Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
Start Year: 2006
Page 1 of 264, showing 20 records out of 5273 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2014.9107[Article Number: B09FF4B62463]
The dyeing potential of roselle (Hibiscus sabdarifa) extract variously extracted by boiling, steeping and ethanol solvent were evaluated with three dye fixatives (potassium aluminum sulphate (alum), tannic acid, and citric acid), to study their effects on cotton (100%), stone silk (60% silk:40% polyester) and polyester (100%) fabrics. Colourfastness to sunlight, washing, perspiration (acid and alkali) and rubbing... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2013.8318[Article Number: EDFC63362465]
This study was initiated with the purpose to assess the dairy value chain in Lemu-Bilbilo district of Arsi zone, Ethiopia. This study made use of both qualitative and quantitative data collected from primary and secondary sources. Different Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) techniques were utilized to collect primary data in July 2012. The dairy value chain in Lemu-Bilbilo district involves six distinct value adding... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11820[Article Number: 925760E62467]
The standard germination tests have been commonly used on commercial grain crops, such as soybean, field beans, rice and maize. However, there are no standard tests for potential new crops; quinoa being one of them. This work is aimed at evaluating the effect of substrate, temperature and counting time in seed germination of quinoa. The following treatments were used in tests with seeds: on blotter paper, between... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11831[Article Number: 676648F62468]
A high density of termite mounds is common in the Maki-Batu area of the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. To determine whether farmers consider termites as one of their problems in growing trees and practices they use to manage termites, short semi-structured questionnaires were distributed to farmers selected randomly. To evaluate the efficacy of some non-chemical control methods, Eucalyptus camaldulensis seedlings of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11966[Article Number: B82625662471]
The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest biome, containing almost 50% of the planet’s known biodiversity and is the biggest source of fresh water, which is approximately one-fifth of the global reserves. However, the sustainable use of this ecosystem is threatened by several factors, and deforestation is the main problem. This study addresses the deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon forest, in... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11463[Article Number: 535476F62472]
Common impromptu observations between 2010 and 2012 of apparent virus-like disease symptoms in watermelons and pumpkins in Uganda prompted this study. However, there was no recorded evidence of virus infection in these crops anywhere in Uganda or eastern Africa as a region. Thus, 374 and 522 watermelon and pumpkin plants, respectively, growing in 13 fields were surveyed to record virus-like disease symptoms in... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11995[Article Number: 4DC29D962475]
The aim of this work was to evaluate the uniformity of fruit maturity and the productivity of conilon coffee in function of different periods of water stress in the post-harvest period. The study was conducted in a field from August 2014 to July 2015 in an old coffee crop of conilon coffee, cultivar Vitória 'Incaper 8142', cultivated at a spacing of 3.0 × 1.2 m, located at the Federal Institute of... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11643[Article Number: 93E29AE62476]
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of different doses of nitrogen and potassium applied through fertirrigation on yield characteristics of Italian Zucchini, Novita Plus cultivar. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse at the Irrigation Technical Center of the State University of Maringá, Maringá - PR, adopting a completely randomized design in a 4 x 4 factorial scheme, with three replications.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11677[Article Number: 0F0007062355]
Under natural conditions, the plants are, usually, surrounded by a series of potential enemies. They had created strategies of defense against pathogens and herbivores' attacks, allowing its perpetuation throughout evolution. These defense mechanisms are closely associated with the synthesis of secondary metabolites, which are also worldwide used in several areas of industry. This bibliographic review was conducted... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11893[Article Number: BFE995062357]
Sustainable models of animal production constantly seek for ways to pasture production with inputs reduction. In this context, the introduction of forage legumes in the pasture system is fundamental to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere and supply it to grasses, increasing its production and persistence, enhancing animal nutrition as it grazes, at the same time. Still, the use of plant mixes in the system brings further... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11799[Article Number: 5DB554B62359]
Information about data arrangement methodologies and optimal sample size in estimating the Pearson correlation coefficient (r) among maize traits are still limited. Furthermore, some data arrangement methodologies currently used may be increasing multicollinearity in multiple regression analysis. This study aimed to investigate the statistical behavior of the r and the multicollinearity of correlation matrices among... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11717[Article Number: CD6034E62361]
Physalis cultivation can be an alternative of extra income for small and medium producers, mainly with the use of materials available on the property that can replace chemical fertilizer. This study aimed to evaluate agronomic parameters of Physalis peruviana and P. pubescens submitted two different sources of fertilization - chemical and organic. We evaluated plant height, shoot dry mass, production/plant, fruits... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11763[Article Number: 07BC8B762364]
The determination of leaf area index is a variable of great importance for predicting productivity, especially when it comes to forage species where the desired product is the leaves. This study aimed to determine the variation of the leaf area index of forage sorghum when subjected to different irrigation depths in four culture cuts. Treatments consisted of six irrigation depths, these being 0, 60, 80, 100, 120 and... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11873[Article Number: 7ECAD7162366]
Mathematical models were developed, using 22 different genotypes of citrus, to estimate leaf area. The information of the relationship between leaf length and width (L/W)2 for simple leaf blade form (eliptic, ovate, obovate, lanceolate); and length of the three folioles (L2+L3)/L1 for a compound leaf (trifoliate leaves), was used with the purpose to separate group of similarities of leaf blade form and promote... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11947[Article Number: 1B1809062221]
A study on effect of age, sex and seasonal variation in forage preference of camel was conducted in the Sudano-Sahelian zone of north western Nigeria. A total number of 12 camels were used in the study. Data were collected at an interval of 5 min for each category of animal for 3 consecutive days in dry and rainy seasons using scan sampling method. Based on the observation, the number of plants preferred in this study... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11711[Article Number: 32CC5CC62225]
The continuous development of soybean cultivars aiming at higher yields can result in a demand of N supply higher than the standard inoculation with Bradyrhizobium species. In this context, Azospirillum species, a nitrogen-fixing microorganism found in the rhizosphere of various plant species, may be studied as a way of providing soybean crop with the part of the N it needs. Employing a completely randomized design with... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11727[Article Number: 023B27162229]
The objectives of this study are to establish damage functions for the Ramularia areola pathosystem and characterize the damage in cultivars susceptible and resistant to it. The experiment was conducted in the city of Tangará da Serra in the 2012/2013 harvest season. The experimental design was randomized blocks with four replications in a factorial arrangement of four cultivars × four gradients. The plots... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11024[Article Number: 73BA66F62253]
Application of organic wastes in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) is an alternative possibly replacing or supplementing mineral fertilizers. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of poultry litter, organo-mineral fertilizer and mineral fertilizer on soil chemical properties, yield and plant content of macronutrients in sugarcane. The experiment was conducted at the Jalles Machado Mill in Goianésia- GO, from... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11738[Article Number: FEE88C662256]
This study aimed to characterize the physical and chemical composition, antioxidant activity, essential oil yield, drying kinetics and fit to mathematical models, color parameters, particle size and scanning electron microscopy of fresh turmeric rhizomes (Curcuma longa L.). The physical and chemical composition of turmeric showed technological interest, with standards consistent with those reported in the literature.... Read more.
DOI: 10.5897/AJAR2016.11863[Article Number: 936947A62258]
Invasive plants, besides competing for space, also compete for water, light, and nutrients against the crop, what may cause drastic production cuts. Chemical control through herbicides is the most widely used method to control these plants. This study aimed to evaluate the persistence of the 2,4-D (dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) herbicide in soybean (Glycine max L.) crops in an Oxisol from the Brazilian Cerrado. The... Read more.
Page 1 of 264, showing 20 records out of 5273 total, starting on record 1, ending on 20