Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
Start Year: 2007
Page 1 of 29, showing 20 records out of 572 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1494[Article Number: 65AC34162893]
Stevia rebaudiana Bert. is a non-caloric sweetener plant of medicinal and commercial values. This study was performed to micropropagate Stevia and improve its ability to withstand the sudden shocks of the environmental changes during acclimatization by using endomycorrhizae and/or Pseudomonas fluorescens. In vitro establishment of Stevia was superior by culturing shoot tips and nodal segments of mature plants on... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1476[Article Number: 3617BFB62897]
Seven sorghum genotypes obtained from Melkassa Agricultural Research Center and local check collected from Assosa district were evaluated in randomized complete block design with three replications under farmers’ participatory selection scheme in western part of Ethiopia during 2013 main cropping season. The objectives of this experiment were to select superior intermediate sorghum varieties in the study area and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1450[Article Number: 2EB2FF262609]
Leaf rust (Puccinia triticina Eriks) is the most common rust disease of wheat in wheat-producing areas of Ethiopia. The use of cultivars with durable resistance is the most economical way of controlling the disease. Field experiments were conducted at Ambo Plant Protection Research Center, Ethiopia during 2013 to 2014 main cropping seasons to reveal variability for field based slow rusting resistance to leaf rust among... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1485[Article Number: 33672C362611]
Quality seed potato is a key factor in enhancing potato yields in Uganda. Available disease-free seed potato accounts for less than 5% of the whole potato seed market demand in Uganda leaving 95% as seed availability gap. This study was conducted to explore the potential of using farmer managed screen houses to alleviate the seed potato availability gap that exists in Uganda. Six screen houses of 7 m × 14 m each... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1464[Article Number: 4B6E27E62320]
Phaseolus vulgaris L. (Leguminosae) is a crop widely distributed in all parts of the world. In Ethiopia, common bean is cultivated as a source of protein for local consumption and for export. Mostly, it grows in the warm and lowland areas of the country. The aim of this research was to identify and investigate the performance and genetic potential of P. vulgaris varieties in raya valley of southern tigray. Twelve... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1449[Article Number: 939503A62322]
Turcicum leaf blight (TLB) (Exserohilum turcicum) is a major disease affecting maize production in western Ethiopia. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of maize varieties integrated with fungicides on epidemics of turcicum leaf blight; to determine the effect of turcicum leaf blight severity on yield and yield components of maize; and to assess the cost and benefit of using fungicides. The field... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1474[Article Number: 563D05461979]
The growth and long-lived growth patterns observed in many Savanna shrubs may be advantageous for survival in harsh physical environment. This study was conducted to estimate the growth potential and biomass yield of Securinega virosa, Cajanus cajan, Stylosanthes mucronata and Tephrosia purpurea in the northern region of Ghana. A total of 16 experimental beds of size 4 x 4 m with 1 m spacing between beds were... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1427[Article Number: 59D3E3261527]
Angular leafspot (ALS), caused by the fungus, Pseudocercospora griseola, is one of the most important disease of common bean in Tanzania. Breeding for resistance to this disease is complicated by the variable nature of the pathogen. In Tanzania, a thorough analysis of the variability of this pathogen is lacking which limits breeding for durable resistance. This work aimed at characterizing P. griseola in relation to its... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1448[Article Number: B2983BA61529]
Genetic diversity information is a resource for improvement in crop productivity and trait performance, however, there is scanty information on genetic diversity estimates in the maize landraces covering the major geographical regions of Africa. In the current study, the genetic diversity of 35 landraces originating from lowland, midaltitude and highland regions of Africa and held in the IITA Genetic Resource Center,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1426[Article Number: FD3BBA161075]
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an important and ancient oilseed crop cultivated in hot, dry climates for its oil and protein rich seeds. On the African continent, Uganda ranks seventh in sesame production. The improvement of new genotypes with the desired yield stability and performance in different environments is an important issue in breeding programs. In order to identify high yielding and stable sesame genotypes... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1454[Article Number: 767035561077]
Medicinal plants are attractive sources in the search of bioactive compounds in the treatment of infectious diseases. Considering that the infectious agent often develops resistance to existing treatments rapidly, the searches for such compounds are a never-ending process. One such infection, caused by Candida spp. is candidiasis, which is a public health problem. Additionally, many strains have resistance to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1439[Article Number: 87758C961079]
The study was conducted on homegardens of Hawassa city, Southern Ethiopia with the aim of documenting useful plant species; identifying the internal and external household factors related to useful plant species diversity in and around home gardens and examining its contribution to household food security and income generation. A random sample of 120 homegardens from eight sub-cities of Hawassa city was used to collect... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1430[Article Number: 11E5A4C61082]
Teff [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.)] is the most important cereal crop of Ethiopia, occupying 31% area and 20% production of the total cereal crops. However, its productivity is almost stagnant, with a national average yield of meager 1.46 tonnes ha-1 mainly due to inadequate modern agronomic practices and technologies in the present production system. The urgent necessity for its higher production and productivity as a staple... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1425[Article Number: 11559D860529]
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is the most important oilseed crop in Ethiopia. In the present study, efforts were made to devise appropriate crop geometry to obtain improved yield. An irrigated field experiment was conducted from December, 2014 to March, 2015 at the experimental farm of Gode Polytechnic College, Gode, Somali Regional State, Ethiopia, in order to determine grain yield and yield components using factorial... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1444[Article Number: 8A8F40C60651]
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES) Secretariat has teamed up with the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) to assist Congo basin countries in the frame of the so called “the ITTO-CITES program”, to develop non-detriment findings (NDF) on Prunus africana, a CITES listing tree species. This paper aims to assess the way the simple management plans... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1419[Article Number: 66A6F5659493]
Knowledge on performance of genotypes and interrelationships among traits is very important for sugarcane breeding programmes. The objectives of this study were to assess the phenotypic relationship among 49 sugarcane genotypes and the inter-relationships among traits considered. The cluster analysis demonstrated that the 49 sugarcane genotypes studied were clustered into nine groups and were highly different for Pol in... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1428[Article Number: 6E4430159495]
Dekoko is a cool-season food legume cultivated in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. It is highly appreciated by the local people for its taste and high market value. Yields of Dekoko, however, are limited by improper planting spacing. Thus, an experiment was conducted in 2013 and 2014 cropping seasons to determine the appropriate planting spacing of Dekoko that maximizes its productivity under rain fed conditions. Treatments... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1394[Article Number: 718D35F59497]
A successful application of humic acids and diazotrophic bacteria in corn represents a potential that collaborates to break the current energetic consumption paradigm, which is based on unsustainable fossil sources. Thus, this study aimed to quantify the contribution of diazotrophic bacteria in association with humic acids and nitrogen (N) in corn, in an experiment conducted under controlled conditions in a greenhouse.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1416[Article Number: 8178F6B58993]
Four Caladium bicolor variants collected from different parts of Nigeria were subjected to anatomical comparison to enhance the taxonomic status of the species. Fresh samples (leaf and petiole) of these variants were fixed in formalin, acetic acid and alcohol (FAA), dehydrated in alcohol series, peeled or sectioned. Peeled specimens were stained with safranin, while sectioned ones were stained with Alcian blue and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2016.1405[Article Number: C351F4358995]
A disease test at different leaf layers (plant stages) of homologous rust and heterologous rust species were studied. The result from homologous rust species showed that those quantitative trait loci (QTLs) (Rphq2 and Rphq11) which were effective at seedling stage were also effective across all plant stages with gradually decreasing effect as plants grew older. Rphq3 which had consistent effect in all leaf layers... Read more.
Page 1 of 29, showing 20 records out of 572 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20