African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations (ISSN
an open access journal that
rigorous theoretical reasoning and advanced empirical
research in all areas of the subject. We welcome
articles or proposals from all perspectives and on all
subjects pertaining to Africa, Africa's relationship to
the world, public policy, international relations,
comparative politics, political methodology, political
theory, political history and culture, global political
economy, strategy and environment. The journal will also
address developments within the discipline. Each issue
will normally contain a mixture of peer-reviewed
research articles, reviews or essays using a variety of
methodologies and approaches.
Manuscripts must be sent
as e-mail attachment
email@example.com. AJPSIR editorial board makes an objective and quick
decision on each manuscript. If accepted, the article is
published online in the next issue.
AJPSIR is an open access
journal and all articles published are available online
without restriction to scientific researchers in the
public and private sectors, government agencies,
educators and the general public. The journal also
provides a medium for documentation and archiving of
scientific research. AJPSIR papers are exposed to the
widest possible readership.
Electronic submission of
manuscripts is strongly encouraged, provided that the
text, tables, and figures are included in a single
Microsoft Word file (preferably in Arial font).
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All manuscripts are reviewed
by an editor and members of the Editorial Board or
qualified outside reviewers. Decisions will be made as
rapidly as possible, and the journal strives to return
reviewers’ comments to authors shortly. The
editorial board will re-review manuscripts that are
accepted pending revision. It is the goal of the AJPSIR
to publish manuscripts shortly after submission.
All portions of the
manuscript must be typed double-spaced and all pages
numbered starting from the title page.
The Title should
be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper.
The Title Page should include the authors' full names
and affiliations, the name of the corresponding author
along with phone, fax and E-mail information. Present
addresses of authors should appear as a footnote.
The Abstract should
be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly
present the topic, state the scope of the research,
indicate significant data, and point out major findings
and conclusions. The Abstract should be 100 to 200 words
in length.. Complete sentences, active verbs, and the
third person should be used, and the abstract should be
written in the past tense. Standard nomenclature should
be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No
literature should be cited.
Following the abstract,
about 3 to 10 key
will provide indexing references to should be listed.
A list of non-standard Abbreviations should
be added. In general, non-standard abbreviations should
be used only when the full term is very long and used
often. Each abbreviation should be spelled out and
introduced in parentheses the first time it is used in
The Introduction should
provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant
literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or
solution. It should be understandable to colleagues from
a broad range of disciplines.
Materials and methods should
be clearly explained to allow possible replication of
the research. However, only truly new research method
should be described in detail; previously published
methods should be cited, and important modifications of
published methods should be mentioned briefly.
Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need
not be described in detail.
be presented with clarity and precision. The results
should be written in the past tense when describing
author's findings. Previously published findings should
be written in the present tense. Results should be
explained, but largely without referring to the
literature. Discussion, speculation and detailed
interpretation of data should not be included in the
Results but should be put into the Discussion section.
The Discussion should
interpret the findings in view of the results obtained
in this and in past studies on this topic. State the
conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper.
The Results and Discussion sections can include
subheadings, and when appropriate, both sections can be
The Acknowledgments of
people, grants, funds, etc should be brief.
be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as
possible. Tables are to be typed double-spaced
throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table
should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in
Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a
legend. Tables should be self-explanatory without
reference to the text. The details of the research
methods should preferably be described in the legend
instead of in the text. The same data should not be
presented in both table and graph form or repeated in
Figure legends should
be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet.
Graphics should be prepared using applications capable
of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or
PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word
manuscript file. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft
Word. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper
case letters for their parts (Figure 1). Begin each
legend with a title and include sufficient description
so that the figure is understandable without reading the
text of the manuscript. Information given in legends
should not be repeated in the text.
the text, a reference identified by means of an author’s
name should be followed by the date of the reference in
parentheses. When there are more than two authors, only
the first author‘s name should be mentioned, followed by
’et al‘. In the event that an author cited has had two
or more works published during the same year, the
reference, both in the text and in the reference list,
should be identified by a lower case letter like ‘a’ and
‘b’ after the date to distinguish the works.
Cohen (2000), Steddy et
al. (2003), (Kelebeni, 1983), (Bauer and Smith,1992), (Chege,
1998; Kan, 1987a,b; Cole, 1993, 1995), (Kumasi et
References should be listed
at the end of the paper in alphabetical order. Articles
in preparation or articles submitted for publication,
unpublished observations, personal communications, etc.
should not be included in the reference list but should
only be mentioned in the article text (e.g., A. Kingori,
University of Nairobi, Kenya, personal communication).
Authors are fully responsible for the accuracy of the
Bratton M (1998). Second
Elections in Africa. J. of Democracy 9(3): 51-66.
Bueno M, Bruce, Morrow JD,
Ranolph MS, Alastair S (1999). Policy Failure and
Political Survival: The Contribution of Political
Institutions. J. Conflict Resol. 43(2): 147-161.
De Villiers JW, Roger J,
Mitchell R (1993). Why South Africa Gave Up the Bomb.
Foreign Affairs. 72(5): 98-109.
Doyle MW (1986).
Liberalism and World Politics. Am. Pol. Sci. Rev. 80(4):
Mundree SG, Farrant
JM (2000). The politics in the carribean. In Cherry et
al. (eds) Politics again: The cry of a nation, Kain
Academic Publishers, Finland, pp 201-222.
B (2002). Interactions in politics
and intervention of democratic rule in
PhD dissertation, University of Fort Hare, South Africa.
Surveys, Opinions, Commentaries and Essays
Submissions of critical
reviews, surveys, opinions, commentaries, essays and
perspectives covering topics of current interest are
welcome and encouraged.
Proofs and Reprints: Electronic
proofs will be sent (e-mail attachment) to the
corresponding author as a PDF file. Page proofs are
considered to be the final version of the manuscript.
With the exception of typographical or minor clerical
errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the
proof stage. Because AJPSIR will be published online
without access restriction to the full text (PDF),
authors will have free electronic access to the full
text ( PDF) of the article. Authors can freely download
the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies
of their articles.
of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not
been published before (except in the form of an abstract
or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is
not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that
if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication,
the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright
to the publisher.
Fees and Charges: Authors
are charged a $550 handling fee. Publication of an
article in the African Journal of Political Science and
International Relations is not contingent upon the
author's ability to pay the charges. Neither is
acceptance to pay the handling fee a guarantee that the
paper will be accepted for publication. Handling fee is
accepted only after a manuscript has been reviewed and
accepted for publication. Authors may still request (in
advance) that the editorial office waive some of the
handling fee under special circumstances.