Articles

 

Page 6 of 1125, showing 50 records out of 56250 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300

May 2018

African Journal of Business Management
The joined-up strategic planning of cultural service provision: What are the routes of accountability?

The debate on accountability in collaborative working for public service delivery is still opened. However, the literature shows research challenges in extending knowledge on critical issues on routes in which accountability are adopted in the Joined-Up Government. This is the reason why public management literature focused on case studies within joined-up services provision. Notwithstanding, an extended understanding...

Author(s): Michela Magliacani  

May 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Financing challenges of smallholder farmers: A study on members of agricultural cooperatives in Southwest Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Smallholder agriculture plays a great role in food self-sufficiency, employment creation and economic growth. However, studies conducted in Ethiopia indicated that access to finance and input/output marketing are two of the critical problems affecting the productivity of smallholder agriculture in the country in general and in Oromia regional state in particular. The main objective of this study is to investigate how...

Author(s): Deresse Mersha and Zerihun Ayenew  

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antimicrobial activity of the extracts of Albizia masikororum R.Vig., a Fabaceae from Madagascar

This study is aimed at the assessment of antimicrobial potential of Albizia masikororum, a Malagasy Fabaceae. Hexanic and methanolic extracts from fruit pods, stem bark, leaves and seeds were tested by disc diffusion and microdilution methods on 10 pathogenic microorganisms including four Gram positive bacteria, five Gram negative bacteria and one yeast. Only the leaf and seed methanolic extracts, LME and SME...

Author(s): Anjarasoa Ravo Razafindrakoto, Lovarintsoa Judicael Randriamampianina, Eliane Razafintsalama Vahinalahaja, Hanitra Ranjana Randrianarivo, Danielle Aurore Doll Rakoto and Victor Louis Jeannoda

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
In-vitro antibiotic susceptibility profile of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi isolated from fecal specimens of humans in Umuahia metropolis, Abia State, Nigeria

Typhoid is routinely diagnosed in Nigeria on clinical grounds or based on Widal serological test result. This approach does not provide information on the antibiotic susceptibility of the bacterium; Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi. This study was done to assess the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Salmonella isolates in Umuahia. In this study, seventy-two (72) Salmonella isolates obtained from 135 fecal...

Author(s): Emmanuel O. Ekundayo, and Emmanuel Enya

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Isolation and identification of Escherichia coli and Edwardsiella tarda from fish harvested for human consumption from Zeway Lake, Ethiopia

A cross sectional study was conducted from November to June 2014/2015 in fish harvested for human consumption at Lake Zeway with the objective of isolating Edwardsiella tarda and Escherichia coli important pathogens and contaminants its products. Three hundred tissue samples comprising Spleen, Liver and Intestine were collected from 100 fish (12 Clarias gariepenus and 88 Oreochromis niloticus) originated from lake...

Author(s): Adanech Beshada Haile and Temesgen Kassa Getahun

May 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
In vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Pistacia lentiscus, Phyllanthus anderssonii and Cinnamomum verum crude extracts and fractions

In this study, phytochemical screening, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of ethanolic (80%) extracts from leaf and stem of Pistacia lentiscus and Phyllanthus anderssonii and leaf of Cinnamomum verum and their fractions were evaluated. Antimicrobial activity was performed by disc diffusion method. The antioxidant activity was determined by stable 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) free radical method....

Author(s): Emtinan A. Alhadi, Omer A. A. Hamdi, Saad M. H. Ayoub and Sakina Yagi  

May 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Indigenous knowledge on medicinal plants used in and around Robe Town, Bale Zone, Oromia Region, Southeast Ethiopia

A study on medicinally important plants in and around Robe town, Southwest Ethiopia was been carried out to document the medicinal plants and the associated knowledge in the area. Thirty informants with age range between 18 and 70 years took part in this study. Semi-structured interview was used to collect the data from the informants. The collected data was then analyzed using micro-soft excel spread sheet 2007 and...

Author(s): Abadi Birhanu and Shimels Ayalew  

May 2018

Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Phytochemical screening and peroxide value determination of methanolic extract of four traditional medicinal plants from Debre Tabor Town, Ethiopia

Medicinal plants have bioactive compounds which are used for curing of various human diseases and also play an important role in healing of different disease. Terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins are some of bioactive compounds present in different parts of medicinal plants. Qualitative identification of bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity determination of crude extracts of the leaves of four different...

Author(s): Limenew Abate and Tadesse Mengistu

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Major biotic maize production stresses in Ethiopia and their management through host resistance

Biotic stresses are recently evolving very rapidly and posing significant yield losses of maize production in Ethiopia. A number of high yielding maize hybrids, initially developed as tolerant/resistant, have been taken out of production due to their susceptibility to major maize diseases. Furthermore, recent disease and insect pest epidemics have clearly shown the importance of breeding maize for biotic stresses and...

Author(s): T. Keno, G. Azmach, D. Wegary, M. Worku, B. Tadesse, L. Wolde, T. Deressa, B. Abebe, T. Chibsa and L. M. Suresh  

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Defense response by inter-active bio-protector and chitosan to Sclerotium rolfsii Wilt disease on cowpea, Brazilian Oxisol

Pathogenic microorganisms increase enzyme production and plant response, causing injuries and even plant death. Chitosan has shown potential to induce reactions in plant pathogens. An “in vitro” assay determines the action of chitosan and evaluates the optimal concentration to act against (Sclerotium rolfsii). The anti-microbial activity of chitosan and the bio-protector produced by the inter-active bacteria...

Author(s): Mayane B. de Souza, Newton P. Stamford, Silva E. V Nova, Lucia R. R. Berger, Santos Carolina E. Rosalia e Silva , Antonio F. Costa and André P. F. Ferraz

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Use of biochar for increased crop yields and reduced climate change impacts from agricultural ecosystems: “Chinese farmers’ perception and adoption strategy”

Biochar is a carbon-rich product from pyrolysis of biomass at relatively low temperatures in a closed system with limited oxygen. The product has been shown to have economic and environmental benefits, ranging from improved soil moisture retention for carbon sequestration, reduced pollution and dependence on inorganic fertilizers. Additionally, biochar can be produced on-farm by small scale farmers using locally made...

Author(s): Grace Wanjiru Kibue

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Determinants of mobile phones usage in sweet potato vine business in Gulu district northern Uganda

Seed systems that provide farmers with planting materials may be divided into formal and informal systems. For the sweet potato sector, the informal seed system is the main provider of planting materials to small and medium sized farmers in developing countries. This informal system provides planting materials to smallholder farmers at the right time, place and quantity. However, for it to be effective there must be an...

Author(s): Ronald Obong, Basil Mugonola and David Paul Phillips  

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Effects of biochar and gypsum soil amendments on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) dry matter yield and selected soil properties under water stress

The effects of amending soil with gypsum and biochar on groundnut chlorophyll concentration, water use efficiency (WUE), biomass yield and selected soil properties were investigated under water stress. Gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O) was applied at 0 and 200 kg/ha, groundnut shell biochar at 1, 2 and 4% w/w of soil, and water at 100, 70 and 40% of daily plant water requirement (PWR) as main, sub and sub-sub plots, respectively, in...

Author(s): Munsanda Ngulube, Alice Mutiti Mweetwa, Elijah Phiri, Samuel Christopher Muriu Njoroge, Hendrix Chalwe, Victor Shitumbanuma and Rick Lynn Brandenburg

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Use of organic alternatives in the production system of habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) under greenhouse conditions

Cultivation of pepper has become the fastest growing practice in recent years, and specifically, habanero pepper which has surpassed its traditional area of ​​cultivation, and has expanded to other areas, conquering the markets of the rest of the country and the world. In the present study, 3 doses of solarized manure (40, 60 and 80 t ha-¹) and an absolute control were evaluated for the production of habanero...

Author(s): Pedro Vázquez Vázquez and Merle C. Navarro Cortez

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Comparative microscopic observations of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi after colonization of five Tunisian olive cultivars

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMFs) are known as a symbiotic microorganism which ameliorates growth and tolerance against stressful conditions of their host plants. It is characterized by morphological, physiological and biochemical events that are controlled by the interaction of both plants and fungus. The aim of this research was to evaluate the intensity (M%) and the Arbuscules abundance (A%) of mycorrhizal...

Author(s): Naouraz M’barki, Meriem Tekaya, Hechmi Chehab, Feten Aissaoui, Hanen Sfina, Zoubaier Mahjoub, Faouzi Attia, Dalenda Boujnah and Beligh Mechri,

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Maize response to doubled-up legumes, compost manure and inorganic fertiliser on smallholder farms in Ntcheu district of Malawi

A study was carried out in 2011/2012 and 2012/2013 growing seasons in Kandeu and Manjawira Extension Planning Areas (EPAs) in Ntcheu district, Central Malawi, to determine maize response to crop residue incorporation from legume cropping systems and compost manure. In 2011/2012 growing season, maize with or without compost manure, sole and intercropped legumes (pigeon pea, groundnut, soyabean and cowpea) were...

Author(s): Joseph Blackwell Kalasa, Wezi Grace Mhango, George Yobe Kanyama-Phiri and Max Williams Lowole

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Assessment of ‘Fx’ grading system and modular curriculum implementation in Samara University, Ethiopia

Fx grading system is a newly incorporated grading system in the Ethiopian higher education curriculum. The system started to apply in 2013, as an element of the modular curriculum, with the intention to a give second chance for students. Currently, this grading system is being implemented in Samara University, Afar, Ethiopia. This study has been conducted using a cross-sectional approach that applying a combination of...

Author(s): Mohammed Motuma Hassen and Mesud Mohammed Akmel

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Effect of nature-activities education program on the multiple intelligence level of children in the age group of 8 to 12 years

Research population consists of 15 children who attended a 5 week (3 days a week) nature-activities course with the consent of their parents during the summer term of 2016 - 2017 academic year. Participants were selected from children who had never taken part in a nature activity before. Measurement tool of this study was “Development of Self-Assessment Scale in Multiple Intelligence Fields” of which...

Author(s): Merve Ceylan

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Turkish adaptation of children’s perceived use of self-regulated learning inventory

This research aims to adapt the Children’s Perceived Use of Self-Regulated Learning Inventory developed by Vandevelde. The inventory was developed to understand children’s self-regulated learning. The sampling in this research included 500 children who are attending primary school at İstanbul in Turkey. First of all, the inventory was translated into Turkish. After the data collection, to understand the...

Author(s): Muhammet Fatih Doğanand Çiğdem Şahin-Taşkın

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Determining the readiness levels of pre-service teachers towards mobile learning in classroom management

Mobile Technologies are used in many areas of education, but they can be used for many purposes towards mobile learning such as the most supporting and developing learning, accessing information, being independent from time and space, increasing motivation, conducting research and preparing for examinations. The fact that mobile technology and mobile learning are independent from time and space means that they are...

Author(s): Muhammet Baş and Okan Sarıgöz

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Efficient plant regeneration protocol for finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] via somatic embryogenesis

In the present study, an efficient protocol for somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration was established in six finger millet varieties (GBK-043137, GBK-043128, GBK-043124, GBK-043122, GBK-043094 and GBK-043050). Shoot tips from 3 days in vitro grown plants were inoculated on MS supplemented with various concentrations and combinations of α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D),...

Author(s): Alex Ngetich, Cecilia Mweu, Mathew Ngugi, Asunta Mukami, Henry Ojulong and Wilton Mbinda

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Marine killer yeast Metschnikowia saccharicola active against pathogenic yeast in crab and an optimization of the toxin production

A marine yeast strain, DD21-2 was isolated from sediments in Dandong, China, which has killer activity against yeast Metschnikowia bicuspidata WCY (pathogenic to crab, Portunus trituberculatus). Routine identification, sequence analysis of 26S rDNA and ITS sequencing showed that the strain was M. saccharicola DD21-2, and has not been previously reported as having killer activity against M. bicuspidata WCY. To optimize...

Author(s): Chunming Tan, Lin Wang, Yong Xue, Gang Yu, Shaoling Yang and Shuo Lin

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Molecular evidence of Helicobacter suis infection in pigs in Nigeria

Helicobacter suis mainly colonizes the stomach of pigs and occasionally infects humans. It is a prevalent cause of gastritis and gastric ulcers in both species. This study was designed to determine the colonization rate of H. suis in the stomach of pigs in Nigeria. Pig slaughter house surveys were conducted and stomach mucosa samples were collected from the fundus of the stomach of a total of 160 pigs in four locations...

Author(s): Oladipo O. Omotosho, Olalekan T. Jeremiah, Benjamin O. Emikpe, Olusegun A. Fagbohun, Olusegun O. Odupitan, Temitope I. Durotoye and Ademola A. Owoade

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Interrelationships of quantitative traits and genetic variability of Desi type chickpea genotypes as revealed by agro-morphology and inter simple sequence repeat markers

Plant breeders need to stay alert in developing new cultivars on a steady basis to respond to the need of ever increasing human population by exploring either natural variability present in germplasms or generating new variability. Field experiment was conducted at five locations of Western Ethiopia during the 2016/2017 main cropping season to study interrelationships and genetic variability present in Desi type...

Author(s): Biru Alemu, Dagnachew Lule, Kassahun Tesfaye, and Teklehaimanot Haileselassie  

May 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Dapsone in topical niosomes for treatment of acne vulgaris

Acne vulgaris is a common inflammatory skin disorder. It affects the pilosebaceous units followed by an overgrowth by Propionibacterium acne bacteria. Dapsone is a sulfone antibiotic with an anti-inflammatory effect, which is considered to be accountable for its effectiveness in the treatment of acne vulgaris. The present study aims to prepare and evaluate the effectiveness of dapsone niosomes for topical application...

Author(s): Hatem Al Sabaa, Fatma M. Mady, Amal K. Hussein, Hossam M. Abdel-Wahab and Maha H. Ragaie

May 2018

African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Safety and toxicity of aqueous leaf extracts of Camellia sinensis, Parquetina nigrescens and Telfairia occidentalis in mice

Plant extracts as potential phytotherapeutic products are supposed to be safe. However, adverse and untoward fatal effects have been reported.  Study aimed to evaluate the safety and toxicity of aqueous extracts of Camellia sinensis, Parquetina nigrescens and Telfairia occidentalis leaves. The extracts were subjected to brine shrimp lethality bioassay and toxicities by Lorke’s method. Mice were given oral...

Author(s): Olatunbosun Luqman Olayinka, Eltahir Awad Gasim Khalil, Atunwa S. A., Abdullaahi A. A., Salawu M. K., Ogunwale K. A. T., Olalere F. D., Lawal S. A., Abdulrafiu Majeed, Olutunde O. A., Afolabi O. O. and Nafiu A. B.  

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Molecular characterization of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from a ready-to-eat fermented milk and cereal product, Fura-de-Nunu

This study was conducted to determine the occurrence of Listeria (L.) monocytogenes in Fura-de-Nunu, a ready-to-eat (RTE) fermented milk (Nunu) and cereal (Fura) blend, the serogroups as well as the virulence of the isolates. A total of 75 Fura and 75 Nunu samples were examined. Listeria species were isolated on PALCAM medium and Listeria chromogenic agar, and identified phenotypically according to International...

Author(s): EZEONU Ifeoma M., ONONUGBO Chukwuebuka M. and IKE Anthony C.  

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Emphasis on functional properties of cocoa-specific acidifying lactic acid bacteria for cocoa beans fermentation improvement

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains isolated from six main Ivorian cocoa producer regions were investigated based on their biochemical properties in order to select the best one as potential starter. Three main technological and useful properties for good cocoa beans fermentation were monitored among the 568 isolated LAB strains. Thus, between the 408 cocoa-specific acidifying LAB strains identified, 05.88% (24 isolates)...

Author(s): Evelyne Cho Adiko,  Ginette Gladys Doué٭, Lessoy Thierry Zoué and Sébastien Lamine Niamké

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Doses of cattle manure and levels of irrigation with wastewater in the cultivation of peppers

In areas with water scarcity, recycled water and cow manure in organic substrate makes the cultivation of peppers possible, supplying water and nutrition to pepper. The present research was conducted to evaluate the effect of cattle manure doses and levels of irrigation using wastewater on pepper cultivation (Capsicum frutescens L.). The treatments include: three replacement levels of wastewater treated, based on the...

Author(s): V. F. Silva, E. C. S. Nascimento, V. L. A. de Lima, C. V. C. Bezerra and L. O. Andrade  

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Nutritional and fermentative quality of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) top ensiled with or without urea and molasses

This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of urea and molasses addition on physical properties, pH, temperature, dry matter loss and chemical composition of sugarcane top (SCT) silage. Treatments were arranged as 2*4 factorial, with two SCT types (green and burnt) and four silage treatment types (without additive, 4% molasses, 1% urea and 1% urea + 4% molasses) in a completely randomized design. Forages were...

Author(s): Getahun Kebede, Ashenafi Mengistu, Getnet Assefa and Getachew Animut  

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Correlation of climatic factors between the development of tomato cultivars (Solanum lycopersicum L., Solanaceae) with adults of two key pests

The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L., Solanaceae) is a crop has suffered from insect attacks and environmental factors. The objective of this work was to evaluate the correlations of climatic factors and two key pests at the development of cultivars. The study was conducted in Alagoas, Northeastern Brazil, monitored from September 2016 to August 2017. The experimental randomized with five treatments and twelve...

Author(s): Isabelle Cristina Santos Magalhães, Rubens Pessoa de Barros, Ligia Sampaio Reis, Jhonatan David Santos das Neves, Claudio Galdino da Silva, Diego Jorge da Silva, Alverlan da Silva Araujo, Adriely Vital de Souza, Aleyres Bispo Chagas, Tamara Taís dos Santos, Joice Kessia Barbosa dos Santos and Eliane dos Santos

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Cowpea nutrient responses for Malawi and Tanzania

Research was conducted in Malawi and Tanzania to determine cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) grain yield responses to applied P and K, the agronomic and economic efficiency of nutrient application, and the importance of other nutrient deficiencies. Nine site-years of research were conducted. Cowpea did not respond to fertilizer P and K in Malawi. In Tanzania, the yield response to applied P was linear with 21 kg of...

Author(s): Moses W. Munthali, Catherine Senkoro, Patson Nalivata, Wilkson I. Makumba, Muhamad Mzimbiri and Charles Wortmann  

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Rainfed rice response to fertilizer in the Sudan Savanna of West Africa

In West Africa, rice (Oryza sativa L. and Oryza glaberrimaI Steud) production is not meeting current demand. Low yields are attributed to diverse biotic and abiotic constraints including nutrient deficiencies, inadequate agronomic practices, and socio-economic constraints. This study quantified yield and profit responses of rainfed rice produced in the Sudan Savanna of Burkina Faso and Mali to fertilizer N, P, K, and...

Author(s): Idriss Serme, Mohamed Dicko, Korodjouma Ouattara, Baba Sidibe and Charles Wortmann  

May 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Seven-dimensional space-time and its objects: Arbitrary spin state, electromagnetic fields, mirror symmetry and superconductivity

To form the basis spin states of a field, vector states  of the multicomponent wave function to the four coordinates of Minkowski space that determine the position of the local observer have been added by angular extra dimensions that determine the orientation of the local observer. The generators of the Poincare group in the angular representation have been obtained. The Dirac equation (generalized for any spin)...

Author(s): Roman Sventkovsky

May 2018

International Journal of Physical Sciences
Correlation of geotechnical parameters with geological formations in a basement complex and its implications on civil structure foundation

Geotechnical tests were carried out on twenty subsoil samples obtained from ten locations at the depth of 1 and 2 m within Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. The area is typical of basement complex. The test include; Natural Moisture Content, Grain Size Analyses, Specific Gravity, Atterberg Limits, Compaction, California Bearing Ratio (CBR), and Unconfined Compression Tests. The ten locations where the...

Author(s): Akintorinwa O. J. and Oluwole S. T.

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Light quality and plant growth regulators influence pigment production in Alternanthera brasiliana calli

Alternanthera brasiliana is a medicinal plant with several popular use and high production of betalains. The aim of the present research was to establish a protocol for callus induction and betalain biosynthesis in A. brasiliana species, as well as to investigate the effect of different qualities of light in increasing betalain in A. brasiliana callus cultures. In this way, the callus initiation and the improvement of...

Author(s): Andressa Reis, Alitcia Moraes Kleinowski, Renata Trevizan Telles, Fátima Rosane Schuquel Klein, Luciano do Amarante and Eugenia Jacira Bolacel Braga  

May 2018

African Journal of Biotechnology
Simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers linked to drought tolerant traits in selected Sudanese rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes

Rice growth and productivity are affected by biotic and abiotic stresses; key among them being drought. Conventional breeding for drought tolerance is slowed down by the complex nature of mechanisms underlying this stress although molecular markers offer a promising approach. Plant exposure to drought stress leads to a significant effect in chlorophyll content and reduction in photosynthesis. In this study, 23 Sudanese...

Author(s): Ahmed Bashier, Joel Masanga, Wariara Kariuki and Steven Runo  

May 2018

Scientific Research and Essays
New application of principal component regression in estimation of electrical energy consumption in an abnormal automatic meter reading system

This paper proposes a new application of principal component regression (PCR) for estimating electrical energy consumption in case of abnormal automatic meter reading (AMR) systems. These events occur in a delivery metering system such as problems from mistakenly setting and connecting meters in electrical systems, broken metering accessories, etc. The estimation is performed by using MATLAB. The unclean sampled input...

Author(s): Visavat Kantikoon and Vijit Kinnares  

May 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Forecasting and preventing bankruptcy: A conceptual review

The recent global financial crisis has caused the failure of many firms in several countries, renewing the interest of the literature towards forecasting models for default risk. Although these models have been developed since the 1960s, studies have been published in increased numbers during the last decades, proposing new approaches or comparing different existing models to understand which of them have the best...

Author(s): Marco Bisogno, Marialuisa Restaino and Alfonso Di Carlo  

May 2018

African Journal of Business Management
The research of innovation efficiency of government’s fund and enterprises’ R&D investment in China

In this paper, the panel data of China from 2003 to 2012 and stochastic frontier and threshold regression models were used to analyze the impact of government’s fund and enterprises’ research and development (R&D) investment on China’s innovation efficiency and the optimal intensity of different R&D investment and their interval analysis. This research indicates that in the process of...

Author(s): Xiaobing Liu, Manhong Liu and Rong Shi  

May 2018

African Journal of Business Management
Effects of employees’ commitment on organizational performance at Arjo Didessa Sugar Factory

Presently, no organization can perform at peak levels unless each employee is committed to the organizations objectives. Hence, it is important to understand the concept of commitment and its feasible outcome. The employees in sugar industry play decisive role in transferring the theory to practical in order to enhance development of industry.  The objective of this study was to determine the effects of employee...

Author(s): Dinku Gilo Tolera  

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
OXA-48 type carbapenemase in Klebsiella pneumoniae producing extended spectrum B-lactamases (ESBL) in Senegal

Enterobactericeae producing extended spectrum b-lactamases (ESBL) are likely to express carbapenemases OXA-48 which have hydrolytic activity on carbapenems. The aim of this work was to evaluate prevalence of blaOXA-48 for Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates producing ESBL. This work was conducted at the French Reference Center for Antibiotic Resistance with strains from Senegalese Hospital. Standard antibiogram was performed...

Author(s): Lo Seynabou, Robin Frédéric, Beyrouthy Racha, Ba-Diallo Awa, Niang Aïssatou Ahmet, Diagne Rokhaya, Diop Amadou, Camara Makhtar, Ka Roughyatou, Gaye-Diallo Aïssatou, Sow Ahmad Iyane and Bonnet Richard

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Bactericidal and brine shrimps toxicity of essential oils from Aframomum Melegueta [K. Schum]

Aframomum melegueta (Roscoe) K. Schum, family of Zingiberaceae, is a tropical tree with spicy edible fruit. This plant has both medicinal and nutritive values. There is paucity of literature on the toxicity and bioactivity of the essential oils from this plant from Nigeria. Essential oils were extracted from the leaves, stems, roots (rhizomes) and seeds of the plant through hydro-distillation using the Clevenger-type...

Author(s): Owokotomo I. A.

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Antibacterial activity of selected Dendrobium species against clinically isolated multiple drug resistant bacteria

Dendrobium species are widely used in traditional medicine as remedies for tonic to nourish the stomach, promote the production of body fluids and decrease fever. In this study, the antibacterial activities of four traditionally used Dendrobium species were tested against clinically isolated multiple drug resistant (MDR) bacteria. Hexane, chloroform, acetone, ethanol and methanol extracts of Dendrobium amoenum,...

Author(s): Mukti Ram Paudel, Neeta Rajbanshi, Anil Kumar Sah, Sameer Acharya and Bijaya Pant

May 2018

African Journal of Microbiology Research
Effect of processing methods on the chemical composition and microbiological quality of vegetable drink extract of african bush mango (Irvingia gabonensis)

The effect of processing methods on the chemical composition, proximate, mineral, vitamin and microbiological quality of vegetable drink extract of Irvingia gabonensis was studied. The processing methods included drying (shade and solar drying), blanching (at 0, 2, 4 and 6 min) as well as blanching and drying of the leaves. Aqueous extracts were obtained from the leaves and the analysis carried out using standard...

Author(s): Mbaeyi-Nwaoha I. E. and Akobueze E. U.

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Motivation to learn Turkish in foreign students with different thinking styles in terms of functional and formal aspects

The aim of this study was to determine the level of motivation to learn Turkish among foreign students with different thinking styles in terms of the functional and formal aspects of these thinking styles. The survey model was used in the study. The participants in the study were 51 foreign students (33 female, 18 male) who were studying at the TÖMER (Türkçe Öğretim Merkezi [Center of Turkish...

Author(s): Behice Varisoglu  

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
Challenges of research conduct among postgraduate research students in an African University

Postgraduate research students often experience various problems during the course of their programmes which hamper the timely completion of the MPhil/PhD and full doctoral (PhD) programmes. However, there is limited documented information on these barriers among Nigerian postgraduate students in Nigeria. This study was conducted to assess the barriers to research and training needs of these students at the University...

Author(s): Adeyimika Titilayo Desmennu and Eme Theodora Owoaje  

May 2018

Educational Research and Reviews
A look at mother tongue education in the context of the right to education

In Turkey, education in state schools can be delivered in foreign languages such as German, French and English. However, mother tongue education cannot be provided in the languages of minorities or local groups other than those officially accepted as minorities (that is, according to the Treaty of Lausanne). In this regard, the primary aim of this study was to reveal the views of postgraduate students (Masters (MA)/PhD)...

Author(s): Idris Şahin  

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
On-farm irrigated maize production in the Somali Gu season

Domestic production satisfies less than half of Somalia’s cereal requirements. In this study, the Somali Agriculture Technical Group (SATG) evaluated different methods of nitrogen application (Broadcast, Hill, or Row) within an improved irrigated maize production system in Somalia’s Lower Shebelle riverine region. This improved system consisted of the best management practices (BMPs) recommended by SATG...

Author(s): Ryan Gavin, Hussein Haji, Nicolas Jelinski, Allison Harvey and Paul Porter

May 2018

African Journal of Agricultural Research
Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based genetic diversity in a set of Burkina Faso cowpea germplasm

The potential of cowpea to address food security in Burkina Faso in particular is well established as it is a nutritious, cash and cover crop. However, there is limited information on existing germplasm diversity in Burkina Faso. This study was designed to gather some information on the genetic diversity in a set of cowpea lines introduced from different breeding programs. The diversity was therefore assessed using 181...

Author(s): Teyioué Benoit Joseph Batieno, Oumarou Souleymane, Jean-Baptiste, Tignegre, Bao-Lam, Huynh, Francis Kusi, S. Leandre Poda, Timothy J, Close, Philip, Roberts, Eric Danquah, Kwadwo Ofori and Tinga Jeremy, Ouedraogo

Page 6 of 1125, showing 50 records out of 56250 total, starting on record 251, ending on 300