Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
Start Year: 2009
Page 1 of 25, showing 20 records out of 488 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2015.0912[Article Number: A99E04563330]
The African elephant (Loxodonta africana Blumenbach) is a keystone species and ecosystem engineer. Elephants can cause serious damage to important trees, with only certain species being targeted such as Marula (Sclerocarya birrea A. Rich. Hoscht). High levels of elephant utilization may to some extent, compromise the viability of some woody plant populations leading to vegetation changes coupled with a possible loss of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2015.1056[Article Number: 6A8B24363332]
An investigation on challenges of human settlement on wildlife was carried out in 2014/2015 in and around Bale Mountains National Park. Among 25 villages bordering the National Park, 10 villages were purposefully selected for data collection. During the study period, semi-structured interviews and direct observations were conducted within the selected communities. A total of 365 households (35 households per villages,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.1035[Article Number: 20A382263038]
The present study was conducted to assess vascular plant diversity in a modified habitat in Shivalik region. Extensive surveys were conducted to document the species in each season and identification was done with the help of regional floras. A total of 191 species comprising 181 species of angiosperms (176 genera and 76 families), 2 species of pteridophytes (2 genera and 1 family), and 8 species of gymnosperms (7... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.1051[Article Number: C4372FA63052]
This paper contributes to the discussion on community competence by focusing on thirteen communities near Bui dam and Bui National Park, Ghana to address the impacts of Bui Dam construction and related resettlements through analysis of community competence. For each of these questions, further analysis was undertaken to assess the role of resettlement, ethnicity, age, livelihood type and gender. Data was gathered... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.0999[Article Number: B31F0A662715]
The key role of ectomycorrhizal (EcM) fungi in ecosystems functioning has been demonstrated worldwide. However, their diversity, spatial distribution, fruiting phenology and production as influenced by climatic parameters variability remain poorly understood in tropical African forests. Weekly surveys were conducted from April to early October 2014 at the Comoé National Park (CNP), Côte d’Ivoire (West... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.0976[Article Number: 4699BE962717]
Human activities that affect wildlife and their habitats are pervasive and increasing. Understanding the effects of humans on wildlife populations, as well as devising strategies to ameliorate these effects, is an increasing challenge for resource managers. Commitment of local communities to protected areas is also essential for conserving biodiversity, but little is known about local people attitudes toward... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.0959[Article Number: 21D102162309]
Human-wildlife conflict is widely known situation where people and wildlife share common resource. This study was conducted to investigate the perceived impact human-wildlife conflict (HWC) in the Choke Mountains, Ethiopia. Data were collected in 2014 and 2015 using semi-structured questionnaires and focus group discussion. Pearson correlation was used to test the relationship between different factors. Majority of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.1033[Article Number: FAEAAFB62312]
The African elephant (Loxodonta africana) require vast areas to meet their survival needs such as food, mates, water, resting sites, and look up positions; the area referred to as home range. We collared 9 bull and 3 female elephants using satellite-linked Geographic Positioning System (GPS) collars in February 2013. Their movements were monitored up to April 2016 in the wider Amboseli landscape. We estimated their home... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.1027[Article Number: 11BA91961987]
An investigation of the floral diversity of the littoral vegetation of Akwa-Ibom State coastline of South eastern Nigeria was carried out using quadrat and transects techniques. The results revealed three (3) vegetation types viz: coastal/shoreline, mangrove and secondary forest vegetation. Although, the most encountered ecosystem was the mangrove yet, coastal vegetation had the highest flora diversity of 100 (47%) as... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.1016[Article Number: ACDA83761991]
This research was carried out to assess the plant species diversity in Nasarawa State, Nigeria with a view to obtain an accurate database and inventory of the naturally occurring plant species in the state for reference and research purposes. This preliminary report covers a total of nine local government areas in the state. The work involved intensive survey and visits to the sample sites for this exercise. The... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.1020[Article Number: 68736EB61993]
In developing countries, traditional medicines occupy a central place among rural communities since they contribute to provide health care to them. However, studies on the identification and documentation of medicinal plant (MP) species used for treatment of various ailments, plants parts used, remedies, preparation and administration of herbal drugs have been scarce, especially to determine the consensus factor among... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.0998[Article Number: 05485A561995]
The landscape level plant diversity was measured in Terai grassland of north-eastern Uttar Pradesh. The field assessment, based on random quadrats, was undertaken at 11 sites, sampling an area of 333.75 ha. The grassland vegetation was comprised of a greater species richness compared to old-field vegetation. The grassy landscape as a mosaic of grassland patches contained 287 species in the sampled quadrats, which... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2015.0919[Article Number: 4F0CC6761152]
Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) are biological resources of plant and animal origin, harvested from natural forests, manmade plantations, wooded land, farmlands and trees outside forests or domesticated. These products are vital sources of income, nutrition and sustenance for many forest-based communities around the world. This study tries to review available and accessible literatures on role of NTFPs in sustainable... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016. 0991[Article Number: FBB874A61155]
The dynamics of sorghum on-farm landrace diversity in five North-Eastern, Central Highlands communities in Ethiopia have been investigated through 300 farmer interviews and surveys of their fields in each of the 1992/1993, 2000/2001 and 2011/2012 cropping seasons. Over the 20-years, farmers’ selection criteria increased from 10 to 28 and the landraces from 60 to 77. That 50 of the landraces were recorded in all... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.0971[Article Number: 1912C0161158]
This preliminary investigation describes the diversity and distribution of lichens from the different archaeological monuments of Sonitpur district, located in the Eastern Himalayan region of India, which is a part of Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot. It is a land of natural beauty and rich cultural heritage and it is well reflected in the number of archaeological sites and monuments of ancient time at this region.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.0946[Article Number: CE9C03A61163]
This study was carried out to identify and document the landrace (farmers’ variety) diversity and ethnobotany of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) (Fabaceae) in Northern Ethiopia. A total of 54 germplasm accessions and six representative voucher specimens of cowpea were collected from different geographical locations of Ethiopia ranging from 1260–2140 m a.s.l. within the grid references of 10o 00’... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.1031[Article Number: E4E3D2B61360]
The identification of factors that influence the timing of seedling emergence in topsoil is important to improve restoration strategies in former mining areas. The aim of this study was to determine the time of emergence of seedlings present in the topsoil of high fields in the Atlantic Forest on bauxite mines in the plateau region of Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, in both the dry and rainy seasons. The surface... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.1000[Article Number: F87ECAE60790]
To assess phytoplankton species biodiversity in the Southern Gulf of Lake Tana, water samples were collected twice a month from eight sites for six months, from October 2010 to March to 2011. Data were analyzed and compared with one another using SPSS version 16. There were significant differences between months in phytoplankton species composition (p < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference among sites... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2016.0954[Article Number: CFFAEC160792]
Coffee crop has been contributing a lion share to the Ethiopian economy. Despite of its economic significance, it suffers from many production constraints, of which arthropod pests influence both the yield and quality of coffee. The study was aimed to assess the prevalence of arthropod pests and indigenous management across two agro-climatic zones, in the Gedeo agroforestry systems. Twelve farmscapes were randomly... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/IJBC2015.0893[Article Number: 478F65C60794]
The Gamo indigenous people and their knowledge on the biodiversity conservation represent one of the oldest traditionally intensified systems in Ethiopia. Indigenous peoples and their socio cultural relationship with biological systems have largely been contributing to sustainable conservation of biodiversity. The main objective of this study is to analyze the role of indigenous peoples and their knowledge on... Read more.
Page 1 of 25, showing 20 records out of 488 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20