Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 11, showing 20 records out of 220 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2016.0387[Article Number: 6D2199A61899]
Using a “mass incarceration” framework and county-level national data, this paper examines the relationship between incarceration, ex-offender reentry locations, and HIV rates in counties with different racial compositions. A series of “race-of-county” stratified regression models estimate HIV prevalence rates with incarceration and ex-offender reentry locations when taking into consideration... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2016.0389[Article Number: 077C10A61423]
This study obtained the views of a random sample of 164 healthcare practitioners on their attitudes to older adults with HIV and AIDS. It shows that although the knowledge of protective measures to avoid HIV infection, mode of transmission and stigmatization are high among the healthcare providers (HCPs), yet the majority of them (76.2% of medical officers, 80.4% of nurses and 93.3% of others) are aware of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2016.0336[Article Number: 5284A4B60784]
The rebirth to seven wonders (R7M) powder supplement was used for nutritional management of HIV-infected patients. The powder is a multipurpose powder used as a food supplement in human foods because of its nutritional qualities. It has many uses such as in the fight against malnutrition in Côte d’Ivoire because of its nutritional qualities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2016.0382[Article Number: 78E8EE660787]
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is an ocular manifestation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection especially in individual with low CD4 cells count. In Ghana, a country where CMV infection is hyperendemic, there is no data of CMV retinitis among HIV positive persons. This work was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of CMV retinitis among HIV positive persons attending eye clinic in Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2016.0380[Article Number: 830BC7760440]
This study aimed to evaluate the implementation of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) guidelines and determine its clinical outcome in a PEPFAR (APIN-CDC) Clinic in south-eastern Nigeria from 2008 to 2012. It was a retrospective review of data of patients who accessed HIV PEP services from the clinic. Data on demographic and clinical characteristics of patients were retrieved from the database of the clinic and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2016.0375[Article Number: 80A18BD60442]
Mother-to-child transmission is the highest mode of acquisition of HIV infection in children, with a 15-45% risk of an infant acquiring HIV from an infected mother without any medical intervention. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the implementation of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) guidelines and determine its clinical outcome in a PEPFAR Clinic in Nigeria from 2008 to 2012. A... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2016.0374[Article Number: BB1372859906]
Disclosure of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis to infected children is still a challenge despite proven evidences that it has numerous social and medical benefits for the child and family. The aim of this study was to document the disclosure rate of HIV diagnosis to children in Uyo, Nigeria and determine the factors influencing disclosure or non-disclosure to these children. This was a descriptive... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2015.0350[Article Number: 65EB48659910]
Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) infection in children under 15 years is mostly due to mother to child transmission. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcome of infants born to HIV-positive women through the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) aspects at Sylvanus Olympio’s Teaching Hospital of Lomé. This retrospective study of 24 months... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2015.0360[Article Number: DAB8CE559174]
Suicide behaviour complicates human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Some of the risk factors attributed to this behavior include stigmatization, depression, cultural beliefs, deterioration in physical condition and overwhelming infections. The aim of this paper is to identify the risk factors of suicidal behaviour among HIV respondents in an antiretroviral treatment centre in... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2015.0353[Article Number: C436E9E59179]
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) for HIV exposed infants for six months; this is considered best practice for reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV in the postpartum period. This is a scoping review of the barriers affecting women's decision-making and choice to sustain the practice of EBF in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). An online literature search via PubMed, Science... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2015.0355[Article Number: DE8019259182]
Mother-to-child transmission is the largest source of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in children. About one third of children are believed to be infected vertically through breast-feeding. Infant feeding in the context of HIV is complex. HIV positive women are confused about feeding methods and mixed feeding continued to be widespread. However, there are few studies on the practice of HIV positive mothers... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2016.0377[Article Number: 2DD3C3959029]
This paper presents a dynamical model that studies the effect of anti-retroviral therapy on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) transmission. Basic qualitative properties of the model are derived. The model is shown not to exhibit backward bifurcation and thus, disease eradication is possible when the basic reproduction number is less than unity. A critical level of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2016.0369[Article Number: 971A57859031]
Home based care (HBC) is a key component of care and support for people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Understanding the pattern of HBC needs in a population is beneficial in planning and providing optimal HBC services for the people. This retrospective study assessed the pattern of home based care needs and services in patients of the adult antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinic of Jos University... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2015. 0367[Article Number: A303CB958916]
The objective of this study was to explore societal awareness of stigma and discrimination against persons living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (PLHIV) through the experience of clinicians, PLHIV, the general population and persons who are vulnerable to HIV. This was a cross-sectional survey which used questionnaires to collect data during May to July, 2013. The sampling unit was eight target provinces of the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2015. 0361[Article Number: 76693EF58920]
People living with HIV and AIDS are exposed to the challenges of aging and diet related diseases due to prolonged survival by retroviral drugs. The presence of chronic inflammatory state and the metabolic effects of antiretroviral therapy are additional burden. This study was designed to determine the changes in glucose metabolism in HIV infection. This was a case-control study carried out at the adult HIV clinic.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2015. 0366[Article Number: A0A9DDB58411]
AIDS-related knowledge and stigma are key issues in combatting the HIV/AIDS pandemic, primarily because of their relationship with HIV/AIDS testing behavior. Previous studies exploring these issues in southern Africa have employed the 11-item AIDS-related knowledge scale and the 9-item stigma scale, but there has been limited psychometric testing of these scales. Using Item Response Theory (IRT), the two scales... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2015. 0363[Article Number: B68016F57486]
An evaluation of the "watershed" Meharry-Botswana nurses training program in 1989 (Linn and Fako, 1990) confirmed that the maternal, child health, and family planning nursing practices taught by the multi-year education intervention in the 1970s had been widely disseminated and adopted. Based on a national sample of over 350 practicing nurses, this was strong evidence of the high clinical capacity of the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2015. 0357[Article Number: 67694F156860]
Blood transfusion is an important therapeutic intervention in sickle cell anaemia (SCA). Persons with SCA requiring repeated blood transfusions are at risk of contracting transfusion transmissible infections (TTIs) such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Blood meant for transfusion is usually screened for TTIs to ascertain its safety before transfusion. The study investigated the role of blood transfusion in the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2015.0338[Article Number: 7C4559B55496]
Nigeria has an estimated 3.5 million human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive individuals, ranking third worldwide. This study analyzes the determinants of HIV infection to enable improvements in HIV programming in Nigeria and other developing countries. The methodology used is a literature review of grey and electronic databases of reviewed journals, analyzed in terms of an adapted version of Dahlgren and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/JAHR2014.0331[Article Number: 04BB5ED55500]
The adverse effects of the human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic are felt most severely in some of the world’s poorest countries in sub-Saharan Africa which has led to an upsurge in the number of orphaned children. This study assessed the nutritional status of 196 children, 0 to 17 years orphaned from HIV/AIDS living in Bauchi metropolis, using... Read more.
Page 1 of 11, showing 20 records out of 220 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20