presented. Among the 15 species selected, 12 have been screened for their biological... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6476[Article Number: 674B41C55605]
The current ethnobotanical study identified medicinal plant species used to manage HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections by the communities in Rungwe District, Tanzania. Data were collected using questionnaires (n=193), interviews (n=9) and field observations. A total of 31 plant species from 23 families are used in managing HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections. Compositae and Rosaceae were predominantly used in disease... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6542[Article Number: 925774355289]
Plant pectin constitutes an important class of naturally occurring polysaccharides and are widely distributed in various fruits and vegetables consumed on a regular basis. These biomolecules are reported to exhibit a vast array of biological activities including effects on digestive system, chemo-preventive effect in colon cancer, regulation of blood cholesterol level and immune-potentiating effects. However, variation... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6518[Article Number: 68F6B7955291]
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a disease that impacts millions of people around the world. There is an urgent need to find new therapies, specific to triple negative cancer cells with minimal effect on normal cells. This study explores the use of Myrothamnus flabellifolius as an anti-TNBC. Using High Performance Liquid Chromatography, the extract was fractionated and each fraction was tested against TNBC cells... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6513[Article Number: 6903A6867051]
The objective of this study was to analyze the context of the management of people from traditional quilombola community, in relation to the use of plant species and allopathic drugs used in treatment of pain. Questionnaires were used to determine the socio-demographic profile and the interview-semi-structured method with participants adopted. The analysis of data was done by statistics for the socio-demographic... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6515[Article Number: 9A03E2C67053]
Senna alata leaf extract demonstrates antimicrobial properties that promise utility for treatment of topical infections. Its combination with similarly bioactive Eugenia uniflora leaf extract in soap formulation could enhance anti-infective efficacy. The objective of this study was to develop potent antiseptic herbal soap formulations (HSFs) with the combined leaf extracts of the two plants. A soap base having suitable... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6487[Article Number: 986804166969]
Decoctions of Persea americana Mill (Lauraceae) leaves are employed to manage diabetes mellitus among the Ibo communities of Eastern Nigeria. In this study, we studied the ameliorative effects of the aqueous extract of P. americana leaves (AEPAL) on alloxan-induced hyperglycaemia and hyperlipidaemia in Wistar rats. The oral median lethal dose (LD50) of AEPAL was determined in rats. The effects of extract on blood... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6519[Article Number: F43165A66970]
Resistance of malaria parasites to several antimalarial drugs mandates the need for new compounds from affordable sources. Thus the current study was conducted to justify the traditional usage of Lantana trifolia roots and Premna oligotricha leaves to combat malaria. The powdered roots of Lantana trifolia and leaves of Premna oligotricha were macerated using 70% ethanol. Secondary metabolites present... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6527[Article Number: 85F2CC166882]
Traditional medicine is widely used, but its effectiveness is often questioned. Biofilm-producing bacteria and fungi are important in difficult-to-treat persistent and recurrent infections. The present study investigated the anti-biofilm properties of crude methanolic extracts from three medicinal plants used in Namibia, namely Aptosimum albomarginatum (Marloth and Engl.), Albizia anthelmintica (A. Rich Brongn.) and... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6484[Article Number: 055AE2D66886]
Watermelon [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb) Matsum and Nakai] is rich in vitamins C and B complex, and the red color of its pulp is due to the presence of lycopene. Lycopene is an antioxidant component and it is able to neutralize free radicals especially responsible for skin aging. Thus, a formulation containing lycopene extracted from watermelon was developed, and its physical-chemical stability and in vitro antioxidant... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6512[Article Number: 4A3FF2F66877]
Research into ancient cultures has yielded a large body of evidence on the use of medicinal plants for preventive and/or therapeutic purposes. Such plants may have many metabolic activities and functions in the body-antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, platelet aggregation inhibitory and immunological and they can act at different molecular levels. This work offers a comprehensive review of research into the phenolic profile... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6494[Article Number: 6EC6B9E66879]
Cola acuminate is one of the three edible forms of bizzy nut that has been used for medicinal and therapeutic purposes. However, the precise compound responsible for its biological effects has not been completely identified. Using sequential solid--liquid extraction of bizzy nut coupled with bioactive screening, ether extract was obtained (Biz-2) and it possesses tumor inhibitory activity specific for prostate cancer... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6492[Article Number: D0CB45366820]
The rapid iterative negative geotaxis (RING) assay is a commonly used behavioral test in Drosophila based on digital imaging of flies and requires minimal equipment and space. Larval mobility can be used to reliably determine the effect of drugs on locomotion in Drosophila larvae. The effects of Valeriana officinalis extract (VoE) and melatonin (ME) were tested in Drosophila melanogaster flies and larvae. In the RING... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6390[Article Number: 422BD7166673]
In this study, the ability of Tinospora crispa aqueous extract (TCAE) to regulate cholesterol metabolism in human hepatoma cancer cell line (Hep G2) was determined. Cytotoxic study was performed by exposing hepatoma cell (Hep G2) towards TCAE with concentration ranging from 0.002 to 20 mg/ml for 24 h at 37°C and with 5% CO2 atmosphere. Result revealed that TCAE was not toxic to the cell. The ability of TCAE to... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6510[Article Number: 29F933866677]
Due to widespread bacterial resistance to commercial antibiotics, the search for capable substances to combating these microorganisms became a priority. In this context, the endophytic fungi gained prominence as potential producers of bioactive substances with pharmacological interest. It is considering that endophytes are still poorly studied, especially in tropical species. The antibacterial and antifungal potential... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6471[Article Number: 047055E66685]
Ephedra is likely one of the oldest medicinal plants still currently in use. In folk medicine, extracts of Ephedra foeminea are commonly used to treat cancer patients. In relation to its traditional use, the aim of the present study was to determine the cytotoxic activity in vitro of E. foeminea extracts on cancer and non-cancer cells. Cell viability was determined using XTT assay, induction of apoptosis by cell sorting... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6469[Article Number: 5D8BBAE66600]
Pentadesma butyracea is a rainforest species of Clusiaceae family with multi-values for human healthcare according to previous ethnobotanical survey. In spite of this traditional use of P. butyracea, there is a lack of scientific knowledge of its biological activities. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the major phytochemical compounds of P. butyracea hydroalcoholic seeds extract and to assess... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017. 6506[Article Number: 022EBDE66602]
Momordica charantia has been used traditionally for the treatment of several ailments. Some natural plant products are known to exhibit cytotoxic or anti-proliferative effects on cancer cell lines, such plants offer a promising therapeutic approach as an anti-tumor agent. In this study, the anti-proliferative effects of graded concentrations of methanol leaf extract of M. charantia (MEMC) at different point time was... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JMPR2017.6465[Article Number: 0E62B6566504]
A protocol for large-scale in vitro production of Baccharis myriocephala was developed. Total phenolic content was analyzed in plants cultured on MS + 1.0 mg.L-1 of indoleacetic acid (IAA), benzyladenine (BA) or kinetin (KIN). Nodal segments obtained from seeds germinated in vitro on Murashige and Skoog basal medium (MS) were subcultured on MS basal medium, hormone-free or with different growth regulators added: IAA, BA... Read more.
Page 1 of 177, showing 20 records out of 3525 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20