Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 24, showing 20 records out of 472 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2016.1249[Article Number: 433CFAE61788]
Inappropriate use of antibiotics is known as an important risk factor in the development of antibiotic resistance which increases the morbidity and mortality. We aimed to determine the prevalence and characteristics of antibiotic use in hospitals. A prevalence survey was conducted in 11 hospitals from 1st to 31th October 2014. In this study, from 700 patients investigated in this study, 476 received at least one... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2016.1215[Article Number: 141F8B661792]
This study of 10 year review of pacing was undertaken to analyse the continuous rise in the incidence of pacing in this part of country. 532 patients implanted with permanent pacemakers were evaluated during this decade. The age of patients ranged from 6 to 85 years with majority of patients belonging to age group of 55 to 70 years and a male to female ratio of 2:1. The commonest presenting symptom was cardiac... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2016.1253[Article Number: 955EA2861794]
Necrotizing bacterial infections are extremely serious, fulminant infections of the soft tissues by virulent bacteria. The annual incidence of NF is estimated at 500–1,000 cases annually, and its prevalence globally has been reported to be 0.40 cases per 100,000 populations. It is seen to have a predilection for men, with a male-to-female ratio of 3:1. The disease affects all age groups. Clinical risk factors for... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2016.1261[Article Number: 2F77FC161333]
Atrial fibrillation is a common cardiac arrhythmia that has many risk factors including some medications; however, the effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and its risk is not well assessed. This study was conducted to find out if there is an association between the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of atrial fibrillation. The study was conducted at Al-Hussein Medical City... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2015.1164[Article Number: 9CC1DA261337]
As the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) increases, the issue of drug resistance and subsequent anti-retroviral treatment (ART) failure appears as a challenge. The study aim to assess prevalence of ART treatment failure and associated factors amongst children on ART at Gondar University Hospital, North WEST Ethiopia, 2014. A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on children taking ART at... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2016.1241[Article Number: 3BA767160796]
Urinary catheters are used to relieve urinary retention. Its prolonged use has been associated with poor quality of life (QoL) and psychosocial distress among patients. We sought to evaluate the QoL and prevalence of depressive symptoms among patients on prolonged indwelling urinary catheters. A cross- sectional study of patients with indwelling urinary catheters at an outpatient urology clinic of a tertiary hospital in... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2015.1207[Article Number: 0146F7060798]
The present study was carried out in the most populated city in Northern Nigeria that is believed to have the highest number of commercial motorcyclists and highest prevalence of psychoactive substance use in the country. Research on psychoactive substance use among motorcycle operators in Northern Nigeria is limited, despite the high level of morbidity these substances cause to them. This study aimed to study the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2016.1263[Article Number: DE0740F60802]
In the aftermath of typhoon Haiyan which struck Philippines in 2013, the World Health Organization Philippines in collaboration with the Philippine government acted to improve access to mental healthcare in affected regions. Eastern Visayas with population 4, 3 million had merely four psychiatrists and seven generalists providing mental health care. It was selected as a model region for integration of mental health care... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2014.1087[Article Number: F45E4B860460]
The present study was to evaluate the in-vitro antibacterial activity of chitosan against clinical pathogens. Chitosan was extracted from the tunic of Phallusia nigra the marine black tunicate by utilizing standard protocol. Chitosan is a versatile natural polysaccharide, the second most abundant, biocompatible, biodegradable and non-toxic natural polymer which made wide applicability in conventional pharmaceutics as a... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2016.1243[Article Number: DF4C33360307]
Reproductive dysfunction is associated with metabolic syndrome. Since fertility is highly valued in Africa, preliminary data on the association of metabolic syndrome with indices of reproductive function in premenopausal Nigerian women was provided. Sixty six premenopausal participants (44 with metabolic syndrome and 22 controls) aged 18-45 years were purposely selected for this study. Reproductive history, blood... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2016.1240[Article Number: A96D30159280]
The objective of this qualitative study was to evaluate the perspective of mothers, whose children, in addition to being deaf and having cochlear implants, also have additional disabilities. Five mothers participated in this study and semi-structured interviews, together with the children’s clinical files were used to gather data and inductive analysis was used to establish themes. The results indicated that... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2016.1234[Article Number: C8CA31859282]
Commercial drivers are a ‘high-risk’ population where fitness on duty is important in enabling them to adequately respond to their job responsibilities. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of hypertension and its risk factors among the interstate commercial drivers in Jabi Park, Abuja. A cross-sectional study with 389 inter-state commercial drivers at Jabi Park in Abuja was conducted. A... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2016.1235[Article Number: 52B542559009]
The study aimed at examining nurses’ perception of their unit managers use of job enrichment strategy as a motivator to their subordinates in Enugu State University of Science and Technology Hospital. Descriptive survey research designed was adopted for the study. 235 nurses who were on duty when the research was conducted were used. Data was collected using the researchers’ developed questionnaire with a... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2016.1229[Article Number: DC07D6E58501]
Hypertension is a cause and consequence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The present study investigated the patterns of renal impairment among hypertensive subjects in Umuahia, South East, Nigeria. A cross-sectional study involving 262 subjects comprising equal number of hypertensive and non-hypertensive was used. Questionnaires were administered; medical, socio-demographic and anthropometric profiles were... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2015.1214[Article Number: BDE074A58503]
Professionalism is under scrutiny in all service-providing professions. Healthcare is one of them. There are rules and regulations mentioned from professional bodies that place the foundations of the definition of professionalism which have to be followed. A prospective study was conducted in a District General Hospital, with the aim to establish if professionalism was clearly defined. A questionnaire with open... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2015.1171[Article Number: 2C3210A58484]
Mobile or outreach type of voluntary counseling and testing approach is a useful way to reach high risk groups and rural population that are far away from facility based voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) service. Little has been done to assess the quality of mobile VCT services in Ethiopia. This study aims to assess the quality of mobile VCT services and client satisfaction in the cities of Addis Ababa and Adama.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2016.1230[Article Number: CE2B06F57745]
Schistosomiasis is a major public health problem and second only to malaria as the most devastating disease in tropical countries in Africa, East Asia and South America. ‘Almajiri’ children are known to be exposed to conditions that place them at high risk of infectious diseases including schistosomiasis. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 272 randomly selected children studying at the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2015.1206[Article Number: 4EB6A3A57749]
Sickle cell disease (SCD), the commonest single gene disorder amongst Nigerian children, may present as sickle cell nephropathy (SCN). SCN is detectable by persistent proteinuria, a “nephrotoxin” that contributes to progression of SCN to end stage renal disease. Unfortunately, screening for persistent proteinuria is an uncommon practice among Nigerian children with SCD, even when reduction of proteinuria is... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2015.1194[Article Number: 626337857267]
Phoenix dactylifera, a member of the family Arecaceae, is a highly nutritious fruit that is rich in vitamins, simple sugars, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, carotenoids and steroids. The study is aimed at evaluating the possible effects of P. dactylifera on the prostate and seminal vesicle of Wistar rats so that it can be suggested for use in the treatment of infertility or as a natural male contraceptive. Twenty male... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS2015.1208[Article Number: 062A96857271]
Motorcycle operators who drive under the influence of psychoactive substances are at high risk for road traffic violations and accidents. Despite the high level of morbidity associated with psychoactive substance use, it is not a well-researched area in Northwestern Nigeria. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between psychoactive substance use and road traffic violations and accidents among... Read more.
Page 1 of 24, showing 20 records out of 472 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20