Water storage for dry season vegetable farming as an
adaptation to climate change in the upper east region of
Tekuni Nakuja1, Daniel B. Sarpong1,
John K. M. Kuwornu1* and Asante A. Felix2
of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, P. O. Box LG 68,
University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana.
of Statistical, Social and Economic Research, P. O. Box LG
74, University of Ghana, Legon-Accra, Ghana.
*Corresponding author. E-mail:
Accepted 10 November, 2011
The climate is changing in Ghana and farmers in the upper
east region are adapting to the situation. The study
analyzed determinants of farmers’ adaptive capacity in dry
season vegetable farming using an Ordered Logit Model. The
effects of adaptive capacities on farm income were also
analyzed using log-linear production function. The empirical
results reveal that sex, access to land near a reservoir
site, engaging in off-farm business activity, access to
credit and number of years of formal education determines
farmers’ decision to venture into dry season vegetable
farming. Besides, about 31.3% of farmers are of low adaptive
capacity, 26.0% are of moderate adaptive capacity and 42.7%
being high adaptive capacity. Further, adaptive capacity is
explained by sex of respondent, number of years of formal
education, household size, off-farm business activity and
access to credit. Finally, the study also indicates that
high adaptive capacity increases income from vegetable
farming, and the results have implications for dry season
food crop farming in developing countries.
Key words: Dry season vegetable farming, climate
change, adaptive capacity, ordered logit model, Ghana.