Instructions for Authors
Scientific Research and Essays (SRE) (ISSN 1992- 2248) is journal with the
objective of publishing quality research articles in science, medicine,
agriculture and engineering. All papers published by SRE are blind peer
reviewed. SRE is a very rapid response journal with four issues published
Manuscripts must be sent as e-mail attachment to
editorial board makes an objective and quick decision on each manuscript and
informs the corresponding author within three weeks of submission. If
accepted, the article is published online within days.
SRE is an open access journal and all articles published are freely
available to scientific researchers in the public and private sectors,
government agencies, educators and the general public. The journal also
provides a medium for documentation and archiving of scientific research.
SRE papers are exposed to the widest possible readership.
manuscripts is strongly encouraged, provided that the text, tables, and
figures are included in a single Microsoft Word file (preferably in Arial
attachment to the Editorial Office at:
email@example.com. A manuscript number will be mailed to the
corresponding author same day or within 72 hours.
The cover letter
should include the corresponding author's full address and telephone/fax
numbers and should be in an e-mail message sent to the Editor, with the file,
whose name should begin with the first author's surname, as an attachment. The
authors may also suggest two to four reviewers for the manuscript (SRE may
designate other reviewers).
The Scientific Research and Essays will only accept manuscripts submitted as e-mail
For all other correspondence that cannot
be sent by e-mail, please contact the editorial office (at
firstname.lastname@example.org) for the appropriate address or editorial board
member to mail it to.
The following types of papers are considered for publication:
All manuscripts are reviewed by an editor and members
of the Editorial Board or qualified outside reviewers. Decisions will be
made as rapidly as possible, and the journal strives to return reviewers’
comments to authors within 3 weeks. The editorial board will re-review
manuscripts that are accepted pending revision. It is the goal of the SRE
to publish manuscripts within 8 weeks after submission.
All portions of the manuscript must be typed
double-spaced and all pages numbered starting from the title page.
The Title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the
paper. The Title Page should include the authors' full names and
affiliations, the name of the corresponding author along with phone, fax and
E-mail information. Present addresses of authors should appear as a
The Abstract should be informative and
completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of
the experiments, indicate significant data, and point out major findings and
conclusions. The Abstract should be 100 to 200 words in length.. Complete
sentences, active verbs, and the third person should be used, and the
abstract should be written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should
be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited.
Following the abstract, about 3 to 10 key words
that will provide indexing references to should be listed.
A list of non-standard Abbreviations should be
added. In general, non-standard abbreviations should be used only when the
full term is very long and used often. Each abbreviation should be spelled
out and introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in the text.
Only recommended SI units should be used.
The Introduction should provide a clear
statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the
proposed approach or solution. It should be understandable to colleagues
from a broad range of scientific disciplines.
Materials and methods should be complete enough to allow experiments
to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in
detail; previously published procedures should be cited, and important
modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly.
Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer's name and address.
Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in
Results should be presented with clarity and
precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing
findings in the authors' experiments. Previously published findings should
be written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely
without referring to the literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed
interpretation of data should not be included in the Results but should be
put into the Discussion section.
The Discussion should interpret the findings in
view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on this topic.
State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. The
Results and Discussion sections can include subheadings, and when
appropriate, both sections can be combined.
of people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.
Tables should be kept to a minimum and be
designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced
throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a
separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a
heading and a legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to
the text. The details of the methods used in the experiments should
preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data
should not be presented in both table and graph form or repeated in the
Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet.
Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high
resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or Powerpoint before pasting in the Microsoft
Word manuscript file. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Use
Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts
(Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description
so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the
manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.
References: In the text, a reference identified
by means of an author‘s name should be followed by the date of the reference
in parentheses. When there are more than two authors, only the first
author‘s name should be mentioned, followed by ’et al‘. In the event that an
author cited has had two or more works published during the same year, the
reference, both in the text and in the reference list, should be identified
by a lower case letter like ’a‘ and ’b‘ after the date to distinguish the
Abayomi (2000), Agindotan et al. (2003), (Kelebeni, 1983), (Usman and Smith,
1992), (Chege, 1998; Chukwura, 1987a,b; Tijani, 1993, 1995), (Kumasi et al.,
References should be listed at the end of the paper in
alphabetical order. Articles in preparation or articles submitted for
publication, unpublished observations, personal communications, etc. should
not be included in the reference list but should only be mentioned in the
article text (e.g., A. Kingori, University of Nairobi, Kenya, personal
communication). Journal names are abbreviated according to Chemical
Abstracts. Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the references.
Ogunseitan OA (1998). Protein
method for investigating mercuric reductase gene expression in aquatic
environments. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:695–702.
Gueye M, Ndoye I, Dianda M,
Danso SKA, Dreyfus B (1997). Active N2
fixation in several Faidherbia albida provenances. Ar. Soil
Res. Rehabil. 11:63-70.
Charnley AK (1992). Mechanisms of fungal pathogenesis
in insects with particular reference to locusts. In: Lomer CJ, Prior C (eds)
Biological Controls of Locusts and Grasshoppers: Proceedings of an
international workshop held at Cotonou, Benin. Oxford: CAB International, pp
Mundree SG, Farrant
JM (2000). Some physiological and molecular insights into the mechanisms of
desiccation tolerance in the resurrection plant Xerophyta viscasa
Baker. In Cherry et al. (eds) Plant tolerance to abiotic stresses in
Agriculture: Role of Genetic Engineering, Kluwer Academic Publishers,
Netherlands, pp 201-222.
Babalola OO (2002). Interactions
between Striga hermonthica
(Del.) Benth. and fluorescent rhizosphere bacteria Of Zea mays, L.
and Sorghum bicolor L. Moench for Striga suicidal germination
In Vigna unguiculata . PhD dissertation, University of Ibadan, Ibadan,
Critical Reviews, Surveys,
Opinions, Commentaries and Essays
Submissions of critical reviews, surveys, opinions,
commentaries, essays and
perspectives covering topics of current interest are welcome and encouraged.
Proofs and Reprints: Electronic proofs will be
sent (e-mail attachment) to the corresponding author as a PDF file. Page
proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the
exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made
in the manuscript at the proof stage. Because SRE will be published freely
online, authors will have free electronic access to the full text ( PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download the PDF file from
which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.
Copyright: Submission of a manuscript implies:
that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of
an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not
under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the
manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic
transfer of the copyright to the publisher.
Fees and Charges: There are no page charges or
extra charges for color photographs. Authors are charged a $550 handling
fee. Publication of an article in the Scientific Research and Essays is not contingent upon the author's ability to pay the charges.
Neither is acceptance to pay the handling fee a guarantee that the paper
will be accepted for publication. Authors may still request (in advance)
that the editorial office waive some of the handling fee under special