Journal of
Cereals and Oilseeds

  • Abbreviation: J. Cereals Oilseeds
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6591
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCO
  • Start Year: 2010

JCO Articles

May 2018

Qualitative analysis of enzyme-assisted traditionally extracted shea butter from different pretreated shea kernel substrates

The use of enzyme consortium to aid the extraction of shea butter in the traditional village extraction process improves the quality of the shea butter. In  this study, shea butter was extracted from three different shea kennel substrates; raw shea kennels (RASK), roasted shea kennels (ROSK) and shea kennel paste (SKEP) from a single variety of shea nuts (Vitellaria paradoxa) using the standard traditional...

Author(s): Beauty Didia, Zakpaa Hilary D., Mills-Robertson Felix C. and Abdul-Mumeen Iddrisu

February 2018

Evaluation of the performance of some white seeded sesame (Sesamum Indicum L.) genotypes using GGE biplot analysis in Northern Ethiopia

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) known as queen of oil seed crops is mainly grown for its oil of local consumption, sources of income and great contribution for the national economy of Ethiopia. However, there is a low productivity and production due to environments, genotypes, interaction and management variation. Four sesame genotypes were evaluated for their interactions with environments and seed yield stability analysis...

Author(s): Fantaye Belay, Hintsa Meresaand Atsbha Gebreslasie

August 2017

Fatty acid profile of Manketti (Schinziophyton rautanenii) nut oil: Influence of extraction method and experimental evidence on the existence of α-eleostearic acid

Fatty acid profile of Manketti oil extracted by screw press (SPE), supercritical fluid, Soxhlet (SE) and mechanical shaking (MS) extractions determined by chromatography (GC). Eight fatty acids were identified using authentic standards; two were  calculated by equivalent chain lengths (ECL) values; α-eleostearic acid was identified by GC and spectroscopic techniques while three could not be identified. The...

Author(s): Gwatidzo L., Botha B. M. and McCrindle R. I.

April 2017

Determination of optimum seed rate for the production of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) in the lowlands of North Shewa, Ethiopia

On-farm study was conducted in the lowland areas of Kewot district in the North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia on two sites during 2011 crop season to determine optimum seed rate of sesame. Four seed rates (2, 4, 6 and 8 kg ha-1) of sesame cultivar Adi, were arranged in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replications at each experimental site. The results of analysis of variance showed that location and seed rate...

Author(s): Mebrate Tamrat Woldeselassie and Daniel Admasu

April 2017

Performance evaluation of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] hybrids in the moisture stress conditions of Abergelle District, Northern Ethiopia

Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] grown under rain-fed conditions is usually affected by moisture stress at different stages, resulting in reduced yield. The assessment of variation in agronomic traits contributing towards drought escaping at these stages is of vital importance. This study was conducted during 2014 and 2015 cropping seasons using a randomized complete block design with three replications to evaluate...

Author(s): Fantaye Belay and Hintsa Meresa

March 2017

Effects of crop improvement technologies on downy mildew of pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.

Pearl millet is potentially prone to diseases as such downy mildew caused by Sclerospora graminicola causing losses in grain yield. Crop improvement technologies such as seed priming and fertilizer micro-dosing have only been applied to improve crop production without assessing their implications in the diseases of crops. This study examines the effects of these technologies on downy mildew of pearl millet. An...

Author(s): M. B. Jidda and A. B. Anaso

February 2017

Phosphorus and sulphur releasing pattern and their availability for maize cultivation

Maize is the third most important cereal crop next to rice and wheat in the world as well as in India. Maize has the higher yield potential and responds greatly to applied fertilizers especially in the irrigated conditions in Tamil Nadu. Phosphorus and sulphur are the major yield limiting factors after nitrogen in the study area (Sivagangai district of Tamil Nadu) and proper management of nutrients is essential to...

Author(s): S. Nanthakumar and P. Panneerselvam

January 2017

Physiological quality and vigor of sesame seeds due to organic fertilizing and fruits position on stem

The sesame fruits present differences on maturity due to their position on the plant stem. Thus, the objective of this paper is to evaluate the physiological quality of sesame seeds from three fruits locations on the plant stem (lower, middle and upper thirds) due to fertilizing with cattle manure (0, 20, 40 and 60 t.ha-1). We evaluated the germination percentage, first germination count, germination speed index,...

Author(s): Ronimeire Torres da Silva, Alexandre Bosco de Oliveira, Maria de Fatima Queiroz Lopes, Fuad Pereira Nogueira Filho, Andre´ Luis da Silva Parente Nogueira, Maria Neurilan Costa Silva

December 2016

Response of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) to fertilizer application and weeds control in South-Eastern Highlands of Ethiopia

The effect of N and P fertilizers and weeds control on yield and yield components of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) were studied in South-Eastern highlands of Ethiopia at four locations during 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 main cropping seasons. Split plot design with three replications was used. The main plot was allocated for four weeding frequencies and sub-plot was allocated for eight fertilizer rates. Results indicated...

Author(s): Abebe Delesa and Adane Choferie

October 2016

Rheological characteristics and fatty acid compositions of Afzelia africana and Detarium microcarpum seed oils

The rheological characteristics of oils isolated from the seeds of Afzelia africana and Detarium microcarpum were studied and compared with rapeseed oil. The effects of shear rate and temperature on the flow characteristics were evaluated. The shear stress- shear rate rheological models: Herschel-Bulkley, Power law, Binghan, Newtonian and Casson were used to determine the flow characteristics. All the oils exhibited...

Author(s): Louis M. Nwokocha and Funmilayo T. Olorunsola

September 2016

Stability analysis of grain yield in rice genotypes across environments of Jimma Zone, Western Ethiopia

Genotype by environment interaction (GEI) is a major complication in plant breeding. An assessment of genotypes across diversified environment and season is important for releasing of varieties. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of GEI in fourteen NERICA rice genotype and their adaptation in two years at three locations in the production year 2009 and 2010. The trial was laid out in randomized...

Author(s): Mulugeta Seyou, Sentayehu Alamerew and Kassahun Bantte

July 2016

Physical characteristics and nutritional quality of salt tolerant rice genotypes

Rice is recently introduced in Ethiopia, rice production is expanding very fast. However, the grain quality of the high yielding varieties in the country is not well characterized. The present study was carried out to evaluate some important physical characteristics and nutritional qualities of 15 rice genotypes. The experiment was conducted at Bahirdar University food and nutrition laboratory from July to August, 2015....

Author(s): Beakal Tadesse Girma, Hussein Mohammed and Kebede Abegaz

July 2016

Factors influencing the demand for improved maize open pollinated varieties (OPVs) by smallholder farmers in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

Maize is one of the most important crops grown by smallholder farmers in Amatole and O.R. Tambo Districts of the Eastern Cape Province. Improved open pollinated varieties of maize have been shown by studies to be relatively drought tolerant as compared to hybrids, and can be a valuable step if adopted and used by smallholder farmers. This study assessed the factors that influence the demand for improved maize OPVs in...

Author(s): M. Sibanda, A. Mushunje and C.S. Mutengwa

June 2016

Assessment of intra and inter species variation in antioxidant composition and activity in marginalized Fonio millet (Digitaria spp.)

Fonio (Digitaria spp.) is a highly nutritious, health promoting and cheaply available cereal which is, however, marginalized in many parts of Nigeria, and research attention on the crop is yet to measure up to its usefulness as a dietary staple. In this study therefore, five accessions each of two common species (Digitaria exilis and Digitaria iburua) were assessed for intra and inter- species variation in antioxidant...

Author(s): Peter Nkachukwu Chukwurah, Edak Aniedi Uyoh, Isabella Ngunengen Usen, Ekerette Emmanuel Ekerette and  Nneka Constance Ogbonna

September 2015

Variability studies for quality traits in rice with high iron and zinc content in segregating population

More than half of the world’s population, especially women and children in the developing countries suffer from micronutrient malnutrition especially deficiency in iron and zinc. Micronutrient malnutrition problems increased the interest of researchers to increase the mineral contents (Fe and Zn) in cereals to ensure adequate attainment of dietary minerals. A lot of variability does exist for micronutrients (Fe,...

Author(s): M. Sala, C. R. Ananda kumar and S. Geetha

July 2015

Physiological parameters of seed vigour in ex situ stored sorghum germplasm

Viability and vigour are seed quality parameters that affect the seed chain. Seed vigour is a measure of accumulated damage in seed as viability declines from physiological maturity. This study aimed at determining the seed vigour of various sorghum genotypes stored ex situ for 10 years using the Heat Shock Stress Test (HSST), Cold Test (CT), Standard Germination Test (SGT) and field germination. The samples from the...

Author(s): R. Moyo, E. Ndlovu, N. Moyo, S. Kudita and M. Maphosa

June 2015

Yield, quality, kinetics and thermodynamics studies on extraction of Thevetia peruviana oil from its oil bearing seeds

The present research shows possibility of extracting Thevetia peruviana oil from its oil bearing seeds by cold and soxhlet extraction methods, using petroleum ether as extracting solvent at room temperature and 40 to 60°C respectively. Characterisation of the oil showed that the percentage oil yield, acid value, saponification value and viscosity increased as temperature of soxhlet extraction increased, while the...

Author(s): J. M. Jabar, L. Lajide, A. O. Adetuyi, B. J. Owolabi, I. O. Bakare, T. G. Abayomi and A. L. Ogunneye

May 2015

Influence of different dates of sowing and spacings on growth and yield of scented rice cv. pusa sugandh-3 under temperate conditions of Kashmir

A field experiment was conducted during kharif seasons of 2013 and 2014 to determine the effect of different dates of sowing and spacing on growth and yield of scented rice (Pusa sugandh -3) under temperate condition of Kashmir. The soil of the experimental field was silty clay loam in texture with neutral pH, low in available nitrogen and medium in available phosphorus and potassium. The experiment comprised of 9...

Author(s): Asma Fayaz, Purshotam Singh, Sameera Qayoom, Latief Ahmad, Bilal Lone, Lal Singh and Kanwal Nain Singh

April 2015

Effect of seedling age and spacing schedule on the productivity and quality traits of rice under system of rice intensification (SRI)

Studies on the effects of seedling age and spacing schedule on the productivity and quality traits of rice adopted under system of rice intensification (SRI) was taken up at Seed Research and Technology Centre, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad during kharif, 2008 and 2009 using popular rice cultivar, Swarna (MTU 7029). 16 days seedlings planted at 20 × 20 cm, 12 days / 20 × 20 cm (56.2 q/ha) and 14 days / 20 ×...

Author(s): K. Kanaka Durga, P. Sambasiva Rao and K. Raju

March 2015

Assessment of some heavy metals concentration in selected cereals collected from local markets of Ambo City, Ethiopia

The concentrations of nine heavy metals (Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn, Ni, Co, Cr, Pb and Cd) in four varieties of cereals (wheat, barley, sorghum and maize) purchased from Ambo market, Ethiopia were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometers (AAS). Dry ashing method was used to destroy the organic matter to determine the content of nine heavy metals. The results showed that the concentrations of heavy metals in mg...

Author(s): Wodaje Addis Tegegne

February 2015

Genetic diversity analysis of local and foreign sunflower germplasm (Helianthus annuus) for the national breeding program: Zimbabwe

Characterisation of germplasm resources is vital for efficient management of breeding programs. Commonly used methods include biochemical, morpho-agronomic, molecular and to some extent cytological characterisation. With an effort to rescuscitate an ailing national sunflower breeding program after a series of major droughts, 16 female (A) lines and 10 male (R) lines were morphologically characterised. Ten morphological...

Author(s): Masvodza D. R., Gasura E., Zifodya N., Sibanda P. and Chisikaurayi B.

November 2014

Evaluation of anti-lodging plant growth regulators on the growth and development of rice (Oryza sativa)

Lodging is characterized by the reduction in plant canopy and the bending or fall over of mature plants with panicles on the soil or water resulting in yield and quality decline. It may be induced by variations in crop nutrition, water management, susceptible tall varieties and windy conditions. In all cases the plant stem base is unusually weak with a reduced diameter. This study evaluated the use of  2 plant...

Author(s): Puran Bridgemohan and Ronell S. H. Bridgemohan

October 2014

Effects of nitrogen and sulphur on seedling establishment, vegetative growth and nitrogen use efficiency of canola (Brassica napus L.) grown in the Western Cape Province of South Africa

Variability in soil properties and rainfall distribution is generally high in canola growing areas of Western Cape Province of South Africa. Rainfall intensity generally influences soil moisture levels and utilization of major nutrients like nitrogen (N) and sulphur (S) required to maximize canola growth and development. Hence this research was intended to determine effect of soil and climatic differences, as...

Author(s): W. Ngezimana and G. A. Agenbag

April 2014

Effect of farm nutrient resources along with inorganic phosphorus (P) supplying fertilizers on high quality maize production

In order to evaluate the effect of organic and inorganic phosphorus (P) sources on quality attributes of maize crop, a field experiment was conducted in a neutral normal soil during June 2007. The experimental plot was located at Madurai District, Tamil Nadu, India. The experimental soil has the pH of 7.2, EC 4 dSm-1 and the available phosphorus content is 8 kg ha-1.There were nine treatments imposed in randomized block...

Author(s): M. Manimaran

December 2013

Multilocation response of Afghanistan’s seed chain wheat varieties to yellow rust under natural conditions during 2012 to 2013

Yellow rust is a potential threat to an already fragile Afghan wheat production system. The year 2009 to 2010 saw extensive yellow rust incidence in Afghanistan mainly due to Yr27 virulence. The 2012 to 2013 crop seasons also had yellow rust incidence throughout the country. A set of 20 wheat seed chain varieties was grown at six agro climatically different locations in the country to proactively detect any shift in...

Author(s): Gheyasuddin Ghanizada, Ahmadzada Zamarai, M. Qasem Obaidi, Elias Mohmand, Abdul Qayum and Rajiv Kumar Sharma

December 2013

Effect of different doses of herbicides on yield attributes and grain yield of dry seeded rice (Oryza sativa L.)

A field experiment was conducted during kharif season of 2002 to find out the effective dose and stage of application of cyhalofopbutyl at 80, 100 and 120 g ha-1, quinclorac at 125, 187.5 and 250 g ha-1, clefoxydim at 50, 75 and 100 g ha-1 applied at 15 DAS and  pretilachlor at 0.5, 0.75 and 1.0 kg ha-1, pendimethalin at 1.0 kg ha-1 applied as pre-emergence for studying their effect on yield attributes and grain...

Author(s): Fayaz Ahmed Bahar and Zahida Rashid

November 2013

The role of oilseeds nutrition in human health: A critical review

This article focuses and reviews on the main types of oilseeds, their role in human health and diseases, and highlights of new developments that may provide even more benefits in the future. Oilseed crops are grown primarily for the oil contained in their seeds. They have been cultivated throughout much of the world for at least four thousand years ago, at that time their primary use was as a lamp oil, but, later on the...

Author(s): Muhammad Farhan Sarwar, Muhammad Haroon Sarwar, Muhammad Sarwar, Niaz Ahmad Qadri and Safia Moghal

November 2013

Assessment of genetic divergence in Rapeseeds Brassica napus L. and Brassica campestris L. crops for exploitation of host plant tolerance to Aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer)

The impacts of the aphid infestation on yield of Rapeseeds, Brassica napus L. and Brassica campestris L., genotypes were studied in an experiment carried out in natural conditions. The attack of aphid on crop and its effects on seed weight were determined using a random plants sampling and by analysis of grain yield. On the basis of pest damage, no genotypes were totally free from aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer)...

Author(s): Muhammad Sarwar

October 2013

Induction of dormancy in non-dormant varieties of groundnut

A field experiment was conducted at Seed Research and Technology Centre, Hyderabad to induce dormancy in groundnut using maleic hydrazide (MH) during rainy season, 2010 and 2011. A non - dormant, bunch type of groundnut variety Narayani was utilized. Two foliar sprays of MH at different concentrations viz., 500, 750, 1000 and 1250 ppm were imposed at 60 and 90 days after sowing. Significantly...

Author(s): M. Sudha Rani, P. S. Rao, K. Kanaka Durga, V. Bharathi, K. Bharathi and A. Vishnuvardhan Reddy

October 2013

Effect of different doses of herbicides on yield attributes and grain yield of dry seeded rice (Oryza sativa L.)

A field experiment was conducted during kharif season of 2002 to find out the effective dose and stage of application of cyhalofopbutyl at 80, 100 and 120 g ha-1, quinclorac at 125, 187.5 and 250 g ha-1, clefoxydim at 50, 75 and 100 g ha-1 applied at 15 DAS and  pretilachlor at 0.5, 0.75 and 1.0 kg ha-1, pendimethalin at 1.0 kg ha-1 applied as pre-emergence for studying their effect on yield...

Author(s): Fayaz Ahmed Bahar and Zahida Rashid

September 2013

Yield response of three groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties intercropped with maize (Zea mays) in the guinea savanna zone of Ghana

A field experiment was conducted under rain-fed conditions on the research farm of Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, Nyankpala, during the 2007 and 2008 seasons. The objective was to study the response of three new groundnut varieties (Jenkaar, Kpanieli and Nkosuor) to row intercropping with maize. The experiment was laid in randomized complete block design with four replicates. Treatments comprised sole...

Author(s): Konlan S., Sarkodie-Addo, J., Kombiok . M. J., Asare, E. and Bawah, I.

September 2013

Studies on the compatibility of neem oil with predator, Chrysoperla carnea for the management of aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) in canola (Brassica napus L.)

The present studies were conducted to find out the compatibility of neem oil with the predator,Chrysoperla carnea for the management of aphids in canola. Among the different treatments tested, module consisting of neem oil 2% + C. carnea proved very effective in reducing the aphid population with an average of 18.6/plant. Neem oil 1% and C. carnea alone also produced significant results compared...

Author(s): Muhammad Hamayoon Khan, Nazir Ahmad, S. M. Masoom Shah Rashdi, Muhammad Ismail, Imran. Rauf and Muhammad Tofique

August 2013

Affiliation of seed size with germination aspects and morphological traits in safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.)

Affiliation of seed size with germination rate and percentage, seedling emergence rate and percentage, 50% mean emergence time, cumulative emergence rate, through 4 Safflower cultivars (Isfahan, Goldasht, Padideh, and Sina), in three different sizes of seed, were investigated under two separate experimental conditions in the field and laboratory of Seed and Plant Certification and Registration Institute Karaj-Iran,...

Author(s): Mirshekarnezhad B., G. Abbas Akbari, G. Ali Akbari and H. Sadeghi

August 2013

Toposequential variation in soil properties and crop yield from double-cropping paddy rice in Northwest Vietnam

To access the spatial differences in soil properties and crop yield at cascade level affected by either sediment induced or farmers’ fertility practice, field experiments were conducted in Cheing Khoi watershed area during spring and summer seasons with two different cascades. The cascades had fertilized and unfertilized parts and all the measurements were conducted at the top, middle and bottom field of each...

Author(s): Aung Zaw Oo, Khin Thuzar Win, Lam Nguyen and Sonoko Dorothea Bellingrath Kimura

July 2013

Growth performance, carcass characteristics and economics of production of broilers fed diets with two sources of protein and two levels of wheat offal

A feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effects of diets containing two sources (S) of protein, soybean meal (SBM) and groundnut cake (GNC) combined with 7.5 and 15% levels (L) of inclusion of wheat offal on growth performance, carcass characteristics and economics of production of broilers. A total of 204 chicks of Anak line were assigned to four dietary treatments each replicated three times in a...

Author(s): Dieumou F. E., Adegbola T. A. and Doma U. D.

July 2013

Effects of different maize (Zea mays L.) – soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) intercropping patterns on yields and land equivalent ratio

In central highlands of Kenya, the low soil fertility and inability to replenish it are amongst the major constraints affecting the productivity of maize and cash crops, leading to hunger and poverty. The adoption of ISFM technologies such as maize-soybean intercropping system is being promoted as one of the options to address low crop productivity among the farmers. This study intended to determine the effects of...

Author(s): Matusso J. M. M., Mugwe J. N. and Mucheru-Muna M.

June 2013

The importance of cereals (Poaceae: Gramineae) nutrition in human health: A review

This article presents some of the latest research endeavors that aim to improve our understanding of how the various grain components can be manipulated to improve contributions of cereals to human health. The health benefits of wholegrain cereal products are now widely recognized and considered due to the presence of a wide range of bio-active components. Cereals in their natural form (as whole grain) are rich source...

Author(s): Muhammad Haroon Sarwar, Muhammad Farhan Sarwar, Muhammad Sarwar, Niaz Ahmad Qadri and Safia Moghal

June 2013

Effect of processing on some biochemical characteristics and storability of locust bean condiment

Storage life of ‘green’ locust beans condiment is less than 72 h due to inherent high moisture content (>55%) and vulnerability to peroxidation due to high fat content (> 37%). Therefore, elimination or significant reduction of moisture and fat should lead to increase in storage life hence studied. ‘Green’ locust beans condiment was dried and delipidated using three solvents. Assessment of...

Author(s): Daramola B. and Osanyinlusi S. A.

May 2013

A review on induced mutagenesis in soybean

The history of mutations with early results in soybean has been well documented in the literature available. Mutation breeding has been used in recent years as a valuable supplement to other methods of plant breeding in generating new variability and development of crop varieties with new architecture, superior biochemical constitution and suitable growth and developmental rhythms. The utility of this method is evident...

Author(s): Mudasir Hafiz Khan and Sunil Dutt Tyagi

May 2013

Effect of processing germinated shea kernels on the quality parameters of shea (Vitellaria paradoxa) butter

The processing methods, kernel storage and phytosanitory conditions are some of the major challenges leading to production of low quality shea butter. The effect of processing germinated shea kernels on the overall quality of processed butter was examined. Shea fruits were picked under different shea trees, pooled, and divided into two portions: one portion was processed immediately; the other was germinated for 9 days....

Author(s): Jude U. Obibuzor, Roland D. Abigor, Vivien Omoriyekemwen, Emmanuel A. Okogbenin and Tonbra Okunwaye

February 2013

Nutrient composition of Allanblackia Paviflora seed kernels and oil compared with some plant fats and oils and application of the oil in soap preparation

The Allanblackia tree is found in parts of West, Central and East Africa and grows primarily in tropical rainforests. The oil from the seeds has been used by local communities but not on a commercial scale. The study was conducted to determine the nutrient composition of Allanblackia paviflora seeds and compare with some plant fats as well as assess the use of the oil in soap preparation. The oil was extracted...

Author(s): Joseph Adubofuor, Wilfred Sefah and James Henry Oldham

February 2013

Resistant starch content, molecular structure and physicochemical properties of starches in Virginia-grown corn, potato and mungbean

Starches were isolated from Virginia-grown corn, potato, and mungbean, and their resistant starch content, molecular structure and physicochemical properties were investigated for potential applications. All starches, extracted with combination of chemical and physically method exhibited high purity with low protein, fat and ash, and high carbohydrate. Potato starches had the highest resistant starch content, while...

Author(s): Yixiang Xu, Cory Grizzard, Edward N. Sismour, Harbans L. Bhardwaj and Zhenxing Li

December 2012

Comparative productivity under special crop programme in Benue State, Nigeria: A case of participant and non-participant soybean growers

This study set out to analyze the scarce resource allocation in the special crop programme between farmers who participated in this programme and who did not. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, gross margin analysis, Z-test and regression analysis. The results of the study showed that most of the participant soybean farmers and non participant farmers were within the age bracket of 31 to 40...

Author(s): G. A. Abu

December 2012

Response to water stress in castor (Ricinus communis L.) genotypes under in vitro conditions

A laboratory experiment was conducted to study the response of 45 castor genotypes to drought stress. Five water stress levels were used. The experiment was laid out by complete randomized design with two replications. Ten seeds of each accession were sown in sterilized sand medium and the Poly Ethylene Glycol solution was given to medium. On the tenth day, the observations were recorded. Seedling length, root length...

Author(s): T. Radhamani, R. Ushakumari, R. Amudha and K. Anjani

November 2012

Response of nitrogen and foliar spray of nutrient mixture on yield attributes and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

A field experiment was conducted to study the effect of nitrogen and foliar spray of nutrient mixture on growth and yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L). The obtained data showed that both grain and straw yield, and different yield attributing characters viz., number of spikes plant-1, spike weight and grain spike-1 were significantly maximum with application of 120 kg Nha-1 and the least with...

Author(s):   Latief Ahmad, M. Kaleem and R. A. Bhat

  • Article Number: 8E97E26311

August 2012

Studies on taxonomy of a new mite species in the genus Caloglyphus berlese (Acarina: Acaridae) recognized in Pakistan

This paper provides information relevant to categorization of one mite taxon Caloglyphus captus in the genus Caloglyphus berlese (Acarina: Acaridae) recognized in Pakistan which is new to science. This species exhibits unique characters where coxal fields II, III and IV are closed and all dotted. Data provided cover an outline of literature, taxonomic description, morphological features,...

Author(s): Muhammad Sarwar and Muhammad Ashfaq

August 2012

Assessment of genetic diversity of non-basmati rice of Jammu and Kashmir using microsatellite markers

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the oldest domesticated crop species in the world and is widely recognized as an ideal model plant for the study of grass genetics and genome organization. Rice improvement depends on the conserved use of genetic variability and diversity in plant breeding programmes. Phenotypic variability and genetic diversity was studied in 13 non basmati rice samples collected from Jammu and...

Author(s): Ritu Mahajan, Syed Tabia, Gourav Raina and Neha Mangotra

  • Article Number: 2061B0F303

January 2012

Effect of forced-air artificial intermittent drying on cocoa beans in South-Western Nigeria

Drying experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of forced-air, artificial intermittent drying system on quality of fermented cocoa beans harvested in south-western Nigeria. The beans were dried naturally by using traditional sun drying method and artificially, by hot air inside an oven at air temperatures of 35, 40, 45, 50 and 55°C respectively. Fermented beans were exposed to 9 h of drying and 15 h of...

Author(s): D. O. Oke and K. F. Omotayo

January 2012

Effects of potassium fertilization on population build up of rice stem borers (lepidopteron pests) and rice (Oryza sativa L.) yield

The effects of potassium (K) application rates on population build up of rice stem borers and rice yield were evaluated using cultivar “Shua-92”. The treatments were consisted of K applications at 40, 50 and 60 kg/ha at the top dressing, andno K fertilizer application along with normal doses of nitrogen and phosphorous.The results showed that compared with the untreated...

Author(s): Muhammad Sarwar

January 2012

Management of rice stem borers (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) through host plant resistance in early, medium and late plantings of rice (Oryza sativa L.)

This study was conducted to determine the effects of host plant resistance in early, medium and late sown varieties of rice [2 non aromatic IR8 (P) and Sharshar, and 2 aromatic Basmati-370 (P) and Mehak] due to the incidence of rice stem borers. Treatments comprised the crop sown on 3 different dates at the fortnightly intervals starting from the last week of June till the end of July...

Author(s): Muhammad Sarwar

Page 1 of 2, showing 50 records out of 66 total, starting on record 1, ending on 50