Accelerating Discovery

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March 2018

Factors affecting market supply of honey in Chena district, Kaffa zone, Southern Ethiopia

Despite high volume of honey production in Chena district of southern Ethiopia, the market supply of honey is low as compared to its potential due to some socioeconomic, demographic, production, market and institution related factors. This study was initiated to identify factors affecting volume of honey marketed. Data from 154 sample honey producers was collected and analyzed using multiple linear regression model with...

Author(s): Kassa Tarekegn, Jema Haji and Bosena Tegegne

March 2018

Prediction of nitrogen availability based on soil organic carbon in commercial mulberry vegetation of Eastern India

Appropriate quantification of nitrogen availability in soil is the prerequisite for proper implementation of soil-test based fertilizer-application scheme. But, most of the soil testing laboratories use soil organic carbon level to suggest fertilizer dose for nitrogen and hence, the present study has been initiated to develop prediction equation for estimating available nitrogen content of soil from its organic carbon...

Author(s): Ranjit Kar, Vijay Vrajan, Mrinal Kanti Ghosh, Sandip Kumar Dutta and Kanika Trivedy

March 2018

Dried Azolla pinnata as a supplementary nitrogen source for lowland rice production in a Calcic Natraquert

A pot experiment was conducted in the experimental field of the University of Ghana, Legon to examine the effectiveness of dry Azolla as N source in flooded rice field. The treatments included incorporating fresh Azolla (FA at 90 kg N/ha), dry Azolla (DA at 90 kg N/ha), dry Azolla  + Ammonium sulphate  (DA at 45 kg N/ha + AS at 45 kg N/ha), fresh Azolla + dry Azolla (FA at 45 kg N/ha  + DA at 45 kg N/ha),...

Author(s): Agbagba G., Asuming-Brempong S. and Lawson I. Y. D.

March 2018

Soil erosion magnitude of upland farming practices in Bataan

There are factors affecting erosion such as climate, soil type, vegetation and topography. Upland areas are denuding exponentially due to the fact that those people looking for livelihood had little concern and awareness on environmental sustainability and management. Upland farming practices that are easy like weeding, pest control and fertilization were often carried out without soil erosion control and water...

Author(s): Fernando V. Gonzales, Ricson L. Ines, Walter G. Valdez, Jonathan E. Lacayanga and  Editha A. Ganado

March 2018

Effects of garden egg, carrot and oat-supplements on biochemical parameters in cadmium exposed rats

Cadmium (Cd) toxicity is influenced by dietary components, such as fiber and minerals. Garden egg, carrot and oat are rich sources of fiber. Thus, this study examines the effect of Solanum melongena (garden egg), Daucus carota (carrot) and oat-supplements on selected biochemical parameters in the plasma and tissues of cadmium-exposed rats. Twenty-five healthy male Wistar rats (140±50 g) were distributed into five...

Author(s): Orororo O. Clement, Samuel O. Asagba, Oghri Emus and Egbune E. Oliseneku

March 2018

Fungi associated with black rot disease of pineapple (Ananas comosus L.) fruits and the effects of the disease on nutritional value of the fruits

Pineapple (Ananas comosus L.) is one of the most important crops grown in Africa. The fruit is consumed fresh by many people and hence, source of essential mineral elements, nutrients and vitamins. This study was conducted to investigate the fungi associated with black rot disease of pineapple fruits and the effect of the disease on nutritional value of the fruits. The fungi isolated from black rot pineapple fruits got...

Author(s): Thelma ONIAH and Festus Olakunle TAWOSE

March 2018

It is not easy being green: A critical discourse and frame analysis of environmental advocacy on American television

Environmental advocacy on American television draws upon utterly exhausted stereotypes, which have become part of a popular discourse. This article serves as an installment in an ongoing project at York University. It analyzes the ideological framing and discursive construction of environmental advocacy, suggesting that such portrayals perpetuate cognitive injustice through the perpetuation of stigmatizing discourses....

Author(s): Delon Alain Omrow  

March 2018

Collection and characterization of garlic (Allium sativm L.) germplasm for growth and bulb yield at Debre Markos, Ethiopia

Garlic (Allium sativm L.) is the most widely used crop among cultivated Allium species in Ethiopia and it has a wide range of climatic and soil adaptation. Production of the crop is confronted with a number of problems and the total production and productivity in the country is low. Among many contributing factors, lack of improved varieties and garlic rust are the major ones. In view of this, an experiment was carried...

Author(s): Yebirzaf Yeshiwas, Belete Negash, Tegibew Walle, Yohaness Gelaye, Abayneh Melke and Kassahun Yissa 

March 2018

Determinants of outlet choices by smallholder onion farmers in Fogera district Amhara Region, Northwestern Ethiopia

Market outlet choice for small holder onion producers is mandatory, since onion crop is a perishable horticultural crop. This study was aimed at assessing determinant of market outlet choice by smallholder onion farmers in Fogera District of Ethiopia. A stratified random sampling technique was employed, to select 150 onion producers in the study area. Multivariate probit model was employed to identify the factor...

Author(s): Taye Melese, Degye Goshu and Assefa Tilahun

March 2018

Beijing and the T superfamily, the major families among multidrug-resistant (MDR) Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Senegal

To determine the molecular profile of the multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated in Senegal. From 2011 to 2014, 43 MDR strains isolated at the National Reference Laboratory for Mycobacteria of the National Antituberculosis Program (NAP) were characterized by spoligotyping. Nine different spoligotypes were identified, three of which were unique, the other six forming clusters of two to...

Author(s): Dia M. L., Affolabi D., Gueye P. A. L., Sanoussi N., Diouf B., Sow A. I. and Cissé M. F.

March 2018

Effect of organic acids on the alteration of black rice anthocyanins by Enterobacter aerogenes NBRC 13534

In a previous study, it was reported that Enterobacter aerogenes and four organic acids are involved in the alteration of black rice anthocyanins. To investigate the factors involved in altering the coloration of black rice anthocyanins, organic acids (caffeic acid, ferulic acid, malonic acid, and p-hydroxybenzoic acid) were individually added to potato dextrose agar medium containing black rice anthocyanins and...

Author(s): Keiko YAMAMOTO, Noriaki SAIGUSA and Yuji TERAMOTO  

March 2018

Application of wild Saudi plant extracts to control antibiotic resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Wild plants are always the promising sources to explore novel therapeutic agents. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has a wide collection from wild and medicinal plants that contains hundreds of precious species. Staphylococcus aureus is from the most clinically dangerous bacterial pathogens that could acquire many resistance types toward numerous chemical antibiotics. Seven wild KSA plants, e.g. Bassia eriophora, Blepharis...

Author(s): Mohammed S. Alsaggaf

  • Article Number: F249D4856452

March 2018

Physiological and chemical characteristics of cultivated single cross maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids

Maize is the principle agricultural crop, considered the third important cereal crop in terms of its great economic importance as constitutes 70% of human food and animal fodder. So far, maize becomes crucial for starch, fructose and oil industries. Several maize breeding programs developed number of withstanding commercial hybrids against many diseases and characterized by high yield production. As hybrids vigor is...

Author(s): Amal Fadl Abdelkader

  • Article Number: 309D6BF56454

March 2018

The in vivo biosynthesis of antibacterial silver nanoparticles using red pepper (Capsicum annuum L) fruit extract

Green synthesis of nanoparticles using biological organisms is of increased demand by many scientific and economic sectors. Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles was undertaken using aqueous extract from red fleshly sweet fruits of Capsicum annuum and the antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) was investigated. We tracked color change of pepper extract from orange to deep dark brown after 10 mins of...

Author(s): Amel Taha, Eman Afkar and Amal F. Abdelkader

  • Article Number: F8DDF4556458

March 2018

A survey on intestinal nematodes of dogs in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

To determine the prevalence of intestinal nematodes of dogs in Uyo, Akwa Ibom state, Nigeria, faecal samples from two hundred household dogs and fifty gastrointestinal tracts (GIT) from dogs slaughtering houses were collected and analyzed using standard parasitological methods of diagnosis. Out of the two hundred and fifty dogs examined, 195 (78.0%) were infected with different species of intestinal nematodes, of which...

Author(s): Udoidung N. I., Adams E. G., Ekpo E. J. and Opara K. N.

March 2018

Appropriateness of curriculum content in competence – based education training programs of nurses and midwives in Uganda

Competence-based education (CBE) has been increasingly emphasized in optimising the preparation of healthcare professionals. Uganda like many other countries of the world, has taken considerable strides in implementing CBE training of nurses and midwives. The aim of this study was to investigate the perception of professionals regarding appropriateness of the CBE curriculum content in terms of organisation, clarity,...

Author(s): Milly M. Kabanga, Christopher B. Mugimu and Joseph Oonyu

March 2018

Blind nasal intubation in temporomandibular joint ankylosis: A case report

Temperomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is loss of joint movement that results from a union of the mandibular condyle to the base of the skull. Managing airway is considered to be one of the most difficult and challenging procedures when there is a diseased temperomandibular joint as a result of inadequate mouth opening. Although TMJ ankylosis is well known risk factors of difficult airway management, the techniques...

Author(s): Bereket Gebremeskel Girmay and Mohammed Suleiman Obsa

March 2018

Spectral analysis and source parameter imaging of aeromagnetic anomaly over Ogoja and Bansara areas of lower Benue trough, Nigeria

Qualitative and quantitative interpretations of aeromagnetic anomalies over Ogoja and Bansara areas of Anambra Basin, Lower Benue Trough of Nigeria were carried out using spectral analysis and source parameter imaging methods. The study area which covers an area of approximately 6050 km2 lies within latitude 60° 0' to 7° 0' North and longitude 8° 30' to 9° 0' East. The regional anomaly...

Author(s): Ugwu, C. M., Ugwu G. Z. and Alasi T. K.

March 2018

Multi residue analysis of pesticides in pre and postharvest wheat grains in Misha Woreda, Hadiya Zone, Ethiopia

This study was conducted to assess the presence of pesticides residues in wheat from Misha woreda, Haiya Zone, Ethiopia. Samples of wheat were collected during the period December 2015 to August 2016. Gas chromatograph (GC-MS) detection was employed after Liquid-Liquid extraction (LLE). The concentration levels of eight pesticides have been investigated in both wheat samples in farm and purchased from storage...

Author(s): Demis Zelelew, Hadush Gebrehiwot and Dereje Bezuyehu

March 2018

Isolation, production and characterization of amylase enzyme using the isolate Aspergillus niger FAB-211

Amylase enzymes are industrially important enzymes used in food, sugar, textile, pharmaceutical, paper and detergent industries. The main objective of this study was to isolate, produce and optimize α-amylase enzyme using a fungal strain isolated from fruit peel soil wastes. Media optimization was done by one-factor at a time method. Average values of duplicate experiments were taken. Microsoft office Excel...

Author(s): Behailu Asrat and Abebe Girma

March 2018

Estimation of auxins and cytokinins requirements in sugarcane soma clones for effective in vitro regeneration procedure

Three sugarcane varieties were used in this experiment to optimize specific plant hormones. The present work was conducted in 2014 at Nuclear Institute of Agriculture (NIA), Tando jam. The experiment was designated with three sugarcane varieties (NIA-2012, NIA-105 and GULABI-95) obtained from Nuclear Institute of Agriculture (NIA) Tando jam. Regeneration of plantlets was compared under different concentration of auxins...

Author(s): Sardar Khatoon Solangi, Sadaf Tabasum Qureshi, Mukhtiar Khatoon Solangi, Nusrat Solangi, Altaf Hussain Solangi and Mehnaz Qamar  

March 2018

Integration of botanicals and inert dusts with resistant varieties against Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.) of stored maize (Zea mays) in Ethiopia

Dosage rates of 0.625, 1.25 and 2.5% of the leaves powder of Calpurnia aurea and Milletia ferruginea, and red and white inert dusts that were admixed with the 100 g of three resistance maize varieties were tested as protectant against maize weevils under laboratory condition. Significantly (p < 0.05) higher parental adult weevil’s mortality were recorded in all treatments of integration than untreated check at...

Author(s): Berhanu Hiruy and Emana Getu  

March 2018

Cycle numbers to failure for magnesium and its alloys in human body fluid

The fundamental goal of this research is to provide a method to predict the fatigue life of Magnesium and its alloys in human body fluid environment. Estimation of fatigue life of Magnesium and its alloys in human body fluid environment can help doctors and patients to choose the best biomaterial for implantation surgery. This fact is true due to the reason that based on the fatigue life of these materials it can be...

Author(s): Alijani S. and Anvari A.

March 2018

Accounting and philosophy: The construction of social reality framework

Accounting scandals and their severe consequences shed light on the ambiguity of accounting. This paper attempts to explore the philosophical roots of accounting in an attempt to remove, or at least mitigate, this ambiguity. The study employs Searle’s framework of the construction of social reality as an approach to achieve this aim. It is argued that the main problem of accounting is its failure to faithfully...

Author(s): Emad M. Elkhashen, and Collins G. Ntim

March 2018

Relative deprivation: An explanation to inter-ethnic conflict in Metekel Zone, North Western Ethiopia, since 1991

This study explains chief causes of covert and overt conflict between indigenous and non-indigenous ethnic groups of Metekel zone, since 1991. For the sake of convenience, however, particular emphasis is given to the conflict between Agew and Gumuz. The study employs relational ethnography research design. The data collected through in-depth interview, observation, informal conversation, and review of available...

Author(s): Dagnachew Ayenew  

March 2018

Analytic solutions of time fractional diffusion equations by fractional reduced differential transform method (FRDTM)

This paper examines a general recurrence relation by the use of fractional reduced differential transform and then a scheme (methodology) on how to find closed solutions of one dimensional time fractional diffusion equations with initial conditions in the form of infinite fractional power series and in terms of Mittag-Leffler function in one parameter as well as their exact solutions by the use of fractional reduced...

Author(s): Kebede Shigute Kenea

March 2018

Unravelling genetic make-up of some Musa hybrids and selected Musa accessions using molecular and morphological characterization

Plantains are important staples in sub-Saharan Africa, however, production has been saddled by several constraints including pests and diseases and lack of improved technologies. In regard to genetic study, morphological characterization has identified about 100 local accessions to exist in Ghana. However, limited molecular characterization has been done on plantains. Characterization based on morphologic...

Author(s): Marian D. Quain, Adelaide Agyeman, Emmanuel Okyere and Beloved M. Dzomeku  

March 2018

Effect of aggregates minerology on the strength of concrete: Case study of three selected quarry products in Ghana

Concrete is the most popular construction material worldwide. More than 50% of construction worldwide use concrete materials, mainly because of its versatility and economy compared to steel in relation to total height of building. The final output of the concrete material is, however, affected by factors including the rock type and its attendant physio-mechanical properties. This paper seeks to investigate the effect of...

Author(s): Joseph Ignatius Teye Buertey, Samuel Wilberforce Offei, Theophilus Adjei Kumi and Felix Atsrim  

March 2018

Arsenic concentration in rice grown from three local government areas of Kano, Nigeria

Arsenic (As) in food and water has been linked to cancers and other diseases. Rice is of interest because many types may contain higher contents of As than other foods of terrestrial origin. As concentrations in rice produced from three Local Government Areas of Kano State were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. The mean As concentrations were 0.369 ± 0.092, 0.293 ± 0.126, and 0.255...

Author(s): Amina Salihi Bayero, Aminu Umar and Isa Baba Koki  

March 2018

Research on heat transfer enhancement of variable cross sectional conformal cooling of injection mold based on fluent

The purpose of this paper is to present a technique of variable cross section conformal cooling channels (VCCC) to compare the cooling effect of moulds with equal section channel experimentally. The influence of the size structure parameters of the variable cross section conformal cooling channel on heat transfer is studied. It is found that the ratio of D/d=1.4 has the best effect of enhanced heat transfer. To...

Author(s): YAN Zhihong, QIAN Yingping, HUANG Wei, ZHOU Xizhi and GONG Xuedan

March 2018

Efficiency of the banking sector in Sudan: A review paper

This paper aims to review published research studies on efficiency performance of the banking sector in Sudan. The methodology in the reviewed articles can be grouped into two categories. The first category employs the non-parametric data envelopment analysis (DEA) while the second category uses the parametric stochastic frontier analysis (SFA). The findings in the reviewed articles reveal that, although the efficiency...

Author(s): Mai Mahmoud Abdo  

March 2018

Evaluation of health and safety management systems in the Sudanese industrial corporations: An external audit perspective

This research addresses the role of the Sudanese audit corporations in the area of health and safety audit and proposes a conceptual model which provides for a better understanding of the process of health and safety audit in the Sudanese industrial firms. The research also aims to evaluate the role of the Sudanese industrial corporations and audit firms in the field of health and safety. An overview of fire hazard...

Author(s): Abdel Rahman Elbakri Mansour  

March 2018

Effect of gamma irradiation on the microbiological quality and shelf life of Engraulis encrasicolus in Ghana

The effect of irradiation on microbial load and shelf-life of anchovies (Engraulis encrasicolus) was assessed in this study. Irradiation doses used in the study were 2.5, 5.0, 7.5 and 10 kGy. The assessment was carried out at 3 weeks intervals for the period of 9 weeks. Samples were analyzed for microbial load (total viable count, total coliform count and Staphylococcus aureus). Smoked samples were more contaminated as...

Author(s): Stella Agyemang Duah, Geoffrey Emi-Reynolds, Patrick Kumah and Daniel Agyarko Larbi  

March 2018

Consumers’ preference and perception of smoke-dried white shrimp (Nematopalaemon hastatus) in coastal areas of Ondo State, Nigeria

The study assessed consumers’ preference and perception of smoke-dried white shrimps in Igbokoda, a coastal area of Ondo State, Nigeria. The community was purposively chosen because the town is a major cluster for natives from coastal communities in Ilaje and Ese-Odo LGAs of Ondo State, Nigeria. Forty shrimp consumers (20 males and 20 females) were randomly selected for this study. They assessed the sensory...

Author(s): Bayode Paul Omobepade, Olabode Thomas Adebayo and Taiwo Timothy Amos  

March 2018

Determinants and its extent of rural poverty in Ethiopia: Evidence from Doyogena District, Southern part of Ethiopia

This study identifies the extent and determinants of rural poverty in southern Ethiopia, Doyogena district. The study used 150 households, using a household consumption expenditure approach by employing the FGT (Foster-Greer and Thorbecke, 1984) poverty index to determine the extent of rural poverty. The study’s result shows that the total head count index, poverty gag, and poverty severity indexes are 0.438,...

Author(s): Girma Mekore and Temesgen Yaekob  

March 2018

Equines in military operations in Sudan in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries

Equines (horses, mules and donkeys) have been used in warfare for thousands of years. In Sudan, they were used in the 18th and 19th centuries in inter-tribal fighting. Their principal use in the period under review, however, was in the Egyptian/British fight against the Mahdist forces between 1884 and 1898. At least seven regular British Army cavalry Regiments served in Sudan either as horse cavalry or as part of the...

Author(s): R. Trevor Wilson   

March 2018

Mobile Libraries: Defining the phenomenon

This article presents a brief historical review of the appearance of mobile libraries and then continues to define the phenomenon on the basis of two of its distinct features: library services and mobility, which both concern institutional Mobile Libraries and non-institutional mobile libraries. In addition, special reference is made to the significant presence of non-institutional mobile libraries in the world of...

Author(s): Georgios Bikos and Panagiota Papadimitriou  

March 2018

Creating change in the use of information and communications technology by female Islamic studies teachers in Saudi Arabia

The range of research undertaken in the area of the use of information and communications technology (ICT) in the teaching-learning process indicates the importance of the need for such a tool. Paradoxically, there is lack of emphasis on Islamic teachers and specifically female Islamic teachers. This study was conducted in 2017 using a range of quantitative methods and analysis involved 87 female participants who...

Author(s): Majed Alsharidah  

March 2018

Counselling Psychology: Concept, trend and medical setting

The significant role and contributions of counselling is now well recognized in remedial and preventive areas. Different models of healing and human functioning has appreciated the incredible efforts of counselling in the relevant fields. Medical setting has always been promoted by counselling, where counselling has proved its exertions through vital contributions in primary care to deal with various issues and problems...

Author(s): Md. Amanullah and Saba Firdos

March 2018

Integrating tiny and small homes into the urban landscape: History, land use barriers and potential solutions

There is growing interest in living in tiny and small houses in the United States of America (USA). However, in many urban communities, it is illegal to build such homes due to the current land use regulations. This article presents an overview of the land use policy barriers to tiny and small house integration, in addition to potential solutions. The article also examines how interest in tiny and small house living has...

Author(s): Krista Evans  

March 2018

Assessment of influence of student perception, knowledge, and area of specilization on ICT utilization for academic purposes in College of Health Technology, Calabar

Information Communication Technology (ICT) application in academics and research has come to stay. While the developed world has not only embraced ICT in academics, they have gone ahead to make teaching and learning far more simpler, on the other hand most of the developed world is still grappling with the provision of basic amenities to its citizens that the idea of ICT appears farfetched and elitist. This study was...

Author(s): Akedor Ibor Usang, Daniel Orok Archibong, Eze Eze Aji, Cynthia Eyong, Edadi Ukam E and Omeh Anthony Bassey  

March 2018

People healed of Ebola and their psychosocial life: About 55 cases at the Donka treatment center (Conakry)

Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF), is often a severe and fatal disease. The objective of this study is to identify the psychological and social problems as well as the needs of people cured of Ebola. This work is a prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive study done within a period of three months, from 16 November 2014 to 15 February 2015. The population of this research...

Author(s): Fodé Bangaly Sako, Mamady Mory Keita, Fodé Amara Traore, Aminata Oumou Sylla, Mavolo Toure, Moumié Barry and Mohamed Cisse  

March 2018

Antimicrobial activities from extracts of seven medicinal plant species against multidrug-resistant bacteria and fungi

This is the first to report the antimicrobial effects of extracts of seven endemic medicinal plants. Flower extracts of Onopordum jordanicolum exhibited antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, Klebsiella pneumonia, and Proteus mirabillis. Ethanol extract displayed significant antibacterial activity against S. aureus with the best MIC and MMC values. Onopordum blancheanum flower extracts produced...

Author(s): Maher Obeidat

March 2018

The impact of seasonal variation on the volatile oil profile of leaves of Severinia buxifolia (Poir.) and its antimicrobial activity

The effect of the time of collection on the quality and quantity of the oil obtained from Severinia buxifolia leaves as well as its antimicrobial activity was studied. The chemical composition of the hydro-distilled oils of the leaves of S. buxifolia (Poir.)Tenore, collected at the four seasons was determined by GC/MS analysis. Moreover, antimicrobial activity was studied, for the oil sample regarding the yield and...

Author(s): Safaa A. Nour, Mostafa A. Abdel Kawy, Maha M. Salama, and Mohamed S. Hifnawy  

March 2018

Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used to treat human ailment in Guduru District of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

This research was carried out to document ethnobotanical data and threats affecting medicinal plants. Semi-structured interviews, questionnaires, face to face discussion, and field visit was employed to gather the required data. A total of 92 informants 21 key and 71 randomly selected informants), of which 48 males and 44 females were used. The study documented 57 plants species which belongs to 55 genera and 41...

Author(s): Abiyot Tadesse, Birhanu Kagnew and Firew Kebede  

March 2018

Emotion and colour perception: A psychoanalytical theory of graphic design in consumer of goods

The study focuses on the psychological theory of colour in graphic design on the advertisement of consumer goods. The specific objectives identify the impact of colour perception and emotion as it psychologically affects and influences the behaviour of consumers in purchasing the products advertised. Descriptive research study, that is, employing qualitative methodology was used to address the study and it adopted...

Author(s): E. Bankole Oladumiye and Odji Ebenezer

March 2018

A comparative study of Nigerian GNSS Reference Network’s – Global Positioning System (NIGNET’s-GPS) vertical Total Electron Content (vTEC) measurements with the International Reference Ionosphere - Total Electron Content (IRI-TEC) predictions over Calabar, Nigeria

A study of the vertical Total Electron Content (vTEC) values as measured by the Nigerian GNSS Reference Network’s (NIGNET’s) GPS receiver in Calabar with geographic coordinates: 4.95°N, 8.32°E and geomagnetic coordinates: 6.46°N, 81.59°E has been carried out for some selected days in the year 2013. The results obtained are compared with the corresponding predictions of the three topside...

Author(s): Joseph Obu, Eucharia Okoro and Sivla William

March 2018

Comparative study of commercial gas with biogas produced from co-digestion of corn cob, rice chaff, goat and dog dungs

Investigations were conducted to compare gas produced from co-digestion of corncob, rice chaff, goat dung and dog dung with commercial gas. The study was carried out anaerobically at a temperature of 29.5 to 33°C (mesophilic condition) in a mini laboratory digester (bioreactor) fabricated using guage 16 metal sheets with 80-L capacity for a 90-day retention time. The shredded corn cob and rice chaff were mixed with...

Author(s): Okolie N. P., Onifade A. K., Oladunmoye M. K. and Adegunloye D. V.

March 2018

Groundwater users’ awareness of water institutions in Tanzania: A case study of Mbarali District, Mbeya Region

This paper examines awareness of groundwater formal and informal institutions among water users. The paper adopted sequential exploratory research design to collect quantitative and qualitative data. The sample size was 90 groundwater users, and 50% were women. Descriptive statistics, Kruskal Wallis H Test and Mann Whitney U Test were used to analyze quantitative data while qualitative data were subjected to content...

Author(s): Johnson L. Gudaga, Samwel J. Kabote, Andrew K.P.R Tarimo, Devotha B. Mosha and Japhet J. Kashaigili  

March 2018

Bacteriophages and phage products: Applications in medicine and biotechnological industries, and general concerns

Since their discovery in 1928 antibiotics have transformed medicine and saved millions of lives; however, the current global appearance of antibiotic resistance and absence of new antibiotics commercialization to the health sector return to the post-antibiotic era. Today, scientists are working to revive a century old technique of using bacteriophage as an option to currently available antibiotics in management of...

Author(s): Mulugeta Belay, Tesfaye Sisay and Tesfaye Wolde  

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