Seroprevalence and epidemiological factors of hepatitis B
virus (HBV) infection in Eastern Sudan
Tajeldin M. Abdallah1, Mamoon H. Mohamed2
and AbdelAziem A. Ali3*
of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kassala University, Sudan.
of Health, Kassala State, Sudan.
of Obstetrics and Gynecology,
Faculty of Medicine, Kassala University, Sudan.
email@example.com. Tel: +249912163820.
Accepted 14 June, 2011
This study was
conducted at Kassala,
Eastern Sudan between March and April 2011, to
determine the seroprevalence and epidemiological risk
factors of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among healthy
people visited Kassala Teaching Hospital, eastern Sudan. 5
ml of blood were drawn from each subject, after immediate
centrifugation, the sera were tested for HBsAg using
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). The
seroprevalence revealed from ELISA was (8.2%). Among the
epidemiological and risk factors, the seropositivity of HBV
varied with residence, ethnicity and gender distribution (P
value=0.01, 0.001 and 0.000, respectively). Substantial
effort is needed to adopt the preventive measures, and HBV
immunization should be strongly supported and sustained by
the ministry of health in eastern Sudan.
Hepatitis B virus, infection, prevalence, epidemiology.