Accelerating Discovery

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All Articles

March 2018

Spectral analysis and source parameter imaging of aeromagnetic anomaly over Ogoja and Bansara areas of lower Benue trough, Nigeria

Qualitative and quantitative interpretations of aeromagnetic anomalies over Ogoja and Bansara areas of Anambra Basin, Lower Benue Trough of Nigeria were carried out using spectral analysis and source parameter imaging methods. The study area which covers an area of approximately 6050 km2 lies within latitude 60° 0' to 7° 0' North and longitude 8° 30' to 9° 0' East. The regional anomaly...

Author(s): Ugwu, C. M., Ugwu G. Z. and Alasi T. K.

March 2018

Multi residue analysis of pesticides in pre and postharvest wheat grains in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Ethiopia

This study was conducted to assess the presence of pesticides residues in wheat from Misha woreda, Haiya Zone, Ethiopia. Samples of wheat were collected during the period December 2015 to August 2016. Gas chromatograph (GC-MS) detection was employed after Liquid-Liquid extraction (LLE). The concentration levels of eight pesticides have been investigated in both wheat samples in farm and purchased from storage...

Author(s): Demis Zelelew, Hadush Gebrehiwot and Dereje Bezuyehu

March 2018

Isolation, production and characterization of amylase enzyme using the isolate Aspergillus niger FAB-211

Amylase enzymes are industrially important enzymes used in food, sugar, textile, pharmaceutical, paper and detergent industries. The main objective of this study was to isolate, produce and optimize α-amylase enzyme using a fungal strain isolated from fruit peel soil wastes. Media optimization was done by one-factor at a time method. Average values of duplicate experiments were taken. Microsoft office Excel...

Author(s): Behailu Asrat and Abebe Girma

March 2018

Estimation of auxins and cytokinins requirements in sugarcane soma clones for effective in vitro regeneration procedure

Three sugarcane varieties were used in this experiment to optimize specific plant hormones. The present work was conducted in 2014 at Nuclear Institute of Agriculture (NIA), Tando jam. The experiment was designated with three sugarcane varieties (NIA-2012, NIA-105 and GULABI-95) obtained from Nuclear Institute of Agriculture (NIA) Tando jam. Regeneration of plantlets was compared under different concentration of auxins...

Author(s): Sardar Khatoon Solangi, Sadaf Tabasum Qureshi, Mukhtiar Khatoon Solangi, Nusrat Solangi, Altaf Hussain Solangi and Mehnaz Qamar  

March 2018

Integration of botanicals and inert dusts with resistant varieties against Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.) of stored maize (Zea mays) in Ethiopia

Dosage rates of 0.625, 1.25 and 2.5% of the leaves powder of Calpurnia aurea and Milletia ferruginea, and red and white inert dusts that were admixed with the 100 g of three resistance maize varieties were tested as protectant against maize weevils under laboratory condition. Significantly (p < 0.05) higher parental adult weevil’s mortality were recorded in all treatments of integration than untreated check at...

Author(s): Berhanu Hiruy and Emana Getu  

March 2018

Cycle numbers to failure for magnesium and its alloys in human body fluid

The fundamental goal of this research is to provide a method to predict the fatigue life of Magnesium and its alloys in human body fluid environment. Estimation of fatigue life of Magnesium and its alloys in human body fluid environment can help doctors and patients to choose the best biomaterial for implantation surgery. This fact is true due to the reason that based on the fatigue life of these materials it can be...

Author(s): Alijani S. and Anvari A.

March 2018

Accounting and philosophy: The construction of social reality framework

Accounting scandals and their severe consequences shed light on the ambiguity of accounting. This paper attempts to explore the philosophical roots of accounting in an attempt to remove, or at least mitigate, this ambiguity. The study employs Searle’s framework of the construction of social reality as an approach to achieve this aim. It is argued that the main problem of accounting is its failure to faithfully...

Author(s): Emad M. Elkhashen, and Collins G. Ntim

March 2018

Relative deprivation: An explanation to inter-ethnic conflict in Metekel Zone, North Western Ethiopia, since 1991

This study explains chief causes of covert and overt conflict between indigenous and non-indigenous ethnic groups of Metekel zone, since 1991. For the sake of convenience, however, particular emphasis is given to the conflict between Agew and Gumuz. The study employs relational ethnography research design. The data collected through in-depth interview, observation, informal conversation, and review of available...

Author(s): Dagnachew Ayenew  

March 2018

Analytic solutions of time fractional diffusion equations by fractional reduced differential transform method (FRDTM)

This paper examines a general recurrence relation by the use of fractional reduced differential transform and then a scheme (methodology) on how to find closed solutions of one dimensional time fractional diffusion equations with initial conditions in the form of infinite fractional power series and in terms of Mittag-Leffler function in one parameter as well as their exact solutions by the use of fractional reduced...

Author(s): Kebede Shigute Kenea

March 2018

Unravelling genetic make-up of some Musa hybrids and selected Musa accessions using molecular and morphological characterization

Plantains are important staples in sub-Saharan Africa, however, production has been saddled by several constraints including pests and diseases and lack of improved technologies. In regard to genetic study, morphological characterization has identified about 100 local accessions to exist in Ghana. However, limited molecular characterization has been done on plantains. Characterization based on morphologic...

Author(s): Marian D. Quain, Adelaide Agyeman, Emmanuel Okyere and Beloved M. Dzomeku  

March 2018

Effect of aggregates minerology on the strength of concrete: Case study of three selected quarry products in Ghana

Concrete is the most popular construction material worldwide. More than 50% of construction worldwide use concrete materials, mainly because of its versatility and economy compared to steel in relation to total height of building. The final output of the concrete material is, however, affected by factors including the rock type and its attendant physio-mechanical properties. This paper seeks to investigate the effect of...

Author(s): Joseph Ignatius Teye Buertey, Samuel Wilberforce Offei, Theophilus Adjei Kumi and Felix Atsrim  

March 2018

Arsenic concentration in rice grown from three local government areas of Kano, Nigeria

Arsenic (As) in food and water has been linked to cancers and other diseases. Rice is of interest because many types may contain higher contents of As than other foods of terrestrial origin. As concentrations in rice produced from three Local Government Areas of Kano State were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The mean As concentrations were 0.369 ± 0.092, 0.293 ± 0.126, and 0.255...

Author(s): Amina Salihi Bayero, Aminu Umar and Isa Baba Koki  

March 2018

Research on heat transfer enhancement of variable cross sectional conformal cooling of injection mold based on fluent

The purpose of this paper is to present a technique of variable cross section conformal cooling channels (VCCC) to compare the cooling effect of moulds with equal section channel experimentally. The influence of the size structure parameters of the variable cross section conformal cooling channel on heat transfer is studied. It is found that the ratio of D/d=1.4 has the best effect of enhanced heat transfer. To...

Author(s): YAN Zhihong, QIAN Yingping, HUANG Wei, ZHOU Xizhi and GONG Xuedan

March 2018

Decentralisation and constitutionalism in Africa: A theoretical exploration for sustainable distributive justice

Central to the problem of most of the states in Africa as a whole and Nigeria in particular is the excessive centralization of the federal system. The centralized federalism denied the opportunity for self-expression, autonomy and by extension prevented avenues for negotiations towards attaining equity and justice. Similar to this is the defect on the constitution which is meant to define what is right by creating a...

Author(s): Moses Aderibigbe  

March 2018

Online electronic laboratory notebook: A secured cloud storage system scripted in Hypertext Pre-processor (PHP) programming language

Notebooks in research are an important part in tracking information of both wet and dry analytical data. Paper books or excel sheets remain the most popular and conventional ways of record keeping. To meet these demands, an open source electronic laboratory notebook is developed that can track users research need. Based on the user specifications, this suite is written in Hypertext Pre-processor (PHP) and based on a...

Author(s): Shrikant Pawar, and Harshul Batra  

March 2018

Camel milk improvement of antioxidant and lipid profile in hypercholesterolemic rabbits

Dietary intervention can improve lipid profile and therefore impede the progress of atherosclerosis. The primary aim of this study is to assess the possible role of camel milk in enhancing the antioxidant capacity in rats fed a high fat diet. Thirty rabbits were individually divided into three groups, the control, HFD and HFD with camel milk. The control group fed on 100 g/day of NOR diet rabbit chow (USA) for three...

Author(s): Magbola S. H. Elzhrani  

March 2018

Impact of brand elements on brand equity: An applied study on Jordanian Corporations

This study investigated the impact of brand elements on creating brand equity of Jordanian corporations. Despite the significant development in branding globally and its role in increasing the equity of the companies, a quick preview of previous research indicates that there are still some gaps in research related to brand elements and its impact on creating brand equity and branding in general and especially in the...

Author(s): Muhammad S. Alnsour and Muath Labib Subbah

March 2018

Preliminary study of physiopathological changes associated with the ethanolic extract of the stem leaves of Phyllanthus amarus in rats

The present work aimed to investigate physiopathological changes associated with the ethanolic extract of the stem leaves of Phyllanthus amarus (EEt(OH) P.a. Exploratory tests are performed in vivo on Wistar albino rats. Analysis of the variation in body weight at the level of the batch having received, and the control group showed a slight weight drop 7 d after treatment. This variation is not significant (p>0.05)....

Author(s): MAHAMADOU DANDA Amina, ATTAKPA Sèlidji Eugène, BÉHANZIN Gbèssohélè Justin, AMOUSSA Abdou Madjid, LAGNIKA Latifou, AKOTÈGNON Rodrigue, YÉDOMONHAN Hounnankpon, SEZAN Alphonse, BABA-MOUSSA Farid and BABA- MOUSSA Lamine

March 2018

Efficacy of integration of three management tactics relative to unitary tactics against Maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) of stored maize in Ethiopia

Five and ten percentage rates of leaf powder of Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth and Millettia ferruginea (Hochst) Baker as well as red and white local inert dusts each and their integration with resistance varieties of maize were evaluated as protectant against Sitophlus zeamais under laboratory condition. All treatments of the tested management tactics induced significantly (p < 0.05) higher adult mortality of weevils...

Author(s): Berhanu Hiruy and Emana Getu  

March 2018

Efficiency of the banking sector in Sudan: A review paper

This paper aims to review published research studies on efficiency performance of the banking sector in Sudan. The methodology in the reviewed articles can be grouped into two categories. The first category employs the non-parametric data envelopment analysis (DEA) while the second category uses the parametric stochastic frontier analysis (SFA). The findings in the reviewed articles reveal that, although the efficiency...

Author(s): Mai Mahmoud Abdo  

March 2018

Evaluation of health and safety management systems in the Sudanese industrial corporations: An external audit perspective

This research addresses the role of the Sudanese audit corporations in the area of health and safety audit and proposes a conceptual model which provides for a better understanding of the process of health and safety audit in the Sudanese industrial firms. The research also aims to evaluate the role of the Sudanese industrial corporations and audit firms in the field of health and safety. An overview of fire hazard...

Author(s): Abdel Rahman Elbakri Mansour  

March 2018

Effect of gamma irradiation on the microbiological quality and shelf life of Engraulis encrasicolus in Ghana

The effect of irradiation on microbial load and shelf-life of anchovies (Engraulis encrasicolus) was assessed in this study. Irradiation doses used in the study were 2.5, 5.0, 7.5 and 10 kGy. The assessment was carried out at 3 weeks intervals for the period of 9 weeks. Samples were analyzed for microbial load (total viable count, total coliform count and Staphylococcus aureus). Smoked samples were more contaminated as...

Author(s): Stella Agyemang Duah, Geoffrey Emi-Reynolds, Patrick Kumah and Daniel Agyarko Larbi  

March 2018

Consumers’ preference and perception of smoke-dried white shrimp (Nematopalaemon hastatus) in coastal areas of Ondo State, Nigeria

The study assessed consumers’ preference and perception of smoke-dried white shrimps in Igbokoda, a coastal area of Ondo State, Nigeria. The community was purposively chosen because the town is a major cluster for natives from coastal communities in Ilaje and Ese-Odo LGAs of Ondo State, Nigeria. Forty shrimp consumers (20 males and 20 females) were randomly selected for this study. They assessed the sensory...

Author(s): Bayode Paul Omobepade, Olabode Thomas Adebayo and Taiwo Timothy Amos  

March 2018

Determinants and its extent of rural poverty in Ethiopia: Evidence from Doyogena District, Southern part of Ethiopia

This study identifies the extent and determinants of rural poverty in southern Ethiopia, Doyogena district. The study used 150 households, using a household consumption expenditure approach by employing the FGT (Foster-Greer and Thorbecke, 1984) poverty index to determine the extent of rural poverty. The study’s result shows that the total head count index, poverty gag, and poverty severity indexes are 0.438,...

Author(s): Girma Mekore and Temesgen Yaekob  

March 2018

Equines in military operations in Sudan in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries

Equines (horses, mules and donkeys) have been used in warfare for thousands of years. In Sudan, they were used in the 18th and 19th centuries in inter-tribal fighting. Their principal use in the period under review, however, was in the Egyptian/British fight against the Mahdist forces between 1884 and 1898. At least seven regular British Army cavalry Regiments served in Sudan either as horse cavalry or as part of the...

Author(s): R. Trevor Wilson   

March 2018

Mobile Libraries: Defining the phenomenon

This article presents a brief historical review of the appearance of mobile libraries and then continues to define the phenomenon on the basis of two of its distinct features: library services and mobility, which both concern institutional Mobile Libraries and non-institutional mobile libraries. In addition, special reference is made to the significant presence of non-institutional mobile libraries in the world of...

Author(s): Georgios Bikos and Panagiota Papadimitriou  

March 2018

Creating change in the use of information and communications technology by female Islamic studies teachers in Saudi Arabia

The range of research undertaken in the area of the use of information and communications technology (ICT) in the teaching-learning process indicates the importance of the need for such a tool. Paradoxically, there is lack of emphasis on Islamic teachers and specifically female Islamic teachers. This study was conducted in 2017 using a range of quantitative methods and analysis involved 87 female participants who...

Author(s): Majed Alsharidah  

March 2018

Counselling Psychology: Concept, trend and medical setting

The significant role and contributions of counselling is now well recognized in remedial and preventive areas. Different models of healing and human functioning has appreciated the incredible efforts of counselling in the relevant fields. Medical setting has always been promoted by counselling, where counselling has proved its exertions through vital contributions in primary care to deal with various issues and problems...

Author(s): Md. Amanullah and Saba Firdos

March 2018

Integrating tiny and small homes into the urban landscape: History, land use barriers and potential solutions

There is growing interest in living in tiny and small houses in the United States of America (USA). However, in many urban communities, it is illegal to build such homes due to the current land use regulations. This article presents an overview of the land use policy barriers to tiny and small house integration, in addition to potential solutions. The article also examines how interest in tiny and small house living has...

Author(s): Krista Evans  

March 2018

Assessment of influence of student perception, knowledge, and area of specilization on ICT utilization for academic purposes in College of Health Technology, Calabar

Information Communication Technology (ICT) application in academics and research has come to stay. While the developed world has not only embraced ICT in academics, they have gone ahead to make teaching and learning far more simpler, on the other hand most of the developed world is still grappling with the provision of basic amenities to its citizens that the idea of ICT appears farfetched and elitist. This study was...

Author(s): Akedor Ibor Usang, Daniel Orok Archibong, Eze Eze Aji, Cynthia Eyong, Edadi Ukam E and Omeh Anthony Bassey  

March 2018

People healed of Ebola and their psychosocial life: About 55 cases at the Donka treatment center (Conakry)

Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF), is often a severe and fatal disease. The objective of this study is to identify the psychological and social problems as well as the needs of people cured of Ebola. This work is a prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study done within a period of three months, from 16 November 2014 to 15 February 2015. The population of this research...

Author(s): Fodé Bangaly Sako, Mamady Mory Keita, Fodé Amara Traore, Aminata Oumou Sylla, Mavolo Toure, Moumié Barry and Mohamed Cisse  

March 2018

Antimicrobial activities from extracts of seven medicinal plant species against multidrug-resistant bacteria and fungi

This is the first to report the antimicrobial effects of extracts of seven endemic medicinal plants. Flower extracts of Onopordum jordanicolum exhibited antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, Klebsiella pneumonia, and Proteus mirabillis. Ethanol extract displayed significant antibacterial activity against S. aureus with the best MIC and MMC values. Onopordum blancheanum flower extracts produced...

Author(s): Maher Obeidat

March 2018

The impact of seasonal variation on the volatile oil profile of leaves of Severinia buxifolia (Poir.) and its antimicrobial activity

The effect of the time of collection on the quality and quantity of the oil obtained from Severinia buxifolia leaves as well as its antimicrobial activity was studied. The chemical composition of the hydro-distilled oils of the leaves of S. buxifolia (Poir.)Tenore, collected at the four seasons was determined by GC/MS analysis. Moreover, antimicrobial activity was studied, for the oil sample regarding the yield and...

Author(s): Safaa A. Nour, Mostafa A. Abdel Kawy, Maha M. Salama, and Mohamed S. Hifnawy  

March 2018

Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used to treat human ailment in Guduru District of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

This research was carried out to document ethnobotanical data and threats affecting medicinal plants. Semi-structured interviews, questionnaires, face to face discussion, and field visit was employed to gather the required data. A total of 92 informants 21 key and 71 randomly selected informants), of which 48 males and 44 females were used. The study documented 57 plants species which belongs to 55 genera and 41...

Author(s): Abiyot Tadesse, Birhanu Kagnew and Firew Kebede  

March 2018

Emotion and colour perception: A psychoanalytical theory of graphic design in consumer of goods

The study focuses on the psychological theory of colour in graphic design on the advertisement of consumer goods. The specific objectives identify the impact of colour perception and emotion as it psychologically affects and influences the behaviour of consumers in purchasing the products advertised. Descriptive research study, that is, employing qualitative methodology was used to address the study and it adopted...

Author(s): E. Bankole Oladumiye and Odji Ebenezer

March 2018

A comparative study of Nigerian GNSS Reference Network’s – Global Positioning System (NIGNET’s-GPS) vertical Total Electron Content (vTEC) measurements with the International Reference Ionosphere - Total Electron Content (IRI-TEC) predictions over Calabar, Nigeria

A study of the vertical Total Electron Content (vTEC) values as measured by the Nigerian GNSS Reference Network’s (NIGNET’s) GPS receiver in Calabar with geographic coordinates: 4.95°N, 8.32°E and geomagnetic coordinates: 6.46°N, 81.59°E has been carried out for some selected days in the year 2013. The results obtained are compared with the corresponding predictions of the three topside...

Author(s): Joseph Obu, Eucharia Okoro and Sivla William

March 2018

Comparative study of commercial gas with biogas produced from co-digestion of corn cob, rice chaff, goat and dog dungs

Investigations were conducted to compare gas produced from co-digestion of corncob, rice chaff, goat dung and dog dung with commercial gas. The study was carried out anaerobically at a temperature of 29.5 to 33°C (mesophilic condition) in a mini laboratory digester (bioreactor) fabricated using guage 16 metal sheets with 80-L capacity for a 90-day retention time. The shredded corn cob and rice chaff were mixed with...

Author(s): Okolie N. P., Onifade A. K., Oladunmoye M. K. and Adegunloye D. V.

March 2018

Groundwater users’ awareness of water institutions in Tanzania: A case study of Mbarali District, Mbeya Region

This paper examines awareness of groundwater formal and informal institutions among water users. The paper adopted sequential exploratory research design to collect quantitative and qualitative data. The sample size was 90 groundwater users, and 50% were women. Descriptive statistics, Kruskal Wallis H Test and Mann Whitney U Test were used to analyze quantitative data while qualitative data were subjected to content...

Author(s): Johnson L. Gudaga, Samwel J. Kabote, Andrew K.P.R Tarimo, Devotha B. Mosha and Japhet J. Kashaigili  

March 2018

Bacteriophages and phage products: Applications in medicine and biotechnological industries, and general concerns

Since their discovery in 1928 antibiotics have transformed medicine and saved millions of lives; however, the current global appearance of antibiotic resistance and absence of new antibiotics commercialization to the health sector return to the post-antibiotic era. Today, scientists are working to revive a century old technique of using bacteriophage as an option to currently available antibiotics in management of...

Author(s): Mulugeta Belay, Tesfaye Sisay and Tesfaye Wolde  

March 2018

Characterization and antioxidant properties of crude water soluble polysaccharides from three edible mushrooms

In the present study three species of mushrooms, Auricularia auricula (AAP), Lentinus edodes (LDP, Shiitake mushroom) and Poria cocos (PCP) were isolated water soluble polysaccharides, and their antioxidant properties and chemical characteristics were evaluated. Fourier Transform-infrared analysis demonstrated that three polysaccharides were composed of β-glycoside linkages 3304 to 1000 cm-1, and continued until...

Author(s): Ashfaque Ahmed Khaskheli, Shahzor Gul Khaskheli, Ying Liu, Saghir Ahmed Sheikh, Yan-Feng Wang, Dong Xia bao, Mamoun A. Homaida, Abdul Ghani Dars, Javaid Ahmed Lakho and Si Hu and  Wen Huang

March 2018

Organomineral fertilization in growth, physiology and phytomass production of castor oil plant BRS energia

This work aims to study the effect of castor oil plant cake doses (0.0; 1,100; 2,200 and 3,300 Kg ha-1) associated with P doses (0.0 and 90 Kg ha-1) and K doses (0.0 and 60 Kg ha-1) on initial growth period of castor oil plant BRS Energia. The experiment was conducted under greenhouse's conditions at the Embrapa Algodão, located in Brazil. The experimental design of randomized blocks was used in a 4x2x2...

Author(s): Márcia Maria Bezerra Guimarães, José Félix de Brito Neto, Cláudio Silva Soares,  Alde Cleber Silva de Lima, Fabrícia de Fátima Araújo Chaves,   Adryageisa Figueiredo Cavalcante,  André Luiz Pereira da Silva and  Joaquim Alves de Lima Junior  

March 2018

Improving salt tolerance and weight percent reduction in tomato by exploiting physio-agronomic seedling traits

Salinity being a serious limitation to crop production is an established fact since ages. It has adversely affected the adaptive behavior of our field crops particularly at seed germination and seedling stages. Identification of particular plant traits conferring salinity tolerance is important for inducing genetic variation among the target traits and adjusting the selection pressure for them in field. This...

Author(s): Muhammad Ahsan Raza, Asif Saeed, Hassan Munir, Adeela Munawar, Atif Kamran, Fazal Rehman and Awais Riaz  

March 2018

Effects of aqueous and oil leaf extracts of Pterocarpus santalinoides on the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais pest of stored maize grains

The effects of aqueous and oil leaf extracts of Pterocarpus santalinoides at concentrations of 5, 10, 15 and 20%v/v, each as proctectant in the control of the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais, were compared with a conventional insecticide, pirimiphos-methyl at a rate of 0.5 ml / 50 g maize grains of Oba Super II variety in a Completely Randomized Design with four replicates. Parameters assessed, include adult mortality,...

Author(s): Ekeh Felicia Nkechi, Odo Gregory Ejike, Nzei Joy Ihuoma, Ohanu Chinenye Maria-goretti, Ugwu Francis, Ngwu Godwin and Reginald Njokuocha  

March 2018

Effect of seedling fibrous roots on field performance of hybrid coffee varieties

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of number of fibrous roots per seedling on plant growth and yield components of hybrid coffee varieties. A split plot experiment in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications was used. The main factor consisted of five varieties (N39-2, N39-3, N39-7, KP423-1 and KP423-2) whereas the sub-factor consisted of four types of roots (seedlings with...

Author(s): Jeremiah M. Magesa, Theodosy J. Msogoya and Cornel L. Rweyemamu  

March 2018

Allelopathic effects of aqueous extract of leaves and roots of Luetzelburgia auriculata (Allemão) Ducke on seeds germination and initial growth of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.)

The secondary metabolism of plants produces allelopathic substances which are able to interfere with germination and growth of other species, when released in the environment. In order to evaluate the allelopathic effects of Luetzelburgia auriculata on the germination and early growth of lettuce (Lactuca sativa), leaf extracts and roots were tested in lettuce seeds sowing. The L. auriculata plant material was collected...

Author(s): PINTO Érika do Nascimento Fernandes, SOUTO Jacob Silva, PEREIRA Leonardo Francisco de Assis, BORGES César Henrique Alves and FERNANDES Tássia Rayane Nascimento  

March 2018

Efficacy of the decoction of cashew leaf (Spondias mombin L.) as a natural antiseptic in dairy goat matrices

Microorganisms resistant to conventional antimicrobial substances are becoming more prevalent. Accordingly, natural alternatives have been sought with the use of extracts from medicinal plants whose purpose is to find new compounds with recognized antimicrobial activity. This work aims to show the efficacy of the cajá (Spondias mombin L.) leaf decoction using the microplate dilution technique against...

Author(s): Camila Fernandes Leonêz, Francisco Marlon Carneiro Feijó, Nilza Dutra Alves, Caio Sergio Santos, Gardênia Silvana Oliveira Rodrigues, Fernando da Costa Fernandes and  Tayná Moura Matos  

March 2018

Plant extracts enhancers of defense response in ponkan mandarin Seedlings against Alternaria alternate f. spp. citri infection

The objective of this study was to determine the elicitor potential of plant extracts from Caatinga biome by enzyme activity and epidemiological components of Alternaria brown spot (Alternaria alternate f. spp. citri). These were prepared ethanolic, dichloromethanic, and aqueous extracts from 14 plants (Anadenanthera macrocarpa, Schinopsis brasiliensis, Maytenus rigida, Caesalpinia pyramidalis, C. ferrea, Peltophorum...

Author(s): Kedma Maria Silva Pinto, Paulo Alexandre Fernandes Rodrigues de Melo, Janaína Marques Mondego, Luciana Cordeiro do Nascimento, Maria Izabel Mendes Marques Cortez, Alfredo Augusto de Carvalho Aires, Antônio Pereira dos Anjos Neto, Robson Luís Silva de Medeiros, José Ribamar Gusmão Araújo and Hilderlande Florêncio da Silva  

March 2018

Effects of lime and fertilizer on soil properties and maize yields in acid soils of Western Kenya

Many soils in Western Kenya are acidic and deficient in nitrogen and phosphorus. Acidity hinders crop responses to fertilizers applied to remedy nutrient deficiencies. The common liming materials used to ameliorate acidity are Calcium Oxide (CaO) and Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) in powdery formulations. Broadcasting these materials by hand followed by incorporation is recommended on smallholder farms to enhance their...

Author(s): Peter A. Opala, Martins Odendo and Francis N. Muyekho  

March 2018

Extract and chloroform fraction from Syzygium cumini leaves with vasorelaxant effect mediated by inhibition of calcium channels

Hypertension is associated with endothelial dysfunction characterized by decreased vasorelaxation. Our research group recently demonstrated that hydroalcoholic extract of Syzygium cumini leaves (HESc) reduces the blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). This study evaluated the ability of HESc and chloroform fraction (CF) in promoting vasorelaxation on resistance arteries rings. Endothelium-deprived...

Author(s): Rachel Melo Ribeiro, Matheus Brandão Campos, Ellen Julli da Silva Passos Maia, Gizele Oliveira Santos-Silva, Iracelle Carvalho Abreu, Vicente Ferrer Pinheiro Neto, Marilene Oliveira Rocha Borges and Antonio Carlos Romão Borges

March 2018

Sustainable entrepreneurship intention among university students in Uganda: A conceptual paper

Entrepreneurship is significant in transformation towards a sustainable future. Sustainable entrepreneurship intention aims at establishing businesses that balance the triple bottom line of economic, social and environmental aspects. Such businesses minimize environment degradation, pollution, resource scarcity and social challenges while enabling entrepreneurs to maximize profits. In developing countries such as...

Author(s): Kasimu Sendawula, Peter Turyakira and Christopher Alioni  

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