Abbreviation: Int. J. Nutr. Metab.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 6, showing 20 records out of 101 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2016.0208[Article Number: 717140662830]
Malnutrition can be defined as a state of nutrition in which there is a deficiency, excess or imbalance of energy, protein and other nutrients. This study was conducted to assess the magnitude of under nutrition and associated factors among adult on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Wolaita Sodo teaching and referral hospital, SNNPR, Ethiopia. Institutional based cross sectional study design was used among... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2016.0209[Article Number: 5BF68B262402]
Total nutrient needs of adolescents are higher than any other time in the Lifecycle making susceptible to malnutrition. Any nutritional deficiency experienced during this critical period of life can have long lasting effect on the future health of the individual and also her offspring. Hence this study was to assess nutritional status and predictors of malnutrition among adolescent school girls, in south west... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2016.0200[Article Number: 2E14C4659996]
Diabetes mellitus constitutes a global public health concern and dietary approach is key to the control and prevention of lethal complications. This study investigated the hypoglycemic and anti-hyperglycemic effects of Xanthosoma sagittifolium-incorporated diets in normoglycemic and alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Seventy normoglycemic male Wistar strain albino rats (120 to 200 g) were divided into two groups... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2015.0193[Article Number: 530B79E58334]
Ethiopia has long history of food insecurity and nutritional problems affecting large proportion of the population caused by successive droughts. Despite of different interventions to tackle the problem there is no explicit data showing treatment outcome of the children generally in Ethiopia and specifically in the study area. Institutional based general prospective cohort study was employed. The respondents were 332... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2015.0192[Article Number: 689609E57884]
There is a high incidence of gastro-intestinal and viral diseases after natural disasters, particularly in rural areas in third world countries. Oral rehydration salts (ORS) are used, but there is need for a better tasting substitute which has improved quality, accessibility and storage. Fresh coconut is the preferred choice, but is limited by availability, and rapid nutritional deterioration. Reconstituted powdered... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2015.0182[Article Number: 017A37057254]
Obesity is a risk factor for several diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular complications. It is established that there is a difference of taste perception between lean and obese subjects. We used alternative forced-choice method to evaluate linoleic acid (LA) sensitivity in 58 West African subjects. LA sensitivity is inversely correlated with the body mass index and the waist circumference, and obesity biomarkers... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2015.0187[Article Number: D1928C755263]
Overweight and obesity constitute global public health problems with consequences on health and productivity of workers. This study was designed to describe the gender variation in the factors associated with overweight, obesity and hypertension among civil servants in Lagos, Nigeria. This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in 280 civil servants recruited from seven local government areas in Lagos state... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2015.0181[Article Number: F5F964155030]
Survey research design was used in the study of 900 adults from 9 senatorial zones of South Eastern Nigeria that aimed at using the correlation coefficient matrix to evaluate the synergic effect of various plant food diet of South Eastern Nigeria to meet the vegetable consumption requirement of the people. Twenty four hour food recall was conducted using questionnaire while the quantity of vegetable consumed by the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2014.0173[Article Number: 1594F0152385]
The use of indigenous foods dates back to the colonization of Africa. The shift from the use of indigenous foods to the use of nutritiously inferior non-indigenous cereals is a common trend in many developing countries. The adoption of global food systems has led to simplification of East African cultural practices adversely affecting peoples’ health. The current study compared the antibacterial activity and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2015.0180[Article Number: 92D78A952387]
Endocrine derangement and oxidative stress are two distinguishing features of obesity that have limited the success rate of various management strategies, especially physical activities. The objective of the current study was to examine the effect of 8 weeks of moderate-intensity regular exercise training on oxidative stress, appetite and weight loss in obese women compared with normal-weight women. Sixteen... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2014.0176[Article Number: F8DE40E51356]
This study aimed to use carbohydrate counting as an educational tool to improve the diet habits and reduce fat mass in obese children exposed to videogames. It involved analytical and comparative pilot study in 10 children, 5 to 10 years of age with obesity and who were exposed to video games for more than five hours a day. It formed two study groups (five in each). One used carbohydrates count tool plus a diet plan and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2014.0174[Article Number: EBA243851357]
Maternal nutrition is a well documented determinant of pregnancy outcome. Maternal anthropometry has been shown to be a predictor of the occurrence or otherwise of low birth weight, foetal macrosomia, increased maternal and newborn morbidity and mortality. Rural-urban differences in nutritional status have been documented in literature. A cross-sectional comparative study of the anthropometric indices of 720 pregnant... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2012.018[Article Number: 174110550234]
In some studies in diabetic people, chromium picolinate supplementation has lowered readings for both plasma triglycerides and blood sugar. In the present study, relatively low dose supplementation (200 µg chromium) did not lower blood sugar readings, but did lower triglyceride values in people with the following characteristics: type 2 diabetes, moderately elevated blood sugar, and not using insulin therapy.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2014.0172[Article Number: 47ADA0650235]
Micronutrient deficiencies are caused mainly by an inadequate intake of vitamins and minerals, as a consequence of an unbalanced diet composed mostly of carbohydrates in the conditions of poverty, the inability to take a variety of nutrients, the lack of knowledge on the most appropriate feeding practices and the relatively high incidence of infectious diseases. From a public health perspective, the importance of these... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2014.0162[Article Number: 33A800149460]
Food aversions, cravings and pica during pregnancy are commonly known all over the world. They are documented starting from long period of time, and their prevalence varies from 50 to 90% of pregnant women. Although pica behavior is practiced globally, it is more prevalent within African countries. To know prevalence of these practices and their association with nutritional status of pregnant women, community based... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2014.0171[Article Number: 3AD69A549461]
Empirical evidence on the impacts of household poverty and other socio-demographic factors regarding child undernutrition is essential in targeting resources appropriately to raise the health of the poor and most vulnerable groups. There is a paucity of such evidence in Ethiopia. The present study identified urban-rural differences in the magnitude and determinants of under-five child undernutrition in Ethiopia.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2014.0167[Article Number: E76CA2748715]
Njangsa (Ricinodendron heudelotii), a tropical tree that grows in the forest of West and Central Africa, produces fruits that are manually shelled to collect oil seeds and dried. A compositional analysis of njangsa revealed a unique nutrient presence of long chain omega-3 fatty acids not usually associated with plant materials. The seed had 31.4% crude protein and 44.7% lipid. Of this lipid, about 73% was composed of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2014.0165[Article Number: 5F226EE48713]
This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of organic and sulfur treated apricot on the azoxymethane-induced carcinogenesis by antioxidant markers and telomerase activity. Spraque Dawley rats (n = 35) were fed with two kinds of dried apricots (sun-dried or sulfur fumigated), with or without azoxhymethane (AOM). Rats were sacrificed after seven weeks for measurement of reduced ... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2014.0170[Article Number: 3A0290246524]
Poor maternal nutrition in pregnancy leads to increased morbidity and negative pregnancy outcomes including low birth weight and peri-natal mortality. Pregnancy places extra demands on the body systems of pregnant women, necessitating optimal intake of essential nutrients. Rural and urban disparities in nutritional status have been documented in literature. A cross-sectional comparative assessment of the dietary intake... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJNAM2014.0169[Article Number: 7E6B6FC46522]
Respiratory distress syndrome occurs mostly in premature infants with high risk of oxidative stress, free radicals and other reactive species which are constantly generated in vivo and cause oxidative damage to DNA and lipid. Antioxidants delay or inhibit cellular damage mainly through their free radical scavenging property, some of it including vitamins C and E. The study was done on sixty preterm neonates with... Read more.
Page 1 of 6, showing 20 records out of 101 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20