Abbreviation: J. Med. Lab. Diagn.
Start Year: 2010
Page 1 of 3, showing 20 records out of 50 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2015.0100[Article Number: 5574A1063143]
Mainly, rubella infections during pregnancy are considered as serious infections worldwide. Since Rubella virus not only infects susceptible women early in pregnancy, they can also be transmitted to the fetus, and might induce birth defects. Accordingly, accurate as well as meticulous diagnosis of rubella infection is crucial during pregnancy. A descriptive, retrospective cross sectional hospital based study was... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2016.0131[Article Number: 02F8E0262296]
Several studies report that between 60 to 85% of laboratory errors are produced during the preanalytical phase. The objective of this study was to identify the factors at the origin of nonconformities during this phase at the Civil Hospital of Tetouan. A mixed preanalytical descriptive study realized between April and May 2014 was based on a questionnaire, an observation grid, focus groups and semi-structured... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2016.0135[Article Number: 6027A5161907]
The increasing bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents has rendered susceptibility testing an indispensable tool for appropriate antibiotic selection. This study is aimed at evaluating the technical methods of antibiogram in some medical laboratories in Cameroon. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. The data collection was done with two material, the questionnaire and the observation sheet. We... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2016.0132[Article Number: FAFCABC60558]
β thalassemia major is one of major public health problem in south China requiring lifelong blood transfusions for the children to stay alive. However, long-term transfusion increases the risk of the patients to produce the autoantibodies and alloantibodies due to repeated exposure to foreign antigens. In this study, we reported one rare case of β-thalassemia major with cold autoantibodies and alloantibodies.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2016.0129[Article Number: 6DA793860878]
When confronted with a tongue and neck mass in a child, a specific diagnosis can be difficult to make with a differential diagnosis often provided. Teratocarcinosarcoma of the tongue with metastases to the neck would be considered an extremely rare specific diagnosis to correctly make prospectively. This study presents the clinical appearance, as well as the CT, MRI, PET and pathologic findings in this rare entity. With... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2016.0122[Article Number: 1E76C9558924]
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is major public health problems that affect million people worldwide and people who are infected assumed to develop liver cirrhosis or hepatocelular carcinoma. Screening of blood donors is essential for healthy and safe donation. A cross sectional study design was conducted among volunteer blood donors in Arba Minch blood bank from March 2015 to April 2015. A total of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2015.0120[Article Number: 5CFF47F58751]
Total Lymphocyte Count (TLC) has been previously evaluated as a surrogate for CD4 counts in the management of HIV especially in resource-limited settings with varying results. This study developed a clinical algorithm of TLC and other significant haematologic parameters to raise the predictive value of TLC in classifying subjects with CD4 count <350 cells/mm3. Total samples of 215 HIV-seropositive ARV-naïve... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2015.0119[Article Number: 07DC5C358405]
Cassava peels which is available in large quantity as waste is being considered as a possible replacement for maize in chicken feeds due to the world shortage of cereals. This study examined the safety of collagen and reticulin fibres in the liver and kidney of broiler chicken, when the Aspergillus niger-hydrolyzed cassava peel meal (HCPM) was used as diet carbohydrate. HCPM was used as replacement for maize in chicken... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2015.0114[Article Number: AFC272657386]
Acute hepatitis A (AHA) in children usually has generally benign course. In literature, there are several descriptions of gallbladder involvement in AHA, but there are few data on the pediatric population. Fifteen children living in a Romani camp or in the neighbourhoods with AHA were admitted. 57% of children who underwent abdomen ultrasounds showed a significant gallbladder involvement and none of the patients... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2015.0115[Article Number: FEDEEB155944]
Von Willebrand factor (VWF) is a complex multimeric, multifunctional glycoprotein. It plays a primary role in haemostasis by forming platelet plugs at sites of vascular injury. The biological breakdown of VWF is mediated by a metalloprotease, ADAMTS-13. Both proteins are important in normal coagulation. Deficiencies in gene and or protein of VWF are associated with von Willebrand disease and those of ADAMTS-13 are... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2015.0110[Article Number: 10A5CDC55333]
Human errors in clinical and research laboratories constitute a substantial source of lost productivity. Here we present a novel method for reducing human errors in pipetting by providing real time feedback to the laboratory worker. The system uses light emitting diodes to indicate wells that have been accessed for pipetting using a system that is based on Faraday’s principle of electromagnetic induction.This... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2015.0104[Article Number: F1F335655143]
Accreditation is the process which ensures that certification practices are implemented in laboratories to enhance their quality and efficiency. It in turn helps laboratories to improve technical processes, achieve competitive advantage and increase market share. To achieve accreditation, successful implementation of the laboratory quality management system (LQMS) is a requisite. In this study, evaluation of quality... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2015.0099[Article Number: DC962D452838]
This study was carried out to detect occult hepatitis B virus (OHB) among haemodylsis patient in Khartoum State, Sudan. Antigen capture enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), competitive ELISA to detect Hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) antibodies and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA were used to analyze 100 plasma samples collected... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2014.0095[Article Number: 713BE0552837]
The seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus II (HSV2) was investigated from April, 2011 to May, 2012 among 170 pregnant women attending consultation in the urban health training Yopougon-Attié, Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire). The anti-HSV2 immunoglobin G (IgG) antibodies were detected by the principle of indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using the Diagnostic Automation ELISA® kit. Human... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2012.0101[Article Number: A3C09AC50723]
Tuberculosis is a major health problem throughout the world causing large number of deaths, more than that of any other single infectious disease. Accurate and early diagnosis of tuberculosis is important for its effective management. The continued development of affordable, sensitive, and specific diagnostic tools will be required for use in resource-poor settings, where the incidence of disease is the highest like... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2014.0097[Article Number: 9F3876550265]
This paper compares, in a hub and spoke (H&S) setting, the performance of two automated methods in rapid diagnosis of urinary tract infections (UTI). 2335 midstream urine samples obtained from adult patients were considered. In the spoke laboratory, rapid diagnosis of UTI was performed by using bacteria quantification with a Sysmex UF-1000i analyzer. In the hub laboratory, rapid diagnosis of UTI was performed by... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2014.0094[Article Number: 831285047559]
Hemoglobinopathies prevalence and distribution among ethnic groups inhabiting the Red Sea State in Sudan were not reported till date. Accordingly, this study has been conducted to address this problem in that area. The study was a cross-sectional descriptive one conducted in Port Sudan city to screen for hemoglobinopathy in anaemic patients referred to three major centers. The study population included 209 patients, 54%... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2014.0091[Article Number: D8F8D9544989]
This study aimed at assessing the reactive thrombocytosis and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis living in Port Sudan City, Red Sea State, Sudan. This study covers the period from June 2006 up to December 2008 at Port Sudan Tuberculosis Diagnostic Center. Hundred newly discovered Ziehl Neelsen stain positive males (77%) and females (23%) were randomly selected to be the study sample... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2013.0086[Article Number: 01BF4D944779]
Laboratories and laboratory tests are fundamental components of tuberculosis control programme; providing testing for diagnosis, surveillance and treatment monitoring at every level of health care system. This review is therefore, aimed at comparing and summarizing data on these laboratory systems used in the diagnosis of tuberculosis in Ethiopia. A systematic review of literature addressing the diagnosis of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JMLD2014.0088[Article Number: 35CC06744782]
Few clinical settings in resource-limited countries perform CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts required as a baseline test for antiretroviral therapy. We investigated CD4 count in newly diagnosed HIV-infected patients attending our treatment centre and evaluated suitability of total lymphocyte count (TLC) as a surrogate marker for CD4+T-lymphocyte count required as a yardstick for initiating antiretroviral therapy. Usefulness of... Read more.
Page 1 of 3, showing 20 records out of 50 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20