Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
Start Year: 2007
Page 1 of 239, showing 20 records out of 4762 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8725[Article Number: A9A831266842]
Curtoviruses are transmitted by the beet leafhopper Circulifer tenellus, in a circulative (non-propagative) manner. Curtoviruses are phloem-limited and are acquired by the vector during feeding. Sap-feeding insects harbor endosymbionts which can help provide essential nutrients required for the insects’ survival. Candidatus Sulcia muelleri is an endosymbiont present in the beet leafhopper identified during this... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8716[Article Number: B9B012766847]
Extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) have been increasingly reported worldwide. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of these multidrug-resistant strains in a major university teaching hospital in Dakar, Senegal. A total of 1205 Enterobacteriaceae stains were tested for ESBL and carbapenemase production. Antibiotics susceptibility test was... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.7088[Article Number: 1F5868E66854]
This study determines prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus from bovine mastitis in dairy cows from October 2012 to June 2013 in Bishoftu town, Ethiopia. In this cross-sectional study, 16 dairy farms were included and 384 lactating cows sampled. Clinical examination and California mastitis test (CMT) were performed to diagnose clinical and subclinical mastitis, respectively. Milk samples were obtained from the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8363[Article Number: 576838566780]
A study was conducted from November 2014 to June 2015 at three hatcheries designated as A, D and E in Bishoftu Town, Ethiopia, to isolate and identify bacteria associated with yolk sac infection and to determine antimicrobial susceptibility profile of the predominant isolates. A total of 385 Lohmann and Koekoek breed, 1 to 7 days old chicks suffering from yolk sac infection were examined from three different hatcheries... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8712[Article Number: 96846F066782]
Otitis media has been reported as a common childhood disease and is associated with multiple microbial pathogens within the middle ear. Though the causative agents of this infection have largely remained the same over the years, current literature reviews show that the antibiotic susceptibility pattern has changed considerably. This study aimed to identify bacterial isolates and determine their antibiotic susceptibility... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8745[Article Number: 7BAE16D66784]
Several Bacillus strains were isolated from “Ouled Yelass” hot spring soil, located in Setif city (Eastern Algeria). Three isolates of them coded (4RH), (14 RH), and (Set-oxy), were screened for their ability to inhibit the growth of some phytopathogenic fungi, such as Fusarium oxysporium, Botrytis cinerea, Aspergillus niger, Cladosporium cucumerinium and Alternaria alternata. The molecular identification of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8659[Article Number: 73A3D0866786]
This cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out to determine the socio-demographic, and clinical profiles of mycologically diagnosed pityriasis versicolor (PV) among outpatients of the Department of Dermatology, Teaching Hospital of Yopougon (Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire) between July, 2012 and February, 2013. Among 1578 patients screened for various consultations, 200 presented with lesions suggestive... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8692[Article Number: 9ECD66D66787]
Salmonella is the most important disease causing bacteria in persons as well as in animals. Antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella can be transmitted from animals to humans through consumption of contaminated food and food products. Thus, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella species from lactating cows in dairy farms of Bahir Dar town. A cross-sectional study... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8205[Article Number: 5AAE55866724]
Biological pigments or biochromes are substances produced by living organisms and have a color resulting from selective color absorption. A total of 37 isolates of Actinomycetes and 2 bacteria were isolated from 26 different soil samples collected from different habitats of Kerala. The isolates were screened for pigment production. The effect of pigment production by the strains on various carbon and nitrogen... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8452[Article Number: F8F75C766727]
This study was conducted to determine the bacteriological quality of retail raw meat. Twenty one raw meat samples were randomly collected from four administrative towns: Bure, Debre-Markos, Dejen and Fenoteselam meat-stalls of Gojjam area. Samples were collected and transported kept in cold sterile screw cap bottles with ice contained icebox. It was cultured on plate count agar and mannitol salt agar plates for... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8649[Article Number: 7F59DAA66731]
Cowpea can obtain N through biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) through symbiosis with rhizobacteria. However, nodulation and BNF are influenced by edaphoclimatic factors that may bring about benefits or damages to the process, and the availability of nutrients is among the main factors that affect BNF and phosphorus (P). Thus, the present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of doses and sources of soluble P on... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8705[Article Number: EA9F76966550]
Bacilli are Gram-positive, sporulating bacteria that can be found in diverse habitats, but mostly in soil. Many recent studies showed the importance of their antimicrobial agents that mainly target other Gram-positive bacteria. This study was conducted to assess the antibacterial activity of Al-Khor coastal soil Bacillus strains against four bacterial strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermis, Escherichia... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8589[Article Number: 78B12A966552]
Lignin modifying enzyme (LME) activity [laccase, lignin peroxidase (LiP) and manganese peroxidase (MnP)] was studied in two indigenously isolated white rot fungi, Ganoderma species KX879638 and Lentinus species KY006984 under solid state fermentation (SSF) of wheat bran and saw dust supplemented with various non-ionic polysorbate surfactants (Tweens) and Triton X-100. Both fungal species proved to be highly ligninolytic... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8687[Article Number: 2135B1F66554]
Hydrocarbon containing compounds like diesel, crude oil and petrol cause environmental pollution. Hydrocarbon contaminated sites contain large amount of microbial community adapted for utilizing these compound as a source of carbon and other metabolic activities. A study was conducted in order to isolate the micro-organism from hydrocarbon contaminated sites for petroleum degradation. The soil sample was collected from... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8698[Article Number: 621753166525]
Epidemiologic and traceback evidence of Salmonella infection is not much in many developing countries including Burkina Faso. This study investigates the antimicrobial resistance and distribution of Salmonella serotypes isolated from diverse sources in Burkina Faso. 615 Salmonella serotypes isolated from beef meat, poultry carcasses, poultry, swine, cattle, hedgehog, fish, salad, channel and humans from 2009 to 2011... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8672[Article Number: 7A58E9366529]
The objective of this study was to detect dairy cattle infected with Brucella abortus from Jamalpur, Rangpur districts and Central Cattle Breeding and Dairy Farm (CCBDF), Savar, Dhaka in Bangladesh. Both milk and serum samples of 510 dairy cattle were initially screened by milk ring test (MRT) and Rose Bengal Test (RBT). Twelve samples positive in both MRT and RBT were further confirmed by conventional polymerase chain... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8470[Article Number: E45691766470]
Endophytes are usually protected from soil environment competitiveness and stress. However, the presence of heavy metals can negatively affect the structure and diversity of endophyte communities. The aim of the present study was evaluate the diversity of endophytic bacteria from ipê mirim (Tecoma stans Bignoniaceae) grown in an area of Atlantic rainforest contaminated with metals and evaluate the ability of these... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8667[Article Number: F70D0CB66475]
Meningeal irritation syndrome denotes to a range symptoms that require emergency management. Clinically, it is an expression of an irritation of the meninges combining with headache, fever, neck stiffness, altered consciousness and vomiting. The aim of this prospective study was to contribute to the management of medical emergencies. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples recovered from patients presenting signs of meningeal... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8622[Article Number: 47DD68866479]
Kefir is a microbial complex capable of producing biofilms. This study aims to obtain biofilms associated with hydroethanolic extract of Euterpe oleracea Mart. (BEHEEo) as fixing method of recovery anthocyanins in kefir biofilm. Thus, BEHEEo formation kinetics was made at different concentrations of aqueous extract of E. oleracea, of kefir grains (KG) and of brown sugar (BS). Thereafter, macro and microelements of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.7986[Article Number: E77E78266484]
The antimicrobial profile of oil extracts from Moringa oleifera leaves and seeds on orthopaedic wound pathogens was tested and compared with the antimicrobial activity of some antibiotics. The pathogens were characterized using biochemical and morphological tests. Antimicrobial susceptibility test was done on the pathogens using paper discs diffusion method. Plasmid curing was done on the isolates that showed resistance... Read more.
Page 1 of 239, showing 20 records out of 4762 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20