nutrient solution formulations on yield and cut flower
quality of gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii) grown in
soilless culture system
Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Adnan
Menderes University, 09100 Aydin, Turkey.
Tel: +90 256 7727024. Fax: +90 256 7727233.
Accepted 25 August, 2011
This research was conducted to determine the effects of
different nutrient solution formulations on the yield and
quality of cut flowers and growth of gerbera plants in
substrate culture system. Five different nutrient solution
formulations were used. The gerbera plantlets were planted
into pots filled with perlite
and peat mixture, and values of flower yield and cut flower
quality criteria, and several parameters related to growth
performance such as number of daughter plants, root growth
criteria, plant fresh weight were obtained. The best results
of cut flower yield, flower quality and plant growth were
obtained from gerberas nourished by the “Çolakoğlu-2”
nutrient solution formulation which consists of 150 ppm N,
31 ppm P, 234 ppm K, 30 ppm Mg, 100 ppm Ca, 15 ppm S, 8 ppm
Fe, 5 ppm Mn, 1.5 ppm B, 2 ppm Cu, 3 ppm Zn and 0.2 ppm Mo.
The highest flower yield was 38.67 flowers per plant in this
solution. The highest value of the number of daughter plants
(3.53/plant) in gerbera was determined in the “Çolakoğlu-2”
nutrient solution formulation.
Gerbera jamesonii, nutrient solution formulation,
quality, yield, cut flower, substrate culture.