Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
Start Year: 2002
Page 1 of 588, showing 20 records out of 11743 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.15972[Article Number: E8AB24663411]
The fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a polyphagous species which attacks many economically important crops in several countries. This insect is an important pest of corn, and currently the most widely used control method is chemical. In order to minimize environmental impacts, other forms of control have been tried, and accordingly, the investigation of plants with... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15646[Article Number: CE42C8B63413]
The demand for agar, thanks to its different uses, generates the need to look for alternative substances that replace it. This work studied the influence of four different additions of potato starch into agar media (T1 = 50%, T2 = 45%, T3 = 40% and T4 = 0%) on the growth and chemical composition of essential oils of lulo (Solanum quitoense) explants cultured in vitro. The lengths, fresh and dry biomass weights, and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15400[Article Number: 92617E863415]
Drought is the major sorghum production constraint in Ethopia which necessitates the identification of sorghum genotypes that carry genes (quantitative trait locus, QTL) associated with drought tolerance thereby developing drought tolerant sorghum varieties. The objectives of this study were to identify drought tolerant sorghum genotypes, map chromosomal regions (QTLs) associated with agronomically important traits and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.15930[Article Number: 93D82DB63417]
Contamination of soil with heavy metals is one of the major environmental problems in many countries that reach from many sources as power stations, application of metal pesticides, fertilizers, and sewage sludge. In this study, ten Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. viciae isolates were collected from different governorates in Egypt (Menoufia, Kafr El-Sheikh, Qalubia, Fayoum, Ismailia, Sharkya, Dakhalia, Behira and North... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15428[Article Number: 5A7B97163419]
The morphological variation among Jatropha curcas L. populations from 29 different locations of North-East India was determined. Four populations from other parts of India were also incorporated in the study as an out-group. The morphological trait based analysis of J. curcas revealed large variation of quantitative traits among the populations. Of the six morphological traits used in this study, the highest variation... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15270[Article Number: 2507EA863421]
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of emulsifiers on the chemicophysical, colorimetric, microscopic and sensorial properties, and the stability of a mayonnaise-type emulsion prepared with Brazil nut oil (Bertholletia excelsa H.B.K). For this purpose, two emulsifiers were used: a soya protein isolate and dehydrated and pasteurised egg yolk as a source of protein. Both formulations had high energy... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15837[Article Number: E28A10A63423]
This study aimed to assess the rootstocks influence over total phenolic compound content, antioxidant activity and its correlation in different red and white grapes cultivars for wine production. This study conducted an experimental three-year-old vineyard, located in Jundiai, in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, from July 2013 to January 2014. Red and white grapes from Vitis vinifera L. (Cabernet Sauvignon,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15798[Article Number: 3FA7B8263425]
Pigments from various sources such as annatto seeds, cochineal, beet root, and microalgae are widely used in food, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, textile and other industries. However, these sources of pigments have various limitations such as toxicity and environmental pollution of synthetic pigments, and low productivity of pigments from higher organisms due to long period of growth. The objective of this study was to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.15900[Article Number: A6AD59A63214]
Rosa damascena Mill. as a main economic crop in the world is planted for beauty and essential oil production in Ta’if region. For the management and improvement of this important crop, genetic variability was evaluated amongst six Rosa genotypes grown in different plantations using microsatellite (simple sequence repeats, SSR), inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and biochemical markers. The six SSR primers showed... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15424[Article Number: 4D4F8E363216]
Bacterial plant pathogens belonging to the Xanthomonas genus are adapted to their host plants and are not known to colonize other environments. Xanthomonas colonize host parts such as leaves, stems and roots before entering vascular tissues and engaging in an invasive pathogenic phase. These bacterial strains have evolved strategies to adapt to life in this environment. The host-pathogen interactions of Xanthomonas... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15687[Article Number: 17A54E163219]
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram negative aerobic rod shaped bacterium and is an opportunistic pathogen that usually causes nosocomial infection in immunocompromised patient with various infections and affects normal healthy human as well. P. aeruginosa is also an omnipresent pathogen that can be inhabited in soil, water, vegetable, human and animal. Metallo-β-lactamases (MBL) producing P. aeruginosa are known to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15795[Article Number: FEF841363222]
Exploration of efficacious plant extracts that can reduce or inhibit Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation is necessary. Allium sativum is a suitable candidate because of its relative abundance. This study was carried out to determine the effect of ethanolic A. sativum extract on the expression of the P. aeruginosa biofilm gene, pelF. The presence of the pelF gene in the isolates used for this study was confirmed via... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15307[Article Number: 28141B163224]
The study was conducted to evaluate in vitro probiotic properties of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from fermented Shamita and Kocho. Sixteen samples, 8 each of Shamita and Kocho, were collected from Arat-Kilo and Merkato sites in Addis Ababa, respectively. The average pH values of Shamita and Kocho samples were 3.52 and 3.44, respectively. A total of 140 LAB were isolated, of which 101 isolates (72%) were found to... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15638[Article Number: D0C7EE863226]
Approximately 80-90% of cultivated grassland areas in Brazil are covered by Urochloa brizantha [syn. Brachiaria brizantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf.]. Some genotypes of Urochloa have being widely used with a wrong nomenclature, like species and cultivars. In this way, the Urochloa cultivar identification is primordial for breeding programs and seed production. Considering the importance of genetic purity in... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15724[Article Number: 661AA4663160]
The actinobacteria are the most abundant bacterial group in the soil, where they present different characteristics and antagonistic effects on other microorganisms. The objectives of this study were to characterize and evaluate the antagonistic effect of actinobacteria from the semiarid region on rhizobia from the same climatic region. Tests were performed to observe chromogenic and micro-morphological characteristics,... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15779[Article Number: 4965F6D63162]
This work aims to investigate the influence of polishing ponds (PP) depth on the post-treatment of sanitary sewers. Two treatment systems were designed and monitored. One system was an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) rector and intermittent flow sand filter; followed by a PP of 0.20 m depth with low superficial application rate (24.9 kgBOD5.ha-1.day-1), high sunlight incidence (597 Wm-2) and enough biological... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.15894[Article Number: 6DEF66C63164]
Salvadora persica is a popular medicinal plant in the Middle East countries. It is well adapted to a wide range of habitats. In this study we have compared the effect of two different habitats (Al-ahsabah valley and Shada Mountain) in Al-Baha City, south west of Saudi Arabia on the content of some primary and secondary metabolites in S. persica. The results show that soil texture, soil moisture and organic matter... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15849[Article Number: 906283163166]
The bovine leukemia virus is an exogenous retrovirus that causes enzootic bovine leukosis. The aim of this study was to apply and compare a diagnostic test in an outbreak of bovine leukemia virus by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in a core conservation of native cattle Guaymí. From the results obtained by the three techniques used, the agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) test detected 33 positive... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15757[Article Number: 3C4223063168]
Asteraceae family grows as wild plants in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia near the Gulf coast with prevalent high humidity coupled with more moderate temperatures. Eight genera were collected during the flowering season to study genetic diversity according to protein patterns for each plant. The protein patterns showed different numbers of bands, concentrations, molecular weight and intensity. Two common bands were... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15695[Article Number: BD773E963170]
Considering the vast use of sweeteners by the Brazilian population and the constant need for toxicological studies of food additives, this study aimed to evaluate the cytotoxic and mutagenic potentials of the sodium saccharin and/or sodium cyclamate sweeteners in plant (Allium cepa) and animal (Mus musculus) test systems based on concentrations permitted by the Brazilian laws. In A. cepa, both the sweeteners... Read more.
Page 1 of 588, showing 20 records out of 11743 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20