Abbreviation: J. Infect. Dis. Immun.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 4, showing 20 records out of 75 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2017.0174[Article Number: F7BBC0656012]
Antiretroviral therapy has reduced HIV-related morbidity and mortality substantially. WHO recommends the use of Nevirapine or Efavirenz as first line combined with two from nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. In this study the immunological outcomes of Neverapin versus Efafrenz based ART was assessed. Medical records of patients were retrieved and important variables were captured to standard questionnaire.... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2016.0160[Article Number: 048CE8365329]
Tuberculosis is a chronic infections disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis attributable to nearly 9.3 million new cases and 2 million deaths a year, most of which occurring in developing countries. Besides its public health impact, tuberculosis continues to be a challenge for holistic development. Lack of proper knowledge regarding treatment of tuberculosis and consequences of defaulting lead to poor adherence in... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2016.0163[Article Number: E6CBABB61857]
Measurement of C reactive protein rate in children suffering from falciparum malaria was done in order to determine its relationships according to parasite density, white blood cells, age and hemoglobin. This study was a prospective cross-sectional with descriptive and analytical purpose. It focused on 50 children aged from 0 to 15 years admitted in the Pediatric departments of university hospitals in Cocody and... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2016.0157[Article Number: A4C5D4061045]
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem in Ethiopia. This is at various levels of prevention; connected to early detection, prompt treatment seeking and compliance behavior of patients. DOTS is important strategy to tackle its prevalence and severity among public. In addition, development of MDR-TB is another emerging agenda which mainly happens as a result of poor compliance to treatment regimen. The main... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2014.0143[Article Number: 654ED6852558]
Dengue is a global endemic and most prevalent human arbovirus disease. This study aimed at evaluating thrombocytopenia and to find out platelet activation in dengue across the spectrum of the disease. A prospective study was conducted from February, 2013 to June, 2014 at Port Sudan Teaching Hospital, Red Sea State, Sudan. 334 cases of dengue caused by dengue virus along with 101 cases of control were enrolled.... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2014.0147[Article Number: 6F1995052556]
Malaria is an issue in Ethiopia of which there is still no “Magic bullet”, no quick or easy solution, apart from extensive progress in its control over the past years. Analysis of documents on malaria data from health care system is essentially important to assess achievement or failure of malaria control programmes. The aim of this study was to investigate the five year trend of malaria prevalence in the... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2013.0127[Article Number: C8C2F2648704]
Three economic evaluations of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) vaccination campaigns in North America concluded that the mass vaccination campaigns would be, or were, highly cost-effective, if not cost-saving. This paper re-assesses each study's analysis and presents three arguments: 1) prediction of vaccine program cost-effectiveness is unrealistic, if not impossible, unless quality surveillance data is available; 2)... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2013.0129[Article Number: 54AB39245677]
Reports from studies conducted among drivers in countries with high burden of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) show very high prevalence of HIV infection in multiples of the national average. HIV risk perception has been identified as an important antecedent for one’s adoption of protective behavior against contracting the disease. This study was conducted to assess the... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2014.0130[Article Number: 57AA04645054]
Leishmaniasis is a growing health problem in many parts of the world. Efforts to find new chemotherapeutics for leishmaniasis remain a priority. This study was carried out to determine the effect of using glucocorticoid drugs to reduce production of chemokine production in a bid to control Leishmania major infection in BALB/c mice. A total of 48 mice were used. In the therapeutic arm (post-infection), 24 mice were... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2011.0020[Article Number: 1BE76E047057]
This study was carried out in 2009 to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of tuberculosis (TB) and its socio-demographic determinants in six selected Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Enugu State, South East Nigeria. A total of 1,200 respondents were selected from 6 Local Government Areas by multi-stage sampling technique and responses elicited from them by semi-structured, pre-tested interviewer administered... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2013.0118[Article Number: DF707E55786]
The antibiotic susceptibility profile and the association of β-lactamase production to antibiotic resistance in Staphylococcus aureus strains were analysed. The disk diffusion antibiotic susceptibility pattern was conducted on S. aureus strains cultured from clinical specimens using standard bacteriological methods. The β-lactamase production was assayed using the modified Perret’s... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2013.0117[Article Number: 30AD2FF5798]
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HIV co-infection among TB patients in Dabat district, northwest Ethiopia. Medical records of 1086 pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis patients registered from 2009 to 2012 at two health centers in the district were reviewed. HIV status was determined on 849 (78.2%) patients. The prevalence of HIV co-infection was 97 (11.4%). The majority, 61 (62.9%) and 90... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2013.0116[Article Number: 6DB97BA5751]
Malaria, syphilis and Hepatitis B during pregnancy are detrimental to the life of the pregnant women and the foetus. In this study, we documented the prevalence of the three diseases among pregnant women attending a selected Comprehensive Health Care center in Osogbo, Nigeria using serological kits. Of the 200 participants consented to participate in the study, 26 (13%) were positive for malaria while 6 (3%) were... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI12.026[Article Number: 4F894F25764]
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common post-renal transplant complications. During the first month post-transplantation, bacterial septicemia due to UTIs is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The incidence, risk factors and causative bacteria of UTIs were assessed in 27 renal transplant recipients (RTRs). Bacterial UTI was diagnosed based on urine culture that was positive for bacterial growth greater... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI09.017[Article Number: AF0B3305722]
This paper identifies the vulnerable groups which have lower level of specific knowledge about transmission and ways of avoiding human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). Majority of respondents, about 92% floating and 99% frequently moving, heard the name HIV/AIDS from various sources of media, but 52% floating and 31% frequently moving respondents do not know the fearfulness of... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI12.005[Article Number: 8960F585732]
Clindamycin is one of the alternative antibiotics in the therapy of Staphylococcus aureus, particularly in methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) infections. But inducible clindamycin resistance (iMLSB) has been described as a cause of clinical failure of such infections. The present study attempted to evaluate the prevalence of inducible clindamycin resistance among S. aureus isolates in a... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI12.009[Article Number: 7E80EC75681]
In this study, a sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to measure the concentration of cord factor (CF) antigen of M. tuberculosis in the pleural fluids of 42 patients with tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE). The assay was also simultaneously performed in 43 pleural fluid specimens with malignant pleural effusion (MPE). The assay detected CF antigen in 83.3% in patients with TPE... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI12.010[Article Number: 67F7D615697]
In this study, we recorded and analyzed the growth data of 40 children with acute meningitis (age 5.8 ± 3.1 years) for a year or more after treatment, and compared them with their age and sex matched healthy siblings (n = 100). None of the patients had any meningitis complications that could affect linear growth. None of them were underweight and/or stunted for one year or more after treatment. The height... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI11.049[Article Number: 2A987EC5639]
In April 2009, an outbreak of influenza was reported in Mexico and California and within months, it spread to all continents of the world. An influenza pandemic has always posed a threat to global public health. The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, reported practice and preparedness of health care providers in Calabar, Nigeria, regarding the H1N1 pandemic. This was a prospective study. A... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JIDI2.003[Article Number: 96811CA5663]
Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a gram negative bacterium that primarily affects immunocompromised and clinically debilitated patients. It is known to affect many tissues and organ systems of the body, but it rarely causes otitis externa. We reported a case of otitis externa due to S. maltophilia in a 22-year-old immunocompromised male who had bilateral otalgia and ear discharge, as well as left facial... Read more.
Page 1 of 4, showing 20 records out of 75 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20