International Journal of
Peace and Development Studies

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Peace and Dev. Stud
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6621
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPDS
  • Start Year: 2010

IJPDS Articles

March 2018

Relative deprivation: An explanation to inter-ethnic conflict in Metekel Zone, North Western Ethiopia, since 1991

This study explains chief causes of covert and overt conflict between indigenous and non-indigenous ethnic groups of Metekel zone, since 1991. For the sake of convenience, however, particular emphasis is given to the conflict between Agew and Gumuz. The study employs relational ethnography research design. The data collected through in-depth interview, observation, informal conversation, and review of available...

Author(s): Dagnachew Ayenew  

December 2017

Natural resources and civil conflicts: Policy analysis under general equilibrium

In this paper, a two-period general equilibrium model on the relationship between natural resources and civil conflict has been developed. Unlike existing literature, both resource extraction and wage rate are considered as endogenous during the conflict. The main purpose of the paper is to examine policy options for international community to limit the conflict intensity. It has been found out that a current...

Author(s): Md. Didarul Hasan and Sajal Lahiri

November 2017

Changes and continuity in the conceptualization of development: A review

Development has been among the most contested terminologies in the field of politics, sociology and economics over the last two to three centuries. Development is a concept with diverse view across the world and among different scholars, mainly because of its widely changing conceptualization and lack of unified and internationally accepted standards used to measure development across countries and organizations. From...

Author(s): Jarso Galchu

October 2017

National dialogue as solution to African problems: The D. R. Congo in focus

Some African leaders cause problems in Africa when they breach peace accords, rig elections or manipulate their respective constitutions in order to remain in power indefinitely. At the same time, they expect a frustrated opposition to come along through national dialogues and help to quench the fire which they have deliberately ignited. It appears however that lasting solutions to political crisis are yet to be found...

Author(s): Jean-Marie Mbombo

July 2017

Somalia’s turbulent path to peace and stability

After gaining its independence in 1960, Somalia tried in vain to unite all Somalis in the Horn of Africa. As part of that project, Siad Barre launched a full-scale invasion of the Ogaden in 1977 in an attempt to take this vast territory from Ethiopia. But Somalia’s crushing defeat in the 1977/78 war brought about far reaching repercussions. Armed resistance against Siad Barre’s government eventually led to...

Author(s): Fantahun Ayele

June 2017

The reasons behind the debates and discussions on population growth: Positive or negative impacts on economic, social, political, natural resources and environmental developments

The reasons behind the debates and discussions on population growth and the impacts on economic, social, political, natural resources and environmental developments have different motives, for instance ideologies or class struggle. The so-called North-South-Conflict is one reason behind the issue. In other words, developed countries are not willing to share the resources of the Third World countries with these...

Author(s): Kiros Abeselom

March 2017

Road traffic accident: Human security perspective

The objective of this study is to assess road traffic accident based on human security perspective. In this study, an attempt is made to analyze the causes, contributing and determinant factors, and effects of road traffic accident with regard to it’s over all linkage with human security. The study tried to explore how road traffic accident is a human security threat in the contemporary world. Methodologically,...

Author(s): Micheale Kihishen Gebru

February 2017

Political party youth wings and political violence in sub-Sahara Africa: A case of Ghana

This paper presents findings from a study of political violence by party youth wings in sub-Sahara African polities from 1990 to date. Using a case study of Ghana, the research draws some similarities, and or differences in the mechanisms through which youth wings perpetrate violence across other parts of the sub-region. During the December 2016 general elections in Ghana, the aggressive role of party youth wings was...

Author(s): Sebastian Angzoorokuu Paalo

December 2016

Name your price: Economic compensation and suicide terrorism

Suicide terrorism remains a difficult action to rationally explain. Often, scholars rely on ideological or religious motivations to explain these seemingly irrational actions. While it seems clear that non-economic motives matter, it is also the case that economic compensation can incentivize suicide terrorism in ways that allow for more robust suicide terrorism campaigns. As such, we would expect that organizations...

Author(s): Samuel Rohrer and David Sobek

November 2016

International responses to human trafficking: The Ghanaian experience

Human trafficking in this era has been conceptualized as a global event that is likened to slavery because of the inhumane treatment that the victims go through. The scope and the criminal aspect of it demands police initiative to curb the menace. The current researcher used semi-structured qualitative interview, direct observation, and review of documents to gather data from Ghana Police Service and some anti-human...

Author(s): Gerald Dapaah Gyamfi

November 2016

Implications of ethnic nationalism: The Niger delta region of Nigeria as a case study

This paper examines the implications of ethnic nationalism within the context of the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. It employs the methods of analysis and evaluation in investigating the concepts of national question and nationalism, implications of the two concepts as well as advantages and disadvantages of nationalism. Its aim is to identify the factors responsible for disunity and consequently suggest means of...

Author(s): Sulaiman Olayinka Opafola

September 2016

Semiotics expert system: An integrative approach towards maintenance of community peace

Optimum peace maintenance amongst monitored communities is needed for sustainable and social development of the communities and society. The maintenance of peace with the application of correct strategies should be able to deliver maximum degree of trust and strength of relations among the communities. This study presents STES, an expert system that utilizes a biologically inspired novel optimization technique of...

Author(s): Saurabh Shanu, Siddharth Talwar Benet Hermon, Ojasvi Goswami and Neelu Jyoti Ahuja

August 2016

Employment creation, income generation, poverty and women in the informal sector: Evidences from urban Eritrea

This study is set out to investigate poverty and women in the informal sector with evidences from urban areas of Eritrea. The study uses descriptive technique on primary data collected using interview and questionnaire from 12 towns distributed throughout the 6 administrative regions of the country. The approach adopted includes both a survey and structured interviews targeted at women who are active in the informal...

Author(s): Fitsum Ghebregiorgis, Habteab Tekie Mehreteab and Stifanos Hailemariam

July 2016

“To summon the nations”: Russia and The Hague peace conferences

A consideration of the history and importance of the Hague Peace Conferences of 1899 and 1907, being the first of such Conferences held otherwise than at the conclusion of a conflict and designed to lay the foundations of a global peace and to reduce the risk or effects of war.  It includes a consideration of the legacy of such Conferences and plans for a third Conference, being the centenary of the first in 1999,...

Author(s): Graham Nicholson

June 2016

How do interventions in land administration in post-conflict situations facilitate state building?

In earlier research in the area of land administration in conflict and post-conflict contexts the relation between land administration and state building was recognised. This paper aims at increasing the understanding of this relation. Available literature is explored to learn more about the concepts of state building, and land and its administration in post-conflict contexts. The most suitable methodology to increase...

Author(s): Dimo Todorovski, Jaap Zevenbergen, Paul Van Der Molen

May 2016

The democratic peace theory: Validity in relation to the European Union and 'Peaceful' cooperation between United States and China

According to the democratic peace theory, democratic states are less likely to go to war with other democratic states. Consequently, the ultimate goal of the theory is to create a world of democracies that is, a world without war. However, from the realist perspective in some cases democracies go to war with other democracies to influence their power. This paper will critically analyze the validity of democratic peace...

Author(s): Nibal Attia

January 2016

The clash of sexuality or rhetoric of human rights: Exploring same sex marriage and sustainable human development nexus

On June 26th 2015, the United States Supreme Court legalized same sex marriage. Similarly, the adoption of the United Nations Human Rights resolution for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) rights during its 27th session in September 2014 by a 25-14 vote margin after more than an hour of debate, condemns violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity across the globe. Some...

Author(s): Luke Amadi and Steve Wordu

November 2015

Scheduling village heads in enhancing conflict resolution and peace building in a rural community

This study assessed the effectiveness of village heads in Simatelele Ward, Binga District in resolving conflicts in Zingozo village. The study was from April 2012 to June 2013. Four village heads were sampled using a simple random sampling technique and four types of conflicts common to all the four selected village heads were taken. A mathematical model was developed to assign village heads to cases they can resolve...

Author(s): Mwembe Desmond

March 2015

The paradox of Cameroon-Nigeria interactions: Connecting between the edges of opportunity/benefit and quandary

Cameroon and Nigeria are neigbouring nations that share a common border, people and history. Both nations relied on this propinquity to create opportunities that benefited them in the economic, social and the political domains. But considering the ethnic character of and the stakes involved in controlling the natural resources of the borderlands, these opportunistic benefits were intermittently perturbed by incidences...

Author(s): Mark Bolak Funteh

February 2015

The effects of communal land sub-division and land use changes on household waste production in the Southern rangelands of Kenya

In the past few decades, the inhabitants of now Kajiado County in the southern rangelands of Kenya have experienced changes in land tenure and in land use that have impacted other aspects of their livelihoods as well as the environment. The study sought to examine these changes within the context of their potential influences on the household production and management of solid waste. Local residents from three different...

Author(s): Ekisa T. George

January 2015

Emerging role of NGOs in the world’s socio-political affairs

The past two decades had witnessed tremendous increase in the role of NGOs in various walks of life and it is now an established fact that their role cannot be sidelined any state while formulating and implemented the her policies. The number of NGOs has grown tremendously and so their functions, conservatively estimated at between 6,000 and 8,000....  They are bringing the voice of voiceless and marginalized to...

Author(s): Firdoos Dar

January 2015

Genuine leadership and the global financial crisis

Since the primitive era, mankind is facing repeated crises and wars at increasing levels. One of the main reason might be a continuous misunderstanding of the leaders’ activities and goals. For instance the 2007 Global Financial Crisis was the result of high risk lending, failure of regulators, inflated credit rating and investment bank abuses. Hopefully, contemporary researches focus on the behaviors...

Author(s): Franck Renand

December 2014

The era of empire or globalization? The impact of the global shift on development thinking and society

This study is a literature review with the ambition to answer the question, what is globalization? The myriad of perspectives, both for and against globalization theses makes it an elusive concept and can be confusing both for undergraduate students and laypersons. Hence, in this paper globalization theses reconsidered, pulling together diverse perspectives in order to provide an alternative way of understanding...

Author(s): James E. Conable

October 2013

An essay on the necessity for universal outlawing of use of force in the 21st century

  The essay addresses what is argued to be a pressing need for the introduction of binding law, applicable at all levels of human society, in the form of a ban on the use of force as a method of conflict resolution. It is envisaged that the proposed legal ban would operate at both the national and international levels and would be given the force of a peremptory norm or ius cogens, applicable to and...

Author(s): Graham Nicholson

October 2013

A review of trade liberalisation and trade between Jordan and the United States

  Promoting trade is a key aspect of Jordan’s development policy. As a developing country, increasing exports and maintaining a healthy balance of trade with its trading partners are amongst the government’s most important goals. The Free Trade Agreement (FTA) signed with the United States in 2000 is a cornerstone of Jordan’s foreign economic policy and a key test case for its broader policy...

Author(s): Imad El-Anis

September 2013

Impact of “Implementing the Third Mission of Universities in Africa (ITMUA) collaborative research project, 2010-2011”

This article is informed by the Implementing the Third Mission of Universities in Africa (ITMUA) which was an 18 months Action Research collaborative regional research project incepted January 2010 to August 2011. It was a Support Project of the UK Department for International Development (DFID) in Africa, and the Association of African Universities (AAU), Accra under the Mobilizing Regional Capacity Initiative...

Author(s): Wapula .N. Raditloaneng

September 2013

Foreign policy of Eritrea: Explained in the light of ‘democratic peace’ proposition

  During the past two decades since its independence in 1991, Eritrea’s foreign policy had been characterized by conflict and confrontation. It maintained pretty much troubled and usually violent relations with all its neighbours. Likewise, its relations with major powers at the international arena had been strained, particularly since the beginning of the last decade. Its relations with donors and human...

Author(s): Salih O. Nur

August 2013

Is the Eritrean Government a victim or a sponsor of Islamic extremism and terrorism?

  The government of Eritrea stands accused by numerous United Nations reports as well as by neighbouring countries, of supporting and sponsoring Islamic insurgents in the Horn of Africa, yet it suppresses its home-grown Islamic insurgents at home. Most interestingly, the Eritrean government is dominated by Christians. This raises questions. What does the Christian-dominated government of Eritrea share or have...

Author(s): Alexius Amtaika and Mustafa Ahmed

July 2013

Siachen stalemate

  Indian and Pakistani militaries have been occupying the Siachen Glacier and surrounding regions for decades. Although a cease-fire is in place since November 2003, continued occupation carries the risk of an inadvertent conflict, which could escalate into a full-fledged nuclear-backed confrontation. Political and military analysts in India, Pakistan and abroad now question the strategic significance...

Author(s): Sajad Padder

July 2013

Religion and social cohesion in Ethiopia

  Ethiopia is one of the fastest growing economies in Africa. It is also a home to multitude of ethnicities, religions and cultures. The country has been experimented with several political formations with mixed results. The recent transformation into a federal state has put religion, ethnicities and the nature of the federal state into direct confrontation with each other. Like many developing countries,...

Author(s): Tony Karbo

May 2013

A perspective on public policies during the last dictatorship and the beginning of democracy in Argentina: The case of “Obras Sanitarias Sociedad de Estado Mar del Plata-Batán”

  During the 1990’s Argentina was at the forefront of one of the most important privatization processes in the Western world. This breaking down of the old, post-war Intervention State began in the 1980’s when this state was in clear decline. The purpose of this paper is to explore the first privatization attempts which -unlike the following privatizations- caused great...

Author(s): Geraci Fontana, Augusto, Luchini Pedro Luis Horni, Agustina and McQueen, Amelia Teresa

May 2013

Contact, communication and compassion as stairways to peace: A holistic sociological perspective

  This paper describes the attitudes of academic Israeli students of Jewish and Arab descent after having participated in diverse processes to promote cross-cultural empathic communication within special workshops and in regular academic courses. Grounded in a holistic planetary consciousness perspective, these experiences suggest that empathy, caring, loving and compassion, taken together as...

Author(s): Shulamit S. Gubkin

February 2013

The mutual determinants of individual, community, and societal health and peace

  Health and peace are complex ideologies that share several fundamental elements. In this paper, we begin by defining health and peace to better understand and appreciate their elements and how they can be promoted. Building on this, the paper tackles the determinants of peace and health at various levels: at the individual, community, and societal level by identifying barriers to health and peace promotion....

Author(s): Izzeldin Abuelaish and Nadia Fazal

February 2013

Conflict zone and developmental issues faced by youth: “A study from Kashmir”

  Conflict in any of its forms affects the human beings; Youth are the future leaders of any nation and impact of conflict hampers their efficiency of work and thinking; this study looks at the issues faced by the youth of Kashmir due to ongoing conflict, arose by infiltration after 1989. A study on youth aging between 15 to 30 years was conducted in three conflicted affected districts of Kashmir....

Author(s): M. Mudasir Naqshbandi and Wakar Amin

December 2012

U.S. Aid falls short in the social, political and economic advancement of Afghan women

  In this article, the author addresses the effect of USAID investments in educational programs offered to Afghan women and how this investment is falling short in its goal to assist females in securing leadership opportunities that allow them to participate in decision making activity. Annual gross domestic product (GDP) data is reviewed along with the results of newly implemented quota systems in Afghanistan...

Author(s): René S. Ryman

December 2012

Women in the informal sector: Evidence from Southwestern Ethiopia

  The major objective of this study is to assess the status of women in the informal sector with particular emphasis in south western Ethiopia. The study was carried out in Gomma Woreda of southwestern Ethiopia. In this study primary data sources were used. In the research it was found that there is statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) between religion, education, ethnicity and type of...

Author(s): Ebisa Deribie

November 2012

Political economy of the new slave trade in Africa

  A macro analysis of various inquiry into the nature and causes of Africa’s crises may revealed a continent placed on perpetual slavery. From trans-Atlantic slave trade to colonialism; from colonialism to flag independence and Neo Colonialism; from trade imperialism to human trafficking; from the rampaging momentum of globalization to erosion of African culture and communal morality; from...

Author(s): Azeez O. Olaniyan and A. I. Aladegbola

  • Article Number: F091BDF41182

November 2012

Communal conflict and resource development in Ini Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

  Communal conflicts and violence have become a plague that has eaten deep into the fabric of Nigerian economy. These conflicts result from different value systems, aggressive competition for environmental resources and ethnic/identity crisis amongst others. In the study area, several communal clashes abound. The major consequence of this bloody communal clashes have been an outright reduction in the livelihood...

Author(s): Ikurekong E. E., Udo Anietie Sunday and Esin J. O.

October 2012

Post-conflict operations of local governments in dispute resolution in Northern Uganda

  Conflicts destroy the social fabric of communities by reducing the ability of people to trust their government and their neighbors. In situations where the conflict has been sustained over decades, as in Northern Uganda, basic levels of trust between individuals, between communities and towards the government have been severely fractured. In the post-conflict period one of the crucial tasks towards providing...

Author(s): Katie Missimer

October 2012

The nexus between labor reallocation and sectoral productivities in Pakistan: 1980 to 2007

  This paper empirically studies the labor allocation between rural and urban sectors due to economic growth in one of the least developed economies, Pakistan. The paper adopts a time-series analysis from 1980 to 2007, to study the causal impact of sectoral productivities on labor reallocation among sectors. The results indicate that labor productivity in manufacturing induces labor mobility from agriculture to...

Author(s): Babur Wasim Arif

May 2012

Quest for internal party democracy in Nigeria: Amendment of electoral act 2010 as an albatross

  The conduct of a credible election has been hinged on many factors. One of them is a well-developed internal party democracy. This assertion underscores the quest for internal democracy among the various political parties in Nigeria. Before the enactment of the Electoral Act 2010, stakeholders had argued that Nigeria needs an Electoral law that will incorporate procedures / steps that will guarantee internal...

Author(s): Itua Paul Okhaide

March 2012

Migration and policymaking initiatives as appeals to national crises: The Zimbabwean case

  Migration and policymaking questions have become topical issues in regional and international debates, conferences and policies. In July 2010, the Zimbabwean government in consultation with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) enacted the National Migration Management and Diaspora Policy (NMMDP) to harness the fundamental and meaningful contributions by the diaspora population to national...

Author(s): Gift Masengwe and Francis Machingura

March 2012

Idiosyncrasies of labour market

  The present study explores the various attributes of labour market with an extensive literature support. The peculiarities of labour market distinguish it from other conventional markets. Studies have observed that labour market loses its market clearing characteristics due to its opaque nature and uncertain outcomes. With inherent complexities and rigidities, it is not possible to attain an equilibrium...

Author(s): K. R. Pillai

February 2012

Tackling terrorism in Pakistan

  Terrorism has become a nuisance for all the citizens of the world especially since the terrorism has taken the form of suicide attacks; this is a phenomenon that cannot be dealt with force. Imagine that a person so motivated that he or she is not afraid to die will eventually end up causing massive destruction. Here in this paper, we discuss the possibilities that can be used to reduce this threat as much as...

Author(s): Fauzan Saeed, Mustafa Rahid, Haris Zikr-ul Rehman, Salman Mobin and Shaheer Ahmed

February 2012

Differential reaction patterns to September 11th’s events

  A quasi-exploratory field study examined the possible differential psychological responses of American (n = 82) and international (n = 50) samples located in the US, to the events of September 11th collected six months after the attack. Comparing two views on the psychological effects of acts of terrorism on the target population, it was hypothesized that the direct target population (American) and the...

Author(s): Leehu Zysberg and Anna Zisberg

November 2011

Reshaping mind and behaviour: Media and its impacts

  India, the land of diverse cultural traditions and rituals, where women were once considered to be ‘avatars’ of goddesses are now either being  victimized by the continual curse of domestic violence , or as a perpetrator of violent criminal activities. The present paper seeks to find from the available literature resources if the mass media actually plays the role of a catalytic source to...

Author(s):   Sre Yadav and Smita Jha    

  • Article Number: E9DCFE141083

November 2011

Impact of political violence and trauma in Gaza on children’s mental health and types of interventions: A review of research evidence in a historical context

  Children of Gaza have been subject to a wide range of traumatic and violent events over the last few decades, which, when considered alongside other risk factors such as gender, socio-economic status and previous mental health history, have led to significant psychosocial problems. This paper provides a review of research findings from across the territories to reveal high levels of mental health problems,...

Author(s):   Thabet A. A. and Panos Vostanis    

  • Article Number: 7F6380841087

September 2011

The geopolitics of actuality

  The recent declaration of the “end of geography” and the so-called “de-territorialization of political space”, which results from a combination of revolutionised information technology and a globalized market economy, as well as the free movement of capital beyond borders raises the question of whether scientific enthusiasm can, at times, overshadow scientific prudence. In the face of...

Author(s):   Pirouz Mojtahed-Zadeh      

  • Article Number: 39CBFED41072

September 2011

Assessing the effectiveness of the alternative dispute resolution mechanism in the Alavanyo-Nkonya conflict in the Volta region of Ghana

  Conflict resolution in Ghana has taken centre stage in the last decade with efforts geared towards developing alternative and acceptable mechanisms for dealing with the country’s numerous conflicts. One of such mechanisms that has been given prominence is the alternative dispute resolution mechanism. This research was therefore set out to add its voice to this advocacy by investigating the effectiveness...

Author(s):   Perpertua Francisca Midodzi and Imoro, Razak Jaha      

  • Article Number: 8F441C241075

September 2011

Pre-service teacher training for peace education

  Peace education is more effective and meaningful when adopted according to the social and cultural context and the needs of a country. It should be enriched by its cultural and spiritual values together with the universal human values. It should also be globally relevant. In order for peace education to become a regular inclusion and curriculum expectation within schools, nations and worldwide, teachers must...

Author(s):   Lokanath Mishra      

  • Article Number: 757FA7141079

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