Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
Start Year: 2007
Page 1 of 218, showing 20 records out of 4343 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7692[Article Number: 0BCFC7656959]
This study was aimed to develop the nanoform of a commercial fungicide Trifloxystrobin 25% + Tebuconazole 50% (75 WG) with broad spectrum of action for improving its antifungal activity against Macrophomina phaseolina. The fungicide commercially available as Trifloxystrobin 25% + Tebuconazole 50% (75 WG) was converted into its nanoform using ball milling method and assessed for its efficacy against the soil borne fungal... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7747[Article Number: 1D79CF556967]
A quality foot and mouth disease (FMD) vaccine is a prerequisite for effective control in addition to other zoosanitary measures and effective biosecurity practices in disease endemic sub-Saharan countries like Nigeria. To ensure an effective control programme by vaccination, countries that practice mass vaccination campaigns need to conduct vaccine matching studies to establish a relationship between prevalent field... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7537[Article Number: AC3564B56969]
Oropharyngeal candidiasis is a common disease among cancer patients receiving chemo or radiotherapy which precede systemic candidemia, a life threatening infection. This study investigated the diversity and prevalence of different Candida species among Egyptian cancer patients, evaluated the sensitivity of Candida albicans to the frequently administered antifungal therapies and the effect of different radio and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7725[Article Number: A5710F956883]
Fruit juice extracts of Citrus sinensis var. late Valencia at different stages of development (3, 6, 10 and 12 months and fallen senescent fruits) were investigated for antimicrobial and antioxidant activities. Antimicrobial activity was determined using a modified Kirby-Bauer agar diffusion method and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) were determined by the micro broth dilution method against strains of Bacillus... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7760[Article Number: 5DADAB056885]
The microalga Spirulina has been marketed in many countries due to its application in foods, especially for its high protein content, which can be used to obtain protein hydrolysates. Protein hydrolysates are easily absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract and have significant physiological properties, because during the hydrolysis process, peptides with antioxidant activity can be obtained. The objective of this study... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7733[Article Number: 8A328E856887]
Despite the endemic nature of foot and mouth disease (FMD) in Nigeria, little is known about the epidemiology of the disease in pigs. FMD could pose a negative economic and social impact in the life of small-holder and commercial pig farmers in the advent of an outbreak. In this report, out of 822 pig sera collected from two states (Plateau and Enugu) in Nigeria, 12 (1.5%) tested positive for antibodies to the highly... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015. 7563[Article Number: 1E6F83F56889]
Infection of the gastric mucosa by Helicobacter spp. is an important cause of gastric diseases and neoplasms in humans and animals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of Helicobacter spp. in the livers of dogs with nonspecific histological changes. The association between Helicobacter spp. infection, hepatocyte proliferation and E-cadherin expression was also evaluated. Liver samples from 39 dogs... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7802[Article Number: 8B1E31A56807]
The purpose of this study was to characterize the different mechanisms of carbapenem resistance among blood isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli. Meropenem resistant isolates were included. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing, phenotypic and genotypic detection of carbapenemase production were performed. Genetic relatedness of blaNDM-1 producers was determined by pulsed-filed gel electrophoresis... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7851[Article Number: C324BDD56817]
Direct diagnosis of human brucellosis is performed by cultivation with the disadvantage of being time consuming and the increase risk of laboratory acquired infection to laboratory personnel handling and performing culture procedures. Serological techniques as serum agglutination test (SAT) can also be used for diagnosis with the disadvantage of false negative and positive results that may occur. This study aims to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7737[Article Number: 33558B656820]
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may influence hepatitis C virus (HCV) disease through immunosuppression. The aim of this study was to determine the sero-prevalence of HCV in HIV sero-positive children in Lagos, Nigeria. 132 blood samples of children aged 1-15 years were collected at the HIV clinics of Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) and Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH). Confirmatory... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015. 7834[Article Number: DC21F7B56824]
The aims of the study were to isolate and identify the Candida species from clinical cases of candidiasis and to determine their anti-fungal susceptibily. Clinical samples such as vaginal swab, nails scrapings and squama were submitted to the Mycology Unit of Institut Pasteur of Côte d’Ivoire, from 2011 to September, 2015. Samples were screened for the growth of Candida species, which were then identified by... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7832[Article Number: 43BE2D856760]
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that is widely dispersed in the environment; it is found in soil, water and plant material, and can grow at refrigeration temperature and at unfavourable conditions of pH (up to pH 4.7) and salt (up to 10%). It can persist in the harsh conditions of the food processing environment from which it can contaminate food. Listeriosis, infection with L. monocytogenes, can be mild... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7839[Article Number: 481C5F656762]
Yersinia enterocolitica, an important food-borne enteric pathogen is associated with various clinical manifestations ranging from self-limited gastroenteritis to more invasive syndrome such as terminal ileitis and mesenteric lymphadenitis. The main aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of Y. enterocolitica in milk samples. For this purpose, one hundred (100) samples of raw cow’s milk were collected... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7750[Article Number: 81042C556772]
Probiotics, as functional food components, are recognized as safe microorganisms of viable single or mixed cultures with claimed health promoting effects on their host by improving the properties of the indigenous intestinal microflora. In the present study, a total of ten probiotic lactic acid bacteria were isolated comprising Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus brevis, Bifidobacterium sp. and Streptococcus... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7821[Article Number: 09D493356776]
Dissemination of carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) poses a considerable threat to public health. The aim of the present work was to estimate the prevalence of metallo beta lactamases (MBL) among CRE isolated from Alexandria Main University Hospital, Egypt, to evaluate the performance of different phenotypic methods for the detection of MBL, and to investigate the local antimicrobial sensitivity profile of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7823[Article Number: B55534056781]
The aim of this study was to use molecular methods to determine the profile of resistance to rifampicin (RMP or RIF) and isoniazid (INH) in mycobacteria from tuberculosis patients in Senegal. Sputum samples (48) received by the mycobacterial laboratory of the National Antituberculosis Program (NATP) in Senegal between 2012 and 2014 were studied. Most of these samples came from patients in treatment failure or relapse... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7753[Article Number: DE9712556686]
Staphylococcus aureus is a well-known human pathogen that is primarily associated with nosocomial infections causing variety of diseases with increasing resistance to antibiotics. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence and multi drug resistance patterns of both methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and methicillin susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) in the studied population. Out of 60 S. aureus isolated, 27... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7602[Article Number: 0BA049D56688]
Spirulina sp. JXSC-S1 was isolated from a local turtle breeding wastewater storage pool in Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province, China. Morphological studies revealed that the color, shape, spiral pitch, spiral wide and cell size of the strain fits the typical morphological characteristics of Spirulina platensis. Growth dynamics of the strain were studied in both Zarrouk medium and turtle breeding wastewater (TBW), and were... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7787[Article Number: AEF13C556690]
The antibacterial effect of Moringa peregrina (leaves, roots and seeds) ethanolic extracts were investigated. The effect of plant extracts were tested against three bacterial species: Escherichia coli (E. coli ATCC25922), Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus ATCC 43300)Image and Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae ATCC 13883). M. peregrina ethanolic extracts showed significant antibacterial effect on the three tested... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7788[Article Number: 0886D4056680]
The members of the genus Trichoderma are widely used as bioagent for the control of phytopathogenic fungi in agriculture sectors. The members of this genus are reproducing asexually by the formation of cyanide and chlamydospore, in wild habitats they reproduce by formation of ascospores. Trichoderma species are well known for the production of cell wall degrading enzymes (CWDEs). These CWDEs, play a major role in... Read more.
Page 1 of 218, showing 20 records out of 4343 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20