Abbreviation: J. Agric. Biotech. Sustain. Dev.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 6, showing 20 records out of 109 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2017.0289[Article Number: CD7DFD156070]
Biotic and abiotic stress combined with the use of less productive local cultivars cause low production of finger millet in Ethiopia. This research was conducted to investigate acidity tolerance of finger millet accessions. Preliminary screening was done on 288 accessions and six improved national cultivars of finger millet. Twenty randomly selected and surface-sterilized seeds of each germplasm were wrapped and... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2017.0292[Article Number: 9B7B14656073]
This paper is based on a study that was conducted in three villages of Njirii, Angondi and Sanjaranda of Manyoni District in central Tanzania. The objectives of the study were: (i) to determine the prevailing status of beekeeping environment and (ii) to assess the anthropogenic and climate factors that reduce honey production. Primary data were obtained using questionnaires and interviews. About 107 participants were... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2018.0307[Article Number: 93F8DB655939]
Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is one of the most widely cultivated leguminous crops grown in the Highlands of Ethiopian. This study was aimed at evaluating the effect of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv.viciae isolates from other cross-inoculation hosts from field pea, grass pea, and lentil on faba bean varieties. Thus, 12 isolates were selected from faba bean, field pea, grass pea and lentil using host trap method on soil... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2018.0306[Article Number: D6F1B0F55941]
Continue climatic changes in the world enhance the emergence of invasive agricultural insect pests. Tuta absoluta is one of the most devastating tomato leafminer and it spreads extensively in almost all parts of the world. It is a serious threat for tomato production and it results in highest damage. T. absoluta has fast growth rate with developmental stages of egg, larvae, pupa, and adult and it adapts to different... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2017.0295[Article Number: BC904C955765]
Three different pre-treated shea nut substrates: raw kernels, roasted kernels and shea nut paste from roasted kernels were subjected to treatment with three different industrial enzymes: lipase, pectinase and cellulase, separately and in combination for shea butter extraction. Enzyme mixtures was optimized at pH of 6; 3% enzyme-substrate concentration, 2 h hydrolysis time at a temperature of 60ºC. The results... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2017.0297[Article Number: FE1DC0967039]
This study was conducted in the Sericulture Research Laboratory of Melkassa Research Center. Four bivoltine and one polyvoltine silkworm were involved in the crossing experiment and laid out in complete randomized design with four replications. Data was collected on fecundity, pupation rate (%), number of diseased larvae, survival rate (%), cocoon weight (g), cocoon shell weight (g), cocoon shell ratio (%) and filament... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2017.0300[Article Number: 816739566816]
The research aimed at examining the impact of fertilizer doses and concentration of liquid organic fertilizers (LOF) treatment on soybean yield. The hypotheses of this study was that LOF effectively influenced soybean yield. The research was conducted in factorial scheme with two factors randomized. Two different treatments were applied (TA and TB). TA is the treatment with basic fertilizer (urea, triple super phosphate... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2017.0294[Article Number: D10CC7366409]
This study aimed at selecting an effective microbial inoculum to enhance the performance of Senegalia senegal, Vachellia seyal and Prosopis juliflora and assessing the combination effect of microbial inoculation and peanut shells amendment on their growth under salinity in greenhouse conditions. In the first experiment, seedlings were individually cultivated in plastic bags containing non-sterile sandy soil. Seedlings... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2017.0291[Article Number: 0ECBBF766119]
Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas [L.] Lam) is an important root crop in Malawi and Sub-Saharan Africa where micronutrient deficiency is an eminent health problem. Using 15 sweet potato genotypes grown in a randomized complete block design at Bvumbwe Research Station, a study was undertaken to determine the extent of variability of selected micronutrients in the genotypes as influenced by storage root age and peeling.... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2016.0279[Article Number: 5AB9ABC63511]
Haricot beans are the most important food and cash crop for most of the Ethiopian farmers. However, bean stem maggot (BSM) (Ophiomyia species) is limiting the production of the crop particularly in dry areas. Three species are involved in the infestation: Ophiomyia phaseoli, Ophiomyia spencerlla and Ophiomyia centrosematis. Two decades ago, two management options of BSM were developed and used for the last twenty years.... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2016.0274[Article Number: 1CF52DA63509]
Rhodanese enzyme was partially purified and characterized from seed and mesocarp of snake tomato (Trichosanthes cucumerina) using 80% ammonium sulphate precipitation. The enzyme isolated from T. cucumerina mesocarp had a specific activity of 8.8 RU/mg with a percentage yield of 87.8%, while that from T. cucumerina seed had a specific activity of 19.7 RU/mg with a percentage yield of 14.6%. The Km of rhodanese from T.... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2016.0255[Article Number: 69A869D62631]
The potential of two entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium anisopliae.and Beauveria bassiana for the control of Coelaemenodera elaeidis were evaluated. The objective of this study was to control C. elaeidis using entomopathogenic fungi as biocontrol agents. The pathogenicity of M. anisopliae and B. bassiana isolates were tested using direct contamination bioassay set up of 2.5 g conidia (2.5 g of Metarhizium 2.5 x 1010 or... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2016.0262[Article Number: A9AF4B962056]
An investigation was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of carbon and nitrogen sources on mycelial growth and sporulation of Trichoderma harzianum (Th14). Among the tested different carbon sources viz., jaggery, honey, sugar, dextrose and peptone, significantly maximum biomass and sporulation was observed in honey (1190 mg; 7.06×108) followed by dextrose (1037 mg; 5.27×108) and jaggery (992 mg;... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2016.0266[Article Number: 5A0DAF560576]
Understanding household perceptions of climate change and determinants of such perceptions are important for planning community/household based climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies. In this study, herding/farming households’ perceptions were studied and compared with recorded trends of extreme rainfall and temperature indicators from nearby weather stations across three eco-environments... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2016.0269[Article Number: 41EF72859849]
This study presents the bioremediation effect on the performance of hill bamboo Drepanostachyum falcatum on different soil combinations affected by crude oil pollution. Bioremediation was applied into the soil combination substrates by adding biodegrading bacteria using Pseudomonas fluorescen and Bacillus subtilis. Six treatments made with combinations of soil, bacteria, fertilizer and crude oil were used for this... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2016.0257[Article Number: 7E865FB59680]
Cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) are important grain legumes grown by resource poor farmers across Sub-Saharan Africa. In Kenya, cowpeas continue to produce low yields due to erratic rainfall caused by the current climate change. This study sought to enhance drought tolerance in Kenyan cowpeas through transformation by Agrobacterium tumefaciens using L-Pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase (P5CS) gene. Cowpea variety K80 was... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2016.0261[Article Number: BD1C22C59138]
This study was conducted to evaluate the interaction between rootstock type and scion cultivar on total nitrogen (N) concentration in the leaf of grafted apple scion at Chencha district of GamoGofa zone, Toloa site. For this purpose rootstocks MM.104, MM.111, MM.106, and M.26 were planted in a completely randomized design with three replications under naturally acidic soil (pH 4.8) condition. After two months of growth... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2015.0249[Article Number: 1FB7C1A58965]
A lectin was purified from the tuber, Dioscorea mangenotiana in this study. The lectin agglutinated erythrocytes from human and rabbit, and the activity was inhibited by glucose and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 50 and 25 mM, respectively. The lectin was composed of two isoforms, DML I and DML II. The apparent native molecular mass of DML I was estimated at 51 kDa and the... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2016.0256[Article Number: A1895D358435]
Alcohol production in industry is carried out almost exclusively by means of batch or continuous fermentation processes. In both cases, cells are found spread throughout the fermenting substrate and have to go through a centrifugation cycle in order to be recovered. Investment in equipment is very high and performance is often lower than expected. According to available information, ethanol fermentation performance... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/JABSD2015.0250[Article Number: BA9744A58433]
The study was conducted in Sabian Kebele specifically Goro locality of Dire Dawa administration, Eastern Ethiopia. The study was aimed at assessing the perception of inhabitants of Sabian Kebele (Goro) towards the exceedingly invasive Prosopis juliflora species. The surveys were conducted between October 2014 and February 2015. The study population was selected based on their settling in P. juliflora infested locality... Read more.
Page 1 of 6, showing 20 records out of 109 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20