Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009

JAHR Articles

April 2018

Survival time of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children under 15 years of age after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has emerged as one of the leading causes of childhood mortality and morbidity in sub Saharan Africa. But, the attention given to HIV-infected children in terms of providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) had so far been ranked second. The study had the objectives of identifying predictors that had significant impacts on the survival status of HIV infected children who received...

Author(s): Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie and Yemane Asmleash  

April 2018

A prospective study on the changes of clinical values in HIV-Infected patients attending Kenyatta National Hospital Comprehensive Care Center

Changes in serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (G-GT), total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), total bilirubin (T. Bil), direct bilirubin (D. Bil) are assayed to monitor liver function; while those of creatinine (CRT) and urea (UR) are for kidney functions. These two organs produce hepcidin and erythropoietins, respectively...

Author(s): Jackson Ireri Mrama, Ngeranwa, J. N., Mburu, D. N., Jaoko, W. and Sekadde-Kigondu C.B.

March 2018

Current status of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus (HIV/HCV) co-infection in Cameroon: Sero-prevalence, risk factors and correlation with markers of liver function and CD4 cells rate in patients diagnosed in three hospital settings

This study investigates the current status of HIV/HCV co-infection through viral sero-prevalence and correlation with liver markers and CD4 count in three hospital settings in Cameroon. Blood samples of 75 newly diagnosed HIV patients, and 546 people attending the target hospitals were screened for HCV(antigen-antibodies) using enzyme-immunoassay. Biochemical liver markers (ALT-AST-g-GT-Bilirubin) and CD4-cell count...

Author(s): Djuidje Ngounoue Marceline, Guiateu Tamo Ida Marlene, Ambassa Axel Cyriaque, Fepa Kwesseu Gaëlle Armelle and Moundipa Fewou Paul  

March 2018

Time for initiation of antiretroviral therapy in HIV co-infected tuberculosis patients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Provision of integrated care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infected tuberculosis (TB) patients is challenging. Many persons with TB and HIV co-infection are not yet receiving anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and initiation of ART is not always timely. This study investigated ART uptake among HIV co-infected TB patients and its time of initiation in an urban primary health care facility in Ethiopia. A...

Author(s): Kassa Haile, Girum Zewdu, Eveline Klinkenberg, and Desalegn Woldeyohannes  

March 2018

Pattern and predictors of cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) cell count recovery among cohorts of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy in Hawassa University Referral Hospital

Cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) cell count recovery is used in determining disease progression and outcome monitoring. This study was conducted to determine the trends of CD4 cell count recovery, and its determinants in Hawassa university referral hospital, Ethiopia. Retrospective cohort study design was employed to gather relevant data among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive-patients visiting Hawassa...

Author(s): Serawit Deyno, Alemayehu Toma and Fiker Taddesse

February 2018

Socio-demographic factors affecting HIV/AIDS in Kasungu District Malawi: A descriptive cross section study

More than 70 million people have been infected worldwide with the HIV virus from the start of the epidemic, and since then, nearly 35 million people have died of HIV. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the most severely affected area, accounting for nearly 70% of the people living with HIV worldwide. Approximately 8.8% of women and men age 15 to 49 in Malawi are HIV positive. Socio-demographic factors affecting the HIV/AIDS...

Author(s): Jamie Yoon, Kunmin Kim, Subin Lim, David S. Chung, Sarah Lee, Rebecca Chung, and Seohyeon Park, James Kachingwe, and George Talama  

February 2018

Predictors of HIV/AIDS preventive behavior among college students in Gambella town, Southwest Ethiopia using health belief model

Safer sex behaviors (sexual abstinence, correct and consistent condom usage) are important for prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS among college students. The purpose of this article was to review studies addressing determinants of safer sex behaviors among college students. In Ethiopia little or no data existed on the preventive behaviors of HIV/AIDS among college students. Therefore, this study...

Author(s): Abraham Tamirat Gizaw, Getachew Kiros Abreha, Tesfaye Legesse and Hailemariam Hailesilassie

January 2018

Differences in the ability to predict and prepare for sexual activity between HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected young South African Women

The Human Research Council’s National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behavior Survey ranks South Africa first in HIV incidence in the world with 400,000 new infections in 2012 and found the HIV incidence rate among female youth aged 15 to 24 years to be 2.5% that year. The objective of this study was to compare the pattern and predictability of sexual activity between HIV-infected and HIV- uninfected young South...

Author(s): Rokhsanna Sadeghi, Amina Alio, Thola Bennie, Melissa Wallace, Shubing Cai, Beau Abar, Linda-Gail Bekker and David Adler

December 2017

A study of outcomes of seven years' viral load testing at the National Public Health Laboratory, Nepal

The benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in patients living with HIV (PLWH) in Nepal have been obvious. However, their viral load (VL) and the effects of VL testing scale-up on the outcomes of HIV treatment have not been adequately investigated. In Nepal, VL tests were performed since 2009 at National Public Health laboratory. VL testing for monitoring scale up was introduced in 2014. The present study was...

Author(s): Geeta Shakya, Raj Kumar Mahto, Sundar Khadka, Subhash Dhital, Jagat Bahadur Baniya, Lilee Shrestha, Shravan Kumar Mishra, Khagendra, K. C., Chet Ojha and Bishnu Prasad Upadhyay

November 2017

HIV/AIDS-related stigmatization and discrimination and coping strategies among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) at the anti-retroviral (ARV) Clinic, University College Hospital Ibadan, Nigeria

The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of HIV/AIDS related stigmatization, discrimination and coping strategies among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) at University College Hospital Ibadan. The study adopted a descriptive cross-sectional study design carried out among 700 PLHIV selected using a systematic random sampling technique from May to June 2010.  A validated pretested questionnaire was used...

Author(s): Oluwasola Deborah Olusola, Oshiname Olore Fredrick, Agofure Otovwe and Oluwasola Olayiwola Abideen

November 2017

Determinants of condom use at last sex by South African construction workers

Due to its fragmented nature, the typically remote location of project sites and considerable reliance upon migrant workers, the construction industry in South Africa is adversely affected by the HIV/AIDS pandemic. The correct and consistent use of condoms is critical to combatting the spread of infection and reinfection. The demographic, behavioural and AIDS-related knowledge determinants of condom use at last sexual...

Author(s): Paul Bowen, Rajen Govender and Peter Edwards

October 2017

Human papillomavirus clustering patterns among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected adolescent females in South Africa

The global burden of disease caused by both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and human papillomavirus (HPV) is the greatest in the developing world, with the highest rates in sub-Saharan Africa. South African women not only have high rates of infection with HPV, but also have high rates of multiple concurrent infections with two or more HPV genotypes, and are among the world’s most vulnerable to developing...

Author(s): Layne Dylla, Beau Abar, Anna-Lise Williamson, Tracy L. Meiring, Linda-Gail Bekker and David H. Adler

October 2017

Food preferences during HIV infections: A risk factor for AIDS

This perspective discusses the study of Santiago Rodas-Moya et al. (2016) published in Public Health Nutrition: Preference for food and nutritional supplements among adults living with HIV in Malawi, Public health nutrition, 19(04), pp.693-702. The study explored the factors liable for the food preferences of adults living with HIV (ALHIV) in Blantyre, Malawi. The study reported that sourness of food or drinks was one...

Author(s): Bello Temitope Kayode

September 2017

An assessment of awareness level and sources of information on HIV/AIDS among market women in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

In Nigeria, the HIV sero- prevalence is steadily decreasing. It is presently put at 1.9 % among pregnant women. This implies that about 2 out of every 100 women of reproductive age have chance of getting infected with HIV. Market women are at risk and good target groups to enhance information dissemination to their children as well as neighbors. The objective of this study was to determine the level of awareness and...

Author(s): Ayinde Olubunmi, and Usman Aishat,

September 2017

Determinant of mortality in HIV infected people on antiretroviral therapy in Southwest Ethiopia

The introduction of antiretroviral drug has considerably reformed the course of HIV/AIDS from life threatening epidemic to a chronic manageable health problem. Mortality and morbidity associated with HIV/AIDS are changing. The main aim of this study was to assess the potential determinant of death among people infected with HIV and initiated anti-retroviral therapy (ART). A general retrospective cohort method was used...

Author(s): Bedilu Girma Weji

September 2017

Lysine and threonine plasma concentrations in Ivorian patients living with human immunodeficiency virus

Côte d'Ivoire is one of the most affected countries in West Africa with HIV/AIDS, with a prevalence of 3.4%. Essential amino acids are needed by the organism as they play key roles in the immune system and they are supplied through diet. The objective of this study was to determine the plasma lysine and threonine status for better medical and nutritional management of patients living with HIV. This study...

Author(s): Lydie Boyvin, Kipré Laurent Séri, Jeanne Armande Aké, and Joseph Allico Djaman

August 2017

The effects of in utero exposure to antiretroviral therapy (ART) on the language abilities of HIV exposed uninfected infants

This study investigates the possible effects of in-utero antiretroviral therapy (ART) exposure on early language development in HIV exposed uninfected infants. 27 mother-infant pairs consented to the study. Early language development was assessed using the Rossetti Infant Toddler Language Scale. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the caregiver and infant characteristics, as well as the language and...

Author(s): Tarryn Stevens, Sheree Schwartz, Anniah Mupawose, Sharon Moonsamy and Vivian Black  

August 2017

Water handling and low cost treatment practice of peoples living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Arba Minch Town, Southern Ethiopia, 2016

Worldwide, 780 million people do not have access to improved drinking water supplies and 88% of deaths from diarrheal diseases are attributable to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation, and insufficient hygiene. Access to safe water and practice of low cost home based treatments are generally at lower level in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess the water...

Author(s): Gebrekiros Gebremichael, Desta Haftu, Desalegn Ajema and Genet Gedamu

July 2017

The role of IgG, IgA and IgM as immunological markers of HIV/AIDS progression

Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection exhibit a generalized, non-HIV-specific polyclonal B-cell activation resulting in hypergammaglobulinemia of all immunoglobulin isotypes as well as increased production of HIV-specific IgG and IgM. These immunoglobulins have the potential to be used as markers for monitoring the progression of HIV infection. With the inherent challenges of cost and convenience in...

Author(s): Onifade, A. A., Ojerinde, A. O., Emeka, G. J., Agbedana and Oluogun, W. A.

July 2017

Childbearing intentions among sexually active HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected female adolescents in South Africa

Women of reproductive age account for nearly half of all HIV-infected people worldwide. Childbearing intention among HIV-infected women is complicated by social and reproductive concerns related to their HIV status. We conducted a cross-sectional study of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected sexually active South African women aged 17 to 21 in order to compare their childbearing intentions and to identify predictors of the...

Author(s): David H. Adler, Beau Abar, Thola Bennie, Rokhsanna Sadeghi and Linda-Gail Bekker

June 2017

Human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis B virus (HIV/HBV) co-infection in people living with HIV/AIDs identified in Yaoundé Central Hospital, Cameroon: Seroprevalence and impact on the disease progression

Co-infection with HIV and hepatitis B virus (HBV) has become an important factor of co-morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of HIV/HBV co-infection and its effect on the disease progression in people living with HIV/AIDS identified in Yaoundé Central Hospital. Blood samples from 75 HIV positive patients were collected in Yaoundé Central Hospital from November...

Author(s): Djuidje Ngounoue Marceline, Ambassa Axel Cyriaque, Guiateu Tamo Ida Marlene and Moundipa Fewou Paul

June 2017

Towards a model for inputs evaluation for workplace HIV/AIDS IEC programme based on process evaluation theoretical framework

The need for an appropriate evaluation model with respect to workplace HIV/AIDS information, education and communication (IEC) programme implementation necessitated this study. The study adopted the documentary research method. The documents review relied to a large extent on documents from the ILO, the Botswana governments’ National Strategic Framework on HIV/AIDS and the Botswana Revised National policy on HIV...

Author(s): Umunnakwe, Anselm. C. R, Grand, Balulwami, Moahi Kgomotso and Umunnakwe Gertrude C.

June 2017

Determinants of perceived stigmatizing and discriminating attitudes towards people living with HIV/AIDS among women of reproductive age in Nigeria

Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndromes (HIV/AIDS)-related stigmatization and discrimination have been acknowledged as an impediment to mitigating the HIV epidemic and little is known about its contributory factors in Nigeria. Therefore, this study investigated factors associated with HIV/AIDS perceived stigmatization and discrimination among women of reproductive age in Nigeria. This was a...

Author(s): Motunrayo A. Shodimu, Oyindamola B. Yusuf, Joshua O. Akinyemi, Adeniyi F. Fagbamigbe,  Elijah A. Bamgboye, Evelyn Ngige, Kawu Issa, Emmanuel Abatta, Onoride Ezire, Perpertual Amida and Adebobola Bashorun

May 2017

Knowledge, attitude, practice and associated factors of voluntary counseling and testing for HIV/AIDS among Wolkite university students in Ethiopia

Voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) for HIV is essential and critical way for prevention, care and treatment of HIV. It allows early detection of illness, reducing transmission, morbidity and mortality from it. But youth knowledge and attitude towards HIV testing services is not universal. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, practice and factors associated with VCT for HIV among University...

Author(s): Abdu O. Abdu, Teshome G., Dereje M. Melese, Girma A., Daniel K. and Agizie A.

May 2017

Immunological and clinical assessment of adult HIV patients following switch to second-line antiretroviral regimen in a large HIV Program in North-central Nigeria

Antiretroviral (ART) regimen switch is a common occurrence in resource-limited settings where patients present late for care or with an AIDS-defining event. ART regimen switch can be attributed to several factors emanating from either the individual, program or facility level. This retrospective study was carried out in a resource-limited comprehensive facility in North-central Nigeria. Treatment records of 4,206 Adult...

Author(s): Stephen Boerwhoen Dapiap, Babatunde Adeshina Adelekan, Nicaise Ndembi, Fati Murtala-Ibrahim, Patrick Sunday Dakum and Ahmad Tijjani Aliyu

May 2017

Human immunodeficiency virus testing and counseling trends analysis, Midlands Province, Zimbabwe: A secondary data analysis

HIV testing and counseling (HTC) indicators are captured for programming, decision making and program monitoring and evaluation. A preliminary review of Midlands province HTC data showed that a small proportion of men and children were being tested for HIV. The secondary HTC data to determine trends to inform programming was therefore analyzed. A descriptive study using secondary HTC data was carried out. Microsoft...

Author(s): Annamercy Makoni, Notion Gombe, Tsitsi Juru, More Mungati, Donewell Bangure, Gerald Shambira, Milton Chemhuru and Mufuta Tshimanga

April 2017

Level of micronutrient supplements uptake among people living with HIV/AIDS in Kayole, Nairobi County, Kenya

Micronutrients reduce morbidity and slow the rate of disease progression and thus, micronutrient supplementation in HIV is recommended. This study established the level of uptake of micronutrient supplements among people living with HIV in Kayole, Nairobi County. A cross-sectional analytical design was adopted on a comprehensive sample of 153 adults living with HIV, enrolled at Comprehensive Care Centre in Kayole Health...

Author(s): Peter Maina Chege and Olive Gaceri Muthamia

April 2017

Efficacy of amaranth grain consumption on CD4 count and morbidity patterns among adults living with HIV in Nyeri, Kenya

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is associated with increased nutrient needs and compromised body immunity. Minimal information exists on effect of food-based interventions on health status of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and not on antiretroviral therapy (ART). This study investigated the efficacy of amaranth grain (Amaranthus cruentus) consumption on CD4 count and morbidity patterns among PLHIV. A one group...

Author(s): Ndungu, Z. W., Kuria, E. N., Gikonyo, N. K. and Mbithe, D. K.

April 2017

Predictors on mortality of human immunodeficiency virus infected children after initiation of antiretroviral treatment in Wolaita zone health facilities, Ethiopia: Retrospective cohort study

Worldwide Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency syndromes (HIV/AIDS) have created an enormous challenge on the survival of infected patients. Identifying baseline factors that predict morbidity could allow their possible modification in order to improve pediatric HIV care. Retrospective cohort study was conducted in 228 HIV infected children starting antiretroviral treatment at Wolaita zone selected...

Author(s): Shimelash Bitew, Alemayehu Mekonen and Meselech Assegid

March 2017

Determinant factors of HIV positive status disclosure among adults in Axum Health Facilities, Northern Ethiopia: Implication on treatment adherence

Disclosure of HIV positive status to sexual partners, friends or relatives is crucial for HIV prevention and care implementation strategies. Hence, it is important to explore factors determining individuals to disclose their HIV positive status in order to achieve a goal of zero new HIV infection. Facility based mixed cross-sectional study was conducted from July to August, 2013 among 361 HIV positive adults attending...

Author(s): Haileselasie Berhane Alema, Kebede Haile Misgina and Meresa Gebremedhin Weldu

March 2017

Cross border migration enhancing reproductive vulnerability of the left behind women and their coping mechanism through self help groups: A study of Bangladesh

This study analyzes the range of vulnerabilities among the left behind women (LBW) and their coping strategies primarily focusing on Self Help Groups (SHGs). The basic data used in this paper were collected as part of the Mid Term Review of a cross country intervention on Enhancing Mobile Populations’ Access to HIV&AIDS Services, Information and Support (EMPHASIS) in South Asia in 2012. The reproductive...

Author(s): S. K. Singh and A. Siddhanta

March 2017

Factors affecting adherence to antiretroviral treatment among patients living with HIV/AIDS, in Bale zone, south eastern Ethiopia

Adherence to antiretroviral therapy is of critical importance because even minor deviations from the prescribed regimen can result in viral resistance. Multiple factors influence adherence among people living with human immune virus. But at present little is known about the patient’s experience and adherence when taking such complex regimens. The major aim of the study was to assess factors associated with...

Author(s): Muktar Beshir and Adamu Tesfaye

February 2017

Assessment of the workplace programme for HIV/AIDS in the tourism industry sector of Namibia

The aim of this paper was to assess the Work Place Programme (WPP) for HIV/AIDS in Namibia. The methodological framework consisted of the following stages: (i) defining the target population, (ii) clustering the producers, (iii) applying the selection criteria and (iv) applying the eligibility criteria. Data analysis involved descriptive and inferential statistical procedures, as well as the triangulation of data. The...

Author(s): Teweldemedhin, M. Y. , Swartz, J., Kavita, E. and Siebert, A.

February 2017

Factors associated with HIV testing among female sex workers in Botswana

Botswana continues to have a high level of HIV prevalence, with about 17% of the population living with HIV AIDS (BAIS IV, 2013). Female sex workers are classified among the most at risk population group in the country. However, sub-national disaggregated data on new infections are not available. Hence, there is a need to focus great attention on other proxies of infection. The present study examines predictors of HIV...

Author(s): Keamogetse Setlhare and Gorata Duduzile Manyeagae

January 2017

A study on HIV knowledge and preventive behavioral practices among FSW’S in Mumbai

The prevalence of HIV among female sex workers (FSW) in India is highest in the state of Maharashtra (7.4%). Mumbai, the capital city of Maharashtra, with a large sex industry mainly consisting of brothels, lags behind in the overall average decline in HIV seen in this state over the last decade. Condoms are now widely used by sex workers through the pro-active role of Mumbai District AIDS Control Society (MDACS) and...

Author(s): Adithyan G. S., Bal Rakshase and Anna Mia Ekström,

January 2017

Evaluation of the frequency of use of herbal drugs with concomitant administration of highly active antiretroviral therapy and its effect on medication adherence in two health care facilities in south western Nigeria

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of the concomitant use of herbal medicine and anti-retroviral drugs in people living with HIV/AIDs and to evaluate the reasons given by the patients for concomitant administration of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with herbal drugs in order to establish a possible link between the use of herbal medicines and adherence. A cross sectional study design was...

Author(s): Ilomuanya Margaret O, Okubanjo Omotunde O, Azubuike Chukwuemeka, Oguntibeju Adeyemi, Ajiboye Dolapo and Maduka Chima

January 2017

Evaluating an enhanced adherence intervention among HIV positive adolescents failing atazanavir/ritonavir-based second line antiretroviral treatment at a public health clinic

Sustaining virological suppression among HIV-infected adolescents is challenging. We evaluated a home-based adherence intervention and characterized self-reported adherence, virological response and drug resistance among adolescents failing atazanavir/ritonavir (ATV/r)-based 2nd line treatment. Methods: HIV-positive adolescents (10-18 years) on ATV/r-based 2nd line treatment with virological failure (viral load (VL)...

Author(s): Tariro Dianah Chawana, David Katzenstein, Kusum Nathoo, Bernard Ngara and Charles Fungai Brian Nhachi

December 2016

Mass incarceration, residential segregation and racial disparities in HIV

Using a “mass incarceration” framework and county-level national data, this paper examines the relationship between incarceration, ex-offender reentry locations, and HIV rates in counties with different racial compositions. A series of “race-of-county” stratified regression models estimate HIV prevalence rates with incarceration and ex-offender reentry locations when taking into consideration...

Author(s): Loren Henderson

November 2016

Healthcare providers’ (HCPs) attitude towards older adults with HIV and AIDS in Botswana

This study obtained the views of a random sample of 164 healthcare practitioners on their attitudes to older adults with HIV and AIDS. It shows that although the knowledge of protective measures to avoid HIV infection, mode of transmission and stigmatization are high among the healthcare providers (HCPs), yet the majority of them (76.2% of medical officers, 80.4% of nurses and 93.3% of others) are aware of...

Author(s): Njoku Ola Ama, Sheila Shaibu and Denise Burnette

October 2016

Effect of the “rebirth to seven wonders” powder supplement for nutritional management in HIV-infected subjects on antiretroviral therapy

The rebirth to seven wonders (R7M) powder supplement was used for nutritional management of HIV-infected patients. The powder is a multipurpose powder used as a food supplement in human foods because of its nutritional qualities. It has many uses such as in the fight against malnutrition in Côte d’Ivoire because of its nutritional qualities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of...

Author(s): Anin Atchibri L., Ahouéfa Nina-Laurette, Jean Jacques D. and Serge Kouyo

October 2016

Cytomegalovirus retinitis in HIV patients attending Eye/Uveitis clinic in Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra -Ghana

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is an ocular manifestation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection especially in individual with low CD4 cells count. In Ghana, a country where CMV infection is hyperendemic, there is no data of CMV retinitis among HIV positive persons. This work was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of CMV retinitis among HIV positive persons attending eye clinic in Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital....

Author(s): Ibrahim J., Innocent A., Orish V. N., Stephene A., Gladys F., Makafiu S., Aba Kwashie K., Sagoe K. W. C, Amegan-Aho K. and Adiku K. T.

September 2016

Evaluation of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in a tertiary health institution in south-eastern Nigeria

This study aimed to evaluate the implementation of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) guidelines and determine its clinical outcome in a PEPFAR (APIN-CDC) Clinic in south-eastern Nigeria from 2008 to 2012. It was a retrospective review of data of patients who accessed HIV PEP services from the clinic. Data on demographic and clinical characteristics of patients were retrieved from the database of the clinic and...

Author(s): Isah AbdulMuminu, Igboeli Nneka Uchenna, Adibe Maxwell Ogochukwu and Ukwe Chinwe Victoria

September 2016

Evaluation of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV in a tertiary health institution in south-eastern Nigeria

Mother-to-child transmission is the highest mode of acquisition of HIV infection in children, with a 15-45% risk of an infant acquiring HIV from an infected mother without any medical intervention. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the implementation of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) guidelines and determine its clinical outcome in a PEPFAR Clinic in Nigeria from 2008 to 2012. A...

Author(s): Isah AbdulMuminu, Igboeli Nneka Uchenna, Adibe, Maxwell Ogochukwu and Ukwe Chinwe Victoria

August 2016

Disclosure of HIV diagnosis to infected children receiving care in University of Uyo Teaching Hospital, Uyo, Nigeria

Disclosure of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis to infected children is still a challenge despite proven evidences that it has numerous social and medical benefits for the child and family.  The aim of this study was to document the disclosure rate of HIV diagnosis to children in Uyo, Nigeria and determine the factors influencing disclosure or non-disclosure to these children. This was a descriptive...

Author(s): Enobong Emmanuel Ikpeme and Ofonime Tony Dixon-Umo

August 2016

Outcome of infants born to HIV-positive women through the aspects of prevention of mother to child transmission in Lomé (Togo, West Africa) from 2008 to 2010

Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) infection in children under 15 years is mostly due to mother to child transmission. The purpose of this study was to assess the outcome of infants born to HIV-positive women through the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) aspects at Sylvanus Olympio’s Teaching Hospital of Lomé. This retrospective study of 24 months...

Author(s): Amah Biova Adama-Hondegla, Améyo Djeha, Koko Lawson-Evi and Dzayissè Yawo Atakouma

July 2016

Risk factors of suicidality among HIV positive subjects in a treatment centre, Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria

Suicide behaviour complicates human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Some of the risk factors attributed to this behavior include stigmatization, depression, cultural beliefs, deterioration in physical condition and overwhelming infections. The aim of this paper is to identify the risk factors of suicidal behaviour among HIV respondents in an antiretroviral treatment centre in...

Author(s): Aremu S. B., Nuhu F. T. and Ajayi O.

July 2016

Barriers to the practice of exclusive breastfeeding among HIV-positive mothers in sub-Saharan Africa: A scoping review of counselling, socioeconomic and cultural factors

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) for HIV exposed infants for six months; this is considered best practice for reducing mother-to-child transmission of HIV in the postpartum period. This is a scoping review of the barriers affecting women's decision-making and choice to sustain the practice of EBF in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). An online literature search via PubMed, Science...

Author(s): Maryam Al-Mujtaba, Nadia A. Sam-Agudu, and Rose Khatri

July 2016

Assessment of factors associated with infant and young child feeding practices of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive mothers in selected hospitals of Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (SNNPR) Ethiopia

Mother-to-child transmission is the largest source of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in children. About one third of children are believed to be infected vertically through breast-feeding. Infant feeding in the context of HIV is complex. HIV positive women are confused about feeding methods and mixed feeding continued to be widespread. However, there are few studies on the practice of HIV positive mothers...

Author(s): Astewaya Mengstie, Tirhas Tadese and BogaleTessema

June 2016

Endemic analysis of HIV/AIDS transmission in the presence of antiretroviral therapy

This paper presents a dynamical model that studies the effect of anti-retroviral therapy on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) transmission. Basic qualitative properties of the model are derived. The model is shown not to exhibit backward bifurcation and thus, disease eradication is possible when the basic reproduction number is less than unity. A critical level of...

Author(s): Baba Seidu, Mohammed I. Daabo, Christopher S. Bornaa

June 2016

Pattern of home-based care in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients attending adult antiretroviral therapy clinic of Jos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria: A review from September, 2008 to December, 2013

Home based care (HBC) is a key component of care and support for people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).  Understanding the pattern of HBC needs in a population is beneficial in planning and providing optimal HBC services for the people. This retrospective study assessed the pattern of home based care needs and services in patients of the adult antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinic of Jos University...

Author(s): Halima M. Sule, Patricia A. Agaba, Lisa L. Patrick and Asabe A. Mshelia

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