Journal of
Horticulture and Forestry

  • Abbreviation: J. Hortic. For.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9782
  • DOI: 10.5897/JHF
  • Start Year: 2009

JHF Articles

June 2018

Multiplication of a woody forest gallery species: Pterocarpus santalinoides L’Hér. ex DC.

With climatic change, and despite their protection by the Malian forest code, species characterizing the natural forest galleries of rivers in southern Mali are threatened with extinction because of the development of agricultural parcels. A study of seeds germination and the growth of branch cuttings of Pterocarpus santalinoides L’Hér. ex DC. were carried out for multiplication of this typical gallery...

Author(s): Lassina Traoré, Moussa Karembé and Doulaye Dembélé  

June 2018

Effect of inorganic NP fertilizers and vermicompost on growth, seed yield and yield components of onion (Allium cepa L.) at Maitsebri, northern Ethiopia

The NP fertilizer or organic resources alone may not provide sufficient amounts or may be unsuitable for alleviating specific constraints to crop production. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted at Maitsebri Research Station of Shire-Maitsebri Agricultural Research Center (SMARC) to study the effect of inorganic NP fertilizers and vermicompost on growth, seed yield and yield components of red onion (Allium cepa...

Author(s): Kiros Asgele, Kebede Woldetsadik and Fikreyohannes Gedamu  

June 2018

Effects of volumetric soil water content and fertilizer rate on growth and baicalin accumulation in two species of Scutellaria

Scutellaria or skullcap is a genus containing approximately 350 species of flowering plants, many of which are sold and marketed for their medicinal value. Flavonoids found in Scutellaria spp. have demonstrated anti-inflammatory, antiviral, sedative, antithrombotic and antioxidant affects. Baicalin, a flavonoid produced by Scutellaria spp., is an important compound used to treat anxiety. Scutellaria spp. have potential...

Author(s): Amanda Morgan, Brian Joseph Pearson, Gul Shad Ali, Kimberly Moore and Lance Osborne

May 2018

Growth and yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivars as influenced by plant spacing at Haramaya and Hirna, Eastern Ethiopia

A field experiment was conducted at Haramaya and Hirna during the main cropping season of 2013 to determine the appropriate plant spacing for potato cultivars in relation to growth and yield. The treatments consisted of five seed tuber spacing (75 cm × 30 cm, 60 cm × 30 cm, 60 cm × 25 cm, 50 cm × 25 cm and 45 cm × 20 cm) and four potato varieties (Bubu, Badhassa, Zemen and Chiro). A...

Author(s): Birhanu Tsegaye, Nigussie Dechassa and Wassu Mohammed  

May 2018

On-farm demonstration and evaluation of improved lowland sorghum technologies in Daro Lebu and Boke districts of West Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

This experiment was conducted in Daro Lebu and Boke districts of West Harerghe Zone with the objectives of evaluating lowland sorghum varieties on farmer’s field and creating linkage and networking among stakeholders. Three kebeles were selected purposively based on sorghum production potential, two kebeles from Daro Lebu and one kebele from Boke district. Five farmers and one Farmer Training Center participated...

Author(s): Mideksa Babu, Fekede Gemechu and Asfaw Zewdu

May 2018

Evaluation of selected botanical aqueous extracts against cabbage aphid (Brevicoryne brassicae L. (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on cabbage (Brassicae oleraceae L.) under field condition in Kobo District, North Wollo, Ethiopia

Cabbage is one of the most important vegetable crops under cultivation throughout the world, especially in Africa including Ethiopia. Cabbage aphid is a sap sucking insect pest that damage cabbage. Growers use synthetic chemicals to control cabbage aphids. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Azadirachta indicae, Otostegia integrifolia and Crinum ornatum aqueous extract against cabbage aphids. The field...

Author(s): Desale Getahun Nahusenay and Getnet Atenafu Abate

April 2018

Influence of climate on fruit production of the yellow plum, Ximenia americana, in Burkina Faso, West Africa

Fruits of Ximenia americana have socio-economic value for the local people in West Africa. Understanding the possible influence of climate conditions on fruit production is a basis for better exploitation planning and sustainable management of the species. This study aims to assess the fruit production of X. americana according to tree size across a climatic gradient. The mean total number of fruits, the mean weight of...

Author(s): Ounyambila Lompo, Anne Mette Lykke, Benjamin Lankoandé and Amadé Ouédraogo

April 2018

Impact evaluation on survival of tree seedling using selected in situ rainwater harvesting methods in Gerduba Watershed, Borana Zone, Ethiopia

Establishing forest plantation on degraded rangelands play a key role in forest rehabilitation processes through afforestation or/and reforestation. In-situ rainwater harvesting has positive impact on seedling survivals at degraded rangelands. A quadrant of 10 m × 10 m of five times replication at three slope classes under area enclosure was used. Both survived seedlings and soil physical parameters were collected...

Author(s): Demisachew Tadele, Awdenegest Moges, Mihret Dananto

March 2018

Collection and characterization of garlic (Allium sativm L.) germplasm for growth and bulb yield at Debre Markos, Ethiopia

Garlic (Allium sativm L.) is the most widely used crop among cultivated Allium species in Ethiopia and it has a wide range of climatic and soil adaptation. Production of the crop is confronted with a number of problems and the total production and productivity in the country is low. Among many contributing factors, lack of improved varieties and garlic rust are the major ones. In view of this, an experiment was carried...

Author(s): Yebirzaf Yeshiwas, Belete Negash, Tegibew Walle, Yohaness Gelaye, Abayneh Melke and Kassahun Yissa 

March 2018

Determinants of outlet choices by smallholder onion farmers in Fogera district Amhara Region, Northwestern Ethiopia

Market outlet choice for small holder onion producers is mandatory, since onion crop is a perishable horticultural crop. This study was aimed at assessing determinant of market outlet choice by smallholder onion farmers in Fogera District of Ethiopia. A stratified random sampling technique was employed, to select 150 onion producers in the study area. Multivariate probit model was employed to identify the factor...

Author(s): Taye Melese, Degye Goshu and Assefa Tilahun

February 2018

Determination of the economic threshold level of tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) on tomato plant under glasshouse conditions

Tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera:Gelechiidae) is an important pest of tomato crops native to South America. It is considered to be one of the major pests of tomato crop in Ethiopia since 2012. The aim of this study was to determine the economic threshold level of T. absoluta under glasshouse conditions. The damage potential and economic threshold level for T. absoluta larvae on tomato crop were...

Author(s): Tadele Shiberu and Emana Getu

January 2018

Physico-chemical properties of soil under the canopies of Faidherbia albida (Delile) A. Chev and Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayen in park land agroforestry system in Central Rift Valley, Ethiopia

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of Faidherbia albida and Acacia tortilis on soil physico-chemical properties at Langano and Tuka in farm fields of Bora District where both trees are traditionally retained on the farm. At each site, four F. albida and four A. tortilis trees were purposively selected and soil sample collected from four directions at three distances (1.35, 3.35 and 26.35 m) from tree trunk...

Author(s): Komicha Negeyo Desta, Nigatu Lisanenwork and Mohammad Muktar

December 2017

Assessment of beekeeping production system and constraints in Sude Woreda, Arsi Zone Oromia Ethiopia

The study was conducted in Arsi Zone Sude Woreda, Oromia region, Ethiopia aims to assess beekeeping production systems and constraints. Totally, 90 households were selected for the study. Semi structured questionnaire was prepared to collect primary data. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the results were organized by tables and graphs. Based on the survey result, about 97% of the...

Author(s): Alemayehu Weldearegay and Abera Anja

November 2017

Trees species diversity in perennial crops around Yapo protected forest, Côte d’Ivoire

The potential of agricultural landscapes for tree species diversity conservation in perennial crop was examined in the Southeast of Côte d’Ivoire. Based on botanical survey of trees and shrubs species, the beta diversity has been assessed and diversity profile, species accumilation curves, and rank abundance have been compared from 70 plots of 500 m2 selected in the Yapo Protected Forest (YPF), a Voluntary...

Author(s): Vroh Bi Tra Aimé, N’guessan Kouakou Edouard and Adou Yao Constant Yves,

October 2017

Growth responses of branch cuttings of Cordia africana to physiological age

The use of accurate cutting age in vegetative propagation is a key element in improving plant performance. To investigate the effect of physiological age on Cordia africana, branch cuttings from 1-3-, 8-10- and ≥15-year-old trees were grown under open-field conditions for two months. The cuttings were monitored for flushing and growth. The number of days to flushing was lowest for the 8-10-year-old and highest for...

Author(s): Titus Fondo Ambebe, Maghah Josephine Akenji and Njoya Moses Tita Mogho

September 2017

Yield improvement in hot pepper through demonstration of improved variety (Melkashote) with improved production technologies under irrigation scheme, Abergelle, Tigray, Ethiopia

The demonstration was conducted in 2014/15 production season at Tanqua-Abergelle district, particularly at Hadash-Tekhli (Zembaw) irrigation scheme at farmers’ land. The scheme has high irrigation potential for horticultural crops production. But, improved technologies have not yet demonstrated. Therefore, the objective of this research was to demonstrate improved variety of pepper with improved management...

Author(s): Hintsa Meresa, Tsegay Gebreselassie, Fantay Belay, Haftu Kelelew and Atsbha Gebreslassie

September 2017

Vegetative propagation of selected clones of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) by stem cuttings

The government of Cameroon is responsible for distributing hybrid cocoa seeds to farmers in Cameroon. These high-yielding and pod rot-resistant hybrids are obtained from self-incompatible commercial clones used for seed production by manual pollination of freshly opened flowers. The experimental procedure for the propagation technique of these clones has never been reported. The objectives of this study are to assess...

Author(s): Essola Essola Emmanuel Junior, Caspa Roseline Gusua, Tchatchoua Dorothy Tchapda and Owona Ndongo Pierre Andre

August 2017

Biology of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) under different temperature and relative humidity

Tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) is a pest of Solanaceae crops, particularly tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum (Miller)) and potato (Solanum tuberosum Linnaeus) in the world. There are different records on the biology of T. absoluta in the world mainly due to variations in temperature and relative humidity. In Ethiopia, night temperature is very low and day temperature is very high. Due to this reason, it is...

Author(s): Tadele Shiberu and Emana Getu

July 2017

Management of root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White) Chitwood in Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. through poultry manure and rapeseed cake

Study was conducted in Diredawa Haramaya University Research Station in naturally root-knot nematode infested soil to determine the effect of poultry manure and rapeseed cake against root-knot nematode infestation and yield of tomato var. Mraglobe. Five levels of poultry manure (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 ton/ha) and three levels of rapeseed cake (0, 100 and 200 kg/ha) were applied in experimental plot three weeks before...

Author(s): T. Shiferaw, N. Dechassa and P. K. Sakhuja

June 2017

Effect of seasonality, graft type and scion characteristics on propagation of Vitex payos in the drylands of Kenya

This study focused on Vitex payos (Lour) Merr. which is a high valued indigenous fruit tree known for its social (nutritional and medicinal use) and economic potential in Kenya. However, domestication of this species is hampered by limited information on its vegetative propagation. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of seasonality and grafting methods on graft take-off and survival. Scions...

Author(s): Pauline Bala, Giathi Gitehi, Oeba Vincent, Stephen Fredrick Omondi, Luvanda Albert and Michael Okeyo

May 2017

Growth and survival rate of endemic trees of Ethiopia: Olea africana and Hagenia abysinicca in Lake Haramaya Watershed, Eastern Ethiopia

The study was conducted to explore the growth and survival rate of the native tree species of Ethiopia, Olea africana and Hagenia abysinicca in Lake Haramaya Watershed, Eastern Ethiopia. Three sub watersheds of Lake Haramaya Watershed, namely, Bachake, Damota, and Tinike were selected purposefully on the basis of their extreme degradation and nearby vanished Lake Haramaya. In each sub watersheds, a total of about 12...

Author(s): Eba Muluneh Sorecha

May 2017

Farmyard manure and intra-row spacing on yield and yield components of Adama Red onion (Allium cepa L.) cultivar under irrigation in Gewane District, Afar Region, Ethiopia

A field experiment was conducted at Gewane Agricultural Technical and Vocational Education and Training College in 2012/2013 to assess effect of farmyard manure and intra-row spacing on yield and yield components of Adama Red onion (Allium cepa L.) cultivar under irrigation.  Factorial combination of four rates of farmyard manure (0, 10, 20 and 30 t ha-1) and four levels of intra-row spacing (7.5, 10, 12.5 and 15...

Author(s): Derajew Asres Mekonnen, Fikreyohannes Gedamu Mihretu and Kebede Woldetsadik

April 2017

Survey on distribution and significance of White Mango scale (Aulacaspis tubercularis) in Bench-Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia

This research was initiated following the outbreak of Aulacaspis tubercularis in bench Maji zone with the objective to assess information about occurrence and extent of pest infestation and distribution. Informal survey was conducted first to have a better insight and identify the major pest infested areas. Accordingly, three infested Kebeles namely, Otowa chole, Kuja and Berji in Guraferda woreda were purposefully...

Author(s): Tsegaye Babege, Bewuketu Haile and Awalom Hailu

March 2017

Characterization of potato production, marketing, and utilization in North Western Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Characterization of potato production, marketing and utilization were undertaken in four zones of North Westren Amhara Region namely West Gojjam, East Gojjam, South Gonder and Awi based on their potato production on 158 farmers in 2010 to 2011. The main objective of the study was to characterize and document as well as to assess the challenges of existing potato production, marketing and utilization systems based on...

Author(s): Yazie Chanie, Akalu Teshome, Yalfal Temesgen and Baye Berihun

February 2017

Profitability of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) as affected by NP nutrition and variety in Southern Ethiopia

Profitability of different rates of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and five potato varieties (Bellete, Gudene, Jalene, Marachere and local check) was investigated in southern Ethiopia to find out rates of the nutrients and varieties that would give acceptable returns and likely to be adopted by smallholder farmers in the locality. Factorial combination of N (0, 55.5 and 111 kg/ha) and P (0, 19.5 and 39 kg/ha) were applied...

Author(s): Hailu Gebru, Ali Mohammed, Nigussie Dechassa and Derbew Belew

January 2017

Effect of nitrogen and potassium application rates on nitrogen use efficiency and tuber minerals content in central high lands of Ethiopia

An experiment was conducted on a Nitisol of Holetta agricultural research and Jeldu Sub-center  using three factors such as potato varieties (Belete, Jalenie and Gudanie), nitrogen rates (87, 110 and 133 kg/ha) and potassium oxide rates (0, 34.5, 69 and 103 kg/ha) that were arranged on randomized complete block design with three replications. The data were subjected to Proc GLM model of SAS software version 9.2....

Author(s): Egata Shunka, Abebe Chindi, Gebremedhin W/giorgis, Ebrahim Seid and Lemma Tessema

October 2016

Influence of root and shoot pruning on field establishment and growth of overgrown cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) seedlings

Delayed planting of cashew seedlings coupled with the erratic weather conditions in Ghana has often led to high transplant mortality of over grown cashew seedlings. This experiment was carried out in the Guinea savanna zone of Northern Ghana to study the effect of root and shoot pruning on the survival and field performance of overgrown (4 to 7 months old) cashew seedlings. The experiment was laid out in a randomized...

Author(s): Patricia Adu-Yeboah, Julius Yeboah, Frank Owusu-Ansah, Andrews Yaw Akrofi and Kwabena Opoku-Ameyaw

September 2016

African spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) as biofumigant against weeds during Turfgrass (Paspalum notatum) establishment

Weeds are the most common pests, which interfere with turfgrass establishment and uniformity lowering functional and aesthetic quality of lawns. Killing weed seeds or suppressing their germination is necessary before establishing new lawn to prevent weeds from gaining a foothold hence, giving turfgrass a competitive advantage.  A field study was conducted at Bukura Agricultural College, Kenya, to explore the...

Author(s): Grace O. Chongori, Samuel Nyalala and Mariam Mwangi

August 2016

In vitro regeneration of Mango (Mangifera indica L.) cv. Baramasi through nucellar embryogenesis

Vegetative propagation via grafting is a common method to propagate mono-embryonic mango (Mangifera indica L.) varieties in Oman which is time consuming and expensive. Standardize in-vitro regeneration protocol in producing true-to-type, disease free and homogeneous high quality plants is prerequisite. Nucellar tissues from immature mango fruits of mono-embryonic cv. Baramasi were used as explants to induce somatic...

Author(s): Khair Tuwair Al-Busaidi, Manish Shukla, Abdullah Hamed Al-Burashdi, Ghaya Sultan Al-Blushi, Mohammed Hamed Al-Jabri, Basem Saif Al-Kalbani and Hamoud Darwish Al-Hasani 

July 2016

Effects of negarim and semi-circular structures on growth and yield of banana in moisture deficit area of Daro Labu District, West Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia

The study was conducted for three consecutive years (2011/2012 to 2013/2014) to evaluate the growth and production of banana (Robusta variety) with different water harvesting structure in Daro Labu districts of Oda Leku peasant association. The water harvesting structures used as treatments were semi-circular bund with and without mulch, negarim micro catchment with and without mulch and normal pit with and without...

Author(s): Tadele Geremu, Eshetu Ararso, Desalegn Mamo, Gemechu Ayela, Alemayhu Diriba, Bayisa Muleta and Dulo Hussen

June 2016

Genetic diversity among four genotypes from Hibiscus rosasinensis in relation to drought stress

The effect of drought stress on growth and water relations of four Hibiscus genotypes was investigated. Drought stress significantly retarded vegetative growth as analyzed by plant height, stem diameter, leaf area, fresh and dry weight. The osmotic potential (ys) values decreased with increasing drought time, and the decrease was more pronounced in Fantasia followed by Jay´s orange. Osmotic adjustment (O.A.)...

Author(s): Nermeen T. Shanan and Reda E. A. Moghaieb

May 2016

Assessment of tree species distribution and diversity in the major urban green spaces of Nairobi city, Kenya

Plant composition of urban green spaces is an important component of urban ecosystem as it influences the provision of many environmental and social services that contribute to the quality life. In Nairobi, a few remnants of continuous highland forest exist but they are under increasing pressure from the rapidly changing surrounding landscape. The plant composition is being altered by human encroachment and other...

Author(s): David Onguso Nyambane, John Bosco Njoroge and Arnold Onyango Watako

January 2016

Influence of mulching and varieties on growth and yield of tomato under polyhouse

The experiment was conducted to study the effect of mulch on growth and yield of tomato varieties under polyhouse condition at Bahir Dar, Ethiopia in 2012 and 2013. The treatments were 4 × 2 factorial combinations of mulching material (Black plastic mulch (BPM), White plastic mulch (WPM), Grass mulch (GM) and no mulch with two varieties (Cochoro and Miya). White plastic mulch recorded significantly tallest plant...

Author(s): Habtamu Tegen, Yigzaw Dessalegn and Wassu Mohammed

November 2015

Exploring people’s preferences on specific attributes of urban forests in Washington DC: A conjoint approach

The study uses conjoint analysis to determine the preferences of different groups of people on specific urban forest attributes such as plant variety, planting pattern, color variety and growth form. A year-long face-to-face survey was employed to collect data and conjoint analysis was conducted to estimate the relative importance of the attributes as well as the part-worth values of the specific levels under each...

Author(s): Rogelio Andrada II, Jinyang Deng and Kathryn Gazal

October 2015

Changes in flavonoids concentration of Hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida) in response to exogenous amino acids

Hawthorn (Crataegus pinnatifida Bge.) flavonoids constituents have recently received greater attention for their health and medical properties. In order to relgulate the  flavonoids constituents, one-year-old hawthorn plants were subjected to foliar application of L-glutamic acid (GLA, 800 mg L–1 ), glycine (GLY, 20 mg L–1), L-phenylalanine (PHE, 20 mg L–1), L-arginine (ARG, 20 mg L–1). The...

Author(s): Cui Yu, De-Guo Lv, Xing-Ming Hu and Wen Deng

August 2015

Nutrient status of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers and lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) leaves produced along the bank of River Beressa

The discharge of untreated solid and liquid wastes containing toxic heavy metals (Cr, Pd, Ni, Hg and As) from municipal and industrial activities has deteriorate the potential of Beressa River water mainly for irrigation purpose and affect the chemical property of soils and vegetables grown along the bank. Thus, this work was conducted to assess the concentrations of both essential nutrients (Ca, Mg, K, P, N, Mn, Fe, Cu...

Author(s): Haymanot Awgchew, Heluf Gebrekidan and Adamu Molla  

August 2015

Effect of climatic conditions on flowering and fruiting of Tamarindus indica (Fabaceae)

This study examined effects of climatic conditions on patterns of flowering and fruiting of tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.). Data were recorded over a period of 26 months in two contrasting climatic zones. The monitoring revealed that irrespective of climatic zones, flowering starts by the end of the dry season when hygrometry begins to rise and lasts two to three months. Fruiting begins around the peak of the rainy...

Author(s): Adandé B. Fandohan,, Valère K. Salako, Achille E. Assogbadjo, Boukary O. Diallo, Patrick Van Damme and Brice Sinsin  

July 2015

Vegetation composition and dynamics along degradation gradient of Kiang'ombe hill forest in the drylands of Kenya

Kiang'ombe hilltop forest is overexploited for fuel wood, charcoal, timber and non-wood forest products, thus threatening its biodiversity conservation role. The extent of forest degradation is not yet quantified and this impedes rehabilitation interventions. This study was conducted to evaluate the status of Kiang'ombe forest resources to initiate rehabilitation interventions and to support sustainable forest...

Author(s): John Ngugi Kigomo, Gabriel Mukuria Muturi, Francis Norman Gachathi, Samuel Munyua Kimani, Margaret Nduta Kuria and Eliud Macharia Waweru

June 2015

Uses and preferences of woody species in two protected forests of Dan Kada Dodo and Dan Gado in Niger

An ethnobotanical survey was carried out on 31 woody species recorded in the protected forests of Dan Kada Dodo and Dan Gado in south-central Niger. Semi-structured interviews with local population were conducted between June and September 2012 in seven bordering villages in which five are predominantly from the Hausa ethnic group and two are from the Fulani ethnic group. A total of 256 people were randomly selected and...

Author(s):   Abdourhamane Hamidou, Morou Boube, Larwanou Mahamane, Mahamane Ali, Saadou Mahamane and RonaldBellefontaine   

June 2015

Phenotypic traits of Carapa procera fruits from riparian forests of Burkina Faso, West Africa

Investigating phenotypic variation in fruit traits constitute an important base for biodiversity assessment and domestication. The present study was carried out in order to assess the diversity of phenotypic traits of Carapa procera fruits. A total of 430 fruits were collected on 43 trees, and their surface aspect, length, width, weight, number of carpels and number and weight of seeds were recorded. Hierarchical...

Author(s): Benjamin Lankoandé, Amadé Ouédraogo, Joseph Issaka Boussim and Anne Mette Lykke

May 2015

Response of varieties and planting dates on growth and flowering of gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflorus Andrews) under the ecological conditions of Haramaya University, Eastern Ethiopia

The present study was initiated to elucidate the performance of two internationally acclaimed cultivars of Gladiolus grandiflorus, Summer Rose and Friendship and to find the effect of three planting dates on growth, production and quality of flowers. Ethiopia is a grower and exporter of cut flowers but gladiolus has not found a place among the flowers cultivated and traded probably due to inadequacy of planting material...

Author(s): K. Vasanthakumar, Tewodros Bezu and Anteneh Bekele

May 2015

Determinants of deforestation in Western Oromia region of Ethiopia: The case of Komto Forest

Deforestation and poverty are challenging problems in Ethiopia. The deforestation-poverty nexus is complicated by the institutional failures related to management of natural resources. This study was conducted to analyse the determinants of deforestation in Ethiopia, Western Oromia, the case of Komto Forest in East Wollega Zone, employing primary cross-sectional data on sampled households. Multistage sampling technique...

Author(s): Megersa Debela Daksa and Bekele Hundie Kotu

May 2015

Provenance variation in seed morphological characteristics, germination and early seedling growth of Faidherbia albida

Faidherbia albida is an important agroforestry tree species widely distributed across parklands and agricultural systems in Africa. The demand to scale it up in similar agroecologies outside their natural distribution range in agricultural systems in Eastern Africa is increasing. The demand is caused by the observed enhancement of crop yields under mature F. albida trees canopies. There are around 132 provenances of F....

Author(s): Charity Fredrick, Catherine Muthuri, Kamau Ngamau and Fergus Sinclair

May 2015

Effect of field capacity of sacred forest soils on regeneration of Aframomum melegueta on Western Highlands in Cameroon

This study was aimed at investigating the field capacity of three sacred forest soils of the West Region of Cameroon and their effect on the germination potential and early plant growth characteristics of fresh and dried seeds of Aframomum melegueta. Sample soils were collected from Bamendjo (BO), Bamendjinda (BA), and Mbing Mekoup (MB) sacred forest areas. Each area was divided into three location sites 1, 2 and 3 and...

Author(s): Anjah G. M., Nguetsop V. F., Tsombou F. M. and Njoya M. T. M.

April 2015

Timber species from Afram arm of the Volta Lake in Ghana: Planing and sanding properties

Volumes of timber logs (dead trees) in the Volta Lake in Ghana, that had become a dead trap for water transportation, were being extracted for utilization to increase the timber resource base. Unfortunately, their properties were not known for efficient promotion and utilization. The influence and relative significance of machine surface planing and sanding parameters in the production of good quality timber surface...

Author(s): Francis Wilson Owusu, Felix Boakye and Godwin Zorve

April 2015

Effects of organic and chemical fertilizers on yield and total soluble solids (TSS) in Banana Cavendish group (AAA)

Banana fruit production in the Sudan covers a wide spectrum of activities ranging from local utilization of fruit with self-sufficiency through small farming for local market to large plantation for export. It is one of the most important fruits of Sudan. Therefore, a field experiment was conducted at two locations during 2009\2010 and 2010\2011 in split-split plot layout with four replications. The main plots were the...

Author(s): Intisar Bakheit and Elsadig H. Elsadig

April 2015

Effects of mycorrhiza, organo-mineral and NKP fertilizer on the performance and post harvest quality of sweetcorn

A field experiment was carried out to assess the effects of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza (VAM), Organo-mineral fertilizer (OMF) and NPK (15:15:15), on the performance and post-harvest quality of sweet corn. The experiment was laid out in a split plot design with mycorrhiza as main plot and fertilizer combinations as treatments. VAM inocula were applied at a rate of 888.88 kg ha-1, OMF at 2000 kg ha-1 and NPK...

Author(s): Etukudo O.O, Babatola L. A., Ojo O. D. and Fagbola O.

April 2015

The use of electrolyte leakage procedure in assessing heat and salt tolerance of Ruzaiz date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivar regenerated by tissue culture and offshoots and treatments to alleviate the stressful injury

Salt and heat stresses are one of the greatest constraints facing agricultural production worldwide, particularly in arid and semi-arid countries where scarcity of water and high temperatures prevail. Assessing tolerance level of date palm trees regenerated by tissue culture against heat and salt stresses is a prerequisite.This investigation aims to determine heat and NaCl tolerance of date palm (cv. Ruzaiz) produced by...

Author(s): Khair Tuwair Said Al Busaidi and Karim Mohamed Farag

March 2015

Influence of rooting media and number of nodes per stem cutting on nursery performance of vanilla (Vanilla planifolia Andr. syn. Vanilla fragrans)

The effect of rooting media and number of nodes per cutting on nursery performance of vanilla fragrance were evaluated in South-western Ethiopia in 2011/ 2012. Six rooting media (forest soil, decomposed animal manure, fine sand, 1:1 mixture of forest soil: fine sand, 1:1 mixture of decomposed animal manure: fine sand and 1:1:1 mixture of forest soil: decomposed animal manure: fine sand) and four levels of node number...

Author(s): Mesay Adugna, Derebew Belew and Digafie Tilahun

March 2015

Lettuce growth characteristics as affected by fertilizers, liming, and a soil conditioner

The aim of this work was to test fertilizers, liming, and levels of a soil conditioner produced from leonardite, composed by humic and fulvic acids on “iceberg” lettuce growth characteristics. The experimental design was completely randomized in a 5×3×2 factorial scheme, with 5 levels of soil conditioner (0, 20, 40, 100 and 200 L ha-1), 3 fertilizers [chicken manure, plant compost (plant residues...

Author(s): Edilene Carvalho Santos Marchi, Giuliano Marchi, Carlos Alberto Silva, Bruno de Oliveira Dias and Marco Antônio Rezende Alvarenga

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