Application of integrated pest management (IPM) practices by paddy farmers in Sari county
of Mazandaran province, Iran
Razzaghi Borkhani, H. Shabanali Fami, A. Rezvanfar and M.
Department of Agricultural Extension and Education, Faculty
of Agricultural Economics and Development, University of
Tehran, Karaj, Iran.
*Corresponding author. E-mail:
Accepted 21 June, 2011
The main purpose of this study was to investigate
the application of integrated pest management (IPM) practices by paddy farmers. The
statistical population consisted of paddy farmers in Sari
county of Mazandaran province, Iran. A sample of 260 farmers
was selected by using proportional random sampling method.
Data were collected by use of a questionnaire. The validity
of the instrument was established by agricultural Jihad
exports of Sari county and some faculty members at the
University of Tehran. Cronbach’s alpha was used to estimate
the reliability. The reliability was found to be acceptable.
The results revealed that educational level, participation
in extension-education courses, attitude toward IPM
practices and income were some factors correlated with the
extent of IPM practices application by paddy farmers.
Regression analysis indicated that about 68.5% of the
variation in the extent of IPM practices application by
paddy farmers could be explained by variables consisting
level of knowledge toward IPM practices, farm income from
rice production, level of perception toward IPM practices,
participation in extension-education courses, level of
communication channels usage and production yield.
Integrated pest management (IPM), paddy farmers, technology,