Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
Start Year: 2007
Page 1 of 224, showing 20 records out of 4461 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7838[Article Number: 847476959641]
Infections of the urinary tract are important part of infectious diseases that mainly involve bacteria. In parasite endemic areas, bacterial and parasitic co-infections may occur, however in Saint-Louis region which is a Schistosoma-endemic area, little is known about this association. Here this study aim to investigate the spectrum of bacterial and parasitic urinary infections as well as co-infections with both... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7517[Article Number: 1C4E20D59643]
The study was carried out with the aim to isolate Staphylococcus aureus from camel and goat raw milk and determine their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern. 204 raw milk samples were collected from randomly selected lactating camels (n=62) and lactating goats (n=142) in live-stock producing pastoralists’ areas of Somali region for isolation and identification of S. aureus. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.8048[Article Number: F6DC3B059645]
Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common complication of ventilatory support for patients with acute respiratory failure, currently related to high mortality rate. Therefore, this complication of mechanical ventilation requires a prompt diagnosis and adequate antibiotic treatment. The study aimed to investigate the role of endotracheal aspirate (ETA) surveillance cultures in identifying the aetiology of VAP... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.8126[Article Number: A43392959647]
Environmental pollution from toxic heavy metals is a growing problem throughout the world due to the expansion of industrialisation. The use of microbes and biotechnological processes can provide alternative or complementary methods for the removal or recovery of heavy metals through bioremediation. The present study isolated, identified and characterised heavy metal-resistant fungi from cadmium- and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7870[Article Number: D73825159455]
This study determines the comparative antimicrobial potentials of omidun “supernatant solution of fermented maize mash” from yellow and white maize varieties on some diarrhoea causing microorganisms. The pH of the two omidun varieties were determined, their antimicrobial activities was also determined using agar well diffusion. Disc diffusion assay was also done using commercially produced antibiotics.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.8099[Article Number: 86B556959459]
The present study aimed at estimating the microbiological and chemical characteristics of traditionally dry-salted fish product, Alestes baremoze. A total of 40 random dry fish samples were collected from Arua, Nebbi, Packwach and Panyimur markets. Moisture content, pH, crude protein, crude fat and sodium chloride were analysed to determine chemical quality while Escherichia coli, fecal streptococci,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.7915[Article Number: EF2968659469]
The aim of the present study was to evaluate indigenous PGPR (Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria) previously isolated from Argentina's soybean fields for their in vitro antagonistic effects on the control of Fusarium tucumaniae and F. virguliforme, in two separated in vitro assays. In assay 1, the bacteria that showed the highest significant (P < 0.05) F. tucumaniae mycelial growth inhibition were strains... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.8102[Article Number: 98D977359471]
The excessive usage of conventional antibiotics leads to the emergence of multidrug-resistant bacterial strains which threaten public health and stimulates searching for new sources of bio-therapeutic drugs. The aim of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of maggot excretions/secretions from larvae of Sarcophaga argyrostoma, a common species of the family Sarcophagidae in Egypt. The... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.8027[Article Number: AE26A7B59473]
In vitro efficacy of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Paecilomyces lilacinus and Trichoderma longibrachiatum was assessed in the egg hatching inhibition (EHI) and larval development inhibition (LDI) of Haemonchus contortus. For the EHI assessment, after 48 h of incubation with different concentrations of aqueous and ethanolic extracts, it was quantified blastomeres, embryonated eggs, and larvae of first stage. For the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.7940[Article Number: A9FEAF159475]
Patients and professionals involved in dentistry are constantly exposed to potentially pathogenic microorganisms, which may be present in agents such as instruments and equipment, among others. The production of orthodontic appliances, as well as other dentistry work, is carried out in a dental laboratory where there is potential for cross-infection. Nevertheless, studies which evaluate the presence of bacterial... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7829[Article Number: F3E34BC59477]
Candida albicans is one of the most relevant human opportunistic pathogens and highly competent to build biofilms on vital and non-vital surfaces. Facing the escalating resistance of microorganisms to current antimicrobials and fungicides, the Amazonian biodiversity may bring raw material to the development of new antimicrobial drugs. Astrocaryum sp. is a regional fruit, consumed in natura or as ice creams and other... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.7904[Article Number: 750554959328]
Food colourants are pigments or dyes added to food to maintain, intensify or add colour to foods. Although, the initial natural sources of food colourants were plants and animals, these sources have become inadequate due to increase in demand. This led to the use of synthetic colourants, some of which have harmful effects on human. Filamentous fungi are good sources of colourants since they are capable of synthesizing... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.8052[Article Number: F69937E59332]
Mushrooms have been used extensively in traditional medicine as antimicrobial, antiviral and antitumor agents. Infectious diseases remain a major threat to human health, due to global antimicrobial resistance. This has led to an increase in the search for new and potent antimicrobial substances. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antimicrobial activity of the aqueous (cold and hot) and organic solvents... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.8114[Article Number: BA9DB3959334]
Combinations of probiotic microorganisms are the study of interest due to beneficial impact through synergistic actions. Several researchers including our previous result found positive effects of various combinations of probiotic inclusion in broiler diet. In the current study, the efficacy of combinations of probiotic organisms by adding Rhodopseudomonas spp. was the primary interest on growth performance, mortality,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.8060[Article Number: 235AB2659336]
Microbiota of termites is crucial for nitrogen cycle activities and degradation of recalcitrant components of plant biomass that inﬂuence soil structure and carbon mineralization in tropical and subtropical regions. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize gut bacteria that may be potentially associated with nitrogen metabolism from two fungus-feeding termites (Macrotermes and Odontotermes spp.). Twenty... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7889[Article Number: 5EDF8E759338]
The aim of this study was to characterize the antimicrobial resistance and pathogenicity potential of Vibrio cholerae isolates originated from water samples and bivalve mollusks. The strains were subjected to phenotypic identification and molecular confirmation using the species-specific initiator (OmpW); minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined; and the production of metallo-β-lactamases (MβLs)... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.8034[Article Number: 569594D59339]
Healthy ruminants appear to be the main reservoir of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). Importantly, this pathogen is shed in faeces of sheep and can cause outbreaks of human illness ranging from diarrhea to hemorrhagic colitis (HC) and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) caused by Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) have been reported worldwide. The manure of ruminants when used as agricultural fertilizer can... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.7994[Article Number: FE1286459284]
The present study was initiated to (i) determine burned forest-inhabiting fungi in Zouagha, TerriBeinène, Mila and (ii) study the antagonistic activities of Trichoderma sp against Fusarium sp, Penicillium sp, Rhizoctonia sp, and Alternaria sp. Eighteen fungal strains representing six genera were isolated from soil samples obtained from the burned forest of Zouagha in the Mila region: Trichoderma sp, Fusarium sp,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.8056[Article Number: 6004C1959286]
Bacterial biofilms forming on indwelling urinary catheters continue to represent a public health problem because they are associated with urinary tract infections (UTIs). This study was undertaken to evaluate the ability of immobilized Lactobacillus acidophilus cells to inhibit biofilm formation on catheter surfaces. Urine bacteria and Lactobacillus species were isolated from urine and vaginal swabs (HVS), respectively.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.8083[Article Number: 5010E7059288]
Strain Enterococcus sp. GHB26, isolated from the Algerian paste of dates "Ghars", produced a bacteriocin. This bacteriocin was inactivated by proteolytic enzymes. Antibacterial activity of the bacteriocin was heat stable at 120°C for 20 min (533 AU/ml), stable at pH range of 2 to 12 and resistant to chemicals (SDS, EDTA, NaCl, Tween 80, Urea). The active bacteriocin from the cell-free supernatant of... Read more.
Page 1 of 224, showing 20 records out of 4461 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20