Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
Start Year: 2002
Page 1 of 593, showing 20 records out of 11854 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2013.13259[Article Number: 5BE68A765589]
Data from the snail farm of the University of Calabar, Nigeria were collected and utilized to investigate the distribution and gene frequencies of egg shell colour of two ectotypes of Giant African Land Snails (Archachatina marginata var. saturalis), black skinned (BS) × black skinned mating group, and white skinned (WS) × white skinned mating group. The eggs collected were scored for the presence of yellow... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15846[Article Number: 8D1977265593]
The genetic diversity of African forest resources is poorly documented while it can be the basis for adapting these resources to climatic variations. This study aimed to characterize the genetic diversity of the Acacia senegal (L.) Willd in its natural range in Niger. 252 individuals from 10 populations of the species, across three gum basins were analyzed with 9 nuclear microsatellite markers. Genetic diversity indexes... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.15889[Article Number: 5AB3F8565597]
Jatropha curcas Linnaeus, 1753 is a plant with several uses for communities in Cameroon and other African countries. However, present methods of detoxifying J. curcas kernel cake (JKC) to add value to its further utilization are too sophisticated for cottage operations in rural areas. This study sought to evaluate two auto-detoxification methods using the shellfish brine shrimp, Artemia salina (Linnaeus, 1758). Two... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.16044[Article Number: 099A99665601]
An extracellular lipase from Psedoxanthomonas sp. was purified 47.3 folds with an overall yield of 27% through purification procedure of acetone precipitation, ion exchange and gel filtration chromatography. Protein precipitation using acetone fractionation showed that the enzyme was precipitated at the fraction of 0 to 40%. Further purification of the enzyme by ion exchange followed by gel filtration chromatography... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.16016 [Article Number: D4EE05965435]
The genus Gluconacetobacter comprises different species with agricultural and industrial importance. This study aims at determining the presence of Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus and Gluconacetobacter sacchari in sugarcane and tomato crops considering their potential biotechnological applications. Bacteria were isolated from roots, stems and leaf tissues and identified using phenotypic and biochemical evaluations, and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.16088 [Article Number: 81F86DB65437]
In this study, the potential use of sweet whey as a base medium for lactic acid bacteria culture and its effect on the technological characteristics of lactobacilli was evaluated. Bacteria were grown on raw or deproteinized whey supplemented with different amounts of yeast extract and/or tomato juice. Results obtained showed that biomass production on whey supplemented with yeast extract was higher than those observed... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.15921 [Article Number: 178EF1A65439]
Taro leaf blight disease has recently been reported in Cameroon to cause between 50 and 100% yields loss of taro in most of the agro-ecological crop growing regions. This has led to a significant reduction in disease-free planting materials, edible crop and increased. The Meristem culture technique has been used to produce crop plants free of viruses and fungi especially in vegetative propagated colocassia plants. This... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.15932[Article Number: 6F35E5665260]
Conservation of farm animal genetic resources is of fundamental importance for the study of the relationships among breeds. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the nuclear fluorescence inter simple sequence repeat (FISSR) markers in order to shed light on the genetic biodiversity of domestic animals. Two modifications of the original technique were made so as to make it more suitable for routine... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.16033[Article Number: E93F0E265263]
Bearing in mind the use of natural and biodegradable products, this study aimed to evaluate physicochemical quality of ‘Tommy Atkins’ mangoes coated with a cassava starch, chitosan and pectin based edible coatings. The experiment was conducted using simplex-centroid mixture design. Compounds concentration corresponded to the independent variables studied, encoded as factors x1, x2 and x3: 1– cassava... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.16109[Article Number: 1BFCA0F65266]
The plant Siparuna guianensis is used in traditional medicine and has been the target of studies on the development of new drugs for the control of pests and vector insects. The present study was aimed to evaluate the seasonal influence on the content and composition of the essential oil of S. guianensis. The experiment was conducted for 12 months evaluating the yield of the essential oil of leaves throughout the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15378 [Article Number: 32B9D5D65092]
Commiphora swynnertonii is among the most commonly used medicinal plants by pastoralist communities especially in northern regions of Tanzania. The effect of resin from this plant on white blood cells (WBC) and haematopoietic organs was studied using albino mice. Sixty adult mice were randomly assigned into four groups (n = 15). G1 acted as control whereas G2, G3 and G4 received oral doses of 50, 100 and 200 mg resin... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.15943 [Article Number: 7A68A4765094]
The aim of this study was to obtain and characterize biodegradable films of cassava starch plasticized with glycerol and reinforced with nanocellulose from coconut fibers. The mechanical and physical-chemical properties of the nano-biocomposites films obtained were evaluated. The method used to investigate the viability of incorporating coconut nanocellulose in films was applied through a statistical design of the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.15991 [Article Number: 2B7761765096]
Maize (Zea mays L.) is the staple food in Kenya, and mapping the qualitative trait loci (QTL) associated with resistance to maize stem borer pest is important towards marker assisted breeding for this quantitative trait. The objective of this study was to identify any QTL associated with resistance to Chilo partellus and Busseola fusca, the two important stem borer pests in maize production in Kenya. A total of 203 F2:3... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.16024 [Article Number: D9090CB65018]
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are nanoforms that express higher antimicrobial potential due to their shape and reduced size. The use of fungi to mediate the synthesis of AgNPs has increased the interest of scientists because of their rapid growth, large-scale cultivation and secretion of non-toxic molecules. The aim of this study was to synthesize AgNPs mediated by Aspergillus oryzae DPUA 1624 and evaluate the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.16064 [Article Number: 162B19C65020]
Gua1 gene in Schizosaccharomyces pombe encodes inosine 5′-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH), which catalyzes the first step in de novo biosynthesis of guanosine monophosphate (GMP). Knock-out cassette was constructed with polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based gene targeting technique for deletion of gua1 gene in S. pombe and this knock-out cassette was transformed to S.s pombe wild type (972h-). Knock-out... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.15959 [Article Number: 9C0384F65024]
Pigments play an important role in physiological and molecular processes such as photosynthesis, survival to oxidative damage and resistance to ultra violet radiation in microorganisms. This study isolated and characterized pigment produced by Bacillus subtilis PD5 from soil sample of rice field. The pigment was extracted using three solvent system, namely, methanol, n-hexane and ethyl acetate. Fourier transform... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2015.15088 [Article Number: C6CA92165026]
Moringa oleifera is a commonly cultivated plant in the world. It has a high economic impact owing to its medicinal and nutritional values. Leaves of M. oleifera also contain various constituents that are useful for therapeutic purposes. The aim of this study is (i) to perform phytochemical screening, and to check antiradical and antihyperglycaemic activities of M. oleifera aqueous leaves extract (ii) to control the... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.15965 [Article Number: A76995D65034]
The present study was conducted to assess the molecular discrimination of field isolates of Trypanosoma congolense and Trypanosoma vivax of Nigeria origin in vitro (PCR) whether there will be genetic alteration of the parasites as the infections of the isolates in Yankasa sheep progresses from acute through relapses to chronic stages. A total of thirty Yankasa sheep were acquired from Kastina State in the northern part... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2016.15848 [Article Number: 54C4F4565036]
In the present investigation, the hypolipidemic activity of different extracts of aerial parts of Chomelia asiatica (Linn) is shown. The evaluation dose of different extracts (petroleum ether, ethyl acetate and methanol) of C. asiatica was fixed at 200 mg/kg/day. Hypolipidemic activity was screened by inducing hyperlipidemia with the help of atherogenic diet (AD) in Wistar albino rats and plasma levels of different... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJB2017.16006 [Article Number: BE373F465038]
The diversity of culturable bacterial and fungal communities was assessed from leaves, trunk and rhizosphere of coconut palms infected and non-infected by the Côte d’Ivoire lethal yellowing (CILY) phytoplasma. Bacterial and fungal microbes were isolated from leaves, trunk and rhizosphere samples collected from two villages of Grand-Lahou, Braffedon and Yaokro, by using a high-throughput... Read more.
Page 1 of 593, showing 20 records out of 11854 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20