Journal of
Civil Engineering and Construction Technology

  • Abbreviation: J. Civ. Eng. Constr. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2634
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCECT
  • Start Year: 2010

JCECT Articles

March 2018

Effect of aggregates minerology on the strength of concrete: Case study of three selected quarry products in Ghana

Concrete is the most popular construction material worldwide. More than 50% of construction worldwide use concrete materials, mainly because of its versatility and economy compared to steel in relation to total height of building. The final output of the concrete material is, however, affected by factors including the rock type and its attendant physio-mechanical properties. This paper seeks to investigate the effect of...

Author(s): Joseph Ignatius Teye Buertey, Samuel Wilberforce Offei, Theophilus Adjei Kumi and Felix Atsrim  

December 2017

Reliability assessment of reinforced concrete columns designed by Egyptian code

In this research, the reliability level of reinforced concrete short column designed according to Egyptian code was investigated. The ultimate limit-state design method considering material strength-reduction factors and partial factors for load combinations given in the Egyptian code was used to obtain the characteristic values of short column capacity. Component reliability program, COMREL V8.1, was used to obtain the...

Author(s): Ahmed M. Mourad

August 2017

Estimation of the compressive strength of high performance concrete with artificial neural networks

High performance concrete is one of the most commonly used materials in non-standard building structures. Aside from the basic components used for its manufacture (water, cement, fine and coarse aggregates), other components such as fly ash, blast furnace slag and superplasticizers are incorporated. In the present study, two types of additives and two types of microsilica have been used. The proportions of all the...

Author(s): L. Acuña-Pinaud, P. Espinoza-Haro, I. Moromi-Nakata, A. Torre-Carrillo and F. García-Fernández

July 2017

Strength performance of silicate limestone compressed Bricks

This research work investigates and evaluates the effects of varying lime composition on the compressive and flexural strength of compressed silicate limestone bricks and compares the results to the local blocks and bricks used in the Kenya market. The mix ratio used to make limestone bricks was binder (cement replaced with hydrated lime powder), sand and water cement in ratio of 1:5:0.4. The results showed that an...

Author(s): Leolein Rostand Deffo Deffo, Raphael Ndisya Mutuku and Timothy Nyomboi

July 2017

Study of brick mortar using sawdust as partial replacement for sand

The paper reports results of study on standard masonry mortar containing sand and sawdust as aggregates in a mix proportion of 1:3 and water-cement ratio of 0.55. A modified mortar of same design mix proportion (1:3) but varying water/cement ratio and constant slump of 74.3 mm to achieve higher workability was also evaluated. Six different percentages (5, 10, 15, 20, 30 and 50%) of sand replacement were investigated....

Author(s): Jonathan Sasah and Charles K. Kankam

June 2017

Exploring concrete materials batching behaviour of artisans in Ghana’s informal construction sector

This paper investigated construction materials-batching behaviour of artisans in the informal construction sector in Ghana. The research was conducted in three major towns across three regions namely the Volta, Greater Accra and Eastern regions of Ghana. A quantitative data collection approach was adopted as the primary methodology for gathering the data from the target population using cluster-sampling technique to...

Author(s): Hedidor D. and Bondinuba F. K.

April 2017

Stability analysis of a reinforced sand beam

A reinforced sand beam was tested at the laboratory, in order to understand the behaviour of the sand during the failure mechanism. A series of structural tests on the sand and on the reinforcement material were conducted first, and then a reinforced sand beam was constructed in the laboratory. The results were checked theoretically and numerical simulations were also carried out, to examine the moment stiffness of the...

Author(s): Sami Gören

March 2017

Performance of self-compacting concrete made with hydraulic lime as filler

Concrete is a very popular artificial material on earth and it is one of the most used construction material in building technology. Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC) is a highly workable concrete designed such that it is able to be placed in any formwork without external compaction or vibration. It consolidates and fills voids by the help of its self-weight even in the presence of very dense reinforcement. This paper...

Author(s): Nathalie S. Mawo, Richard O. Onchiri and Stanley M. Shitote

February 2017

Use of waste rubber tyres as aggregate in concrete

Recycling can be a viable option in the waste management of many materials. Noting the increasing volumes and difficulty in the disposal of wastes from rubber tyres, this paper discusses test results of use of recycled tyres in concrete for possible application in the construction industry. In 2008, around one billion end-of-life tyres (ELTs) were being produced globally each year. As a possible means of disposing the...

Author(s): Abubaker M. Almaleeh, Stanley M. Shitote and Timothy Nyomboi

January 2017

Qualitative analysis of fatigue crack behavior in welded connection using acoustic emission technique

The study of fatigue crack behavior in welded structures using AE technique during crack initiation and propagation is discussed in this paper. This was achieved both theoretically and experimentally using four point bending testing. A new averaging index known as AE intensity was used to analyze the fatigue crack initiation conditions in the specimen. A theoretical model based on acoustic emission energy rate was...

Author(s): Y. Luo and A. Marfo

October 2016

Strengthening of existing security buildings against vehicle bomb using fluid viscous dampers, in Egypt

This paper presents nonlinear numerical simulation of air blast loading with an over pressure level (500 kg TNT) with a different standoff distance of 10, 20, and 50 m to evaluate the effectiveness of Fluid Viscous Dampers (FVD) as new strengthening techniques to reduce blast loading responses on the existing reinforcement concrete buildings. Taking into consideration, most of the security buildings in Middle East,...

Author(s): Islam M. Ezz El-Arab

July 2016

Sustainable travel behaviour in Saudi Arabia and gender differences: An investigation of car sharing feasibility

In order to increase efficiency and sustainability, it is of crucial importance to have an in depth understanding and investigation of travellers’ behaviour, preferences, attitudes and choices. In this context, this paper investigates car-sharing as a mode for travel for work trips in Tabuk city for both male and female travellers. Tabuk is one of the regional capitals situated in north-western Saudi Arabia, which...

Author(s): Attiyah M Al-Atawi

April 2016

Effects of Cissus populnea gum and rubber latex on physico-mechanical properties of cement-bonded rattan composites

In this study, the effects of partial replacement of ordinary Portland cement with natural polymers on selected physical and mechanical properties of cement-bonded rattan composites was investigated. Fibrous particles of Laccosperma secundiflorum rattan cane species were mixed with cement mortar at two levels, that is, 2.5 and 5.0%. For experimentation, Portland cement was partially replaced at four levels, first with...

Author(s): Abel Olajide Olorunnisola and Afeez Kolawole Asimiyu

March 2016

Shear behaviour of palm kernel shell reinforced concrete beams without shear Reinforcement: Influence of beam depth and tension steel

This study investigated the influence of beam depth with varying longitudinal reinforcement without shear reinforcement. Size effect, which is described here in as the decrease in shear strength with the increase in the depth of members, is not evaluated sufficiently enough. To this end, fifteen palm kernel shell (PKS) reinforced concrete beams varying from 150 to 300 mm were tested to investigate their size effects on...

Author(s):  A. Acheampong, C. K. Kankam and J. Ayarkwa

January 2016

Analysis of occupational accidents induced human injuries: A case study in construction industries and sites

There are many human injuries induced by occupational accidents in construction industries. Determination and analysis of construction accidents' contributing factors is a good way to accidents' prevention and reduction. Therefore, this study was done in view of identification and analyzing factors related to frequency and severity of construction accidents and injuries in the big construction industries. This...

Author(s): Soltanzadeh Ahmad, Mohammadfam Iraj, Moghimbeigi Abbas and Akbarzadeh Mahdi

November 2015

Earthquake analysis for steel moment resisting frames with displacement and velocity damping control

This paper presents comparative study of design procedure for steel moment resisting frames with supplemental damping using performance-based design constraints under earthquake ground motions. The first design example is based on a 4-story steel moment frame building with velocity dependent dampers; the second design example is based on the same building with displacement dependent dampers. The primary...

Author(s): I. Ezz El-Arab and G. Wary

October 2015

Mass diffusivity measurements of two cement based materials

The main purpose of a building is to ensure thermal comfort to its occupants. The present work is a contribution to the improvement of the comfort and relates to the characterization of local materials used in Benin. The authors determined the mass diffusivity of the wood composite material and cement-stabilized laterite, as a function of its water content. The experimental device is designed around a magnetic...

Author(s): Aristide Comlan Houngan, Christophe Awanto, Latif Fagbemi, Malahimi Anjorin and Antoine Vianou

June 2015

Economic sustainability of green building practices in least developed countries

Green Building Practices (GBPs) are gradually receiving worldwide recognition and uptake. It is argued that facilities built according to the GBPs, called green buildings are not only environmentally friendly, but also, economically more productive than other comparable ordinary ones. In the latter regard thus, green buildings’ periodical rental premiums, finished property values and energy efficiencies, amongst...

Author(s): Amos Kalua

June 2015

Evaluation of raw water quality of Bosso Lake in North-Central Nigeria

This study focuses on the quality of water at Bosso Lake during the rainy season months of August to October. Water samples collected each month were examined for their physiochemical and bacteriological attributes. All the samples were obtained during the peak of the rainy season while traits such as nitrate concentration, pH values, total dissolved solids (TDS), total hardness, iron concentration, suspended solids,...

Author(s): Ehigiator, O. A.  and Jimoh, O. I.

May 2015

Utilization of natural and industrial mineral admixtures as cement substitutes for concrete production in Jordan

Several materials such as tuff and Tripoli which is naturally occurring and industrial by-products wastes as high calcium ash and slag were investigated as cement substitutes in this paper. Compressive strength of various standard mortar samples have been tested at 7 and 28 days. The obtained results show that these materials have improved the properties Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) concrete. It was found that an...

Author(s): Omer Nawaf Maaitah, Nafeth A. Abdel Hadi and Monther Abdelhadi

May 2015

Code compliant behaviour of palm kernel shell reinforced concrete (RC) beams in shear

This paper evaluates the shear strength of simply supported palm kernel shell (PKS) concrete and normal weight concrete (NWC) beams subjected to four-point loading. The primary variable of the investigation was evaluation of shear capacity of reinforced PKS concrete and NWC beams with and without shear reinforcement. Four pairs of reinforced concrete (RC) beams with similar geometrical properties were designed and...

Author(s): A. Acheampong, M. Adom-Asamoah, J. Ayarkwa and R. O. Afrifa

April 2015

Predicting complex shear modulus using artificial neural networks

Developing a predictive model for complex shear modulus of the asphalt binder is a complex technique due to several factors that affect the model’s estimating capability, such as rheological properties and test conditions. Several models were developed in this regard; some of these are linear regression models and relate to rheological properties of asphalt binder. A computational model based on artificial neural...

Author(s): Abdulhaq Hadi Abedali

April 2015

Fatigue evaluation of Iraqi asphalt binders based on the dissipated energy and viscoelastic continuum damage (VECD) approaches

Bituminous materials in roads are subjected to short-term loading each time a vehicle passes. If sufficiently high, the loading results in a loss of rigidity of the material and can, by accumulation in the long term, lead to failure. The resulting fatigue deterioration is of great importance in pavement construction and must be correctly understood in order to ensure adequate structural design. The binder property plays...

Author(s): Abdulhaq H. A. A. Al-Haddad

March 2015

Analytical model for predicting the full range true stress-true strain curve of high yield steel produced in Nigeria: Part 2

Tensile test which was conducted in Part 1 establishes the engineering stress-strain relationship, which is used in basic engineering problems. However, finite element (FE) techniques used for analysis of large displacement and deformation problems use the true stress-true strain of materials in its structural characterisation. The aim of the current research work is to develop a mathematical model for predicting full...

Author(s): E. Nwankwo and S. O. Osuji

January 2015

A study on arsenic and copper extraction capacity of Spirodela polyrhiza from water

Heavy metals such as arsenic (As), copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), Hg, lead (Pb) and cobalt (Co) cause adverse effects on living organisms by their toxic nature. To remove heavy metals, a variety of conventional treatment technologies have been tested which are not economical and user friendly. So, natural remediation method such as phytoremediation is becoming more popular where plants are used. Phytoremediation is a cost...

Author(s): Sourav Ray, S. Islam, D. R. Tumpa, M. A. Kayum and S. D. Shuvro

December 2014

Investigation of pounding based on finite element analyses of two adjacent buildings, considering new equation of motion to measure impact

Building pounding philosophy is the collision of adjacent buildings when earthquake take place and buildings show lateral movement. Providing suitable separation distance, impact force precludes and reduces the failure of construction elements. In this paper, building pounding between two reinforced concrete buildings with insufficient gap size is numerically investigated in order to study the impact force during...

Author(s): Seyed M. Khatami, O. Rezaei Far and S. Karimi

November 2014

Integrative transport and modal interchanges: A social sustainable approach towards urban migration

Transport is argued to be one of the most important human activities worldwide and an indispensable component of the economy. Transport provides an integral function in the forming of spatial relations between locations. Integrative transport systems are relatively unknown concept and therefore, only implemented to a certain extent. Integrating transport with the surrounding land use is however essential in order to...

Author(s): Botha, B., Adendorff, C., Gericke, G. and Adendorff, G. L.

August 2014

Fire resistance of reinforced concrete rigid beams

The effect of burning by fire flame on the behavior and load carrying capacity of rectangular reinforced concrete (RC) rigid beams is addressed in this paper. Reduced scale beam models (which are believed to resemble as much as possible field conditions) were suggested. Five end restrained beam specimens of casting and testing. The specimens were subjected to fire flame temperatures ranging from (25-750°C) at age of...

Author(s): Mohammed Mansour Kadhum

July 2014

Effect of stiffness modulus and dynamic loading on pavement subgrade

An optimum pavement structure design requires characterization of materials under traffic loading. Investigation of stress-strain relationship of materials, under traffic loading is advised to determine the appropriate stiffness modulus. Since stiffness modulus is extensively dependent to loading dynamics, the loading parameters in the laboratory testing condition should simulate the field condition as close as...

Author(s): Seyed Ali Sahaf, Dariush Moazami, and Danial Moazami

June 2014

Methodology for optimizing seismic rehabilitation of pre-code reinforced concrete buildings

This work deals with optimization of seismic rehabilitation for regular pre-code reinforced concrete buildings. Evaluation of vulnerability is performed through conventional non-linear static pushover computations, using specialized finite element software. Three limitations were considered. These include: a prescribed code seismic design load of roof displacement of the total building, the maximum inter story drift and...

Author(s): Ahmed El Haouzi, Benaissa Kissi and Abdelouafi El Ghoulbzouri  

May 2014

Experimental research and theoretical study on bending capacity of tube-gusset K-joint connection

This study investigates bending behavior of tube-gusset K-joint using static experimental research and finite element analysis (FEA). Firstly, five groups of full scale tube-gusset K-joint models with different parameters which mainly refer to diameter and thickness of main tube were carried out to study the response and bearing condition of nodes in loading process. Then, finite element model of the joint was...

Author(s): Menghong Wang and Xiaodong Guo

April 2014

Effects of bridge length and span variations in curved integral abutment bridges

This paper presents the results of a parametric study that focused on the effects of bridge length and span variations on the maximum stress intensity (stress concentration) in the piles of horizontally-curved steel I-girder integral abutment bridges. Over 1,700 three-dimensional nonlinear finite element models with bridge lengths up to 365 m (1200 ft) were analyzed as part of this study. The results indicate that the...

Author(s): Jhunyawhatt Thaanasarttayawibul, Amde M. Amde and Andreas Paraschos

December 2013

Application of Scheffe’s model in optimization of compressive strength of lateritic concrete

In this research work, the use of Scheffe’s simplex theory for the optimization of the compressive strength of lateritic concrete was investigated. The objective of the study is to develop a model that can predict the mix ratio when the desired compressive strength is known or vice-versa. A total of sixty (60) concrete cubes were cast. For each of the twenty mix ratios, three cubes were cast and the average...

Author(s): Elvis M. Mbadike and N. N. Osadebe

December 2013

Strength properties of groundnut shell ash (GSA) blended concrete

This research work detailed the report of an experimental study into the strength of modified concrete produced from mixes containing partial replacements of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) with groundnut shell ash (GSA). The experiments were designed to include two main mixes (with variations in the water/cement ratios) with different percentages by weight of OPC to GSA in the order of 100:0, 95:5, 90:10, 85:15 and...

Author(s): Raheem, S. B., Oladiran, G. F., Olutoge, F. A. and Odewumi, T. O.

August 2013

Computer simulation for structural analysis

  A computer simulation is a computer program that attempts to simulate an abstract model of a particular system. Computer simulations have become a useful part of mathematical modeling of many natural systems in structural analysis. The main aim of this paper is to provide a new efficient method to all aspects of analysis of structures by computer simulation. The use of a new method is necessary to accuracy...

Author(s): H. Hashamdar, Z. Ibrahim and M. Jameel

August 2013

Modeling roof blown-off

  Experimental survey of roof blown-off was undertaken to determine the main causes of roof blown-off. Data obtained from the survey and experimentation was evaluated and interpreted using statistical correlation and graphical presentation. These data were then incorporated to the model formulation, then a FOTRAN  program was developed to make predictions of roof blown-off possible. From the model, it was...

Author(s): S. Olu Adesogan

July 2013

Wooden materials in building projects: Fitness for roof construction in southwestern Nigeria

  A survey of building projects in south-western, Nigeria was conducted to assess wood usage in building roof projects in the zone and to determine the efficiency of wood utilization in building constructions prior to and during oil economy in south-western Nigeria. Based on various purposes of wood utilization in building projects, wood usage in building can be classified as structural, functional and...

Author(s): S. Olu Adesogan

July 2013

Integrated hydraulic design approach for cost effective aqueduct trough

  An aqueduct structure is a complex structure as compared to bridge, as it takes canal water across stream and canal traffic over the trough. The water-tightness and free expansions - contractions of trough, canal water load as well as traffic load on the trough involves complex load combinations, for which the superstructure and substructure of it is required to be planned and designed. The object of this...

Author(s): Hitendra Chandewar, Narendra Kanhe and Shailendra Rathore

July 2013

Effect of fines mineralogy on the oedometric compressional behavior of sandy soils

  Oedometer tests have been performed on reconstituted samples prepared to study the consolidation behavior of sandy soils. The influence of fines content and type can be determined with oedometer test by utilizing intergranular void ratio. Result shows that, up to transition fines content, compression behavior of the mixtures is mainly controlled by the sand grains. When concentration of fines exceeds...

Author(s): K. Lupogo

July 2013

Acoustic emission analysis of fatigue crack growth in steel structures

  The Acoustic Emission (AE) characteristics and source mechanism during fatigue crack growth in steel structures and weld connections are investigated experimentally by three point bending testing of specimens under low cycle constant amplitude fatigue loading using the Hilbert Huang Transform (HHT). The characteristic frequencies corresponding to crack growth sequence, that is, initiation, crack propagation...

Author(s): A. MARFO, Z. Chen and J. LI

June 2013

Sorption characteristics of cement composite reinforced with some locally available lignocellulosic materials in Nigeria

  The aim of this study was to investigate the sorption property of wood cement composite produced from bagasse (Saccharum officinarum), bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris) and coir (Cocos nucifera L). The mass of the fibre varies from 1 to 6%  of the mass of cement. The result indicated that the mass fraction has significant effect on the sorption properties  of the composites....

Author(s): Omoniyi, T. E, Olorunnisola A.O. and Akinyemi B.A

June 2013

Simplified method of strengthening RC continuous T beam in the hogging zone using carbon fiber reinforced polymer laminate – A numerical investigation

  Though Reinforced Concrete (RC) continuous beams are vastly used in civil engineering, little experimental work on repairing and strengthening of continuous T beams has been carried out; especially, experiments on strengthening the hogging zone of continuous  beams are very rare. This paper attempts to address an important practical issue which is not considered in existing conventional strengthening...

Author(s): Muhammad Mukhlesur Rahman and Md. Waliur Rahman

June 2013

Reinforcing efficiency of glass fibres in low volume class F fly ash concrete

  This study reports the reinforcing efficiency of glass fibre addition in the low volume fly ash concrete upto 25% cement replacement level. Micro mechanical action of glass fibres in fly ash concrete are discussed with respect to different percentage of glass fibre addition. Glass fibres in concrete improves the matrix densification, refinement of microstructure, reduction of voids, minimize cracking due to...

Author(s): V. M. Sounthararajan and A. Sivakumar

June 2013

Behavior of impervious facing system in zone semi arid in absence of the thermal protection Bouhnifia dam (Algeria)

  The bituminous concrete mask was the water barrier system of Bouhnifia dam "Algeria”. It was applied on the upstream slope. The mask risked to be unstable because of the sunlight temperatures which can reach (65°C). So, it was covered with a thermal protection which demands a periodic renovation. This solution was very expensive. To avoid these costs, one tried to test the stability of the mask...

Author(s): Bounaadja zoulikha, Lakhdar Djemili and Mohamed Mansour CHIBLAK

June 2013

Assessment of environmental hazards: Linking borrow pits, gully erosion, and road failure

  Highway failure linked to the action of erosion initiated by active or abandoned borrow pits in no small measure affects environmental quality and safety. This study has investigated the Owerri-Okigwe-Enugu highway, Nigeria. Environmental assessment of the study area through photographs showed prevalence of landslides, at risk structures, and motor accidents. Soil samples were collected at three abandoned...

Author(s): Nwachukwu M. A. and  Osoro Eburukevwe

June 2013

Load-settlement test of full-scale foundation on concrete-grid reinforced soil

  Result of field test on load-settlement of full-scale foundation, resting on soil reinforced with concrete-grid is presented.  The test was carried out at 3 different points within a construction site in Minsk, Belarus. The test points were characterized by different soil conditions below the reinforced base. Result of the study shows that, the use of concrete-grid as reinforcement for subsoil base under...

Author(s): I. L. Boiko, M. Alhassan and T. W. Adejumo

May 2013

Validity of iterative static procedure for analyzing rectangular box-shaped building under blast loading

  Nowadays the explosion of bombs or explosive materials such as gas and oil near or inside the buildings cause some losses in installations and building components. This has made the engineers to make the buildings and their components resistance against the effects of explosion. These activities lead to provide regulations and different methods. The above regulations are mostly focused on the explosion...

Author(s): Ali Reza Keyvani Boroujeni,

May 2013

Linear and nonlinear analysis for seismic design of piping system

  For this evaluation, two programs are studied; (1) the evaluation of ASCE methods (2) offer of the improved method for supporting structures design. In this study, four pipes and related pipe racks are designed according to scaling method and their vulnerability is assessed based on the linear and nonlinearsimultaneous model of pipes and structures. Analytical results show that scaling method...

Author(s): Ali Reza Keyvani Boroujeni and Mehdi Hashemi

May 2013

Experimental and analytical investigation of ferrocement water pipe

  The main objective of this research is to investigate the possibility of using ferrocement concrete in constructing water supply pipe. The current work presents the comparison between the performance of ferrocement pipe and reinforcement concrete pipe under static load as starting step to study the performance of this type of pipe under impact load. The current paper presents an experimental models of...

Author(s): Y. B. I. Shaheen, B. Eltaly and M. Kameel

April 2013

Study of coir reinforced laterite blocks for buildings

  Some index property tests which include natural moisture content, sieve analysis, specific gravity, compaction, Atterberg limits were carried out on the laterite sample for the purpose of identification and classification. Twenty blocks of size 150 mm × 150 mm × 150 mm of coir reinforced laterite were moulded at coir content of 0, 0.063, 0.125, 0.188 and 0.25% by mass of the laterite respectively,...

Author(s): Aguwa J. I.

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