Accelerating Discovery

Academic Journals accelerates the dissemination of knowledge through the publication of high quality research articles using the open access model.

All Articles

April 2018

Socio-economic and environmental impacts of invasive plant species in selected districts of Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia

Understanding the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of invasive plant species from the affected communities’ perspectives is essential to design and plan sustainable control and prevention strategies. Hence, understanding the socio-economic and environmental impacts in the infested and susceptible areas such as Bale zone is very crucial. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess socio-economic...

Author(s): Mohammed Mussa, Habtamu Teka and Ahimed Aliye

April 2018

Agricultural Knowledge and Technology Transfer Systems in the Southern Ethiopia

Agriculture is the mainstay of the Ethiopian economy. However, the growth of the sector is constrained by different factors. Low level of technology development, inefficient technology dissemination, low utilization of improved production inputs and shortage of research proven production practices are among the most important factors hindering the growth of the sector. The objective of this study was, therefore, to...

Author(s): Tewodros Ayalew and Tesfaye Abebe  

April 2018

Early prediction of internal bruising in potatoes by biospeckle laser technique

The internal bruising in potatoes is a kind of damage caused by the mechanical impact, which is the major cause of post-harvest losses. This kind of injury is hard to detect because it occurs due to the internal cellular rupture of the tuber. This research aims at evaluating the applicability of the biospeckle laser technique in order to detect and predict the internal bruising in potatoes caused by mechanical impacts...

Author(s): Anderson Gomide Costa, Roberto Alves Braga Jr., Eduardo V. B. Vilas Boas and Murilo Risso

April 2018

Influence of reducing sugar contents on sprout growth of blackberry cuttings

The objective of this study was to analyze the use of different doses of indolebutyric acid (IBA) and its influence on reducing sugar contents and the relationship of root and leaf development of mulberry cuttings, using commercial substrates and sand. The experimental design was a completely randomized design, with 3 replicates per plot and 5 cuttings per replicate, in a 3 × 3 factorial scheme, consisting of...

Author(s): Luiz Carlos Pereira, Henrique Menoncini, Fabiola Fernandes Abreu, João Victor de Souza Martins, Rodrigo Gonçalves Mateus, Marcos Barbosa-Ferreira, Cristiano Marcelo Espínola Carvalho, Ricardo Dias Peruca, Cleber Junior Jadoski and Denílson Guilherme

April 2018

Fungistatic activity of essential oil of Lippia sidoides Cham. against Curvularia lunata

Synthetic pesticides used in agriculture to control pathogens are being widely questioned for their harmful effects on human health and the environment. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the fungistatic activity of Lippia sidoides Cham. essential oil on alternative control of Curvularia lunata (Wakker), the causal agent of spot in maize plants. The fungitoxic contact effect was successful, resulting...

Author(s): Talita Pereira de Souza Ferreira, Dalmarcia de Souza Carlos Mourão, Gil Rodrigues dos Santos, Luiz Gustavo de Lima Guimarães, Ellen Caroline Feitoza Pires, Weder Ferreira Santos and Raimundo Wagner de Souza Aguiar

April 2018

Effects of mineral salts on forage seeds germination

The objective of this study was to evaluate seed germination of three different forage species subjected to saline stress. The seeds remained in salt for 0 to 24 h and were then deposited in field beds. After 15 days, the germination was evaluated from its emergence. The effect of NaCl on germination was evaluated for the following treatments: a) 0 h (control); b) permanence in NaCl for 6 h; c) permanence in NaCl for 12...

Author(s): Suzana Cristina Quintanilha, Erico da Silva Lima, Vanessa Aparecida Feijó de Souza, Tiago Neves Pereira Valente, Bruno Borges Deminicis, Andrea Roberto Bueno Ribeiro, Vitória Gallo Borges de Lima and Agatha Nara Pirondi

April 2018

Environmental conditions of the interior of the tropical forest and regeneration of tree species

This study aimed to analyze the interactions between environmental variables and the occurrence of tree species in the understory of an Atlantic forest fragment in Southeastern Brazil. The vegetation data collection was carried out in ten locations, with trees having diameter at breast height (DBH) larger than 5 cm and with distinct physiographic characteristics, orientation and slope. The following variables were...

Author(s): José Eduardo Macedo Pezzopane, Gilson Fernandes da Silva, Eduardo Alvarez Santos, Miguel Angel Herrera Machuca and Talita Miranda Teixeira Xavier

April 2018

Agronomic efficiency of Bradyrhizobium pre-inoculation in association with chemical treatment of soybean seeds

The competitiveness of Brazilian soybean in the international market is highly dependent on biological nitrogen fixation, whose efficiency is related to factors that affect the survival of the bacteria, such as the chemicals used in the treatment of seeds. The study objective was to evaluate Bradyrhizobium pre-inoculation (10 days before sowing) of soybean seeds treated with fungicides and insecticide compared to the...

Author(s): Krisle da Silva, Edmilson Evangelista da Silva, Eliane do Nascimento Cunha Farias, Josimar da Silva Chaves, Christian Nilton Batista Albuquerque and Carina Cardoso

April 2018

Rice (Oryza sativa) breeding strategies for grain biofortification

Biofortification is a process in which plant species are improved in order to raise the nutritional content of the product consumed. The following are some of the main techniques that can be introduced in plant breeding programs in order to improve the nutritional quality of the food to be produced. The rice breeding for higher Fe and Zn content in grain, rice breeding for higher β-carotene content in the grain,...

Author(s): Fábio Luíz Checchio Mingotte, Lucas Tadeu Mazza Revolti, Sandra Helena Unêda Trevisoli, Leandro Borges Lemos and Domingos Fornasieri Filho

April 2018

Preventive effect of black rice antioxidant extract on oxidative stress induced by ethyl alcohol

The present study investigated the black rice ethanolic extract (BREE) protective effect as natural antioxidants against oxidative stress induced by ethyl alcoholic (EA) in male rats. BREE flavonoids and phenols were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The study was conducted on 40 male Wistar rats weighing 170±2 g, the animals divided into 4 equal groups. The first group was given...

Author(s): Suhailah S. Al-Jameel and Soheir N. Abd El-Rahman,  

April 2018

Production and purification of extracellular pullulanase by Klebsilla aerogenes NCIM 2239

The present study was carried out to optimize the production of pullulanase from Klebsilla aerogenes NCIM 2239, a new strain of the bacterium. The organism was screened for its ability to synthesize and secrete extracellular pullulanase, by analysis of pullulan degrading activity. Environmental (pH and temperature) and nutritional (carbon and nitrogen) factors influencing growth and product formation were optimized...

Author(s): N. Prabhu, R. Uma Maheswari, M. Vijay Pradhap Singh, S. Karunakaran, C. Kaliappan and T. Gajendran  

April 2018

Heterosis, heterobeltiosis, narrow-sense and broad-sense heritabilities for Phytophthora megakarya tolerance in two populations of Theobroma cacao L.

A 2x2 diallel mating design was set up to estimate quantitative genetic parameters after leaf artificial inoculation tests in nursery and field for three consecutive years. F12 and F40 families of two reciprocal crosses viz., F12: ♀SCA12 × ♂ICS40 and F40: ♀ICS40 × ♂SCA12 were used to study heterosis (mid-parent), heterobeltiosis (better-parent), heritability (narrow-sense and broad-sense) and to quantify...

Author(s): Jude N. MANGA, Martine L. ONDOBO, Pierre O. EFFA, Jules C. K. DJOKO, and Pierre F. DJOCGOUE,  

March 2018

Characterization of productive and reproductive performances, morphometric and challenges and opportunities of indigenous cattle breeds of Ethiopia: A review

The aim was to review and summarize the fragmented characterization information of indigenous cattle breeds of Ethiopia in productive and reproductive performances, morphometric traits and their production challenges and opportunities. Cattle play vital role in ensuring food security of Ethiopia. They contributed milk which accounted above 80% of the total national annual milk production. Although Ethiopia has large...

Author(s): Teweldemedhn Mekonnen

March 2018

Variations in village chicken management packages in two agro-ecological zones of Tanzania

This study was conducted in two regions namely, Mbeya in southern highlands (Cool) and Singida in central (semi-arid) Tanzania. Currently, the African Chicken Genetic Gain (ACGG) project is testing tropically high producing adapted breeds in these areas. The objective of this study was to assess status of chicken management practices following the introduction of improved strains. In addition, five attitudinal...

Author(s): Lenox Omondi Pius, and Said Hemed Mbaga

March 2018

Management and Breeding Objectives of Maefur goat breed type in Erob district eastern Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

A cross sectional survey was conducted to characterize production system and to identify breeding objectives of Maefur goat population in the eastern zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. A pre-tested questionnaire was used for the personal interview with purposively selected 150 households. The data collected through personal household interview were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Indices were used to provide the...

Author(s): Weldeyesus Gebreyowhens, and Rohotash Kumar

March 2018

The contribution of Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKS) on food security in Mbokomu ward, Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania

This paper focuses on the contribution of Indigenous Knowledge Systems (IKS) on food security in Mbokomu ward. The main objective of this paper is to ascertain the use and application of IKS on food security and document methods used in food preservation. Various ethnic groups have different methods of preserving food and use it during the food shortage. Thus, people in Mbokomu ward used several methods in preserving...

Author(s): Emmanuel Patroba Mhache

March 2018

Effect of nitrogen fertilizer treatments on duration of senescense, harvest time and yield in some varieties of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp)

The effects of liquid nitrogen fertilizer (150% N) and benzyl amino purine (BAP 200 ppm) on senescence, yield and nutrients mobilization in two cowpea varieties were investigated in the rainy and dry seasons. The study was conducted in a screen house at the University of Lagos, Nigeria (6°27ʺ1, 3°45ʺ E). The duration of the study was between August 2012 and January 2013. The experimental design used was...

Author(s): Mohammad M. and Mukhtar F. B.  

March 2018

Analysis of physical and chemical parameters in ground water consumed within Konso area, Southwestern Ethiopia

To improve water quality, there should be a mechanism of keeping safe water source from chemical contaminants in an effective and protective way through the application of regular checkup and with interventions by taking exact measure periodically before it is supplied for usage. The intention of this research is aimed at determining the level of common cations, anions, heavy metals and physical parameters in drinking...

Author(s): Behailu T. W., Badessa T. S. and Tewodros B. A.

March 2018

Heterosis and combining ability analysis of quality protein maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines adapted to mid-altitude sub-humid agro-ecology of Ethiopia

Generation of information on heterosis and combining abilities of newly developed maize inbred lines is necessary for a successful hybrid and synthetic maize varieties development. Accordingly, this study was conducted to estimate the combining ability of QPM inbred lines for grain yield and yield related traits and to determine the magnitudes of standard heterosis for grain yield and yield related traits in line...

Author(s): Dufera Tulu, Bulti Tesso and Girum Azmach  

March 2018

Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis for quantitative traits of seed yield, and yield components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) at Maichew, Northern Ethiopia

Twelve chickpea genotypes were tested to assess variability, heritability, correlations and direct and indirect effects between yield and yield components. Maximum phenotypic and genotypic coefficient of variation was recorded for number of seeds per plant (33.8, 32.4), number of secondary branches per plant (30.3, 29.6), number of pods per plant (25.6, 24.7) and 100 seed weight (23.0, 22.7) respectively . High...

Author(s): Assefa Amare Hagos, Tadesse Desalegn and Tesfay Belay

March 2018

Genotoxicity assessment of three industrial effluents using the Allium cepa bioassay

The Allium cepa assay was employed, in conjunction with physico-chemical analysis, to investigate the potential cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of three industrial effluents (soap, beverage and paint) from the southeast of Nigeria. For in situ monitoring of cytotoxicity level, inhibition of mitotic division was investigated and for genotoxicity evaluation, chromosomal aberration assay was carried out. The results showed...

Author(s): Olusola O. Ibeh and Solomon N. Umeham

March 2018

Upland rice response to fertilizer in three agro-ecological zones of Uganda

The yield of upland rice (Oryza spp.) per unit area of production in Uganda is low, partly due to low soil fertility, and use of fertilizer and manure is also low. Trials to establish the response of upland rice to applied nutrients and economically optimal nutrient rates (EOR) were determined at Tororo, Kawanda and Kadesok. The increase in paddy yield was in the range of 91 to 173% with application of 50 to 120 kg N...

Author(s): Kayuki C. Kaizzi, Angella Nansamba, Ruth Kabanyoro, Jimmy Lammo and Harrison Rware  

March 2018

Bioprospection of freshwater microalgae from Bonito, MS, Brazil

The great biodiversity of the Serra da Bodoquena is the result of years of biological evolution. A complex combination of natural factors allows aquatic plants, fish and invertebrates to coexist in absolutely crystalline water springs. Together, organisms form an intricate web of life, connecting a single-celled microalga with large river predators. For better knowledge of the biodiversity of microalgae, an important...

Author(s): Alisson Alves da Silva and Gustavo Graciano Fonseca

March 2018

Effect of traditional and modified grain-soaking methods on physicochemical characteristics and consumers’ acceptability of sorghum ogi

The influence of traditional and modified soaking methods and varietal difference of sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (Linn.) Moench] grains on the physicochemical properties and consumers’ acceptability of ogi was investigated. Three sorghum varieties (SAMSORG-14, SAMSORG-41 and SAMSORG-42) were used for the study, and each was subjected to three grain-soaking methods (SGW-72, PBW-24 and IBG5-24) after which ogi was...

Author(s): Bolade K. Mathew, Anota O. Adebowale and Bolade O. Oladayo  

March 2018

Livestock depredation by wild carnivores in the Eastern Serengeti Ecosystem, Tanzania

Livestock losses caused by wild carnivores foster negative attitudes and promote retaliatory killings, threatening the future of carnivore populations. Measures to bring about coexistence between humans and carnivores are of great importance to carnivore conservation. The study questionnaire survey involved 180 respondents from Eastern Serengeti tribes (Maasai and Sonjo), all of which owned livestock. Reported livestock...

Author(s): Franco Peniel Mbise, Gine Roll Skjærvø, Richard D. Lyamuya, Robert D. Fyumagwa, Craig Jackson, Tomas Holmern and Eivin Røskaft

March 2018

Production and marketing of rice in Kenya: Challenges and opportunities

Rice farming remains an important concern in Kenya due to its positive impact on increasing household food security, raising farmer’s income as well as reducing risks in the years of poor weather conditions. Currently, the demand for rice in Kenya outstrips its production, a gap that is filled through imports. Thus, increasing rice production and productivity in Kenya requires a number of measures to be put in...

Author(s): Evans A. Atera, Florence N. Onyancha and Eucabeth B. O. Majiwa  

March 2018

The effect of land use type on butterfly diversity at Masako Forest Reserve, Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo

The effect of land use type on butterfly abundance, species richness, and biodiversity was studied at Masako Forest Reserve in Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo. The study was conducted in a primary (PF) and secondary forest (SF), fallow (FW), and an agricultural field (AF). Three bait traps were used; each trap had a cylinder consisting of two metal rings of 30.48 cm diameter and 106.68 cm length with a 15.24 cm...

Author(s): Nsalambi V. Nkongolo, and Franck Bapeamoni

March 2018

Impact of the storage conditions and duration on some nutritional parameters of three flours of mass consumption in Cameroon

Wheat, maize and cassava flours are of mass consumption in Cameroonian households. Depending on the frequency of consumption and the size of households, these flours can take several months before complete exhaustion. The present work assessed the impact of three common storage conditions (aerobic, partial aerobic and anaerobic) on the evolution of some nutritional parameters of these flours. The results showed that...

Author(s): SONTSA-DONHOUNG Alain-Martial, BONGSE ANDOSEH Patience Kari, MABOUNE TETMOUN Abeline,  BOUGNON Blaise and MOUNJOUENPOU Pauline  

March 2018

Preparation and analysis of goat milk mozzarella cheese containing soluble fiber from Acacia senegal var. kerensis

Mozzarella cheese is one of the preferred ingredients for use in pizza. Goat milk is a good source of protein and calcium, possessing unique characteristics with a high proportion of small milk fat globules that contain a higher concentration of short chain, medium chain and polyunsaturated fatty acids than cow’s milk. Its use in mozzarella cheese can therefore impart significant health benefits to consumers....

Author(s): Samuel N. Kiiru, Symon M. Mahungu and Mary Omwamba  

March 2018

Effect of price and exchange rate volatility on Kenya’s black tea export demand: A pooled mean group estimation

The tea sector plays an important role in the Kenyan economy mainly through employment, contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and foreign exchange earnings. However, the sector faces a number of risks including but not limited to production, technological, price and market risks, legal and personal risks. Price and exchange rate volatility is one of the main sources of risk in the agribusiness sector. This paper...

Author(s): Winrose Chepng’eno

March 2018

Food insecurity in the green famine belt of Ethiopia: Extent and severity in Belo-jiganfoy District, Benishangul-gumuz region

The green famine belt of Ethiopia is customarily viewed as food secure area only due to relatively adequate rainfall and green vegetation cover. In contrast, this paper argues and shows that the food insecurity condition termed as “green famine” has always existed in the belt. Accordingly, the paper examined the extent and severity of food insecurity based on a cross-sectional survey of 220 households in...

Author(s): Guyu Ferede and Muluneh Wolde-Tsadik  

March 2018

Senior academic background, R&D intensity and productivity: Based on the data of listed companies in the agricultural sector

Agricultural companies (2011-2013) were chosen as the samples of this study. Financial report data were used to analyze the disciplines of the executives, their strength mean, research and development (R&D) strength and productivity. The results of the empirical research showed that companies with technology executives will significantly have increased R&D intensity; but companies with management executives...

Author(s): Shu Yehong and He Yucheng

March 2018

Does gender matter in effective management of plant disease epidemics? Insights from a survey among rural banana farming households in Uganda

Crop diseases significantly suppress plant yields and in extreme cases wipe out entire crop species threatening food security and eroding rural livelihoods. It is therefore critical to estimate the extent to which shocks like disease epidemics can affect food availability and the capacity of smallholder farmers to mitigate and reverse the effects of such shocks. This study utilizes sex-disaggregated data from 341...

Author(s): Enoch Mutebi Kikulwe, Stanslus Okurut, Susan Ajambo, Eisabetta Gotor, Reuben Tendo Ssali, Jerome Kubiriba and Eldad Karamura

March 2018

Semen characteristics, morphology and testicular parameters of Uda (ovis aries) in Ibadan, Nigeria

The spermiogram and biometrical observations on the testes and epididymis of 20 adult Uda rams were investigated. The study was aimed at providing information on the reproductive potentials of Uda rams in Ibadan, and thus improved evaluation of breeding soundness in rams. The average age of the rams was 26.40±7.39 months, and their mean body weight was 39.80±3.00kg. The lengths of the right testes...

Author(s): Matthew Olugbenga Oyeyemi and Moyinoluwa Julianah Olusoji

March 2018

Effect of topical application of mixture of cod liver oil and honey on old (chronic) wounds and granulation tissue in donkeys

A comparative study was conducted from November 2015 to May 2016 with the objective of investigating the beneficial effects of the mixture of cod liver oil and honey (group 1) comparing with routine treatment (group 2), combination of chlorhexidine (0.3%) and cetrimide (3%) in healing of contaminated old wounds in donkeys at Bahir Dar, North western Ethiopia. Out of 18 donkeys, 12 (6 male and 6 female) were treated with...

Author(s): Addisu Mohammed Seid

March 2018

Cross-sectional study on the prevalence and risk factors for major skin diseases of cattle in Hawassa city, Southern Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study was conducted on the major skin diseases of cattle in Hawassa city with the objectives of estimating the prevalence and assessing the effect of different risk factors in the occurrence of these skin diseases in the study area. The study was conducted with thorough physical examination of cattle and laboratory examination of samples collected from all encountered cases. Out of 662 cattle examined...

Author(s): Zekarias Fantaye and Berhanu Mekibib Melake

March 2018

Study of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) frequencies and coinfection in mexican farrow to finish pig farms

The porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is commonly present along with the porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). These are the most important pathogens for pig industry worldwide. In this study, we determined frequencies for both viruses, as well as coinfection, in farrow to finish farms from México. For this, pigs from 28 farms in different states were sampled for tonsils, lungs and lymphatic...

Author(s): Fernando Diosdado Vargas, Guadalupe A Socci Escatell, Atalo C Martínez Lara, Ma Elvira Carrera Salas and Julio R Santiago Cruz

March 2018

Vitamin-D deficiency and insufficiency and quality of life in Jeddah, KSA: Is there any evidence of association

Vitamin D (VD) deficiency and insufficiency have been linked to poor quality of life (QoL); general weakness, fatigue, and nonspecific pain. Despite abundance of sun light, there is a wide spread VD deficiency in the Arabian Gulf countries. However, the impact of VD deficiency on the quality of life has not been well documented in the Arabian Gulf countries, including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). This study aims...

Author(s): Shirina Alsowai and Zahia Bin Bakr

March 2018

Physical activity levels among Fayoum governorate population (Egypt): Community-based survey

Physical inactivity is one of the most important public health problems in the 21st century. It plays an active role in the prevention of both non-communicable diseases and premature death. A community-based survey was conducted to assess the level of physical activity among household population and to identify associated demographic factors of physical inactivity. A sample of 5000 households was selected by a...

Author(s): Naglaa A. El-Sherbiny and Asmaa Younis Elsary

March 2018

Epidemiology of Hepatitis B viral infection among students and non-teaching (casual) staff of Nile University of Nigeria: A 2017 study

Hepatitis B viral infection is a silent deadly disease. According to the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria (SOGHIN), over 20 million persons are infected with hepatitis and death from it is on a large scale. This study was carried out in order to estimate the prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) among students and non-teaching staff of Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja. The study was...

Author(s): Zainab Y. Lado, Chukwuma C. Ogbaga and Onyinye F. Nwagbara

March 2018

Are nonwoven synthetic pollination bags a better choice for sorghum breeding?

This work investigated the effects of seven pollination bag treatments on three varieties of sorghum for: grain loss to birds; total weight of five panicles (g); total grain weight of five panicles (g); average grain weight per panicle (g); germination per cent; and occurrence of grain mold during 2016. Varieties were: 1167048 hybrid (brown seeded); BR007B (red seeded); and P9401 (white seeded). The bag treatments were:...

Author(s): R. E. Schaffert, D. S. Virk and H. Senior

March 2018

Field assessment of disease resistance status of some newly-developed early and extra-early maize varieties under humid rainforest conditions of Nigeria

Periodic assessment of resistant status of genetic materials in a breeding program is an important activity to ensure its continued progress. Forty newly-developed early and extra-early maize varieties were evaluated under natural field infection conditions for two years to assess their resistance status to some common diseases prevalent in the humid rainforest agro-ecology, and to determine effect of the diseases on...

Author(s): Akinwale R. O. and Oyelakin A. O.

March 2018

Hydroponic screening and characterization of aluminium tolerance on finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn) accessions

Biotic and abiotic stress combined with the use of less productive local cultivars cause low production of finger millet in Ethiopia. This research was conducted to investigate acidity tolerance of finger millet accessions. Preliminary screening was done on 288 accessions and six improved national cultivars of finger millet. Twenty randomly selected and surface-sterilized seeds of each germplasm were wrapped and...

Author(s): Haftom Brhane, Edossa Fikru, Teklehaimanot Haileselassie and Kassahun Tesfaye  

March 2018

Anthropogenic and climatic factors affecting honey production: The case of selected villages in Manyoni District, Tanzania

This paper is based on a study that was conducted in three villages of Njirii, Angondi and Sanjaranda of Manyoni District in central Tanzania. The objectives of the study were: (i) to determine the prevailing status of beekeeping environment and (ii) to assess the anthropogenic and climate factors that reduce honey production. Primary data were obtained using questionnaires and interviews. About 107 participants were...

Author(s): Godfrey Nyunza  

March 2018

Knowledge and perception of farmers on the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in Ife-Central Local Government Area of Osun State: Implications for rural development

This study focused on knowledge and perception of farmers on information and communication technology (ICT) use in Ife Central Local Government Area of Osun State. A pretested and validated interview schedule was used to source information from 150 farmers selected through a multi-stage sampling procedure. Descriptive and inferential statistical tools were used to analyze the data collected. The result revealed among...

Author(s): Ajayi A. O., Alabi O. S. and Okanlawon B. I.  

March 2018

Influence of social networks and social support on credit utilization in the Savings and Credit Cooperatives in Soroti District, Uganda

Microfinance models and programs tend to mimic local people’s support systems, especially their social networks, to ensure high repayment rate, efficient administration, and effective economic decisions. However, there is limited empirical evidence of their influence on credit use decisions. This paper examines the influence of social networks and social support on credit use decisions among SACCO members in...

Author(s): D. Alio, J. J. Okiror, J. G. Agea, F. B. Matsiko and W. Ekere  

March 2018

Impacts of anthropogenic pressures on wildlife in the northern sector of the National Park of Mbam and Djerem, Adamaou Cameroon

The study on the assessment of the scale of human pressure on wildlife in the Mbam and Djerem National Park was conducted between December 2012 and April 2013. This evaluation has relied on a review of seven reports ecological monitoring produced by Wildlife Conservation Society between 2006 and 2012, and direct observations. Results show that: the main causes of the reduction of wildlife are poaching (60.5%),...

Author(s): Dadem G. C., Tchamba N. M. and Tsi E. A..

March 2018

Current status of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus (HIV/HCV) co-infection in Cameroon: Sero-prevalence, risk factors and correlation with markers of liver function and CD4 cells rate in patients diagnosed in three hospital settings

This study investigates the current status of HIV/HCV co-infection through viral sero-prevalence and correlation with liver markers and CD4 count in three hospital settings in Cameroon. Blood samples of 75 newly diagnosed HIV patients, and 546 people attending the target hospitals were screened for HCV(antigen-antibodies) using enzyme-immunoassay. Biochemical liver markers (ALT-AST-g-GT-Bilirubin) and CD4-cell count...

Author(s): Djuidje Ngounoue Marceline, Guiateu Tamo Ida Marlene, Ambassa Axel Cyriaque, Fepa Kwesseu Gaëlle Armelle and Moundipa Fewou Paul  

March 2018

Time for initiation of antiretroviral therapy in HIV co-infected tuberculosis patients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Provision of integrated care for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infected tuberculosis (TB) patients is challenging. Many persons with TB and HIV co-infection are not yet receiving anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and initiation of ART is not always timely. This study investigated ART uptake among HIV co-infected TB patients and its time of initiation in an urban primary health care facility in Ethiopia. A...

Author(s): Kassa Haile, Girum Zewdu, Eveline Klinkenberg, and Desalegn Woldeyohannes  

March 2018

Pattern and predictors of cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) cell count recovery among cohorts of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy in Hawassa University Referral Hospital

Cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) cell count recovery is used in determining disease progression and outcome monitoring. This study was conducted to determine the trends of CD4 cell count recovery, and its determinants in Hawassa university referral hospital, Ethiopia. Retrospective cohort study design was employed to gather relevant data among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive-patients visiting Hawassa...

Author(s): Serawit Deyno, Alemayehu Toma and Fiker Taddesse

Page 3 of 1117, showing 50 records out of 55850 total, starting on record 101, ending on 150