African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002

AJB Articles in press

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Study of secondary metabolites produced by Aspergillus flavus and evaluation of the antibacterial and antifungal activity

The objective of this study was the analysis of the secondary metabolite products and evaluation of antibacterial activity of Aspergillus flavus. Bioactives are chemical compounds often referred to as secondary metabolites. Thirty one bioactive compounds were identified in the methanolic extract of A. flavus. The identification of bioactive chemical compounds is based on the peak area, retention time, molecular...

Author(s):Ghaidaa J. Mohammed, Imad H. Hameed and Sabreen A. Kamal

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Opaque-2 Gene and Beta Carotene Content in 20 Yellow-, Red and Purple-Kernelled Maize (Zea Mays L.) Accessions in Ghana.

Twenty yellow-, red- and purple-kernel maize accessions were collected from three geographic regions in Ghana for the study. The objective was to determine the presence of opaque -2 gene and -carotene content of the grains as a means of assessing nutritional quality. Variability in -carotene content was determined by HPLC while presence of opaque 2-gene was determined by a light box. Significant variations were found in...

Author(s):GILBERT ANSAH and KOJO AHIAKPA

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Microbial machinery based synthesis of nanoparticulate hydroxyapatite using Serratia marcescens and its characterization for human bone implant

Hydroxyapatite (HAp), chemically and compositionally similar to the material presents in bone and has a unique biocompatibility which makes it an attractive material for bone implant. We aimed at studying the physical and chemical properties of HAp synthesized by Serratia sp. The total of 58 strains was isolated from 354 samples obtained from clinical and environmental sources like urine, sputum, soil, water and plant...

Author(s):Rathinasamy Subashkumar, MIDHUSHA JOHNY and Nandhagopal Gayathri

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Fatty acids profiling of the seed oils of some varieties of peanut (A.hypogaea L.) towards the development by GC-MS analysis.

Twelve fatty acids were identified during maturity in the wild Tunisian and cultivar peanut kernels. These fatty acids include C16:0 (palmitic acid), C18:0 (stearic acid), C18:1 (oleic acid), C18:2 (linoleic acid), C19:0 (nonadecanoic acid), C20:1 (gadoleic acid), C20:0 (arachidic acid), C22:1 (erucic acid), C22:0 (behenic acid), C23:0 (tricosanoic acid), C24:0 (linoceric acid), and C26:0 (cerotic acid). Three fatty acids...

Author(s):Aicha. O. CHERIF, Mhamed BEN MESSAOUDA, Habib KALLEL, Claude PEPE

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Isolation of a novel strain Bacillus sp.in producing neutral and heat stable beta-1,4 endoglucanase activity

Neutral a β-1-4 - endoglucanase was produced by aerobic bacteria a newly strain Bacillus sp .RL. Isolated from soil, Chong Qing province, China. In the present study the bacteria produce a significant amount of enzymes after 72 hrs of fermentation CMC medium were 0.1852 U/ml of endoglucanase, 0.5814 U/ml of FPase activity and 2.9940 mg/ml of extracellular protein. These strains showed heavy growth and liquefaction of 7.0,...

Author(s):Rahman Laibi Chelab, Dan Dan Wang and Xingyong Yang

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Phytochemical profile and biological activities of Momordica charantia L. (Cucurbitaceae): A review

This study discusses the bioactive composition, supercritical fluid extraction and biological activities of Momordica charantia L. from the last five years. Numerous compounds that have been identified in the extracts of M. charantia, including phytosterols, terpenoids, fatty acids, phenolic compounds, phenolic acids and flavonoids were also discussed. Although, several studies reported the use of organic solvents in the...

Author(s):Mozaniel Santana de Oliveira, Wanessa Almeida da Costa, Fernanda Wariss Figueiredo Bezerra, Marilena Emmi Araújo, Gracialda Costa Ferreira and Raul Nunes de Carvalho Junior

Production Stage: Ready Stage

In vitro propagation as a viable alternative to the continuous regeneration of three Eucalyptus species (Eucalyptus camaldulensis, E. gomphocephala and E. maidenii)

The objective of this work was to propagate three species of Eucalyptus: Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Eucalyptus gomphocephala and Eucalyptus maideni on a large scale using microcutting technique. For the test of microcutting, from in vitro germination, the best rate of multiplication of 4.75 were obtained for E. camaldulensis on a medium containing 1 mg/L 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) and 1 mg/L -aminoisobutyric acid (AIB) in...

Author(s):Hamrouni Lamia, Hanana Mohsen, Derbali Fedia, Hwass Haifa , Khouja Mohamed Larbi and Bouzid Sadok

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Cloning and expression of recombinant human insulin gene in Pichia pastoris

The main goal of this current study was the cloning and expression of the human insulin gene in Pichia pastoris expression system, using genetic engineering techniques and its treatment application. Total RNA was purified from fresh normal human pancreatic tissue. RNA of good quality was chosen to obtain a first single strand cDNA. Human preproinsulin gene was amplified from cDNA strand using two sets of specific primers...

Author(s):Rafid A. Abdulkareem, Samah A. Jassam and Majid J. Jabber

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Genetic diversity of antibiotic and plant extract resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from hospitalized patients in Ekiti State, Nigeria

This study aimed to determine the genetic diversity of antibiotics and plants extract resistant Staphylococcus aureus using molecular technique. A total of 106 human clinical samples were collected from patients in three different hospitals within Ekiti State. Microbiological and molecular analyses were performed using standard methods. Antimicrobial susceptibility test with common antibiotics and plant leaves extracts was...

Author(s):Egbebi Adeola Oluwagbemileke, Oyama Maslhanty Obem and Fadare Olalekan Shadrach

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Physico-chemical properties of Brazilian biomass: Potential applications as renewable energy source

Biomass thermal behavior under different atmosphere: combustion, pyrolysis (N2) and typical oxy-fuel combustion (60 and 80% CO2) were investigated by thermal analysis (TG/DTG and DTA). Other techniques such as X-Ray, Fourier Transformed Infrared (FTIR), Wettability, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Inductive Couple Plasma - Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP-OES) were also used to characterize the samples. Five...

Author(s):Glauber CRUZ, Carlos E. M. BRAZ, Ivonete ÁVILA and Paula M. CRNKOVIC

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Establishment of high frequency regeneration protocol for Lycopersicon esculentum from leaf explant using seaweed extracts

The ultimate aim of this study is to standardize the conditions for in vitro organogenesis of tomato using plant growth regulators, organic elicitors, polyamines and seaweed extracts. Initially excised leaf explant was cultured on to the medium containing different concentrations of auxins. The best responded auxin was tested in combination with efficient cytokinins (Kinetin [Kin], 6-Benzylaminopurine [BAP] and Thidiazuron...

Author(s):S. Vinoth, P. Gurusaravanan, S. Sivakumar, G. Siva, G. Premkumar and N. Jayabalan

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Characterization of lactic acid bacteria isolated from dromedary raw milk in Syria

Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are considered a micro flora of Syrian camel milk. A total of 235 isolates of LAB were obtained from 63 camel milk samples, which have been collected from producing areas of different regions of Syria during 2009 and 2012. The isolates were cocci and rods, gram-positive and catalase-negative. 132 isolates were identified as cocci including 76 isolates belonging to Enterococcus (45 were...

Author(s):Ayman Al-Mariri, Ahed Abou Younes and Laila AL-Hallab

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Morphological variability and molecular characterisation of thirty soybean genotypes using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers

The genetic and morphological diversity of soybean germplasms was studied using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers and morphological traits such as plant height, height of cotyledon leaves, basal leaf length, basal leaf width, basal leaf area, terminal leaflets number, terminal leaflet length, terminal leaflet width, terminal leaflet area and basal leaf petiole length. A total of 30 germplasms were...

Author(s):Joseph Ikwebe, Titilayo Akande and Lucky O. Omoigui

Production Stage: Ready Stage

Effects of aqueous seed extracts of Mucuna sloanei (Fabaceae) on body weight and some biochemical parameters of Rattus novergicus

Mucuna sloanei is an annual leguminous plant widely used among the various ethnic groups in Nigeria. The effects of aqueous M. sloanei seed extract on the body weight and some biochemical parameters of 48 normal male Rattus novergicus (albino rats) were investigated for 28 days. The rats were divided into control group (A) which received distilled water and treatment groups (B, C and D) that received oral administration of...

Author(s):Ugwu, Godwin C., Ejere, Vincent C., Okanya, Chinagorom L., Omeje, Joy N., Egbuji, Jude V., Onu, Martina C. and Chukwuka, Christian O.

Production Stage: Ready Stage

In silico analysis of antimicrobial eupalitin isolated from Ageratina adenophora using docking method

The present study evaluated the efficacy of eupalitin compounds against the target protein, dihydrofolate reductase of bacterial and fungal pathogens using in silico approach. Structure based docking studies was performed using Schrodinger (Version: 1.8) tool to retrieve potential candidates with high affinities binding against eupalitin models with several targeted proteins repositories. The specific targets were selected...

Author(s):Suganya Mani, Kavitha Shivaji, Karthik Natesan, Ashaq Hussain Bhat, Mythili Gnanamangai Balasubramanian and Ponmurugan Ponnusamy

Production Stage: Ready Stage

In vitro screening of traditional rice varieties of Assam, India for drought tolerance

Eight traditional rice varieties viz., bora, prosad bhog, kola joha, helash bora, salihoi bao, kola amona, ronga bora and sok-bonglong along with ‘sahbhagi dhan’ (drought tolerant) and ‘IR64’ (drought sensitive) were studied invitro under two different drought stress conditions. Different parameters studied were germination percentage, shoot length and root length. Drought stress was produced by ½ Murashige and Skoog (MS)...

Author(s):Shamsun Nahar and Bhaben Tanti

Production Stage: Proof Stage

Potential application of nutrigenomics in livestock: Lesson from developed countries

Livestock performance is affected by genotype and environment. Nutrition is one of the greatest environmental determinants. Genes function according to the metabolic signals received by the nucleus from hormones and nutrients. Currently, nutrigenomics, which encompasses the three crucial omics stages (transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics), is emerging in the area of livestock to develop feeds that can be...

Author(s):Bruh Asmelash Gebremikael, Mahlet Dawit Teweldebrihan and Haftom Brhane Mesfin

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