Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009

JPHE Articles in press

Article in Press

Prevalence and Socio-demographic Factors Associated with Malaria Infection among Children under Five Years in Tanzania

Malaria is one among four main infectious diseases leading in death for the under-five children in Africa. This study aim to determine prevalence of malaria and social demographic factors related with children under-five in Tanzania. The study used cross section data extracted from Tanzania demographic health survey collected from 2015 to 2016. A sample of 9,322 under five children with malaria rapid diagnostic test...

Author(s):Assistant Lecturer, University of Dodoma, Statistics Department.

Article in Press

Nutritional status and malaria risk in children under five years in owerri municipality, southeastern nigeria: a hospital based study.

Nutritional status of children has been associated with disease conditions leading to morbidity and mortality. This hospital bases study assessed the relationship between nutritional status and malaria among under-five children in Owerri municipality South Eastern Nigeria. Nutritional status, Malaria status, Haemoglobin level, Serum Iron and Temperature were respectively measured by Z-score, Rapid Diagnostic Test, Hemocue...

Author(s):Department of Public Health, Federal University of Technology Owerri PMB, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.

Article in Press

Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus, its risk factors and co-infection with human immune deficiency virus among clients of voluntary counseling and testing center in Hosanna, Southern Ethiopia

Hepatitis B infection (HBV) infection is a serious public health problem worldwide and its co-infection with human immune deficiency virus (HIV) is common due to shared routes of transmission. An increased mortality due to accelerated hepatic disease progression and the frequent hepatotoxicity caused by antiretroviral therapy are the challenges in the clinical management of HIV. Epidemiological studies on HBV and HBV/HIV...

Author(s):NTD research and training center, Arba Minch University, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Prevalence of Premarital Sexual Practices and its Associated Factors among High School Students in Addis Zemen Town, South Gondar, Ethiopia, 2017.

Pre-marital sex is a penetrative vaginal or anal sexual intercourse performed before formal marriage in younger population. Moreover, these population groups are less likely than adults to have the information, skills and support to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS and other consequences of premarital sex. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of pre-marital sexual practice and its associated factors among...

Author(s):Department of Medical Nursing, School of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Article in Press

Patient Expectation: A Concept Analysis

Purpose: The aim of this concept analysis is to clarify the concept of patient expectation in hospital health care setting. Method: Rodgers evolutionary method of concept analysis was used to the analysis of the concept patient expectation. For inclusion criteria, searches were set to any article produced, in English, since January 2009 to December 2013 in Pubmed/MEDLINE, Google and Google Scholar. A final total of 10...

Author(s):College of Health Sciences, Debre Berhan University

Article in Press

Community Perception Towards Zoonotic Diseases Acquired From Foods Of Animal Origin Among Selected Districts Of Jimma Zone, Ethiopia

Zoonoses are infections that are naturally transmitted from vertebrate animals to human beings and vice-versa. A questionnaire-based survey of animal health workers (n=72) and human health workers (n=72) was carried out between the periods of January 2013 to September 2014 in Jimma zone, South West Ethiopia with the intentions to assess perception of zoonoses and risks relating to zoonotic infections among animal health...


Article in Press

Communities’ Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Tuberculosis at Selected Districts of East Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia

Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the primary public health problems in developing countries. HIV/AIDS, poverty, under nutrition, over-crowded living conditions and lack of knowledge about the disease have been known to increase the risk of spreading the bacteria and the risk of developing the disease. This study was aimed to assess communities’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards TB at selected districts of Eastern...


Article in Press

Pattern of ABO and Rhesus blood group distribution of five years survey in Jimma town blood bank, South West Ethiopia

Back ground Objective: a retrospective -cross sectional study was conducted to determine and compare the five years distribution of ABO and rhesus blood groups in Jimma Town blood bank Method and materials: a retrospective cross sectional study was conducted to determine the distribution of the type of blood groups of blood donors registered in Jimma Zone blood bank. A check list was used to collect secondary data of each...

Author(s):jimma university

Article in Press

Occurrence of diarrhea and utilization of zinc bundled with ORS among caregivers of children less than five-years in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia:

Background: In response to the high occurrence of diarrhea in Ethiopia, the federal ministry of health employed an effective strategy that included administration of zinc tablet together with oral rehydration salt to treat children suffered diarrhea since 2013. Nonetheless, information on zinc bundled with ORS uptake is limited and thus this study has examined zinc utilization among beneficiaries. Methods: A community...

Author(s):Public Health and Nutrition consultant, School of public health, Addis Ababa Universities

Article in Press

Mental Health Status of Students Attending Tertiary Institutions in Bayelsa State, Nigeria

National health policies that take into cognizance the interventions against the menace of students’ ill health in Nigeria are limited. This study investigated the health status of students in tertiary institutions in Bayelsa State. A descriptive study design was adopted to randomly select four tertiary institutions out of six. Two hundred students were randomly selected from the four schools; fifty from each school. A...

Author(s):Department of Biological Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Amassoma, Nigeria

Article in Press

Assessment of Public Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards Rabies in the Community of Kombolcha, Southern Wollo, Amhara Reginal State, Ethiopia

The study was conducted from November 2016 to April 2017 in 12 kebeles (the smallest administrative unit of Ethiopia) of Kombolcha, Southern Wollo Amhara Regional state, Ethiopia. The aims of the study were assessing the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of Kombolcha’s community toward rabies and associated risk factors. A cross-sectional study design and multistage sampling procedures were employed to select...

Author(s):Hawassa University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Hawassa, Ethiopia

Article in Press

Assessment of Major causes of Heart failure and it’s Pharmacologic Management among Patients at Felege Hiwot referral hospital in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Heart failure is a complex, clinical syndrome of signs and symptoms that are caused by defects in cardiac structure, function, or both, resulting in impairment of peripheral circulation and organ oxygenation. It is a staggering clinical and public health problem and the study of the epidemiology on heart failure demonstrated that heart failure is associated with significant mortality, morbidity, and health care...


Article in Press

Seroprevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis Infection among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinics within Kaduna Metropolis, North-Central, Nigeria

Chlamydia trachomatis is a major causative agent of sexually transmitted disease (STD), which can damage a woman’s reproductive organs. The prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection was investigated among 200 pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in three hospitals located within Kaduna Metropolis, North-Central, Nigeria. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay technique was performed to detect chlamydia antibodies. The...

Author(s):Department of Biological Sciences, Nigerian Defence Academy, PMB , Kaduna, Nigeria

Article in Press

Quality of Tuberculosis Treatment Services in Public Hospitals of Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia, 2016

Background:-Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health problem, responsible for ill health among millions of people each year. It is the second leading cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide following human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).Tuberculosis control measures are limited by the quality of care provided at the local level .Providing a quality and timely care for patients with Tuberculosis is crucial...

Author(s):Shibiru lencho Megene, Elias Ali Yesuf, Dejene Melese, Zalalem Kaba Babure

Article in Press


Background: Tinea capitis is the most common dermatophyte infection in school age children in developing countries and is known to impact negatively on their health and well-being. This study determined the prevalence of Tinea Capitis and its relationship with hygiene among primary school pupils in Ile-Ife. Method: This descriptive cross-sectional study recruited randomly selected pupils from public and private schools...

Author(s):Olusegun Temitope Afolabi, Olumayowa Oninla, Funmito Fehintola

Article in Press

Molecular Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Clinical and Non –Clinical sources, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

The study isolated and characterized clinical and non-clinical S. aureus strains in Ile-Ife, Nigeria using phenotypic and molecular methods. Eight hundred and fifty samples of different cultures were taken from clinical and non- clinical sources. The clinical sources were the routine specimens of wound swabs, urine, stool, blood and sputum from the Department of Microbiology and Parasitology laboratory of the Obafemi...


Article in Press

Comparative Efficiency of Health Care Provision in Kenya and Tanzania

Efficient health care provision is one of the key pillars of the millennium development goal in Kenya and Tanzania. This paper compares the efficiency of health care provision in Kenya and Tanzania between 1970-2012 using annual expenditure data and selected health care outcomes. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is used to establish the level of efficiency in the two countries. The paper reports that health care is provided...

Author(s):Comparative efficiency, Health, DEA, Kenya, Tanzania.

Article in Press

Epidemiology of Neonatal Sepsis and the risk factors involved: Observational study at neonatal Intensive care unit; Arsi University Asella Teaching and Referral Hospital; South East Ethiopia

Globally, sepsis is still one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in neonates, in spite of recent advances in health care system. The major burden of neonatal sepsis occurs in developing world, but most evidence is derived from developed countries. Hospital based prospective cross sectional study was conducted from April 2016 to May 2017. Neonates with clinical sepsis using inclusion criteria were included in...

Author(s):Abebe Sorsa, Dejene Lemma and Silesh Abdissa

Article in Press


The scope of the occupational health (OH) program in Ghana has steadily evolved and improved especially among private companies. The study assessed the impact of occupational health programme in Gold Fields Ghana (GFG) Limited which deployed a descriptive cross-sectional study. One hundred mine workers were selected as respondents to answer various questions on occupational health through simple random technique as well as...

Author(s):Occupation, Health, Risk factors, Ghana

Article in Press


The diminishing provision of services by the state, compelled with the escalating numbers of orphans and vulnerable children in Ghana, represent a crucial concern for both national and international organizations. In spite of this, little cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have been conducted to empirically identify the challenges faced by orphanages and homes. Using a qualitative case study approach, we investigated...


Article in Press

Assessment of Respiratory Symptoms and Associated Factors among Solid Waste Collectors in Yeka Sub City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Respiratory symptoms are frequently manifested among solid waste collectors. They are suffering from respiratory diseases because of frequent exposure to waste materials containing pathogenic materials and chemicals hazards for human being. Cross-sectional study was carried out to assess prevalence of respiratory symptoms and associated factors among solid waste workers in in Yeka sub city, Addis Ababa from March to April,...

Author(s):Diseases prevention and control, Addis Ababa city administration health bureau

Article in Press

Access, Coverage and Utilization of Hygiene and Environmental Sanitation Component of the Rural Health Service Extension Program in Kersa Woreda, Jimma Zone, South Western Ethiopia.

The Health Service Extension Program was introduced in Ethiopia in 2002. The overall policy implementation of the program was focused on simply increasing the number of latrines constructed. However, the implementation status of the program and change in Hygiene and Sanitation behavior of households was not explored much.

Author(s):Health Monitoring & Evaluation officer at Borana zonal health department, Oromia region.

Article in Press

Appraisal of the Utilization of Contraceptive Devices among Women Aged 18 – 45yrs in Some Selected Hospitals in Abuja Municipal Area Council of Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja

Contraceptives are devices employed to prevent pregnancy. Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy. The use of birth control and proper Planning is called family planning. The objectives of study were to determine the types of contraceptive device employed by women aged 18-45 years, educational levels, occupations, and the influence of religion towards...

Author(s):School of Genaral Health Sciences

Article in Press

Statistical modelling to describe longitudinal metabolic risk factors in older age: An analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

Objective To extrapolate an integrated natural history model that predicts longitudinal changes in metabolic risk factors into older age using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). Method Growth curve modelling was employed to estimate trajectories for multiple metabolic risk factors from the ELSA dataset, allowing for random variation between individuals. The ELSA models relate age trends in BMI, systolic...


Article in Press


General bone problems and Backaches is as old as man on earth and it use to be associated with old age. But bone related problems nowadays are more of accident causation globally. The competition occurring between the traditional and Orthopedics hospital on patients with bone related problems call for harmonization in the furtherance of the “health for all” goal of MDG, hence the emergence of the name ‘Tradomedical’. This...

Author(s):Department of Transport Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.

Article in Press


Health policy development in an appropriate cultural context under social justice with full community awareness and participation is the key to achieving a successful population health outcome. This descriptive study reviewed Nigeria’s health policy, social determinants of the population health, the role of inequality and inequity in her life expectancy and the need for developing an acceptable culturally- appropriate...


Article in Press

Status of Cardiovascular Parameters among Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients in Pre and Post Six Minute Walk Distance Test

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a preventable and treatable chronic lung ailment characterized by pulmonary or/and systemic effects that usually not fully reversible upon treatments. COPD induced cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) as systemic effects are reflected in impairments of cardiovascular parameters (CVP) that are diagnosed by different invasive and non invasive methods. The non-invasive methods were...

Author(s):Samuel Tadesse Abebe, Elsah Tegene and Wondu Reta

Article in Press

Satisfaction of maternal care among women delivered at Asrade Zewude Memorial Primary Hospital, Bure, West Gojjam, Amhara, Ethiopia: A cross sectional study

Maternal satisfaction is a means of evaluating quality of maternal health care given in health facilities. The objective was to assess the level of maternal satisfaction and associated factors at Asrade Zewude Memorial Primary Hospital. Cross-sectional study was conducted on 420 clients by systematic sampling method from February 8, 2017 to September 25, 2017. Structured questionnaire that was prepared by Ethiopian...

Author(s):Gizew Dessie Asres

Article in Press

Factors associated with sputum conversion in a multinational population of tuberculosis patients

Various factors had been related with sputum conversion in tuberculosis patients, which constituted an essential indicator of the effectiveness of treatment and the infectivity of patients. The study evaluates the factors related with smear sputum conversion in pulmonary tuberculosis. A retrospective cohort study of newly diagnosed of pulmonary tuberculosis was performed from January 2013 to September 2016 in Cuban...

Author(s):Humberto Guanche Garcell

Article in Press

Prevalence and pattern of primary insomnia among adults in Jimma Town, Southwest Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study

Primary insomnia is subtype of primary sleep disorder that affects a large percentage of general population. The true prevalence of the problem is not well known in developing countries including Ethiopia. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the prevalence and pattern of primary Insomnia among adults in Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted on randomly selected sample of 422 adults using validated and...

Author(s):Hiwot Berhanu, Andualem Mossie, Samuel Tadesse and Daniel Geleta

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