consequence of the industrial revolution, countries around
the world began to exploit natural resources more than ever
before without regard for maintaining a balance between
development and nature. The problems stemming from these
human actions has compromised the ability of subsequent
generations to meet their needs from the earth and in the
last few decades, have obliged them to re-structure their
educational systems in terms of environmental and
sustainability education. Turkey has also introduced a new
high school geography program that emphasizes environmental
and sustainability education. At present, there is an urgent
need to test the relationships between theory and practice
to understand whether Turkish schools provide sufficient
education on the environment and sustainable development (SD).
This study used survey research in an attempt to measure
student knowledge levels in environmental and sustainability
issues as well as student opinions about the importance,
place and future of SD in Turkish high schools. The results
suggest that students were relatively knowledgeable about
environmental issues, but their knowledge of SD was not
satisfactory. The students had significant knowledge gaps
concerning certain environmental and sustainability issues.
It is quite promising however, that the surveyed students
believed that SD was an important concept for their future.
Moreover, the students seemed ready to take part in any
activity promoting SD.
Environmental and sustainability education, secondary
schools, secondary school students, Turkey.