Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
Start Year: 2007
Page 1 of 98, showing 20 records out of 1956 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4671[Article Number: F37A64C60747]
Hydantoins are often reported as potent anticonvulsant drugs; however, recent studies have highlighted their antinociceptive potential. Based on these reports, this study investigated the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of the hydantoin derivative 5-(4-isopropylphenyl)-3-phenyl-imidazolidine-2,4-dione (IM-7) using animal models. Treated mice submitted to the acetic acid-induced writhing test showed... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2015.4491[Article Number: 2509A5D60752]
Polyphenols (PPH) represent a group of chemical substances found in plants, characterized by the presence of more than one phenol unit. The largest and best studied polyphenols are the flavonoids. Polyphenols contained in red wine have beneficial effects on cardiovascular health. The aim of our research was a comparative and interactive study of four red wine polyphenols - resveratrol (R), quercetin (Q), kaempferol (K)... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2015.4639[Article Number: 9AEB94060756]
Plant products are a rich source of bioactive organic chemicals and offer an advantage over synthetic pesticides as these are less toxic, less prone to development of resistance and easily biodegradable. The present study aimed at screening the acaricidal potential of crude methanolic and aqueous extracts of Schinus molle (L.) leaves on the adult Bophilus decoloratus and Rhipicephalus pulchellus cattle ticks, using in... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2015.4640[Article Number: 4C6F1A960758]
Diets and nutrition have critical effect on immune status of human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients and on recovery of immune competence after antiretroviral therapy (ART). A pilot study was conducted to explore associations between the dietary pattern of HIV/AIDS patients and their immune (CD4+ cell recovery) response following ART. A recall interview survey... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4644[Article Number: C55554260691]
A Schiff base and its derivative (oxazepine) have been synthesized by the reaction between thio-semicarbazide and aromatic aldehyde 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde in ethanol in the presence of acetic acids to yield the Schiff base. This Schiff base on treatment with phthalic anhydride to give seven-member heterocyclic ring called oxazepine. Oxazepineas di-dentate ligand treated with hydrated metal chlorides CuCl2 and FeCl2 in... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4575[Article Number: FCE6B2860693]
The highly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are successful in the treatment of depression mood and anxiety disorders. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of fluexotine and buspirone when given orally in three dose levels (5, 10 and 15 mg/ kg) not only for eight weeks on gastric lesions and oxidative markers in normal rats' mucosal integrity, but also for four weeks on gastric mucosal... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2015.4506[Article Number: 51CFFF460696]
Acetazolamide is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor which is on World Health Organization’s list of essential medicines, a list of most important medications needed in a basic health system. The ocular effects of acetazolamide was studied in 30 normotensive volunteers. Each volunteer received a loading dose of 500 mg at 0700 h followed by a maintenance dose of 250 mg at 1300 and 1800 h, respectively on day one. From... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4655[Article Number: 6675D3560429]
MiR-33a and miR-122 are major regulators of lipid metabolism in the liver and their deregulation has been linked to the development of metabolic diseases such as obesity and metabolic syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the level of miR-33a and miR-122 in rat liver correlate with obesity and potential anti-obesity effect of grape seed extract (GSE) and calorie restricted diet with special emphasis on... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4609[Article Number: 897B74660432]
Senna alata is a medicinal plant that belongs to Leguminosae family. Different parts of the plant are used in folklore medicine for curing skin infections, abdominal pain, and gonorrhoea. Despite the use of S. alata in the treatment of various ailments, there is limited or no comprehensive scientific information on the toxicological evaluation of the dried leaf extract in the folklore medicine in Africa. This study... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4581[Article Number: 792A11660435]
Petiveria alliacea L. (Phytolaccaceae) is an Amazonian shrub used in traditional medicine for many purposes. This study investigated the genotoxicity of the hydroalcoholic extract of P. alliacea (EHPa). In addition, we conducted pharmacognostic characterization and phytochemical investigation. Phytochemical screening and thin layer chromatography (TLC) were used to determine the chemical composition of the extract.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4557[Article Number: 74C34D360405]
The coupling of the derivatives of the 2-mercaptobenzimidazole 1 with the derivatives of the (chloromethyl)benzene 2 gives 2-(benzylthio)benzimidazole 4a-k on the one hand, and with the 2-(chlorométhyl)benzimidazole 3 on the other the 2-(benzimidazolyl methylthio) benzimidazole and analogues 5a-k. We determined the structures of all synthesized compounds by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Mass Spectrometry... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4614[Article Number: 3A9A3CE60407]
Dear Healthcare Professional (DHP) letter is a risk minimization tool used to inform health workers about new and emerging safety information during the marketing period of medicinal products. DHP letters in some cases may not be effective because targeted audience may not be aware of these letters or even understand them. The objectives of this study were to assess the effectiveness and relevance of DHP letters as... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4617[Article Number: B27214360413]
Persea americana Mill. or avocado plant tree is well-known to people from the sub-Saharan part of Africa. Studies carried out earlier reported on the use of leaf extracts of the named plant to cure diabetes and other diseases in the south of Côte d’Ivoire. This study aimed to assess both acute toxicity and hypoglyceamic activity together with performing a comparative study. The acute toxicity was determined... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2015.4434[Article Number: 5FBE11D60401]
The objective of this study was to examine the restorative effects of methanol extract of Commelina benghalensis leaves in antidiarrheal activity in Swiss albino mice model and anthelmintic activity in Tubifex tubifex. Antidiarrheal activity study in Swiss albino mice were divided into four groups. Group I was treated as the control group and received 10 ml/kg of 2% Tween-80 orally; Group II served as a positive control... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4634[Article Number: B94780160403]
Urocortin I (Ucn I), Ucn II and Ucn III are corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) - like peptides. Ucn I has a high affinity for CRF1 and CRF2 receptors. The function of Ucn in male reproduction has not yet been elucidated. Ucn I is present in rat testis with lower levels of Ucn II and III mRNA gene expressions. Therefore, it is suggested that Ucn I may play a role in the regulation of male reproductive action. This... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4612[Article Number: 703E41060287]
Anti-allergics, including mast cell stabilizers, are used together with other anti-inflammatory drugs in the management of asthma, so as to prevent the release of pre-formed inflammatory mediators upon allergen exposure. This study was aimed at investigating the mast cell stabilizing and anti-anaphylactic effects of a 70% hydro-ethanolic extract of Scoparia dulcis (SDE) in murine models upon exposure to a known... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4618[Article Number: 7AAA99F60291]
This study aims to determine the toxicity, genotoxicity and antioxidative defense capacities of isopentanyl ferulate (IF), an ester derivative of ferulic acid (FA). Therefore, albino mice (25-30 g) were treated with 1000 to 3000 mg/kg orally (p.o.) and intraperitoneally (i.p.) to determine median lethal dose (LD50), biochemical and hematological parameters, motor coordination and genotoxic activity by comet assay. In... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4611[Article Number: E15F63259977]
Insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE) is the major zinc-metalloprotease involved in the cleavage of insulin, β-amyloid protein and mainly contributes to the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes and Alzheimer’s disease. Therefore, this enzyme is expressed as candidate target for drugs used in the management of diabetes and peptide hydroxamates have been reported recently as inhibitors for IDE. Novel synthesized peptide... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4586[Article Number: 3B3ED6B59984]
Triplaris gardneriana Wedd. belongs to the family Polygonaceae. In Brazil, the plant is known as "Pajéu". The plant has a traditional use in folk medicine for the treatment of some human diseases. In this study, it was realized for first time, the extraction and characterization by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS) of the fixed oils from the leaves and seeds of T. gardneriana collected... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJPP2016.4600[Article Number: 894F58759993]
The present study is aimed to investigate phytochemical and pharmacological activities of crude organic fractional extracts of Maesa acuminata (MA). Preliminary test for phytoconstituents shows the presence of alkaloid, glycoside, steroids, tannins, saponins and reducing sugars. Fractionation was done by ethanol (leaf: ELMA), chloroform (bark: CBMA) and n-hexane (leaf: HLMA). The crude fractions were then subjected for... Read more.
Page 1 of 98, showing 20 records out of 1956 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20