Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
Start Year: 2007
Page 1 of 241, showing 20 records out of 4805 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8770[Article Number: 753000D56328]
Currently, a problem related to public health is resistance to antibiotics because bacteria have been identified to be resistant. It has been reported that bacteria have developed resistance mechanisms to evade the effect of drugs, especially antibiotics. A resistance mechanism to antibiotics is biofilm formation. The biofilms are microbial communities embedded in an extracellular polymeric matrix and are ubiquitous in... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8664[Article Number: 6397B0A56331]
This study was designed to determine the efficacy of probiotics mixture in the control of Shiga-toxin Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7 in experimentally infected lambs. Fifteen Yankassa breed of lambs aged between 3-4 weeks old were used. The lambs were divided into three groups of five lambs each (n=5). Group A: Neither probiotics nor STEC O157:H7 were administered (control), Group B: lambs were administered... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2018.8801[Article Number: 588318556334]
The objective of this work was to evaluate the population variation dynamics of Candidatus Liberibacter spp. under phosphite applications. The 'Ponkan' tangerines (Citrus reticulata Blanco cv. Ponkan) with symptoms and a high degree of huanglongbing (HLB) severity were used for the test. 'Ponkan' tangerine plants were treated with potassium phosphite leaf applications at a dose of 2.5 L ha-1.... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8786[Article Number: F37BE5E56336]
Curtoviruses, members of the Geminiviridae, have wide host ranges, including weeds and crops and are often found in mixed infections of different strains. While other members of the Geminiviridae have been demonstrated to interact through competition and synergism in mixed infections in plants, either type of interaction has not been reported in curtoviruses. This research used qPCR to study the interactions between... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8756[Article Number: C53679356215]
A total of eighty one (81) rhizobial isolates were recovered from root nodules of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) and groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) grown in soils collected from eight different sites (Hawassa, Wondogenet, Chofa, Badawacho, Bodity, Gofa, Ziway, and Alemtena) in Ethiopia with no known history of inoculation. The test isolates together with seven reference strains belonging to five genera including... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2018.8794[Article Number: 0C8BBCD56217]
Listeria monocytogenes is among the most important foodborne pathogens. It may enter food-processing environments through raw materials, handlers or equipment and may persist due to ineffective cleaning or sanitation. The bacterium can be isolated from both frozen vegetables and fresh food substances. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of L. monocytogenes in spices and frozen vegetables and screen for some... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2018.8798[Article Number: 22F867256219]
Raw milk plays an important role in the survival and transport of pathogenic bacteria including Escherichia coli strains. This study was performed to determine the existence of E. coli in raw milk intended for human consumption and its associated virulence determinants. In this context, a total of 232 milk samples were obtained from different dairy shops located at Mansoura city and its surrounding villages. Milk... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8798[Article Number: 2B8062956221]
This study aimed to identify some important virulence factors, including pap, fim, sfa, aer and hly genes, typical of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) in isolates collected from diarrheic and urinary tract infected patients in Khartoum State by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. A total of 100 clinical specimens (50 urine and 50 diarrhea) were collected. Samples were cultured and identified by... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2018.8796[Article Number: CAA58C356157]
The use of plants in the prevention and treatment of oral infectious and as an antibiofilm agent continues to be valued in many parts of the world. The aim of study is to evaluate in vitro antimicrobial action of the plant extracts of barks Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.), Poir. (jurema preta) and leaf and stem of Myrciaria cauliflora Berg. (jabuticabeira) against dental biofilm bactéria. The oral bacteria were used... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8761[Article Number: 08D460056159]
This study aimed to examine the isolation of actinomycetes strains from unexplored Rabat neighbourhood soil followed by phenotypic diversity highlight to access their potential as novel bioactive compounds producers. Twenty nine actinomycetes strains were isolated from southeast of Rabat region. Morphological and cultural characterization, pigment production and antibacterial assay were carried out. All isolates (100%)... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8679[Article Number: 2782BFD56161]
Following the intraperitoneal inoculation of 200 Wistar rats (96 males, 96 females and 8 controls) aged 2 to4 months with graded-doses of saline and peptone water broth cultures of Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus xylosus and Staphylococcus lentus isolates obtained from urinary tract infection (UTI) in Enugu, Nigeria and typed down to species using API® Staph typing kit, the rats were observed for 72 h and were... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8755[Article Number: E45160B56109]
Extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are enzymes that are now becoming major sources of resistance to β-lactamase antibiotics more especially in enteric bacteria such as Klebsiella pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. Increase in the frequency of the β-lactam resistance in bacteria has become a serious threat for treating bacterial infections caused by enterobacteriaceae. This study aims to... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8777[Article Number: DA038B656113]
Fusarium crown and root rot (FCRR) is a serious tomato disease in Tunisia which is difficult to control due to its soilborne nature and to the luck of genetic resistance. In the current study, native Solanum linnaeanum was explored as potential source of effective fungal agents for disease biocontrol. Eight fungal isolates, recovered from S. linnaeanum plants growing in the Tunisian Centre-East and shown able to... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8775[Article Number: 442E40A56143]
The overuse of chemical fertilizers in agriculture remains an environmental concern, especially in sub-Saharan areas of Africa where soil degradation lead to low crop yield. Crop inoculation with beneficial microorganisms appears a good alternative to reduce chemical substances and improve yield. In this regard, studies on soil biological activities and inoculation experiments on maize (Zea mays L.) and peanut (Arachis... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8739[Article Number: 8B14D7156035]
Iron nutrition in bacteria presents a fundamental challenge due to its extremely low solubility in aerobic environments at moderate pH. For optimal growth, Pseudomonas bacteria necessitate about 10 e-6 to 10 e-7 M of bioavailable iron and therefore solve an iron supply problem for survival by synthesizing and exporting a low-molecular-weight compound called siderophore. The latter has a high iron binding capability from... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8718[Article Number: 97E074856041]
Q fever, caused by Coxiella burnetti is a well recognised zoonotic disease around the world which is endemic in many countries. In Bangladesh, a very few information is available in men and animals about this disease. Thus, the objective of this study is to determine the presence of Q fever in animal (goat and cattle) and human population including the tick which is a vector of the disease. A total of 172 animals with... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8507[Article Number: 307D4CD56046]
To evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of combined hemorrhagic septicemia (HS) and blackleg (BL) vaccine, combined vaccine was produced in two different formulations (group one, G1 and group two, G2) and compared with safety and immunogenicity of monovalent Hs and BL vaccines in different doses. G1 combined vaccine was vaccinated in 4 and 2 ml in to five calves each while G2 combined vaccine, the monovalent HS and... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8787[Article Number: 3FD041555931]
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are a specific group of bacteria interacting beneficially with plants. Among the known PGPRs, the species Pseudomonas fluorescens and Burkholderia pyrrocinia have been highlighted in both growth promotion and control of rice diseases. Ensuring the stability of the microorganism during production, formulation, distribution and storage has been a challenge for these species. In... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8738[Article Number: EAE1AEB55933]
The present study investigates the strain Kosakonia sp. ICB117, an endophytic, N2-fixing bacterium that belongs to a genus recently described. The bacteria were isolated from sugarcane stalks (Saccharum sp. variety SP791011) and inoculated into other sugarcane plants of the same variety. The effect of inoculation on sugarcane growth was then studied in the presence or absence of nitrate supplementation (10 mM). The... Read more.
https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR2017.8779[Article Number: 92944D255832]
This study aimed to identify yeasts directly from positive blood cultures by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. This was a 5-month prospective study (February to June, 2015) carried out on bottles of blood cultures from in-patients at the Hôpital de l’ARCHET at the CHU, Nice. Positive blood culture broth was analysed by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry using Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate (SDS) as the lysis buffer. Out of 64... Read more.
Page 1 of 241, showing 20 records out of 4805 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20