African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007

AJPSIR Articles

June 2018

Identity conflicts as challenge to political stability in West Africa

This paper concerns itself with establishing the nexus between identity conflict and its impacts on socio-economic and political relations in the West African context. The effort is motivated by the observable incidences of incessant violent conflicts and wars, all fought on the basis of ethnic and religious fault lines that threaten the stability and cohesion of the sub region in its evolution towards becoming...

Author(s): Ayuba Caleb and Ismaila A. Danjuma

June 2018

Strategic dynamic thinking to manage public order: A systemic approach

Security in post-conflict zones is a priority. However, strategists find it difficult to understand how to keep low Public Order Incidents. System Dynamics and a Strategic Point of View were used to develop a frame to learn about Public Order Incidents applied to the Colombian Case. A Working Dynamic Hypothesis and Simulation Model were developed to advance understanding of the problem. It was discovered that Public...

Author(s): J. A. Parra-Valencia, A. R. Lizcano and E. Pineda

May 2018

The role of group solidarity in conflict between farmers and Fulani pastoralists: A case study of Northern Nigeria

In recent years, conflict between farmers and pastoralists has been one among the frontline threats to sustainable peace and development in Nigeria. More worrisome is the incessant upsurge of these violent conflicts with group solidarity. The existence of these conflicts is not in dispute, but continues climax of group solidarity, has added an impetus to the complexities and veracity of these conflict involving larger...

Author(s): Hamman Jumba Ahmadu and Haruna Ayuba  

February 2018

Decentralisation and good governance in Africa: A critical review

This review essay outlines and discusses the conceptual and empirical dimensions of decentralisation in Africa. It examines the link between decentralisation, development and good governance. The essay contends that even if decentralisation has been embraced by several countries as an institutional reform capable of transforming intergovernmental relations, fiscal arrangements in local governments, increasing...

Author(s): Sabiti Makara  

January 2018

The Beijing consensus versus the Washington consensus: The dilemma of Chinese engagement in Africa

This study discusses the reason behind the Chinese hastened engagement in Africa. The study particularly emphasizes debates surrounding such massive involvements from the African, European and Chinese point of view focusing on the main tenets of Washington and Beijing consensuses. The study shows that Beijing consensus has been perceived cynically by traditional western power contending that Chinese involvement in...

Author(s): Jarso Galchu

January 2018

When party policies do not matter: Examination, the ambivalence of voting behaviors in the Zambian presidential elections

Debates on whether people in Zambia cast their votes for a presidential candidate based on the good policies of the party or the qualifications of their candidate are peppered with tales of ethnicity, tribalism, corruption, and the education levels of the voters. These problems have undermined the credibility of the winning candidates as being put into office based not on their qualifications, but on the desire for...

Author(s): Greg Gondwe

December 2017

Dynastic rule in Equatorial Guinea

The emergence of hereditary republican dynasties is part of a regional trend, raising concerns about the decline in democracy, government accountability, nepotism, and grand corruption. Second generation dynasts now rule in Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Gabon, and Togo. Often treated as exceptional aberrations, or theorized under other conceptual tools, this article examines Equatorial Guinea as a case study...

Author(s): Douglas A. Yates

November 2017

The U.S informal empire: US African Command (AFRICOM) expanding the US economic-frontier by discursively securitizing Africa using exceptional speech acts

The mission statement of US African Command (AFRICOM), articulated by President George Bush in 2007, declared African underdevelopment and human insecurities as a threat to US national security. Since 10 years have elapsed from the time of AFRICOM’s inauguration, this paper seeks to highlight that the organization has fallen short in realizing its mission statement. This unnerving reality has given credence to...

Author(s): Khaled Al-Kassimi

November 2017

Barotseland and the advocacy for statehood: A case entailing the complexities of statehood and state recognition in public international law

This paper discussed the Barotseland claim for statehood from the republic of Zambia with respect to the Barotseland Agreement (1964) signed between the Northern Rhodesian government and the Barotse Royal Establishment (BRE) in April 1964.  In discussing the Barotseland question, using a qualitative approach, this paper considered the sentiments that fuel the reasons for seeking separate statehood by Barotseland...

Author(s): Ancietos Mwansa

October 2017

The internal and external roles of Iraqi popular mobilization forces

This paper empirically examines the internal and external roles of the popular mobilization forces (PMF) or al-Hashd al-Shaabi. First, the paper examines the PMF’s role in the fight against the Islamic State/Daesh and governance in Iraq. Second, it highlights the PMF’s external links with Iran's Revolutionary Guards Corps and Lebanon’s Hezbollah. The question of whether the PMF is a tool of...

Author(s): Ayman El-Dessouki

October 2017

The status of political parties’ in using social media for campaigns during the 2015 general election of Ethiopia

Electoral campaigns are essential aspects of election. However, opposition political parties in Ethiopia have been challenged due to limited media alternative. In the 2015 general election, some political parties were using social media to conduct campaigns. Hence, this case study aimed to describe the status of these parties in the use of social media. The research utilized a qualitative approach as dominant method....

Author(s): Ketemaw, T. Muluye

September 2017

Ethnic federal system and conflict in the post-1995 Ethiopia: The case of southern regional state

The study investigated the practice of ethnic federal system along with ethnic rights to self-determination and associated conflicts in the context of Southern Regional state of Ethiopia.  This study is a qualitative research that employed both primary and secondary sources. The federal system is based on the constitutional conviction that ethnic groups in Ethiopia have the right to self-determination up to...

Author(s): Temesgen Thomas Halabo

September 2017

The protection of minority rights under regional constitutions in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia: The case of Tigray

The issues of minority rights have been given a significant concentration in the political discourses of today.  In traditional literatures and policy packages, the issues have been given a special emphasis pertaining to the protection of minority rights. Since the end of the World War II, many international instruments are adopted, declarations are domesticated; Ethiopia is a case in point. After the downfall of...

Author(s): Yohannes Mamo

September 2017

China's non-intervention policy in Africa: Principle versus pragmatism

China’s adherence to its policy of non-intervention in its engagement in Africa has sparked a lot of debate. A closer examination will however reveal some inconsistencies with Beijing’s official pronouncements versus its actions on the ground. This study seeks to explore this contradiction in China's nonintervention policy in Africa. Through a focused case study on China’s actions in Sudan and...

Author(s): Sigli M. Mumuni

August 2017

Liberia'S TRC: The road to rule of law or a dead end?

After two civil wars Liberia’s warring sides signed a peace agreement in 2003 providing for, among other things, the creation of a truth and reconciliation commission (TRC) to help it on the path to reconciliation. After public hearings in all fifteen counties in Liberia and extensive input from Liberians out of the country, Liberia’s TRC concluded its proceedings in 2009 with recommendations for improvement...

Author(s): Julie A. Keil

August 2017

Economic relations of Ethiopia and India: Trade and agricultural investments after 1991

The main objective of this article is to critically examine the Post-1991 bilateral trade relations between the two countries and Indian agricultural investments in Ethiopia. To achieve the objective of this article, the study used qualitative research methodology. Data were collected from both primary and secondary sources. Available literature was also reviewed. For the collection of primary data, in-depth interviews...

Author(s): Belayneh Leta and Belayneh Girma

August 2017

The value of indigenous social knowledge* in managing intra and inter-group conflicts: Experience from South East Tigray, Ethiopia

This article portrays the importance of home-grown cultural values and institutions in addressing intra and inter-group conflicts in South East Tigray, Ethiopia with particular reference to Wejerat community. The paper draws that indigenous social institutions in the community provide an opportunity to maintain peace, justice, order and security within and outside the community with minimum cost by the application of...

Author(s): Abrha Tesfay Asmerom

July 2017

Opposition political parties’ coalition in Zimbabwe: Challenges and possibilities

This paper discusses the prevalent view among ordinary Zimbabweans that only a grand coalition among select opposition political parties could potentially unseat the ruling party, Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front (ZANU PF) from power in the upcoming 2018 general elections. The paper argues that the prospects for such a grand coalition are only possible if select parties coalesce around the major...

Author(s): Mungwari Teddy and Ephraim Vhutuza

July 2017

Berbera basing politics: Understanding actors, interests, and animosities

The presence of forward forces in foreign soil is not a modern notion, but is thought-provoking when a small state projects its military might in multiple locations of a similar strategic importance. The United Arab Emirates’ (UAE) base lease in Berbera is a case in point which attracted a reproach from the public, and politicians. The joint parliament sitting to approve the draft agreement further complicated the...

Author(s): Najah M. Adam

July 2017

The political economy of recession in Nigeria’s fourth republic

In recent times, an exceptionally large and virulent recession engulfed the Nigerian State that had for the previous two and half decades experienced sustained growth at unprecedented levels. The causes as well as sense of threat and uncertainty induced by the crisis have been differently interpreted, particularly from the macro-economic, leadership and strategic standpoints. This paper offers a political economy...

Author(s): Monday E. Dickson and Gerald E. Ezirim

June 2017

Minority rights protection under the second house: The Ethiopian federal experience

Right after the overthrow of dictatorial military regime since 1991, Ethiopia underwent a remarkable change of political system. It has restructured the society based on federal state arrangement which creates nine self-administered regional government taking linguistic, settlement pattern, and consent of the governed into consideration. Addis Ababa and although not mentioned in the constitution, Dire Dawa become...

Author(s): Alene Agegnehu and Worku Dibu

June 2017

Route for sustainable development in Ethiopia: Opportunities and braves of good governance

The landmark of good governance in order to bring sustainable development in Ethiopia was the ratification of 1995 Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE) constitution. Within this constitution, the individual and group rights of people were protected, indicators of good governance was identified and mentioned and recognitions for different institutions were given. Even though the constitution was drafted with...

Author(s): Idris Mohammed and Mohammed Ahmed

June 2017

Ethiopia’s growth and transformation plan and its implications for synergic sum effect contextualized into regional cooperation in the horn of Africa

The East African region, in which Ethiopia is located, is commonly known as the Horn of Africa. It is branded for its economic underdevelopment and political instability. The region is economically poor, politically unstable and very volatile security wise. In lieu of this, it is prudent to describe the region as one that represents one of the most complex sub-regions in Africa. To resolve these and associated problems,...

Author(s): Assefa Leake Gebru and Yemane Zeray

May 2017

Brazil’s African policy and the experience of the first Lula government (2003 to 2006)

This article aims to analyze Brazil-Africa relations in the Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva government (2003 to 2006). The hypothesis supported is that Brazil-Africa relations 2 can be characterized as a varying intensity process, declining sharply in the 1980 to 1990 period and gaining momentum from 2003 to 2006. Structurally, the text is organized as follows: In the first section, a brief characterization of...

Author(s): Claudio Oliveira Ribeiro

May 2017

An examination of the Sierra Leone war

This study is a historical analysis of Sierra Leone’s state structure in the 20th and 21st centuries. This period was marked by defective leadership and insatiable greed that created political failure at both the national and regional level. The absence of a long-term democratic leader, coupled with the lack of institutions aimed at guiding effective resource distribution enabled the gradual collapse of the state...

Author(s): Clotilde Asangna 

May 2017

Eritrea’s national security predicaments: Post-colonial African syndrome

The post-2001 Eritrea is repeatedly viewed as North Korea of Africa: small state with isolationist foreign policy that could not burden totalitarianism, that the critical young generation is leaving the state and the remaining population is in a military uniform waiting for an imaginary enemy, that all the critical state institutions are decayed, that the port-based (Massawa and Assab) national economy lost its economic...

Author(s): Meressa Tsehaye Gebrewahd

May 2017

The impact of federal-states intergovernmental relations on regional states autonomy in Ethiopian Federal System

From its nature, federal system not only stands for the distribution of powers between federal and state governments, but also requests relations between the two in order to ensure coordination and effective achievements of powers and responsibility divided. Ethiopian Federal-States intergovernmental relations are dominated by the federal government and its executive institution because of ruling political party,...

Author(s): Kena Deme Jebessa

April 2017

Assessing the causes and effects of social exclusion: The case of ‘pot makers’ in Yem Special Woreda in Sothern Nation, Nationalities and Peoples Regional State in Ethiopia

This study was conducted to assess the causes and effects of social exclusion of ‘Pot Makers’ in Yem Special Woreda in Southern Nation Nationalities and Peoples Regional State in Ethiopia. Cross sectional survey research design was used to conduct the research because it would help the researcher to investigate the causes and effects of social exclusion in the case of ‘pot makers’ in Yem Special...

Author(s): Tamiru Berafe

April 2017

Ethiopia’s armed entry into Somalia in 2006: Projection of its foreign policy or aspiration for hegemony?

Ethiopia’s armed entry into Somalia in 2006 has been subjected to heated academic and policy debate. Some take it as part of the effort of Ethiopia’s aspiration to hegemony in the Horn of Africa region, while others link it to the old-fashioned thinking of Christian Ethiopia’s animosity to Islamic Somalia. The Ethiopian government defended it in terms of protecting its national interest. Ethiopia also...

Author(s): Yohannes Gebeyehu Alebachew

March 2017

The determinants of institutional trust in Botswana’s liberal democracy

Botswana is considered as a hub of good governance, and one of the least corrupt countries in Africa. Yet empirical evidence based on the Afrobarometer perception surveys from 2008 to 2014 suggests a decline in institutional trust. This study uses the 2014 Afrobarometer survey to explain trust in four political institutions namely the presidency, the ruling party, parliament and local council authorities. Theories of...

Author(s): Batlang Seabo and Wilford Molefe

March 2017

Dennis Kucinich and expansion of the chief executive’s war power: A unique legacy of checking the commander in chief

Since the Second World War, many analysts agree that the influence and power of the United States’ commander in chief has grown substantially. This trend of presidential empowerment continues in the Post-Cold War presidency and into the aftermath of the terrorist strikes on September 11, 2001, as commanders in chief have continued to assert wide and nearly unilateral war authority. Few members of congress have...

Author(s): Ryan C. Hendrickson and Lindsey Juszczak

March 2017

The Struggle for Hegemony in Africa: Nigeria and South Africa Relations in Perspectives, 1999-2014

This article examines Nigeria-South Africa relations with emphasis on political, trade and economic engagements. It investigates the consistencies and changing patterns in Nigeria and South Africa relations that are partly linked to the failure of Nigeria to diversify its economy and South Africa’s unwillingness to provide enabling environment for Nigerians in its economic domain. It argues that Nigeria and South...

Author(s): Bamidele Seteolu and James Okuneye

February 2017

Dialectics and social transformation in modern political thought: A comparative study of Hegel and Marx

Whereas Hegel and Marx subscribed to the central role of the dialectics in the historical development of society, they held different standpoints on certain fundamental issues. This study identifies and examines the critical issues and how they contribute to the development of the duo’s respective ideas on social transformation. In doing this, the study relies on documentary instrument of data generation and the...

Author(s): Makodi Biereenu-Nnabugwu and Patrick Chukwudi Uchendu

February 2017

Election observation and its political impact in Southern Africa

This paper is on election observation and its political impact in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. It seeks to make a connection between election observation, the importance of political reforms and the declining levels of electoral violence. It argues that extensive election observation and the elaborate reportage that it produces has the potential in the short term, to lead to extensive...

Author(s): Zibani Maundeni, Norbert Musekiwa and Batlang Seabo

February 2017

The rise of China and conflicts in Africa: The case of Sudan

As China’s economy rise in the world order, there is a higher demand for more resources in Africa. China has relative scarcity of crucial resources notably oil, gas, and minerals. The growing China-Africa relation is seen by some international relation scholars as part of the “foundation” on which their broader strategic ambitions are built. It is from this perspective that the growing relation seems...

Author(s): Constance Ayabei

January 2017

On the brink of an Arab spring-style conflict: Zimbabwe’s quagmire and policy options

The aim of this study is to examine the political and economic challenges facing Zimbabwe in relation to the potential of generating a violent uprising resembling the Arab Spring civil conflicts. Zimbabwe is in a quagmire due to security, political and economic upheavals that have bedeviled the Southern African country since the end of the Government of National Unity (GNU) in 2013. The government seems to be reluctant...

Author(s): Torque Mude

January 2017

Authoritarian trends and their continuity in Sri Lankan politics: A study of operationalizing of authoritarianism from 2005 to 2015 Period

This study talks about the authoritarian trends and their continuity in Sri Lankan Politics since 2005. Sri Lanka was considered a model Third World Democracy at the initial phase of political independence from colonial rule. However, the country has been converted into a constitutionally established authoritarian type regime through constitution making exercise. This trend was increased in galloping speed with Mahinda...

Author(s): Upul Abeyrathne, Upali Pannilage, and Nelum Ranawaka

December 2016

Military intervention in Africa’s conflicts as a route to peace: Strengths and pitfalls

This study seeks to answer a basic question: what are the merits and flaws of military intervention as a tool of conflict management in Africa? It uses a qualitative research approach and draws on existing literature on conflicts and military intervention in Africa. The study argues that military intervention and peacekeeping operations (PKOs) have become the most common approaches to conflict management in Africa....

Author(s): John Akokpari

November 2016

Domestic sources of international action: Ethiopia and the global war on terrorism

Using the concept of ‘strategies of extraversion’ as an analytical framework, this paper argues that governments in the developing world exploit Western concerns about security, especially US anti-terrorism policies, as a domestic policy instrument. The paper focuses on Ethiopia’s 2006 military intervention in Somalia to argue that Ethiopia’s active role in the fight against terrorism is centered...

Author(s): Yonas Ketsela Mulat

October 2016

Party system, its peculiarities and development of political practices in Nigeria

This paper attempts a reasoned critique of the applicability of the concept of traditional ‘party system’ vis-à-vis the emergence and peculiar nature of political parties in Nigeria. Focusing on the various theoretical expositions of party systems and its heuristic adaptations across the globe, the paper investigated the historical antecedents of party formation, administration, composition and party...

Author(s): Taiwo Akanbi Olaiya

September 2016

Analysis of politics in the land tenure system: Experience of successive Ethiopian regimes since 1930

This paper reviews the politics of land tenure in the last three regimes in Ethiopia, the Imperial, Derg and the incumbent government. It critically examines the nature and mechanisms of land alienation and related controversial issues carried out in the context of Ethiopian history by national actors. Ethiopian regimes have experienced a strong political debate on the appropriate land tenure policy. Imperial regime...

Author(s): Teshome Chala

August 2016

China’s non-alliance strategy: Facing the XXI century

In 1982, China decided to start a non-alliance strategy that was considered to be one of the core policies of China’s Diplomacy. But with the change of leadership in 2013, some debate surrounding this topic has been opened inside and outside China. This study will start by pointing out the innovations and continuities that China’s new leadership has indicated as guidelines in Foreign Policy terms, and what...

Author(s): Maria Barbal Campayo

July 2016

The US attempt of supremacy in the twenty first century: Russian and Chinese response

This study is about international politics of post-cold war period in which US attempted to become the singular hegemonic power in the international political affairs. The major purpose of the study was to explore the responses of emerging powers in the international political system to US ambition. The article will start with a discussion on elements of US Grand Strategy in its foreign affairs. It has been revealed...

Author(s): Nishantha Hettiarachchi and Upul Abeyrathne

June 2016

The patterns of state rebuilding and federalism in Somalia

Public opinions and evaluations of federal systems are important to the functionality and vitality of those systems. Yet little is known about the general public opinion on whether a federal system of government in Somalia promotes positive political stability, accommodates the interests of different groups and the barriers to transitioning into a federal system whilst being a fragile state. 165 participants...

Author(s): Abubakar Mohamud Abubakar

May 2016

Turkey in Kenya and Kenya in Turkey: Alternatives to the East/West paradigm in diplomacy, trade and security

Kenya and Turkey are natural partners but also an odd couple. Although both are fledgling democracies with rapidly growing economies and populations, and facing similar security concerns emanating from transnational terrorism, Turkey is a medium-size country while Kenya is a relatively small state. Turkish-Kenyan relations have grown rapidly over the last two decades raising three questions, which this study attempts to...

Author(s): Brendon J. Cannon

May 2016

The portrayal of Sino-African relations in the Western Media: Who is actually neo-colonializing Africa?

The aim of this article is to contribute in a reflexive way to the hot debate about China and Africa relations. The criticisms that China has received for her activities in Africa usually come from western countries that have their own interests in the area. Specifically, as it will be seen, countries like France and the United States have developed a deep military, political, economic and cultural influence in Africa...

Author(s): Maria Barbal Campayo and Changfeng Zhao

May 2016

New constitution-making in Tanzania: An examination of actors’ roles and influence

On 9th December, 2011 Tanzania celebrated its 50th anniversary of independence. This was later followed by the anniversary on 26th April, 2014 of a diamond jubilee for the union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar which led to the birth of the United Republic of Tanzania. During these celebrations, there was what seemed to be the popular view that Tanzania needed a new constitution for the next 50 years. It was on the basis...

Author(s): Edwin Babeiya

April 2016

Disseminating the national reconciliation commission report: A critical step in Ghana’s democratic consolidation

Truth and reconciliation commissions (TRCs) as transitional justice and conflict resolution mechanisms, have gained international prominence, especially following South Africa’s much publicised TRC experience. Among other things, TRCs are expected to contribute to democratic consolidation by correcting the historical narrative, acknowledging past human rights violations and fostering a human rights culture in...

Author(s): Felix Odartey-Wellington and Amin Alhassan

April 2016

Beyond classical peace paradigm: A theoretical argument for a ‘Glocalized Peace and Security’

Throughout ages, one of the greatest needs of humans has been a peaceful and secured society devoid of violence. In pursuit of this agenda, different approaches including classical peace paradigm have been employed at different times in the world history. Ironically, these peace and security architectures largely tend to be state centric, where peace and security are construed in terms of military might and states...

Author(s): Samuel Marfo, Halidu Musah and Dominic DeGraft Arthur

March 2016

The June 10 2015 by-elections: A Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front (ZANU PF) urban resurgence or a Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) win from the terraces?

After a Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front (ZANU PF) victory in the 2013 general elections, the Movement for Democratic Change led by Morgan Tsvangirai (MDC-T) retained dominance in Zimbabwe’s two major cities, Harare and Bulawayo. The intra-party turmoil in both ZANU PF and the MDC-T that followed the elections resulted in both parties expelling former members. As per Zimbabwean electoral laws,...

Author(s): Blessing Simura

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