Abbreviation: Int. J. Water Res. Environ. Eng.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 12, showing 20 records out of 233 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0700[Article Number: 9BCC38A62896]
This review aims to compile the past, present and future trends of participatory small-scale irrigation schemes (PSSIS) and small-scale rainwater harvesting technology (SSRWHT) development to ensure household food security in Ethiopia. It discusses the Ethiopian PSSIS and SSRWHT development based on the historical backgrounds, current conditions of development and its contributions to the national economy, challenges... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0697[Article Number: C2E44FC62900]
Wetlands are the ecosystems that are found on the interface between land and water. It is also areas of marsh, ponds and swamps, whether natural or artiﬁcial, permanent or temporary, with water, that is static or ﬂowing, fresh, brackish or salty, including areas of marine water, the depth of which at low tide, does not exceed six meters. Although, wetlands by nature are dynamic ecosystems, anthropogenic activities... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0688[Article Number: C1ECF6162501]
Groundwater vulnerability is an overlay method that is used to determine the ability of pollutants to penetrate the aquifer and harming it. This method helps decision makers by highlighting expected areas to be polluted. In Jordan, groundwater is the main water resource the country uses to match its demand. The groundwater basins in Jordan are divided into 12 major basins; some are rechargeable and others are fossil.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0692[Article Number: 71AB8CF62500]
A key to future sustenance of human societies lies in the sustainable management and wise use of Wetlands. Wetlands are frequently referred to as Kidneys of Landscape; are amongst the most productive ecosystems on the earth and any alterations might lead to changes in their bio-physical, socio-economic and climatic conditions. Due to various factors like rapid urbanization, industrialization and agricultural activities;... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0693[Article Number: 3B0FC1862314]
Land use/land cover change drive changes in several ecosystem processes over short and long terms. In Ethiopia, the main land use/land cover change involves conversion of natural ecosystem into cultivated land. However, a recent change also involves conversion of cultivated and grazing land into Eucalyptus woodlots. This study was conducted to analyse the effects of such land use/land cover change on soil and nutrient... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0658[Article Number: 49D389962316]
Predictions of the impacts of climate change on the intensity, amount, and spatial and temporal variability of rainfall and temperature are required. The aim of this study was to assess the status of climate change and hydrological response to climate change for Gumara River sub-basin. Statistical Downscaling Model (SDSM 4.2) was used to downscale HadCM3A2a and HadCM3B2a predictors into finer scale resolution. To... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2015.0615[Article Number: 84F0E7762318]
Legionnaires disease can be acquired through exposure to Legionella pneumophila, a gram-negative bacteria ubiquitous in both natural and engineered water systems. Over the years, a number of disinfection techniques notably, chlorination, ozonation, thermal, UV and copper-silver ionization have been employed across different kinds of engineered water systems with diverse measures of success. Available evidence portends,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0585[Article Number: B9CCEE061863]
Increasing greenhouse gas concentrations can cause future changes in the climate system that have a major impact on the hydrologic cycle. To realize and predict future climate parameters, the Atmosphere-Ocean Global Climate Models (AOGCMs) are common employed tools to predict the future changes in climate parameters. The statistical downscaling methods have been applied as a practical tool to bridge the spatial... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0685[Article Number: D1F114F61865]
Public perception of bottled drinking water as the cleanest and safest source of drinking water in the world and particularly Ghana, has led to their increasing demand though being pricey. In this study, we present the results of the health-related trace elements (As, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) in 10 selected popular bottled drinking water brands sourced from Accra metropolis, Ghana. These include BonAqua Premium drinking... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0661[Article Number: FF0D06D61569]
This study was carried out to determine the magnitude to which Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach leads to improved sanitation and its potential threats to groundwater quality and health of people. A comparative study was carried out between eight CLTS and non CLTS villages to measure the outcomes of CLTS approach. Water samples were collected to assess the level of contamination in groundwater sources near... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0643[Article Number: C67F00D59895]
Wastewater from a mahewu processing plant was collected for characterisation and jar testing using Ferrifloc 1820 and a combination of Ferrifloc 1820 and the polyelectrolyte Magnafloc. Treatment showed that Ferrifloc 1820 caused a statistically significant decrease on both the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and oil and grease content of the wastewater. The mean decrease for the COD using Ferrifloc 1820 was 65.24%... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0656[Article Number: 489D8F459899]
This study was conducted to investigate the combined effects of municipal and industrial waste discharges on the quality of the new northern Calabar River in the Niger Delta province (5.317°N, 6.467°E) of Nigeria. Water samples were collected in June 2015 from five regions along the stretch of the river. The five regions comprised three observed pollution sources (abattoir, open market, and noodle factory) and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2015.0599[Article Number: 5FBA24959682]
The shapes and forms of piezometric hydrographs arising from the recharging and discharging of unconfined aquifers offer a hydrological tool for the classifications of inland valley bottoms in Ghana for crop production. A two-year measured water table fluctuations at Besease wetlands were plotted on a reference scale of time in months on the x-axis and hydraulic head on the y-axis. The water table fluctuation method was... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0650[Article Number: 2AE0CD159684]
The objective this study was to analyze the dry and wet spell of the main and small rainy season in the eastern part of Ethiopia, West Haraghe. Markov Chain model was employed to investigate the extent and characteristics of the dry and wet spell in the study sites. Accordingly, the results exhibited that the chance of having wet dekades is relatively higher (greater than 50% of probability of occurrences) during last... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2015.0568[Article Number: 279414159507]
Water quality is connected with physical, chemical and biological (including bacteriological) characteristics and these characteristics are determined the healthy status of any aquatic ecosystem. To determine whether the water quality of Selameko reservoir is good for fishing, physico-chemical parameters measurements were made. Water quality parameters, such as temperature, water transparency, water depth, dissolved... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0645[Article Number: 5F4CDCD59074]
A limnological survey was conducted in six Lakes: Mulehe, Mutanda, Kayumbu, Chahafi, Bunyonyi and Nakasanda, of South-Western Uganda (SWU) in September 2014. The baseline survey aimed at characterizing the high altitude water bodies for enhanced future fisheries productivity. The results indicated that Lake Nakasanda had the highest temperature (24°C). Although other physic-chemical conditions of the water bodies... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0632[Article Number: A79047D58757]
This study was aimed to identify and test the antibiotic sensitivity of bacterial isolates of public health concern from Lake Hawassa. Human and livestock activities in and around the lake adversely influence the quality of the lake water and pose a health risk for those people which are being exposed to the water. Therefore identifying pathogenic bacterial isolates and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern can be... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2015.0627[Article Number: 9E3D63F58102]
Two models for raindrop growth in clouds are developed and compared with an interpretation to elucidate the rain drop relationship among both the models. A continuous accretion model is solved numerically for drop growth from 20 to 50 microns, using a polynomial approximation to the collection kernel, and is shown to underestimate growth rates. A Monte Carlo simulation for stochastic growth have also been implemented to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2016.0636[Article Number: 84D7FB158331]
Understanding weather extremes and climate variability both in space and time based on historical surface observed climate data at watershed is very crucial as it is used as in put for applying the seasonal forecast given by National Hydrological and Meteorological Agencies, in decision making in agricultural activities, water resources projects, rainfall-runoff modeling, and for drought risk identification and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJWREE2014.0531[Article Number: 5C09F6E58103]
Water resources play an important role in the development of the socio-economic status of a country. The world’s population increased from one billion to six billions in less than 200 years. With the rapid increase in population and advancement in technology, demand for water increases steadily and the limited amount of available fresh water sources are subjected to severe environmental problems. Available fresh... Read more.
Page 1 of 12, showing 20 records out of 233 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20