Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
Start Year: 2007
Page 1 of 171, showing 20 records out of 3405 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6163[Article Number: 53EE96560665]
Candida infections can be superficial, invasive or disseminating. The virulence of Candida species has been attributed to several factors, including the promotion of hyphae and biofilm formation, adherence to host tissues, and response to environmental changes and morphogenesis. Resistance to many clinically used antifungal agents has led to the need to identify new compounds and drugs for therapeutic use. Therefore,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6192[Article Number: 330726860667]
Screening of native plants with therapeutical effects constitutes a valuable way to enhance biological attributes of medicinal herbs and discover new drugs. Therefore, ethanol and methanol extracts from ten plants collected from Brazilian Cerrado were tested to inhibitory effects against Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853) through disc diffusion. The... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6208[Article Number: A30393C60669]
First generation drugs such as zidovudine have been extensively used in clinical practice, resulting in the development of HIV resistance to these nucleoside analogs. Several studies have demonstrated the effective anti-HIV activity of natural products derived from seaweeds, suggesting promising sources of substances for the development of novel antiviral drugs. In this paper, the antiviral effect of extracts from the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6190[Article Number: 4322F8B60458]
This study evaluated the anti-allergenic properties of the aqueous extract of the stem bark from Bowdichia virgilioides (AEBv). Oral administration of AEBv inhibited the plasma protein leakage at 30 min post allergenic challenge in Swiss mice actively sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA). AEBv inhibited OVA-induced histamine release in vitro in tissues obtained from sensitized mice. AEBv-treated mice exhibited a lower influx... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6194[Article Number: 612AD0F60462]
Attallea speciosa Mart. (babassu) fruit contains a mesocarp that is rich in carbohydrates with immunomodulatory effects. The induction of the tolerogenic response is a tumor escape mechanism, and immunomodulator adjuvants have been studied to reestablish host immunogenicity. This study evaluates the adjuvant potential of babassu mesocarp carbohydrates in a tumor model. The babassu mesocarp extraction (BME) yield was... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6151[Article Number: 8F7441A60464]
To determine the protective effects of ethanol extracts of Curcuma comosa on kidney injury by cisplatin, mice were randomly assigned into 4 groups: Control, cisplatin control (12.5 mg/kg body weight (BW), i.p.), C. comosa+cisplatin (pretreatment with C. comosa at dose 200 mg/kg BW orally for 4 consecutive days before cisplatin injection), and C. comosa control groups. After five days, the renal tissues were collected to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6217[Article Number: 05376B460431]
Renealmia thryrsoidea (Ruiz & Pav.) Poepp. & Endl is a plant used by the Amazonian indigenous people of Ecuador for its various medicinal properties. Its leaves exhibit a remarkable aroma with a hint of spiciness. The essential oil extracted from its leaves was analyzed by GM/MS, using two systems with columns of different polarity, in both was confirmed the presence of terpinolene (26.32%),... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6149[Article Number: 9B0A70760436]
This study evaluated the effect of flavonoid fraction (FF) of Platycerium angolense on acetaminophen-induced liver damage in rat with a view to considering the possibility of utilizing the extracts of the plant for the management and treatment of liver related ailments. Powdered leaves of P. angolense were extracted with methanol 70% (v/v) to yield methanolic extract of P. angolense (MEPA). The MEPA followed successive... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6212[Article Number: 359F5B260439]
Tea is a medicinal beverage manufactured from the plant, Camellia sinensis L. The bud and two adjacent leaves (tea flush) are generally harvested in this process. Currently, it is also used as an ingredient in cosmetic products. The present study was carried out to screen the antioxidant activity and the distribution of phenolic content in different parts of the tea plant for their utilization in other industries.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6146[Article Number: 6E7C4DA60300]
Reactive oxygen species are responsible for causing different types of damage in the body which are associated with the onset of chronic non-communicable diseases. A strategy to counteract these effects is by a diet rich in antioxidants compounds found in fruits. The aim of this study was to determine the antioxidant capacity in plasma and the content of total phenolic compounds in healthy women who consumed a drink... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6152[Article Number: 6C0C98160302]
The present study aims to investigate the effects of five dietary plants including Azadirachta indica A. Juss. var. siamensis Valeton (flowers), Bombax ceiba Linn (pollen), Citrus hystrix DC (leaves), Polygonum odoratum Lour (leaves), and Solanum torvum Sw (fruits) on activity of pancreatic lipase, micellar cholesterol solubilization and bile acids binding. Two different organic solvents (methanol and ethanol) and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6110[Article Number: 2F4170760305]
A number of reports have been focusing on chemical compositions and functional properties of essential oils isolated from mint. However, there is little data available on the biological activities of non-volatile constituents. In this study, the antibacterial (against 2 gram-positive bacterial strains: Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus; 2 gram-negative bacterial strains: Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2015.5952[Article Number: 0E5200360072]
This study aimed to conduct an ethnobotanical survey of medicinal species in an área of cerrado vegetation in the chapada do Araripe, Ceara, as well as evaluating and selecting species with potential for bioprospecting, based on the relative importance of the species and the consensus among the informants. The ethnobotanical data were collected through semi-structured interviews and a free list, and by using the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6126[Article Number: AC778FB60077]
Presently, medicinal plants, such as Pothomorphe umbellata L. (Piperaceae), have been assessed as sources of potential therapeutic medicines. The inhibitory effects of the crude extract, fractions and 4-nerolidylcathecol, a phenolic compound which has been assigned significant activity in several beneficial properties performed by the plant, on the molecular pathways of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and nuclear factor kappa... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6181[Article Number: 942F72360081]
The study documented the medicinal plants used in the treatment of influenza and common cough and established efficacy of some plants locally used against bacteria causing upper respiratory tract infections in Uganda. It involved an ethnobotanical survey and laboratory experimental investigation to determine the bioactivity against selected bacteria that cause upper respiratory tract infections. Data on medicinal... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6139[Article Number: B83FA4559882]
The components of essential oils from the leaf and fruit peel of Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Santra (santra mandarin) cultivated in Egypt were explored qualitatively and quantitatively using GLC and GLC/MS and 131 components were identified and quantified. In the leaf oil, one hundred and nine (109) compounds were determined with sabinene (23.10%) and linalool (21.20%) as a major component. The total identified... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6123[Article Number: 9E3665159884]
The effects of oral intake of capsaicin oleoresin (CO) on arterial blood pressure was examined in male spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats. Animals were randomized into control (C), capsaicin oleoresin (CO), capsaicin oleoresin-irbesartan (COI) and capsaicin oleoresin-amlodipine besylate (COAB) fed groups. The experimental groups received 50 mg of Capsaicin Oleoresin only, CO with 25 mg of Irbesartan, and CO with 2.5... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2014.5483[Article Number: B6C63EF59887]
Medicinal plants occupy the most preponderant place in households in Democratic Republic of the Congo. Indeed, more than three quarters of its population depend on natural resources to survive financially and health wise, due to economic issue and inability of some modern medicines to cure some diseases. An ethno-botanical survey was conducted in Beni and Lubero territories, where Bantu people and Pygmies live. It was... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6157[Article Number: B5C256C59890]
Achillea millefolium is a flowering plant in the family, Asteraceae and is known to be used in traditional medicine as astringent, stimulant, tonic, antiphlogistic and for the treatment of cold and influenza. In an earlier study in the authors’ laboratory, four different extracts of a variety of yarrow called Achillea ‘Moonshine’ were tested for anti-acne effect. The petroleum ether extract of Achillea... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMPR2016.6064[Article Number: 34B41A859722]
The polyunsaturated fatty acids of Sacha Inchi seeds are important in the development of food products with healthy and nourishing properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L) on a prototype convenience food. The nutritional composition and sensory acceptance was evaluated using a completely randomized experimental design. Fixed effect-balanced factorial multiple... Read more.
Page 1 of 171, showing 20 records out of 3405 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20