Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
Start Year: 2006
Page 1 of 122, showing 20 records out of 2428 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2017.4643[Article Number: F648D2C65276]
This work investigates the variability of maximum temperature and its decadal anomaly in Nigeria and the possible role of Solar and geomagnetic activity. Descriptive, bivariate and spectral analyses, as well as Mann-Kendall trend test, were employed in analyzing the data used in this study. Temperature anomaly was computed using the base period, 1981 – 2010. Results revealed that seasonally, temperature varies... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2017.4631[Article Number: 147138165272]
The study was aimed at estimating the depth to magnetic source bodies in Nsukka and Udi areas which falls within the Anambra basin. Aeromagnetic data were used and Spectral Analysis approach was employed in the quantitative interpretation. The total magnetic intensity (TMI) contour map which ranges from -53.1 to 133.7 nanoTesla (nT) was separated into regional and residual contour maps to produce a residual aeromagnetic... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2017.4629[Article Number: B16B98765014]
Much interest has been paid to omnidirectional dielectric mirrors based on the 1-D dielectric multilayers because these are better than metal mirrors owing to their low optical loss, high reflectivity and high mechanical robustness. In these applications, the required position and width of the reflection band can be obtained by adjusting the layer thickness and refractive indices of the constituent materials. Here, the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2017.4605[Article Number: AEE776964987]
Einstein's general relativistic field equation is a nonlinear partial differential equation that lacks an easy way to obtain exact solutions. The most famous of which are Schwarzschild and Kerr's black hole solutions. Kerr metric has astrophysical meaning because most cosmic celestial bodies rotate. Kerr metric is even harder than Schwarzschild metric to be derived directly due to off-diagonal term of metric... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2017.4630[Article Number: FF31B1664676]
Energy levels for (18F, 19F and 20F) isotopes have been studied within the framework of shell model using OXBASH code. In this work, the calculations are based on the Universal Sd-shell Hamiltonian (USDA) and W Hamiltonians for proton and neutron particle orbits in SDPN model space. The calculated energy levels and reduced electric quadrupole transition probabilities B(E2;↓) are in reasonably agreement with... Read more.
DOI: IJPS2017.4627[Article Number: ECC57F664668]
Possible cause of gravity anomalies in parts of the Niger Delta Basin, Nigeria was investigated using three methods of gravity data interpretation; Euler-3D deconvolution, source parameter imaging (SPI) and forward and inverse modeling. The estimated depths from the interpretation techniques used show much similarity. Quantitatively, the results obtained from the SPI method showed a minimum to maximum depth of 1264.11... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2017.4611[Article Number: 29B3A0D64519]
The optical transition probabilities and hetero-association of caffeine with norfloxacin were obtained using UV-Vis spectroscopy in aqueous solution at room temperature (295K). The heter-association constant of norfloxacin-caffeine complexes (6.67×103 M-1) was obtained using Benesi-Hildebrand approach by linear curve fitting to the experimental data. In order to characterize the binding system of the compounds,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2017.4613[Article Number: 49F67E464184]
Fading is commonly used to describe the properties of the communication channel. Large efforts have been made to describe characteristics of the channel in wireless communication system. The performance of wireless signal propagation in a conventional environment needs Doppler fading channel schemes by assuming a perfect knowledge about the channel frequency response at both the transmitter and the receiver sides. Two... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2016.4587[Article Number: B6B3DA363627]
This paper applied a data mining model in sales and marketing department of Telecommunication Industry (TI) in Nigeria. The motivation behind the paper is as a result of competitive challenges facing most TI sales and marketing departments globally such as inability in gaining precise view of targeted data, inability to translate and formulate business question correctly and Problem of addressing data quality. The... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2016.4592[Article Number: 060876B63495]
Corona onset voltage is one of the most important factors that determine the charging toxic particle in an industrial application. Electrostatic precipitators (ESP) remove the suspended particle with a gas inlet. This paper developed Peek's formula to estimate the maximum electric field near the discharge wire in corona discharge models, the values of maximum electric field and corona onset voltage near the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2016.4595[Article Number: 687949963497]
Physico-chemical analysis of groundwater samples from Ankpa, north central Nigeria was carried out to investigate the quality of the water for drinking and irrigation purposes. The results revealed water of average low pH, indicating slightly acidic conditions of the water. The water is soft, and it is characterized as Na++K - HCO3 type. It is good for drinking and other domestic uses. Four indices were evaluated from... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2016.4581[Article Number: 181E5D063242]
One of the greatest challenges facing every society today is crime control and management. It could be as little as pick–pocketing, or human trafficking, or even as deadly as terrorism. As criminal’s perfect ways of avoiding being detected, Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) must adopt innovative ways on crime prevention and control. This research applies Queuing Network (QN) model to evaluation the performance... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2016.4583[Article Number: 966662D63110]
The reflection of visible light (wavelength from 350 to 800 nm) on magnetic granular thin films Cox-Ag1-x with x from 0 to 35 at % was studied. Dependence of reflection (R) is strong on magnetic and percentage of Co in the thin films, R strongly increase in wavelengths 560 and 660 nm. In this paper, some arguments relating to the spin-plasmon phenomenon were used to explain the results. Key words: Granular magnetic... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2016.4567[Article Number: 9363C8062740]
The total and partial mass attenuation coefficients for different Maraging steel compositions have been determined by using the WinXCom and MCNP5 programs. The effective atomic number, Zeff, and effective electron number, Neff, for the studied steels have been determined via the total mass attenuation coefficients μ/ρ, the total atomic and electronic cross sections (σa and σe) of the investigated... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2016.4558[Article Number: B8CD7AD62324]
The presence of multiples has been investigated in Onshore Niger Delta using 3D seismic data. The aim of the study was to investigate the characteristics of reflection events beyond 3s two way time on seismic data behind the boundary faults associated with the shadow zone. This involves detailed velocity analysis on semblance plot panel and accounting for moveouts due to reflections away and within the shadow... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2016.4566[Article Number: C5F7D1862326]
The beta counting system uses a Geiger-Muller (GM) tube to detect the presence of beta contamination present in filter paper samples or in planchet samples. The counting system is enabled with a provision to count the samples at various distances from the detector to the sample position. The efficiency of the counting system is provided by the manufacturer at the time of procurement which is calibrated and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS11.822[Article Number: A44FE2062333]
This paper investigated the implementing of soft computing methodology of fuzzy cognitive map on controlling parameters of heating, ventilating and air-conditioning systems. In the past few years, many researches have been done on application of different controllers on heating, ventilating and air-conditioning system as a more energy consuming part of the building automation system. Unlike the conventional control... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2016.4551[Article Number: 916DF7C62066]
The main objective of this work is to study, develop and establish an approach through the mathematical model of performance CENERG under the term (MC). This model is used to characterize the parameters of photovoltaic systems in the literature. For this, we have considered the required performance is normally measured in standard test conditions (STC), where an average solar spectrum AM 1.5 is used, sunshine is... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2016.4541[Article Number: 4E9448962068]
This work presents an experimental study to determine the mechanical properties in bending, tension, compression and shear of a new sandwich material based on natural materials (jute and cork). The sandwich material is made basically of natural materials whose soul is agglomerated cork white (located in Jijel, East of Algeria) and the skins are woven jute with ortho phthalic polyester resin. Agglomerated white cork... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJPS2016.4547[Article Number: EC55A2B61885]
Phasors provide a simple way to analyze sinusoidally excited linear circuits. Solutions of those circuits would be undoable otherwise. Besides, measurement units in phasors are a technological resource that powers with precision the observation of the electric power system dynamic state. In the last technological research in electronics, through this units tension phasors and current phasors are obtained in a... Read more.
Page 1 of 122, showing 20 records out of 2428 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20